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Journal Articles: 64 results
Polymeric, Metallic and Other Glasses in Introductory Chemistry  Stephen J. Hawkes
Polymeric, metallic, and other glasses and their importance are described in a manner suitable for introductory chemistry.
Hawkes, Stephen J. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1377.
Consumer Chemistry |
Materials Science |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Solids
National Chemistry Week  JCE Editorial Staff
JCE offers a wealth of materials for teaching and learning chemistry available in print or at JCE Online (http://www.jce.divched.org). Here are some JCE resources for celebrating National Chemistry Week and its theme, "Having a Ball with Chemistry."
JCE Editorial Staff. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1336.
Materials Science
JCE Resources for Chemistry and Sports  Erica K. Jacobsen
This annotated bibliography collects the best that past issues of JCE have to offer related to the 2008 National Chemistry Week theme, "Having a Ball with Chemistry."
Jacobsen, Erica K. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1331.
Materials Science
Modern Sport and Chemistry: What a Golf Fanatic Should Know  Scott E. McKay, Timothy Robbins, and Renée S. Cole
This paper focuses on golf and examines some of the structures and properties of materials that have led to significant changes in the skills required to excel at the highest levels of the game.
McKay, Scott E.; Robbins, Timothy; Cole, Renée S. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1319.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Materials Science
Construction of a Polyaniline Nanofiber Gas Sensor  Shabnam Virji, Bruce H. Weiller, Jiaxing Huang, Richard Blair, Heather Shepherd, Tanya Faltens, Philip C. Haussmann, Richard B. Kaner, and Sarah H. Tolbert
The objectives of this lab are to synthesize different diameter polyaniline nanofibers and compare them as sensor materials. Its advantages include simplicity and low cost, making it suitable for both high school and college students, particularly in departments with modest means.
Virji, Shabnam; Weiller, Bruce H.; Huang, Jiaxing; Blair, Richard; Shepherd, Heather; Faltens, Tanya; Haussmann, Philip C.; Kaner, Richard B.; Tolbert, Sarah H. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1102.
Acids / Bases |
Aromatic Compounds |
Conductivity |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Oxidation State |
pH |
Polymerization |
Synthesis
Preparation of Conducting Polymers by Electrochemical Methods and Demonstration of a Polymer Battery  Hiromasa Goto, Hiroyuki Yoneyama, Fumihiro Togashi, Reina Ohta, Akitsu Tsujimoto, Eiji Kita, and Ken-ichi Ohshima
The electrochemical polymerization of aniline and pyrrole, and demonstrations of electrochromism and the polymer battery effect, are presented as demonstrations suitable for high school and introductory chemistry at the university level.
Goto, Hiromasa; Yoneyama, Hiroyuki; Togashi, Fumihiro; Ohta, Reina; Tsujimoto, Akitsu; Kita, Eiji; Ohshima, Ken-ichi. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1067.
Aromatic Compounds |
Conductivity |
Electrochemistry |
Materials Science |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Polymerization
Thermal Analysis of Plastics  Teresa D'Amico, Craig J. Donahue, and Elizabeth A. Rais
Students interpret previously recorded scans generated by differential scanning calorimetry and thermal gravimetric analysis to investigate a polypropylene dog bone, a polyethylene terephthalate pop bottle, the plastics in automobile head- and taillights, fishing line and a tea bag, and the rubber tread of an automobile tire.
D'Amico, Teresa; Donahue, Craig J.; Rais, Elizabeth A. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 404.
Materials Science |
Polymerization |
Thermal Analysis
Hydrophilic Inorganic Macro-Ions in Solution: Unprecedented Self-Assembly Emerging from Historical "Blue Waters"  Tianbo Liu, Ekkehard Diemann, and Achim Müller
The behavior of supramolecular structures in solution is different from that of simple ions, polymers, surfactant micelles, and colloids. New research involving polyoxometalates, which are fully hydrophilic but tend to self-associate into macro-ionic structures, may change our understanding of inorganic ionic solutions.
Liu, Tianbo; Diemann, Ekkehard; Müller, Achim. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 526.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Colloids |
Materials Science |
Nanotechnology |
Solutions / Solvents |
Spectroscopy |
Lasers |
Physical Properties
Chemical Bonding Makes a Difference!  Mary Harris
This report describes a PowerPoint presentation that shows how a small difference in bonding can result in a drastic change in the properties of a material.
Harris, Mary. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1435.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Materials Science |
Polymerization |
Carbohydrates
Polymers: Cornerstones of Construction  John P. Droske and Charles E. Carraher, Jr.
This report summarizes the application of natural and synthetic polymers as building materials.
Droske, John P.; Carraher, Charles E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1428.
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry
From "Greasy Chemistry" to "Macromolecule": Thoughts on the Historical Development of the Concept of a Macromolecule  Pedro J. Bernal
This paper presents a narrative about the historical development of the concept of a macromolecule. It does so to illustrate how the history of science might be used as a pedagogical tool to teach science, particularly to non-majors.
Bernal, Pedro J. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 870.
Colloids |
Nonmajor Courses |
Polymerization |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Physical Properties
An Introduction to Polymer Processing, Morphology, and Property Relationships through Thermal Analysis of Plastic PET Bottles. Exercises Designed to Introduce Students to Polymer Physical Properties  H. Darrell Iler, Eric Rutt, and Seth Althoff
Through thermal analyses of poly(ethylene terephthlate) (PET) bottles, students are introduced to the relationships between processing, morphology, and physical properties of polymer materials.
Iler, H. Darrell; Rutt, Eric; Althoff, Seth. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 439.
Applications of Chemistry |
Heat Capacity |
Instrumental Methods |
Materials Science |
Thermal Analysis
Teaching Chemistry Laboratory Skills in Industrial Contexts  Julianne M. Braun and Carol White
A recently completed project has produced a compilation of 40 laboratory experiments presented within the contexts of five major industries. This article provides a summary of these experiments, along with a discussion of ancillary materials.
Braun, Julianne M.; White, Carol. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 353.
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Metals |
Polymerization |
Water / Water Chemistry
Gifts from Mother Earth—The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly  Sabine Heinhorst and Gordon C. Cannon
Recent articles from the journal Nature that deal with good, bad, and ugly gifts from Mother Earth are described.
Heinhorst, Sabine; Cannon, Gordon C. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 196.
Biosynthesis |
Biotechnology |
Natural Products |
Nutrition |
Plant Chemistry |
Polymerization |
Proteins / Peptides
Thermal Degradation and Identification of Heat-Sensitive Polymers. Applications of Pyrolysis and Distillation and Instrumental Methods of Analysis  Stuart C. Clough and Emma W. Goldman
An experiment for undergraduate teaching laboratories is described that involves the identification of samples of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate). This involves the thermal degradation of the polymers (a destructive distillation) into their respective monomers. The monomers are then identified using infrared spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and gas chromatographymass spectrometry.
Clough, Stuart C.; Goldman, Emma W. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1378.
Nonmajor Courses |
IR Spectroscopy |
Mass Spectrometry |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Polymerization
Electropolymerized Conducting Polymer as Actuator and Sensor Device: An Undergraduate Electrochemical Laboratory Experiment  María T. Cortés and Juan C. Moreno
A trilayer formed by two conducting polymer films sandwiched around an adhesive polymer layer works as actuator and sensor simultaneously. This device can be bent up to 180 and it can be used as a sensing device of physical chemistry parameters such as cell temperature and electrolyte concentration. In this article, it is shown in a didactic way how to electrochemically synthesize ClO4-doped polypyrrole (PPy) films, how to fabricate a trilayer device, and how to evaluate its actuating and sensing capabilities. The required materials are simple and a complicated setup is not necessary.
Cortés, María T.; Moreno, Juan C. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1372.
Electrochemistry |
Materials Science |
Undergraduate Research |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry
Making and Using a Sensing Polymeric Material for Cu2+: An Introduction to Polymers and Chemical Sensing  Jean R. Paddock, Anne T. Maghasi, William R. Heineman, and Carl J. Seliskar
In this experiment, students will be introduced to concepts of polymer chemistry, chemical sensors, metal chelates, spectroscopy, and quantitative analytical methods. A polymer network is generated by students and consists of crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) blended with the polyelectrolyte poly(acrylic acid), which is then doped with the spectroscopically-active chelating agent PAN, 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-napthol. All components of this hydrogel serve as an ion-exchange medium trapping cations that, when exposed to solutions of 2+ metals, can act as a material in a chemical sensor.
Paddock, Jean R.; Maghasi, Anne T.; Heineman, William R.; Seliskar, Carl J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1370.
Quantitative Analysis |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Polymerization |
Ion Exchange |
Quantitative Analysis
Introduction to Photolithography: Preparation of Microscale Polymer Silhouettes  Kimberly L. Berkowski, Kyle N. Plunkett, Qing Yu, and Jeffrey S. Moore
In this experiment, a glass microscope slide acts as the microchip. Students can pattern this "microchip" by layering negative photoresist on the slide using a solution containing monomer, crosslinker, photoinitiator, and dye. The students then cover the photoresist with a photomask, which is the negative of a computer-generated image or text printed on transparency film, and illuminate it with UV light. The photoresist in the exposed area polymerizes into a polymer network with a shape dictated by the photomask. The versatility of this technique is exemplified by allowing each student to fabricate virtually any shape imaginable, including his or her silhouette.
Berkowski, Kimberly L.; Plunkett, Kyle N.; Yu, Qing; Moore, Jeffrey S. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1365.
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry |
Free Radicals |
Polymerization
Measuring Viscoelastic Deformation with an Optical Mouse  T. W. Ng
A simple demonstration of viscoelasticity can be carried out by attaching a weight to a polymer film and watching it extend over time. For accurate and quantifiable data on the deformation, an electronic displacement sensor should be incorporated. Most of such sensors are expensive. Here, an optical mouse was demonstrated to provide accurate data at low cost. The experiment was also devised in a manner to allow students to learn about viscoelastic deformation experientially.
Ng, T. W. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1628.
Consumer Chemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Materials Science
Using Organic Light-Emitting Electrochemical Thin-Film Devices To Teach Materials Science  Hannah Sevian, Sean Müller, Hartmut Rudmann, and Michael F. Rubner
Light-emitting thin films provide an excellent opportunity to learn about principles of electrochemistry, spectroscopy, microscopic structure of the solid state, basic circuits, and engineering design. There is currently strong interest in academic and industrial engineering research centering on developing organic light-emitting devices for applications in flat panel displays. In this educational module, designed for high school or introductory undergraduate courses, students learn how to make a ruthenium-based thin-film device. In the process, they learn about the solid-state electrochemistry at work in the film, as well as the electroluminescence that results when current passes through the device.
Sevian, Hannah; Müller, Sean; Rudmann, Hartmut; Rubner, Michael F. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1620.
Electrochemistry |
Photochemistry |
Materials Science |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Solid State Chemistry
Boron Clusters Come of Age  Russell N. Grimes
This article attempts to summarize the current state of the art, illustrated by examples selected to convey some of the excitement and possibilities for future exploitation of these remarkable compounds.
Grimes, Russell N. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 657.
Main-Group Elements |
Materials Science |
Organometallics
Challenges at the Molecular Frontier  John W. Moore
Discussion of report "Beyond the Molecular Frontier: Challenges for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering", regarding new frontiers in chemistry, the importance of helping the public and students to better understand the contributions of chemistry, and attracting the best students to the field.
Moore, John W. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 591.
Biotechnology |
Consumer Chemistry |
Materials Science |
Nanotechnology |
Administrative Issues
Chemical Recycling of Pop Bottles: The Synthesis of Dibenzyl Terephthalate from the Plastic Polyethylene Terephthalate  Craig J. Donahue, Jennifer A. Exline, and Cynthia Warner
Procedure in which students depolymerize a common plastic (PET from 2-L pop bottles) under mild conditions using nontoxic chemicals to produce monomer building blocks.
Donahue, Craig J.; Exline, Jennifer A.; Warner, Cynthia. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 79.
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Aromatic Compounds |
Polymerization
An Introduction to the Scientific Process: Preparation of Poly(vinyl acetate) Glue  Robert G. Gilbert, Christopher M. Fellows, James McDonald, and Stuart W. Prescott
Exercise to give students experience in scientific processes while introducing them to synthetic polymer colloids.
Gilbert, Robert G.; Fellows, Christopher M.; McDonald, James; Prescott, Stuart W. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1370.
Industrial Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Surface Science |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry |
Colloids
Both Nylon and PET Fibers Burn Continuously under Atmospheric Conditions  Shouei Fujishige, Nagako Maebashi, and Mizue Miyauchi
In contrast to the descriptions in many textbooks, it was confirmed by taking two series of photographs that both nylon and PET fibers burn continuously even after the ignition flame has been removed. The photographs also show that a small spherical fire ball forms and occasionally leaves from the flame.
Fujishige, Shouei; Maebashi, Nagako; Miyauchi, Mizue. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 793.
Consumer Chemistry |
Materials Science |
Gases |
Laboratory Management
Pushing the Rainbow: Frontiers in Color Chemistry; Light and Color in Chemistry; Report on Two American Chemical Society Presidential Events  Nancy S. Gettys
On Sunday March 21, 1999, the 217th ACS National Meeting in Anaheim, California sponsored two Presidential Events, "Pushing the Rainbow: Frontiers in Color Chemistry" and "Light and Color in Chemistry". The events included 10 exceptional and very different speakers who explored various aspects of the importance of light and color in chemistry and chemistry teaching, in other sciences, and in art and human culture.
Gettys, Nancy S. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 737.
Conferences |
Photochemistry |
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Elements of Curriculum Reform: Putting Solids in the Foundation  Arthur B. Ellis
Until recently, solids were a relatively small part of the chemistry curriculum. Helping to close this particular gap between the research and educational enterprises was the objective of the Ad Hoc Committee for Solid-State Instructional Materials, formed in 1990.
Ellis, Arthur B. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1033.
Materials Science |
Solid State Chemistry |
Nanotechnology |
Magnetic Properties
A Polymer "Pollution Solution" Classroom Activity  Terry L. Helser
An active classroom project testing the solubility of foam packing nuggets is described.
J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 843.
Polymerization |
Alcohols
Polymer Science Pilot Program   Mary L. Maier
The Polymer Science Pilot Program consists of a sequence of experiences with polymers, designed to focus upon the ways in which these materials resemble and/or compare with nonpolymers in physical properties, versatility, and function.
Mary L. Maier. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 643.
Polymerization |
Physical Properties |
Materials Science
A General Chemistry Course that Focuses on the Emerging Chemical Sciences  Owens, P. M.
Outline of topics considered in a materials, life, and environmental interdisciplinary general science course at the U.S. Military Academy.
Owens, P. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 528.
Materials Science
Polymers and Material Science: A Course for Nonscience Majors   Anderson, Janet S.
In an effort to provide a more appropriate science experience for nonscience majors, a course was designed to introduce them to polymer chemistry and properties.
Anderson, Janet S. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 1044.
Nonmajor Courses |
Materials Science
Not So Late Night Chemistry with USD  Koppang, Miles D.; Webb, Karl M.; Srinivasan, Rekha R.
Through the program, college students enhance their knowledge and expertise on a chemical topic and gain experience in scientific presentations. They also serve as role models to the high school students who can relate to college students more easily than the chemistry faculty members and their high school students.
Koppang, Miles D.; Webb, Karl M.; Srinivasan, Rekha R. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 929.
Forensic Chemistry |
Polymerization |
Electrochemistry |
Isotopes |
Acids / Bases
Chemical Magic: Polymers from a Nonexistent Monomer  Seymour, Raymond B.; Kauffman, George B.
Synthesis, properties, and applications of polyvinyl alcohol and related polymers.
Seymour, Raymond B.; Kauffman, George B. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 582.
Polymerization |
Alcohols
Rolling happy and unhappy balls and their coefficients of friction   Nicholson, Lois
Writer brings to attention some misinformation a previous author had communicated in an attempt to explain the popular demonstration using "happy" and "unhappy" balls made of Neoprene and Polynorborene.
Nicholson, Lois J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 867.
Materials Science
Experiments illustrating metal-insulator transitions in solids  Keller, Steven W.; Mallouk, Thomas E.
Experiments and demonstrations to expose undergraduate students to electronic properties of solids.
Keller, Steven W.; Mallouk, Thomas E. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 855.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Semiconductors |
MO Theory |
Materials Science
Interfacial polymerizations: Microscale polymer laboratory experiments for undergraduate students.  Lewis, Ronald G.; Choquette, Michael; Darden, Edward H.; Gilbert, Mark P.; Martinez, Douglas; Myhaver, Cindy; Schlichter, Karen; Woudenberg, Richard; Zawistowski, Keith.
Experimental procedure for vinyl polymerizations modified to fit a microscale format.
Lewis, Ronald G.; Choquette, Michael; Darden, Edward H.; Gilbert, Mark P.; Martinez, Douglas; Myhaver, Cindy; Schlichter, Karen; Woudenberg, Richard; Zawistowski, Keith. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, A215.
Polymerization |
Microscale Lab |
Surface Science
Materials chemistry companion to general chemistry: An update  Ellis, Arthur B.; Geselbracht, Margret J.; Greenblatt, Martha; Lisensky, George C.; Robinson, William R.; Whittingham, M. Stanley
Writing of A Materials Chemistry Companion to General Chemistry, a reference for teachers that correlates standard chemistry topics with particular kinds of materials and their applications; includes exercises, demonstrations, and experiments.
Ellis, Arthur B.; Geselbracht, Margret J.; Greenblatt, Martha; Lisensky, George C.; Robinson, William R.; Whittingham, M. Stanley J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 1015.
Materials Science
Incorporating polymeric materials topics into the undergraduate chemistry core curriculum  Droske, John P.
Fourteen lecture "snapshots" and sixteen new polymer experiments developed for incorporation into the general chemistry course.
Droske, John P. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 1014.
Materials Science |
Polymerization
A safe and novel polymerization of styrene   Flynn, Brendan R.
A safer way to demonstrate the synthesis of addition polymers.
Flynn, Brendan R. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 1038.
Polymerization |
Synthesis |
Consumer Chemistry
Direct visualization of Bragg diffraction with a He-Ne laser and an ordered suspension of charged microspheres  Spencer, Bertrand H.; Zare, Richard N.
Bragg diffraction from colloidal crystals proves to be an excellent teaching tool. Only modest equipment and lab skill are needed to produce a diffraction pattern to provide students with an in-depth understanding of what ordered structure is and how it can be probed by diffraction techniques.
Spencer, Bertrand H.; Zare, Richard N. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 97.
X-ray Crystallography |
Crystals / Crystallography |
Solids |
Lasers |
Materials Science
Synthesis of a phenol-formaldehyde thermosetting polymer  Bedard, Y.; Riedl, B.
Procedure that allows for the synthesis of a 50% aqueous solution of a prepolymer that, with the proper application of heat and pressure, can be used to bind together wood or other materials.
Bedard, Y.; Riedl, B. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 977.
Synthesis |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Phenols |
Polymerization
A revision of a general chemistry experiment on an inorganic polymerization-condensation reaction  Palma, Robert J., Sr.; Sargent, Ed
An inorganic polymerization-condensation reaction modified for the general chemistry laboratory.
Palma, Robert J., Sr.; Sargent, Ed J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 614.
Polymerization
Classroom demonstrations of polymer principles. Part II. Polymer formation  Rodriguez, F.; Mathias, L. J.; Kroschwitz, J.; Carraher, C. E., Jr.
Photopolymerization of acrylamide, bulk polymerization of methyl methacrylate, phenolic resins, and household adhesives and sealants.
Rodriguez, F.; Mathias, L. J.; Kroschwitz, J.; Carraher, C. E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 886.
Polymerization
Using NASA and the space program to help high school and college students learn chemistry. Part II. The current state of chemistry in the space program  Kelter, Paul B.; Snyder, William E.; Buchar, Constance S.
Examples and classroom applications in the areas of spectroscopy, materials processing, and electrochemistry.
Kelter, Paul B.; Snyder, William E.; Buchar, Constance S. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 228.
Astrochemistry |
Spectroscopy |
Materials Science |
Electrochemistry |
Crystals / Crystallography
The gelation of polyvinyl alcohol with borax: A novel class participation experiment involving the preparation and properties of a "slime"  Casassa,E.Z.; Sarquis, A.M.; Van Dyke, C.H.
In this report, the authors describe a safe, interesting, and inexpensive class participation experiment, easily and quickly done by all the students in small to moderately large lecture halls.
Casassa,E.Z.; Sarquis, A.M.; Van Dyke, C.H. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 57.
Alcohols |
Polymerization |
Physical Properties
Chemistry of polymers, proteins, and nucleic acids: A short course on macromolecules for secondary schools  Lulav, Ilan; Samuel, David
Topics considered in a macromolecular chemistry unit for advanced high school chemistry students.
Lulav, Ilan; Samuel, David J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 1075.
Polymerization |
Proteins / Peptides
Synthesis and a simple molecular weight determination of polystyrene  Armstrong, Daniel W.; Marx, John N.; Kyle, Don; Alak, Ala
Procedure for synthesizing styrene and determining its molecular weight using thin layer chromatography.
Armstrong, Daniel W.; Marx, John N.; Kyle, Don; Alak, Ala J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 705.
Synthesis |
Polymerization |
Chromatography
Nylon 6 - A simple, safe synthesis of a tough commercial polymer  Mathias, Lon J.; Vaidya, Rajeev A.; Canterberry, J. B.
An improved procedure for the synthesis of Nylon 6 that is easier, safer, and gives a product with impressive strength.
Mathias, Lon J.; Vaidya, Rajeev A.; Canterberry, J. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 805.
Polymerization |
Synthesis
The chemistry of coatings   Griffith, James R.
Nature and humankind both produce spectacular coatings. These discussions of coating can contribute valuable chemistry lessons to the introductory curriculum.
Griffith, James R. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 956.
Applications of Chemistry |
Natural Products |
Materials Science
Polymer photophysics: A negative photoresist  Bramwell, Fitzgerald B.; Zadjura, Richard E.; Stemp, Leo; Fahrenholtz, Susan R.; Flowers, John M.
A negative photoresist is formulated that consists of a solution of a photosensitive film-forming polymer or resin that is used to create the negative image of an object on a glass slide.
Bramwell, Fitzgerald B.; Zadjura, Richard E.; Stemp, Leo; Fahrenholtz, Susan R.; Flowers, John M. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 541.
Photochemistry |
Polymerization
Petroleum chemistry  Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.
The history of petroleum chemistry.
Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 465.
Natural Products |
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Catalysis |
Polymerization
Ethylene: The organic chemical industry's most important building block  Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E.
The sources, chemistry, and industrial uses of ethylene.
Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 385.
Alkenes |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Polymerization
Acne lotion - Great for pimples and making polymers!  May, Jeffrey
Benzoyl peroxide can easily be separated from acne lotion.
May, Jeffrey J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 239.
Polymerization |
Consumer Chemistry |
Separation Science
Plastics: Utilizing the properties of string-like molecules  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
A summary of the properties of common polymers.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 42.
Polymerization |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Applications of Chemistry
Emulsion polymerization and film formation of dispersed polymeric particles  Ceska, Gary W.
This project illustrates the principles of emulsion polymerization, copolymerization, glass transition temperature (Tg), and the effect of Tg on polymer properties.
Ceska, Gary W. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 767.
Conferences |
Professional Development |
Polymerization
A course for engineering and science students. Materials science in freshman chemistry  Companion, A.; Schug, K.
Description of a materials science in freshman chemistry.
Companion, A.; Schug, K. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 618.
Materials Science
Polymer models  Carraher, Charles E., Jr.
A child's "pop-it-bead" set or polystyrene spheres or corks with holes drilled through them and connected with a shoestring can be used to illustrate some relationships of structure to polymer properties.
Carraher, Charles E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 581.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Modeling |
Polymerization
The effect of structure on chemical and physical properties of polymers  Price, Charles C.
Suggests using polymers to teach the effect of changes in structure on chemical reactivity, the effect of structure on physical properties, the role of catalysts, and the basic principles of a chain reaction mechanism.
Price, Charles C. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 13.
Physical Properties |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization |
Kinetics |
Reactions |
Catalysis |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Letters to the editor  Lambert, Frank L.
The author calls attention to polymer models.
Lambert, Frank L. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 490.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization
Models for linear polymers  Morgan, Paul W.
Suggests models for addition and condensation polymers.
Morgan, Paul W. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 206.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization
The nylon rope trick: Demonstration of condensation polymerization  Morgan, Paul W.; Kwolek, Stephanie L.
Describes the chemistry and variations of the classic polymerization demonstration.
Morgan, Paul W.; Kwolek, Stephanie L. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 182.
Polymerization
Polymerization of ethylene at atmospheric pressure: A demonstration using a "Ziegler" type catalyst  Zilkha, Albert; Calderon, Nissim; Rabani, Joseph; Frankel, Max
A simple experiment on the polymerization of ethylene at atmospheric pressure is described using a "Ziegler" type catalyst prepared from amyl lithium and titanium tetrachloride.
Zilkha, Albert; Calderon, Nissim; Rabani, Joseph; Frankel, Max J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 344.
Polymerization |
Reactions |
Catalysis |
Alkenes
Linear polymerization and synthetic fibers  Moncrieff, Robert W.
Examines early research in polymers, the synthesis of polyesters and polyamides, the polymerization of hydrocarbons, and condensation and addition polymerization.
Moncrieff, Robert W. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 233.
Polymerization
Lecture demonstrations with silicones  Spalding, David P.
Offers a series of demonstrations designed to illustrate some of the basic properties of the silicones that make them unusual substances, including their resistance to high and low temperatures, unusual surface properties, and chemical inertness.
Spalding, David P. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 288.
Polymerization