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Journal Articles: 61 results
Dancing Crystals: A Dramatic Illustration of Intermolecular Forces  Donald W. Mundell
Crystals of naphthalene form on the surface of an acetone solution and dance about in an animated fashion illustrating surface tension, crystallization, and intermolecular forces. Additional experiments reveal the properties of the solution and previous demonstrations of surface motion are explored.
Mundell, Donald W. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1773.
Aromatic Compounds |
Liquids |
Molecular Mechanics / Dynamics |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Physical Properties |
Surface Science |
Noncovalent Interactions
Molecular Handshake: Recognition through Weak Noncovalent Interactions  Parvathi S. Murthy
This article traces the development of our thinking about molecular recognition through noncovalent interactions, highlights their salient features, and suggests ways for comprehensive education on this important concept.
Murthy, Parvathi S. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1010.
Applications of Chemistry |
Biosignaling |
Membranes |
Molecular Recognition |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Chromatography |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization |
Reactions
Getting Physical with Your Chemistry: Mechanically Investigating Local Structure and Properties of Surfaces with the Atomic Force Microscope  William F. Heinz and Jan H. Hoh
The atomic force microscope is an extremely powerful and versatile tool for probing the chemistry, material properties, and dynamics of surfaces and interfaces at the nanometer and picoNewton scale in a samples native environment. A description of the main components of current instruments, including cantilevers and their design, is presented, along with the modes of operation, origin of contrast, and factors which contribute to the spatial resolution.
Heinz, William F.; Hoh, Jan H. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 695.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Nanotechnology |
Surface Science
A Supramolecular Approach to Medicinal Chemistry: Medicine Beyond the Molecule  David K. Smith
This article emphasizes a conceptual view of medicinal chemistry, which has important implications for the future, as the supramolecular approach to medicinal-chemistry products outlined here is rapidly allowing nanotechnology to converge with medicine. In particular, this article discusses recent developments including the rational design of drugs such as Relenza and Tamiflu, the mode of action of vancomycin, and the mechanism by which bacteria develop resistance, drug delivery using cyclodextrins, and the importance of supramolecular chemistry in understanding protein aggregation diseases such as Alzheimer's and CreutzfieldJacob.
Smith, David K. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 393.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nanotechnology |
Proteins / Peptides
Boiling Point versus Mass  Michael Laing
I am very pleased that Ronald Rich has written making these comments, because he is pre-eminent in this field, beginning with his early book, Periodic Correlations.
Laing, Michael. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 642.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Liquids |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Boiling Point versus Mass   Ronald L. Rich
Laing gave a useful examination of the boiling points of small molecules versus molecular mass. However, a molecule escaping from a liquid is not closely analogous to a satellite breaking free from the earths gravitational field with the requirement of a minimum escape velocity, such that the required kinetic energy is proportional to the mass of the satellite at that escape velocity.
Rich, Ronald L. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 642.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Liquids |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Investigating Intermolecular Interactions via Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. An Experiment for the Physical Chemistry Laboratory  David Pullman and Karen I. Peterson
In the first part of the project, the students produce and analyze images of graphite and use these images to calibrate the scan size of the instrument. In the second part, the students produce images of a decanol monolayer on the graphite surface.
Pullman, David; Peterson, Karen I. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 549.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Surface Science |
Instrumental Methods
A Practical Integrated Approach to Supramolecular Chemistry III. Thermodynamics of Inclusion Phenomena  Jesús Hernández-Benito, M. Pilar García-Santos, Emma O'Brien, Emilio Calle, and Julio Casado
This is the third in a series of experiments aimed at introducing undergraduate students into the field of supramolecular chemistry. In the present article, we propose an experiment aiming to familiarize students with the thermodynamics of inclusion phenomena.
Hernández-Benito, Jesús; García-Santos, M. Pilar; O'Brien, Emma; Calle, Emilio; Casado, Julio. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 540.
Equilibrium |
Kinetics |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Thermodynamics |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy
Using Science Fiction To Teach Thermodynamics: Vonnegut, Ice-nine, and Global Warming  Charles A. Liberko
When covering the topic of thermodynamics at the introductory level, an example from Kurt Vonnegut, Jr's, fictional novel, Cat's Cradle, is used to take what the students have learned and apply it to a new situation.
Liberko, Charles A. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 509.
Thermodynamics |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Rules of Thumb for Assessing Equilibrium Partitioning of Organic Compounds: Successes and Pitfalls  Kai-Uwe Goss and René P. Schwarzenbach
Factors to consider when predicting equilibrium partitioning of organic compounds between two phases, including volatility, polarity, and hydrophobicity; and a simple model for the evaluation of bulk phase partitioning.
Goss, Kai-Uwe; Schwarzenbach, René P. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 450.
Equilibrium |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Separation Science |
Thermodynamics
"Disorder" in Unstretched Rubber Bands?  Warren Hirsch
Analysis of the thermodynamics of a stretched rubber band.
Hirsch, Warren. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 145.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Thermodynamics
"Disorder" in Unstretched Rubber Bands?  Frank L. Lambert
Analysis of the thermodynamics of a stretched rubber band.
Lambert, Frank L. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 145.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Thermodynamics
"Disorder" in Unstretched Rubber Bands?  Frank L. Lambert
Analysis of the thermodynamics of a stretched rubber band.
Lambert, Frank L. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 145.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Thermodynamics
A Structure–Activity Investigation of Photosynthetic Electron Transport. An Interdisciplinary Experiment for the First-Year Laboratory  Kerry K. Karukstis, Gerald R. Van Hecke, Katherine A. Roth, and Matthew A. Burden
Investigation in which students measure the effect of several inhibitors (herbicides) on the electron transfer rate in chloroplasts and formulate a hypothesis between the inhibitor's activity and its structure as a means of using a physical technique to measure a chemical process in a biological system.
Karukstis, Kerry K.; Van Hecke, Gerald R.; Roth, Katherine A.; Burden, Matthew A. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 985.
Biophysical Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Aromatic Compounds |
Plant Chemistry
Boiling Points of the Family of Small Molecules CHwFxClyBrz: How Are They Related to Molecular Mass?  Michael Laing
Investigating the role of molecular mass in determining boiling points of small molecules.
Laing, Michael. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1544.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Liquids |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Physical Properties
The Importance of Non-Bonds in Coordination Compounds  Michael Laing
Significance of noncovalent interactions in determining the structure and behavior of coordination compounds.
Laing, Michael. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1400.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Coordination Compounds |
Kinetics |
Stereochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
An Introduction to the Scientific Process: Preparation of Poly(vinyl acetate) Glue  Robert G. Gilbert, Christopher M. Fellows, James McDonald, and Stuart W. Prescott
Exercise to give students experience in scientific processes while introducing them to synthetic polymer colloids.
Gilbert, Robert G.; Fellows, Christopher M.; McDonald, James; Prescott, Stuart W. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1370.
Industrial Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Surface Science |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry |
Colloids
Correction to Computational Investigations for Undergraduate Organic Chemistry: Modeling a TLC Exercise to Investigate Molecular Structure and Intermolecular Forces (J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 203-205)  Rita K. Hessley
Corrections to original article.
Hessley, Rita K. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1183.
Chromatography |
Computational Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Separation Science
How Do Organic Chemistry Students Understand and Apply Hydrogen Bonding?  J. Henderleiter, R. Smart, J. Anderson, and O. Elian
Examination of how students completing a two-semester organic sequence understand, explain, and apply hydrogen bonding to determine the physical attributes of molecules.
Henderleiter, J.; Smart, R.; Anderson, J.; Elian, O. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1126.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Learning Theories |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Designing Advanced Materials As Simple As Assembling Lego® Blocks!  C. V. Krishnamohan Sharma
The parallels between strategies for materials design and the construction of architectures using Lego building blocks are used to illustrate the principles and problems associated with predicting crystal structure; applying rational design strategies to the design of advanced materials such as porous solids, ion exchange materials, molecular metals, conductors, and optical materials.
Sharma, C. V. Krishnamohan. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 617.
Coordination Compounds |
Crystals / Crystallography |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Materials Science |
Molecular Recognition |
Solid State Chemistry
The Floating Needle  F. E. Condon and F. E. Condon Jr.
A mathematico-physical treatment of the floating (on water) needle system is presented. Gravitational potential energy, buoyancy, surface energy, and interfacial energy are taken into account. The floating is regarded as a metastable state resulting from a minimum in the curve relating the energy to the distance of descent.
Condon, F. E.; Condon, F. E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 334.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Liquids |
Surface Science |
Water / Water Chemistry
Enchanted Glass  Sándor Szabó L., Károly Mazák, Dezsö Knausz, and Márta Rózsahegyi
These experiments present the "hydrophobizing" and organophilic properties of silicones. The method is to make hydrophobic the polar, hydrophilic surface of glass by silylating the surface of various glass objects with trimethylsilyl N,N-dimethylcarbamate; the process of activating and silylating glass beads, capillaries, beakers, and glass sheets is described.
Szabó L., Sándor; Mazák, Károly; Knausz, Dezsö; Rózsahegyi, Márta. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 329.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Organometallics |
Surface Science |
Descriptive Chemistry
An Introduction to the Understanding of Solubility  Trevor M. Letcher and Rubin Battino
This paper explores the solubility process from a number of perspectives, including the second law of thermodynamics and ideal solubility, real solutions and activity coefficients, intermolecular forces, and theories of gases or liquids or solids dissolving in liquids.
Letcher, Trevor M.; Battino, Rubin. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 103.
Solutions / Solvents |
Learning Theories |
Thermodynamics |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Noncovalent Interactions
Quantifying Molecular Character  P. G. Nelson
Wells and Jensen's classification of substances according to structure type is quantified, enabling substances having an intermediate structure to be classified precisely. Jensen's concept of the "degree of nonmolecularity" of a substance and the opposite quality, degree of molecular character, are also quantified.
Nelson, Peter G. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 245.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Solid State Chemistry
Computational Investigations for Undergraduate Organic Chemistry: Modeling a TLC Exercise to Investigate Molecular Structure and Intermolecular Forces  Rita K. Hessley
In this exercise students carry out a pre-lab exercise in which they compute the dipole moment for a set of similar models representing a variety of functional group categories. Using their data, and supported by guided class discussion, students propose a working hypothesis about how TLC can be used to demonstrate the manner in which the relevant forces lead to predictable rates (extent, Rf) of elution.
Hessley, Rita K. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 203.
Computational Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Thin Layer Chromatography
An Integrated Molecular Modeling and Melting Point Experiment for the Organic Chemistry Laboratory  Thomas Poon, Sheri A. Bodolosky, and Cynthia M. Norris
An introductory organic chemistry laboratory experiment that introduces students to the utility and caveats of computational chemistry is described. Molecular modeling software is used to determine the net dipoles and surface areas of six unknown solids. These and other noncomputational results are then correlated with data from melting point determinations of the unknowns.
Poon, Thomas; Bodolosky, Sheri A.; Norris, Cynthia M. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 983.
Computational Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Instrumental Methods
Ammonia Can Crush  Ed Vitz
When a 12-oz aluminum soft drink can filled with ammonia or hydrogen chloride gas is inverted and dipped into water, the rapidly dissolving gas evacuates the can and the can is crushed before water can be drawn into it. This demonstrates, among other things, the remarkable strength of hydrogen bonds.
Vitz, Ed. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 932.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Gases |
Solutions / Solvents |
Hydrogen Bonding
Hydrogen Bonds Involving Transition Metal Centers Acting As Proton Acceptors  Antonio Martín
A short review of the most remarkable results which have recently reported M----H-X hydrogen bonds, along with a systematization of their structural and spectroscopic properties, is provided in this paper. These M----H interactions are substantially different from the "agostic" M----H ones, and their differences are commented on, setting up criteria that permit their clear differentiation in order to avoid some of the misidentifications that occurred in the past.
Tello, Antonio Martín. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 578.
Coordination Compounds |
Covalent Bonding |
Ionic Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Metals |
Organometallics |
Hydrogen Bonding
London Dispersion Forces and "The Wave"  C. Jayne Wilcox
An analogy is presented likening London dispersion forces to "The Wave", a popular ritual performed by fans attending sports events in large stadia. Similarities between people in the stands and electrons in atoms are emphasized.
Wilcox, C. Jayne. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1301.
Noncovalent Interactions
Solving the Mystery of Fading Fingerprints with London Dispersion Forces  Doris R. Kimbrough and Ronald DeLorenzo
The fingerprints of the perpetrator are often not the only ones of importance in the collection of evidence. The fingerprints of the victim can be extremely important as well, and obtaining them when the victim is a child can be a tricky and frustrating endeavor.
Kimbrough, Doris R.; DeLorenzo, Ronald. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1300.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Forensic Chemistry |
Esters |
Applications of Chemistry
Why Do Alcoholic Beverages Have "Legs"?  Todd P. Silverstein
After a sip of wine, "legs" of liquid typically run up and down the inside of the glass for many minutes. This phenomenon stems from the dipole-dipole intermolecular forces that are so important in understanding the physical behavior of aqueous solutions.
Silverstein, Todd P. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 723.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Alcohols |
Hydrogen Bonding
Teaching Chemistry with Electron Density Models  Gwendolyn P. Shusterman and Alan J. Shusterman
This article describes a powerful new method for teaching students about electronic structure and its relevance to chemical phenomena. This method, developed and used for several years in general chemistry and organic chemistry courses, relies on computer-generated three-dimensional models of electron density distributions.
Shusterman, Gwendolyn P.; Shusterman, Alan J. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 771.
Learning Theories |
Computational Chemistry |
Molecular Modeling |
Quantum Chemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Covalent Bonding |
Ionic Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Boiling Point and Molecular Weight  Rich, Ronald L.
No relationship between boiling points and molecular weight.
Rich, Ronald L. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A294.
Physical Properties |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Letters  
No relationship between boiling points and molecular weight.
J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A294.
Physical Properties |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Can London Dispersion Forces Be Stronger than Dipole-Dipole Forces, Including Hydrogen Bonds?  Thomas T. Earles
Using French fries as an example in which London dispersion forces are stronger than dipole-dipole forces.
Earles, Thomas T. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 727.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Hydrogen Bonding
Examining Host-Guest Interactions with an Integrated Spreadsheet/Molecular-Modeling Program  Hanks, T. W.; Hallford, R.; Wright, G.
172. Synopsis of a combination molecular modeling/spreadsheet software used to investigate intermolecular interactions.
Hanks, T. W.; Hallford, R.; Wright, G. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 329.
Metabolism |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Modeling
Hydrogen-Bonding Equilibrium in Phenol Analyzed by NMR Spectroscopy  Lessinger, Leslie
Experimental procedure for determining the equilibrium constant for the hydrogen-bonding equilibrium of phenol in carbon tetrachloride solution; data and analysis included.
Lessinger, Leslie J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 85.
Equilibrium |
Noncovalent Interactions |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Aromatic Compounds |
Alcohols
The Perturbative Theories of Fluids as a Modern Version of van der Waals Theory  Cuardos, F.; Mulero, A.; Rubio, P.
The modern pertubative theories of simple fluids are shown to be an updated version of the 120-year old ideas of van der Waals.
Cuardos, F.; Mulero, A.; Rubio, P. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 956.
Noncovalent Interactions
An Effective Approach for Teaching Intermolecular Interactions  Campanario, Juan Miguel; Bronchalo, Enrique; Hidalgo, Miguel Angel
Using electrostatic potential to help students achieve a better understanding of molecular interactions.
Campanario, Juan Miguel; Bronchalo, Enrique; Hidalgo, Miguel Angel J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 761.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Recognition |
Enzymes |
Crystal Field / Ligand Field Theory
A least-squares technique for determining the van der Waals parameters from the critical constants.  Eberhart, J. G.
The author reviews three of the six methods for calculating the van der Waals constants for a fluid.
Eberhart, J. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 220.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Physical Properties
Molecular mechanics in the undergraduate curriculum  Sauers, Ronald R.
The author outlines recent experience with the introduction of molecular mechanics methodology via computer aided analysis of molecular geometry and energy. Students gained appreciation for the interplay of molecular forces that govern equilibrium energy and molecular forces of organic molecules.
Sauers, Ronald R. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 816.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Thermodynamics |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Modeling |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing
An internal comparison of the intermolecular forces of common organic functional groups: A thin-layer chromatography experiment  Beauvais, Robert; Holman, R. W.
Due to the latest trends in organic chemistry textbook content sequences, it has become desirable to develop an experiment that is rapid, simple, and general, that would compare and contrast the various functional group classes of organic molecules in terms of their relative polarities, dipole moments, and intermolecular forces of attraction.
Beauvais, Robert; Holman, R. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 428.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alcohols |
Carboxylic Acids |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Esters |
Qualitative Analysis |
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure
On the boiling points of the alkyl halides  Correla, John
Most textbooks spend some time discussing the relationship between boiling point and molecular structure, however, their reasons behind this relationship differ. This variation among textbooks warrants further investigation and discussion in order to uncover which of the factors are the major contributors to the variation of boiling point.
Correla, John J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 62.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Physical Properties |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure
The lithium bond  Sannigrahi, A. B.
The properties of Li bonds vis--vis that of H bonds.
Sannigrahi, A. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 843.
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
A model for hydrogen bonding  Hill, John W.
Hydrogen bonding is a somewhat abstract and difficult concept for many students, yet it is of enormous importance in chemistry.
Hill, John W. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 503.
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Coulombic models in chemical bonding. II. Dipole moments of binary hydrides  Sacks, Lawrence J.
A discussion of Coulumbic models and their aid in understanding chemical bonding.
Sacks, Lawrence J. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 373.
Electrochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Covalent Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
VisiChem  Breneman, G. L.
70. Bits and pieces, 28. Many of the business spreadsheet programs can be used to answer "What if?" questions in chemistry due to the mathematical functions needed for science (such as logs, trig functions, square root) and others.
Breneman, G. L. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 321.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Equilibrium
Non-covalent interactions: Key to biological flexibility and specificity  Frieden, Earl
Summarizes the types of non-covalent interactions found among biomolecules and how they facilitate the function of antibodies, hormones, and hemoglobin.
Frieden, Earl J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 754.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Proteins / Peptides |
Amino Acids |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Hormones
Using silica to demonstrate hydrogen bonding  Most, Clark, Jr.
The efficiency of a multitude of hydrogen bonds can be demonstrated by comparing the fluid character of mineral oil to the more solid character of the same oil to which has been added a small amount of finely divided silica.
Most, Clark, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 419.
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Models for tertiary structures: Myoglobin and lysozyme  Smith, Ivor; Smith, Margaret J.; Roberts, Lynne
Presents the design details for constructing three dimensional models of proteins, including myoglobin and lysozyme.
Smith, Ivor; Smith, Margaret J.; Roberts, Lynne J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 302.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Modeling |
Proteins / Peptides |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Molecular geometry: Bonded versus nonbonded interactions  Bartell, L. S.
Proposes simplified computational models to facilitate a comparison between the relative roles of bonded and nonbonded interactions in directed valence.
Bartell, L. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 754.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
VSEPR Theory |
Molecular Modeling |
Covalent Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Valence Bond Theory |
MO Theory
Interactions of enzymes and inhibitors  Baker, B. R.
Examines the kinetics and interactions of enzymes and inhibitors and considers specifically lactic dehydrogenase, dihydrofolic reductase, thymidine phosphorylate, guanase, and xanthine oxidase.
Baker, B. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 610.
Enzymes |
Catalysis |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Recognition |
Hydrogen Bonding
Atomic structure and chemical bonding (Seel, F.; Greenwood, N. N.; Stadler, H. P.)  Murmann, R. Kent

Murmann, R. Kent J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 518.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Covalent Bonding |
Metallic Bonding |
Ionic Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
A classical electrostatic view of chemical forces  Jaffe, H. H.
This paper reviews the different types of forces involved in the formation of chemical compounds, solids and liquids.
Jaffe, H. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 649.
Covalent Bonding |
Ionic Bonding |
Metallic Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Some recent developments in the theory of bonding in complex compounds of the transition metals  Sutton, Leslie E.
Examines the ligand field and the molecular orbital theories of complexes, particularly involving transition metals.
Sutton, Leslie E. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 498.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Transition Elements |
Metals |
Crystal Field / Ligand Field Theory |
Coordination Compounds |
MO Theory |
Covalent Bonding
Hydrogen bonding in high polymers and inclusion compounds  Huggins, Maurice L.
Examines factors affecting the strength of hydrogen bonds, symmetrical and unsymmetrical hydrogen bonds, and hydrogen bonding in high polymers and inclusion compounds.
Huggins, Maurice L. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 480.
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
The evidence from infrared spectroscopy for hydrogen bonding: A case history of the correlation and interpretation of data  Gorman, Mel
Examines the effect of hydrogen bonding on infrared absorption, the collection of data and empirical correlation, and theoretical interpretation.
Gorman, Mel J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 304.
IR Spectroscopy |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Some aspects of hydrogen bonding in inorganic chemistry  Gorman, Mel
The purpose of this review is to present some of the research which is illustrative of the methods used and the results obtained with a variety of inorganic compounds in which hydrogen bonding is one of the structural features.
Gorman, Mel J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 468.
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions
Hydrogen bonding and physical properties of substances  Ferguson, Lloyd N.
Physical properties influenced by hydrogen bonding considered in this paper include transition temperatures, vapor pressure, water solubility, the ionization of carboxylic acids, stereoisomerism, adsorption, and infrared spectra.
Ferguson, Lloyd N. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 267.
Hydrogen Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Physical Properties |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Carboxylic Acids |
Stereochemistry |
IR Spectroscopy
A magnetic model of polyelectrolyte interaction  Conway, B. E.
Presents a magnetic model of polyelectrolyte interaction is constructed from magnets floating on water and supported vertically by corks.
Conway, B. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 477.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Nature of adhesion  Reinhart, Frank W.
Examines the theory of adhesion and the variety of attractive forces involved.
Reinhart, Frank W. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 128.
Surface Science |
Covalent Bonding |
Metallic Bonding |
Noncovalent Interactions