TIGER

Journal Articles: 570 results
Real-World Topics: Medicinal Chemistry  Arrietta Clauss
Instructors often look for real-world topics that interest students when designing labs and preparing lectures. The chemistry associated with drugs is a fertile area, and the archives of the Journal can be a resource for interesting drug-related activities to enhance student learning.
Clauss, Arrietta. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1657.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Molecular Models of Polymers Used in Sports Equipment  William F. Coleman
The Featured Molecules this month are a number of monomers and their associated polymers used in making equipment for a variety of high-impact sports. The molecules provide students with an introduction to an important area of applied chemistry and also enable them to examine complex structures using the models they have seen applied to small molecules.
Coleman, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1456.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Applications of Chemistry
Today's Science for Tomorrow's Scientists  Caroline Pharr
Today's Science for Tomorrow's Scientists (TSTS) is an interactive Web site containing modular instructional units that introduce current science research through online tutorials. Research groups can use images, movies, and other interactive functions to share their work with others, particularly students at the elementary, middle, and high school levels.
Pharr, Caroline. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1453.
Applications of Chemistry
A Chemistry Minute: Recognizing Chemistry in Our Daily Lives  Dianne J. Luning Prak and Christine L. Copper
Students in first- and second-semester general chemistry increase their awareness of the relevance of the subject to their daily lives by making a two-minute presentation on a chemistry-related topic. This exercise gives students an opportunity to think about chemistry taking place around them and can provide new applications for instructors to use in future classes.
Luning Prak, Dianne J.; Copper, Christine L. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1368.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Student-Centered Learning
News from Online: The Chemistry of Sports  Janice Hall Tomasik
Presents a collection of chemistry-related, sports online resources on a variety of topics, including recent advances in nanotechnology that improve sports equipment and the athlete's nutrition and metabolism.
Tomasik, Janice Hall. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1334.
Applications of Chemistry |
Bioenergetics |
Nanotechnology
Impact of Polymers in Impact Sports  Sandy Van Natta and John P. Williams
This article describes some aspects of the design and testing of helmets and two inquiry-based activities for evaluating different polymers used in helmet construction.
Van Natta, Sandy; Williams, John P. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1326.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Physical Properties
Modern Sport and Chemistry: What a Golf Fanatic Should Know  Scott E. McKay, Timothy Robbins, and Renée S. Cole
This paper focuses on golf and examines some of the structures and properties of materials that have led to significant changes in the skills required to excel at the highest levels of the game.
McKay, Scott E.; Robbins, Timothy; Cole, Renée S. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1319.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Materials Science
High Performance Chemistry: Scientists in the Fast Lane  Timothy Ruppel and Joseph Turpin
The scientists involved with open wheel automobile racing range from physicians to chemists to physicists to engineers who are usually classically trained but perform their activities in an atypical fashion. This article discusses Indy cars, fuel and oil testing, the challenges that drivers face, and safety measures.
Ruppel, Timothy; Turpin, Joseph. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1316.
Applications of Chemistry
Sampling the Soils Around a Residence Containing Lead-Based Paints: An X-ray Fluorescence Experiment  Steven J. Bachofer
A soil sampling experiment using field portable instruments was conducted at a pre-1950 construction known to have lead-based paint. Students collected data following regulatory protocols at multiple locations within and outside of the house's dripline, reported their results, and provided the owner advice on methods to minimize contact with contaminated soil.
Bachofer, Steven J. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 980.
Applications of Chemistry |
Fluorescence Spectroscopy |
Instrumental Methods |
Nonmajor Courses |
Spectroscopy |
Toxicology |
Metals
A Model for Incorporating Research into the First-Year Chemistry Curriculum  James R. Ford, Caryn Prudenté, and Thomas A. Newton
The development, implementation, and evaluation of a research-based program of laboratory instruction for first-year chemistry students is described. The new approach engages students in interdisciplinary, chemistry-centered research projects during the second semester of their general chemistry course.
Ford, James R.; Prudenté, Caryn; Newton, Thomas A. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 929.
Applications of Chemistry |
Undergraduate Research |
Constructivism |
Student-Centered Learning
Using Laboratory Chemicals To Imitate Illicit Drugs in a Forensic Chemistry Activity  Shawn Hasan, Deborah Bromfield-Lee, Maria T. Oliver-Hoyo, and Jose A. Cintron-Maldonado
This forensic chemistry activity utilizes forensic procedures (chemical spot tests and thin-layer chromatography) on laboratory chemicals that mimic actual street drugs to produce screening results similar to those for controlled substances.
Hasan, Shawn; Bromfield-Lee, Deborah; Oliver-Hoyo, Maria T.; Cintron-Maldonado, Jose A. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 813.
Applications of Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Forensic Chemistry |
Thin Layer Chromatography
Forensics as a Gateway: Promoting Undergraduate Interest in Science, and Graduate Student Professional Development through a First-Year Seminar Course  Louise K. Charkoudian, Jared J. Heymann, Marc J. Adler, Kathryn L. Haas, Kassy A. Mies, and James F. Bonk
A first-year, undergraduate seminar in forensics was created, instructed, and revised by graduate students to assist in their professional development. The course incorporates a variety of pedagogical techniques, including lectures, in-class demonstrations, laboratories, student presentations, and mock criminal investigations.
Charkoudian, Louise K.; Heymann, Jared J.; Adler, Marc J.; Haas, Kathryn L.; Mies, Kassy A.; Bonk, James F. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 807.
Applications of Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry |
Professional Development |
TA Training / Orientation
Revising the ACS Guidelines for Chemistry Programs in Two-Year Colleges: Shaping the Next Edition  John V. Clevenger and Jodi L. Wesemann
Much has changed since the second edition of the ACS Guidelines for Chemistry Programs in Two-Year Colleges was prepared in 1997. The roles that two-year college programs can and do play in providing access to and success in higher education are receiving more attention.
Clevenger, John V.; Wesemann, Jodi L. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 770.
Administrative Issues |
Applications of Chemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Laboratory Management |
Nonmajor Courses |
Professional Development |
Student / Career Counseling |
Undergraduate Research |
Student-Centered Learning
Prussian Blue: Artists' Pigment and Chemists' Sponge  Mike Ware
The variable composition of Prussian blue tantalized chemists until investigations by X-ray crystallography in the late 20th century explained its many properties and uses.
Ware, Mike. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 612.
Applications of Chemistry |
Coordination Compounds |
Dyes / Pigments |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Photochemistry |
Toxicology
The Chemical Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: The Serpentine Remains  Ken Shaw
This story is a chemical mystery, set in the context of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, that emphasizes qualitative analysis, descriptive chemistry, and forensics.
Shaw, Ken. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 507.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Coordination Compounds |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Forensic Chemistry |
Qualitative Analysis
Molecular Models of Antioxidants and Radicals  William F. Coleman
This months Featured Molecules include L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C), trans-cinnamic acid, citric acid monohydrate, Fremy's salt (nitrosodisulfonate)dianion, hydroquinone, salicylic acid, TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl), and (R,R,R)-a-tocopherol (vitamin E).
Coleman, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 464.
Applications of Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Modeling
Integrating Advanced High School Chemistry Research with Organic Chemistry and Instrumental Methods of Analysis  Brian J. Kennedy
Describes the unique opportunities in chemistry available at a science and technology magnet high school. Students may select entry-level courses such as honors and advanced placement chemistry, take electives in organic chemistry with instrumental methods of analysis, and ultimately complete a senior chemical analysis research course.
Kennedy, Brian J. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 393.
Applications of Chemistry |
Fluorescence Spectroscopy |
Gas Chromatography |
Instrumental Methods |
IR Spectroscopy |
Quantitative Analysis |
Undergraduate Research |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Student-Centered Learning
Scientific–Chemical Viewpoints Regarding Smoking: A Science Laboratory for All  Ron Blonder
This article describes a lab that examines the acidity of cigarette smoke as well as solid particles and vapor phase substances found therein, and simulates the effects of smoking on the lungs. The aim of this activity is to expose adolescents to the scientific aspects of smoking and the relevance of chemistry in everyday life.
Blonder, Ron. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 248.
Acids / Bases |
Consumer Chemistry |
Gases |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
pH |
Applications of Chemistry |
Student-Centered Learning
Using the Relationship between Vehicle Fuel Consumption and CO2 Emissions To Illustrate Chemical Principles  Maria T. Oliver-Hoyo and Gabriel Pinto
This instructional resource utilizes consumer product information by which students compare theoretical stoichiometric calculations to CO2 car emissions and fuel consumption data. Representing graphically the emission of CO2 versus consumption of fuel provides a tangible way of connecting concepts studied in chemistry classes to everyday life.
Oliver-Hoyo, Maria T.; Pinto, Gabriel. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 218.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Stoichiometry
A Simplified Model To Predict the Effect of Increasing Atmospheric CO2 on Carbonate Chemistry in the Ocean  Brian J. Bozlee, Maria Janebo, and Ginger Jahn
The chemistry of dissolved inorganic carbon in seawater is reviewed and used to predict the potential effect of rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. It is found that calcium carbonate may become unsaturated in cold surface seawater by the year 2100, resulting in the destruction of calcifying organisms such as coral.
Bozlee, Brian J.; Janebo, Maria; Jahn, Ginger. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 213.
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Equilibrium |
Green Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Colorful Lather Printing  Susan A. S. Hershberger, Matt Nance, Arlyne M. Sarquis, and Lynn M. Hogue
Students explore the chemistry of polar and nonpolar substances and surfactants while marbling paper with shaving cream and food coloring.
Hershberger, Susan A. S.; Nance, Matt; Sarquis, Arlyne M.; Hogue, Lynn M. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 608A.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Physical Properties |
Surface Science |
Water / Water Chemistry
Garbage Juice: Waste Management and Leachate Generation  Jenna R. Jambeck and Jean M. Andino
Multi-colored breakfast cereal is used to model the concepts of leachate and leaching from municipal solid waste in a landfill.
Jambeck, Jenna R.; Andino, Jean M. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 240A.
Applications of Chemistry
The Chemistry of Paper Preservation  Henry A. Carter
This article examines the applications of chemistry to paper preservation. The acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of cellulose accounts for the deterioration of paper in library books and other written records. To combat this threat to our written heritage, new permanent papers have been developed that are relatively chemically stable and undergo a very slow rate of deterioration.
Carter, Henry A. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1937.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Free Radicals |
Gas Chromatography |
HPLC |
pH |
Kinetics |
Rate Law
Gas Clathrate Hydrates Experiment for High School Projects and Undergraduate Laboratories  Melissa P. Prado, Annie Pham, Robert E. Ferazzi, Kimberly Edwards, and Kenneth C. Janda
Presents a procedure for preparing and studying propane clathrate hydrate. This experiment introduces students to this unusual solid while stimulating a discussion of the interplay of intermolecular forces, thermodynamics, and solid structure.
Prado, Melissa P.; Pham, Annie; Ferazzi, Robert E.; Edwards, Kimberly; Janda, Kenneth C. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1790.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Applications of Chemistry |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Hydrogen Bonding
The "Chemistry Is in the News" Project: Can a Workshop Induce a Pedagogical Change?  Miri Barak, Kathleen M. Carson, and Uri Zoller
Chemistry Is in the News is an innovative project aimed at enhancing higher-order cognitive skills via connecting university-level chemistry to everyday life and real-world issues. In this paper the results of a formative, evaluation case-study concerning the extent to which the goals of the CIITN workshop were attained are reported.
Barak, Miri; Carson, Kathleen M.; Zoller, Uri. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1712.
Applications of Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Professional Development
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Mapping of Environmental Samples across College Campuses  Kathleen L. Purvis-Roberts, Harriet P. Moeur, and Andrew Zanella
In this laboratory experiment, students take environmental samples (concentrations of nitrogen dioxide) and geospatial coordinates with a global position systems unit at various locations around campus, map their data on a geo-referenced map with geographical information systems software, and compare their results to those observed by governmental agencies.
Purvis-Roberts, Kathleen L.; Moeur, Harriet P.; Zanella, Andrew. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1691.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy
Teaching Science in Art  Erich S. Uffelman
Describes two linked, interdisciplinary courses examining conservation science and the history of 17th-century Dutch painting. Strengths and limitations of the approaches taken are discussed and key resources cited.
Uffelman, Erich S. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1617.
Applications of Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Instrumental Methods |
Lasers |
Mass Spectrometry |
Spectroscopy
The A1c Blood Test: An Illustration of Principles from General and Organic Chemistry  Robert C. Kerber
The glycated hemoglobin blood test is a key measure of the effectiveness of glucose control in diabetics. The chemistry of glucose in the bloodstream, which underlies the test and its impact, provides an illustration of the importance of chemical equilibrium and kinetics to a major health problem.
Kerber, Robert C. . J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1541.
Applications of Chemistry |
Bioinorganic Chemistry |
Carbohydrates |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Proteins / Peptides |
Bioorganic Chemistry
Liquid Crystals Activity Revisited  Vladimir M. Petruševski
An activity involving an LCD display in a previously published letter could easily be misinterpreted.
Petruševski, Vladimir M. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1429.
Applications of Chemistry
Circuit Board Analysis for Lead by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy in a Course for Nonscience Majors  Jeffrey D. Weidenhamer
The analysis for lead through atomic absorption spectroscopy applied to the qualitative screening of circuit boards and the quantitative analysis of environmental samples demonstrates the potential hazards of improper disposal of used electronic equipment.
Weidenhamer, Jeffrey D. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1165.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atomic Spectroscopy |
Metals |
Nonmajor Courses |
Quantitative Analysis
The Chemistry of Swimming Pool Maintenance  Carl Salter and David L. Langhus
This paper examines the key ideas behind swimming pool chemistry -- the central importance of pH and its effect on chlorine sanitation and calcium carbonate solubility. The paper also reviews the analytical procedures and common practices used to monitor and control pool chemistry or correct problems.
Salter, Carl; Langhus, David L. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1124.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
pH |
Photochemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Water / Water Chemistry
Determining the Pressure inside an Unopened Carbonated Beverage  Hans de Grys
Determining the pressure of carbon dioxide inside a sealed soft drink can represents a challenging student exercise. Several methods are discussed for solving the problem, including applying the ideal gas law, gas collection via water displacement, and Henry's law.
de Grys, Hans. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1117.
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science |
Gases |
Solutions / Solvents |
Student-Centered Learning
Cooking Up Colors from Plants, Fabric, and Metal  Jennifer E. Mihalick and Kathleen M. Donnelly
Students dye fabric squares with two plant dyes, aqueous extracts of tea leaves and of marigold flowers, and investigate how the addition of iron to a dye bath affects the resulting color and fastness and observe that the type of fabric affects the results.
Mihalick, Jennifer E.; Donnelly, Kathleen M. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 96A.
Applications of Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments
Mustard Gas: Its Pre-World War I History  Ronald J. Duchovic and Joel A. Vilensky
A review of the history of the synthesis of mustard gas by 19th century European chemists highlights the increasing sophistication of the chemical sciences during this time.
Duchovic, Ronald J.; Vilensky, Joel A. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 944.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Toxicology
Using Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy To Analyze Archaeological Materials  Adam D. Hill, Ann H. Lehman, and Maria L. Parr
In a course linking chemistry and archaeology, students analyze artifacts with a scanning electron microscope coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy to discover the relationship between materials and the culture that produced them.
Hill, Adam D.; Lehman, Ann H.; Parr, Maria L. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 810.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Spectroscopy
A Lemon Cell Battery for High-Power Applications  Kenneth R. Muske, Christopher W. Nigh, and Randy D. Weinstein
This article discusses the development of a lemon cell battery for high-power applications such as radios, portable cassette or CD players, and battery-powered toys.
Muske, Kenneth R.; Nigh, Christopher W.; Weinstein, Randy D. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 635.
Applications of Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
The Analysis of a Murder, a Case Study  Frank J. Dinan, Steven H. Szczepankiewicz, Melinda Carnahan, and Michael T. Colvin
In conjunction with a forensic chemistry case study, students perform strontium determinations, use the data to locate a victim's origin, and act as detectives to formulate a plan to apprehend the murderers.
Dinan, Frank J.; Szczepankiewicz, Steven H.; Carnahan, Melinda; Colvin, Michael T. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 617.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Spectroscopy |
Instrumental Methods |
Atomic Spectroscopy
Applications of Reaction Rate  Kevin Cunningham
This article presents an assignment in which students are to research and report on a chemical reaction whose increased or decreased rate is of practical importance. The assignment is designed to develop and assess a number of valuable skills and understandings, including the ability to write effectively.
Cunningham, Kevin. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 430.
Catalysis |
Enzymes |
Kinetics |
Rate Law |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry
Where Did the Water Go? Boyle's Law and Pressurized Diaphragm Water Tanks  James Brimhall and Sundar Naga
Boyles law (PV is constant) provides mathematical insight into the workings of pressurized diaphragm tanks for storage of water pumped from underground wells, including predictions of the quantities of available water resulting from different initial conditions of water tank systems.
Brimhall, James; Naga, Sundar. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 425.
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases
Chemical Nanotechnology: A Liberal Arts Approach to a Basic Course in Emerging Interdisciplinary Science and Technology  Lon A. Porter, Jr.
This course focuses on the basic science behind the major research initiatives in nanotechnology, while revisiting the origins of the field and spotlighting current advances. Students are also challenged to consider the political, economical, environmental, and ethical concerns relating to nanotechnology and its potential impact on modern society.
Porter, Lon A., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 259.
Applications of Chemistry |
Materials Science |
Nanotechnology |
Nonmajor Courses |
Surface Science
(Role) Playing Politics in an Environmental Chemistry Lecture Course  A. Meredith Smythe and Daniel A. Higgins
Mock congressional hearings on topics related to renewable and nonrenewable energy; hazardous waste; water, soil, and air pollution; water quality; and genetic engineering are described as an active learning, role-playing activity for the environmental chemistry lecture course.
Smythe, A. Meredith; Higgins, Daniel A. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 241.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Student-Centered Learning
Kitchen Chemistry (Ted Lister, with Heston Blumenthal)  Chrystal D. Bruce
This book contains many modules emphasizing truly important concepts in chemistry: intermolecular forces, structure, reactivity, solubility. The experiments offered exemplify the recurring phrase, familiar chemistry in an unfamiliar place.
Bruce, Chrystal D. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 41.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science
Engineering Faculty Attitudes to General Chemistry Courses in Engineering Curricula  Mehmet Garip, Erzat Erdil, and Ayhan Bilsel
This article presents an analysis of the attitudes of engineering faculty towards chemistry in general and individual topics in particular and tries to suggest reasons for departmental and regional variations.
Garip, Mehmet; Erdil, Erzat; Bilsel, Ayhan. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1873.
Administrative Issues |
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Nature's Way To Make the Lantibiotics  Heather A. Relyea and Wilfred A. van der Donk
This article focuses on one class of antimicrobial compounds, the lantibiotics, and discusses their biosynthetic pathways as well as their molecular mode of action. In the course of the review, the meaning of the terms regio-, chemo-, and stereoselectivity are discussed.
Relyea, Heather A.; van der Donk, Wilfred A. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1769.
Applications of Chemistry |
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Biotechnology |
Biosynthesis |
Catalysis |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Proteins / Peptides
Use of the Mid-Lecture Break in Chemistry Teaching: A Survey and Some Suggestions  David K. Smith
This article uses student feedback to explore student attitudes towards the use of lecture breaks. A survey indicates that undergraduates genuinely value such breaks, finding them educationally useful and enhancing their enjoyment of the lecture experience.
Smith, David K. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1621.
Applications of Chemistry |
Learning Theories
Liquid Crystals Activity  Don L. Lewis and Mark Warren
Briefly explains how liquid crystal displays work and proposes a short activity that makes use of LCD devices available in a high school setting.
Lewis, Don L.; Warren, Mark. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1602.
Applications of Chemistry
Using Metals To Change the Colors of Natural Dyes  Jennifer E. Mihalick and Kathleen M. Donnelly
Metal salts (mordants) are used to produce different colors in fabrics dyed with tea leaves or marigold flowers. This experiment is especially suitable for nonscience majors and can be used to introduce polymers.
Mihalick, Jennifer E.; Donnelly, Kathleen M. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1550.
Applications of Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Transition Elements
An Alternative Procedure for Carbohydrate Analysis of Bananas: Cheaper and Easier  C. Michele Davis-McGibony, Randall R. Bennett, Arthur D. Bossart II, and S. Todd Deal
The use of commercially available glucose test strips for home diabetic care is described as a new approach for determining the glucose concentrations in a ripening banana.
Davis-McGibony, C. Michele; Bennett, Randall R.; Bossart, Arthur D., II; Deal, S. Todd. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1543.
Applications of Chemistry |
Carbohydrates |
Food Science |
Nutrition |
Plant Chemistry
A Polymer in Everyday Life: The Isolation of Poly(vinyl alcohol) from Aqueous PVA Glues. An Undergraduate Chemistry Experiment   Yueh-Huey Chen and Jing-Fun Yaung
The IR spectra of three common and related polymers are used to identify functional groups and rationalize molecular structures.
Chen, Yueh-Huey; Yaung, Jing-Fun. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1534.
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Esters |
IR Spectroscopy |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Chemical Composition of a Fountain Pen Ink   J. Martín-Gil, M. C. Ramos-Sánchez, F. J. Martín-Gil, and M. José-Yacamán
Black ink (Parker Quink) widely used in 19501980 is characterized and compared with other traditional inks. There is agreement that the main cause of ink decay is the iron(II) sulfate content, whose effect is stronger than the destructive action of acids.
Martín-Gil, J.; Ramos-Sánchez, M. C.; Martín-Gil, F. J.; José-Yacamán, M. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1476.
Applications of Chemistry |
Bioinorganic Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Free Radicals |
Reactions
Polymers: Cornerstones of Construction  John P. Droske and Charles E. Carraher, Jr.
This report summarizes the application of natural and synthetic polymers as building materials.
Droske, John P.; Carraher, Charles E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1428.
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Solar Irradiation of Bilirubin: An Experiment in Photochemical Oxidation  A. E. Pillay and F. M. Salih
Describes an experiment on photochemical oxidation employing solar irradiation of bilirubin followed by spectrophotometric absorption. The bilirubin undergoes depletion, and the declining concentration can be expressed exponentially as a function of time. The instantaneous reaction rates, half-life, and rate constant can be derived directly from the exponential plot.
Pillay, A. E.; Salih, F. M. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1327.
Applications of Chemistry |
Bioanalytical Chemistry |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Photochemistry
Chemistry, Society, and Civic Engagement (Part 1): The SENCER Project  Catherine Hurt Middlecamp, Trace Jordan, Amy M. Shachter, Sue Lottridge, and Karen Kashmanian Oates
Science Education for New Civic Engagements and Responsibilities is a national dissemination project for courses in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. SENCER courses connect science and civic engagement by teaching through complex, contested, current, and unresolved public issues to the underlying scientific principles.
Middlecamp, Catherine Hurt; Jordan, Trace; Shachter, Amy M.; Lottridge, Sue; Kashmanian Oates, Karen. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1301.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Color Science, a Course for Nonscience Majors  Maria C. Gelabert
Color Science, a nonmajor chemistry course, was designed to incorporate a rich theoretical base in chemistry and physics with many applicable technologies. The author describes the development of the course, combining overarching goals in science literacy with student feedback to drive improvements.
Gelabert, Maria C. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1155.
Dyes / Pigments |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
CHEMnet: Analysis of the Use of Special Features and Multimedia Elements of an Online Chemistry Course  Sabine Nick
Describes CHEMnet, an online, introductory chemistry course available in English and German.
Nick, Sabine. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1099.
Applications of Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Learning Theories
Molecular Handshake: Recognition through Weak Noncovalent Interactions  Parvathi S. Murthy
This article traces the development of our thinking about molecular recognition through noncovalent interactions, highlights their salient features, and suggests ways for comprehensive education on this important concept.
Murthy, Parvathi S. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1010.
Applications of Chemistry |
Biosignaling |
Membranes |
Molecular Recognition |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Chromatography |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization |
Reactions
Analysis of the Thickening Agents in Automotive Greases by GC–MS  David Mayotte, Craig J. Donahue, and Cheryl A. Snyder
Describes a laboratory procedure for the identification of the thickening agents in lubricating greases by GCMS.
Mayotte, David; Donahue, Craig J.; Snyder, Cheryl A. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 902.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Gas Chromatography |
Industrial Chemistry |
Mass Spectrometry |
Separation Science |
Fatty Acids
Making the Most of a One-Semester General, Organic, Biochemistry Course: A Novel Integrated Curriculum  Laura DeLong Frost, S. Todd Deal, and Patricia B. Humphrey
A one-semester, general, organic, and biochemistry course is revised from a standard "follow the textbook" curriculum to an integrated curriculum, which focuses on presenting foundational concepts (general and organic chemistry) in the context of biomolecules and biochemistry and moving the majority of the computational aspects of the course to the laboratory.
Frost, Laura DeLong; Deal, S. Todd; Humphrey, Patricia B. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 893.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Lubricating Grease: A Chemical Primer  Craig J. Donahue
This article provides an overview of the function, properties, composition, and preparation of lubricating grease
Donahue, Craig J. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 862.
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
Chemistry of Electronic Gases  James R. Clark
The chemistry of electronic gases can be used in the classroom to provide many interesting examples of molecular structures, chemical reactions, periodic trends, and environmental chemistry.
Clark, James R. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 857.
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases |
Industrial Chemistry |
Semiconductors |
Solid State Chemistry
Calcium Phosphates and Human Beings  Sergey V. Dorozhkin
This article describes the general importance of calcium phosphates for human beings. The basic information on the structure and chemical properties of the biologically relevant calcium phosphates is summarized.
Dorozhkin, Sergey V. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 713.
Applications of Chemistry |
Bioinorganic Chemistry |
Biotechnology |
Materials Science |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Natural Products
The Great Wakonse Earthquake of 2003: A Short, Problem-Based Introduction to the Titration Concept  Brian P. Coppola, Amy C. Gottfried, Robyn L. Gdula, Alan L. Kiste, and Nathan W. Ockwig
This activity introduces nonscience adult learners to the concept of titration from real-world instructions about earthquake water safety found in a California phone book.
Coppola, Brian P.; Gottfried, Amy C.; Gdula, Robyn L.; Kiste, Alan L.; Ockwig, Nathan W. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 600.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Qualitative Analysis |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Water / Water Chemistry
An Introduction to Polymer Processing, Morphology, and Property Relationships through Thermal Analysis of Plastic PET Bottles. Exercises Designed to Introduce Students to Polymer Physical Properties  H. Darrell Iler, Eric Rutt, and Seth Althoff
Through thermal analyses of poly(ethylene terephthlate) (PET) bottles, students are introduced to the relationships between processing, morphology, and physical properties of polymer materials.
Iler, H. Darrell; Rutt, Eric; Althoff, Seth. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 439.
Applications of Chemistry |
Heat Capacity |
Instrumental Methods |
Materials Science |
Thermal Analysis
Teaching Chemistry Laboratory Skills in Industrial Contexts  Julianne M. Braun and Carol White
A recently completed project has produced a compilation of 40 laboratory experiments presented within the contexts of five major industries. This article provides a summary of these experiments, along with a discussion of ancillary materials.
Braun, Julianne M.; White, Carol. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 353.
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Metals |
Polymerization |
Water / Water Chemistry
Preparation and Viscosity of Biodiesel from New and Used Vegetable Oil. An Inquiry-Based Environmental Chemistry Laboratory  Nathan R. Clarke, John Patrick Casey, Earlene D. Brown, Ezenwa Oneyma, and Kelley J. Donaghy
Presents a simple synthetic laboratory that requires students to find a general synthetic method to make biodiesel (fuel made from clean sources such as vegetable oils) and assess its viscosity versus temperature.
Clarke, Nathan R.; Casey, John Patrick; Brown, Earlene D.; Oneyma, Ezenwa; Donaghy, Kelley J. . J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 257.
Applications of Chemistry |
Esters |
Physical Properties |
Synthesis
Linking Laboratory Experiences to the Real World: The Extraction of Octylphenoxyacetic Acid from Water  Jorge E. Loyo-Rosales, Alba Torrents, Georgina C. Rosales-Rivera, and Clifford P. Rice
A known quantity of the sodium salt of octylphenoxyacetic acid is dissolved in water, transformed to the acid (insoluble) form, and extracted using dichloromethane. These changes can be followed visually owing to conspicuous changes in solution turbidity.
Loyo-Rosales, Jorge E.; Torrents, Alba; Rosales-Rivera, Georgina C.; Rice, Clifford P. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 248.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
pH |
Stoichiometry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Water / Water Chemistry
Reducing the Use of Agrochemicals: A Simple Experiment   M. M. Vidal, Olga M. S. Filipe, and M. C. Cruz Costa
This article describes a simple laboratory project to demonstrate that dissemination of nutrients and pesticides is prone to surface runoff and groundwater leaching by following the movement of inorganic phosphorus into groundwater.
Vidal, M. M.; Filipe, Olga M. S.; Costa, M. C. Cruz. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 245.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Natural Products |
Quantitative Analysis |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy
An Interactive Environmental Science Course for Education Science Majors  Suzanne K. Lunsford and William Slattery
Describes an interactive environmental modular science course for education science majors preparing to become teachers at the primary and secondary levels. The purpose of the course is to give students experience in inquiry, gathering data, the evaluation of data to understand scientific theory, and the application of inquiry, hands-on methods in the classroom.
Lunsford, Suzanne K.; Slattery, William. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 233.
Applications of Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Student-Centered Learning |
Standards National / State
The History of Element 43—Technetium  Roberto Zingales
The author is grateful for additional information that allowed him to correct an earlier mistake.
Zingales, Roberto. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 213.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The History of Element 43—Technetium  Fathi Habashi
The article From Masurium to Trinacrium: The Troubled Story of Element 43 is the best story so far published about the history of technetium. There is, however, one paragraph on the right column of page 226 that is questionable.
Habashi, Fathi. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 213.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The History of Element 43—Technetium  Fathi Habashi
The article From Masurium to Trinacrium: The Troubled Story of Element 43 is the best story so far published about the history of technetium. There is, however, one paragraph on the right column of page 226 that is questionable.
Habashi, Fathi. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 213.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Theoretical Insights for Practical Handling of Pressurized Fluids  Alfonso Aranda and María del Prado Rodríguez
Introduces the basic considerations for managing pressurized fluids, mainly liquefied and compressed gases.
Aranda, Alfonso; Rodríguez, María del Prado. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 93.
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics
Moving Chemistry Education into 3D: A Tetrahedral Metaphor for Understanding Chemistry. Union Carbide Award for Chemical Education  Peter Mahaffy
Proposes a new conceptual metaphor to enrich our description of chemistry education and support the many existing efforts to help students make connections with the chemistry found in textbooks.
Mahaffy, Peter. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 49.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Nonmajor Courses |
Student-Centered Learning
The Origins of the Symbols A and Z for Atomic Weight and Number  William B. Jensen
Traces the origins of the symbols A and Z for atomic weight and atomic number.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1764.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
E = mc2 for the Chemist: When Is Mass Conserved?  Richard S. Treptow
Einstein's famous equation is frequently misunderstood in textbooks and popular science literature. Its correct interpretation is that mass and energy are different measures of a single quantity known as massenergy, which is conserved in all processes.
Treptow, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1636.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Theoretical Chemistry |
Thermodynamics
Introductory Chemistry Needs a Revolution. ACS and IUPAC and AAAS and ICUC Should Lead It  Stephen J. Hawkes
The customary curriculum of introductory chemistry is not supported by evidence and does not serve the needs of most students. A prestigious body such as ACS, IUPAC, AAAS, or ICUC should initiate reform and follow it up aggressively.
Hawkes, Stephen J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1615.
Applications of Chemistry |
Conferences
Making Usable, Quality Opaque or Transparent Soap  Suzanne T. Mabrouk
First-year and organic chemistry students will learn the chemistry of soap by making some of the eleven described formulations, which produce usable, quality bars of soap. Opaque and transparent soaps are made in two and three hours, respectively. With an introduction to formulation chemistry, organic chemistry students can devise a formulation to synthesize their own opaque soap. Many of the formulations use commonly-available fats and oils, while some formulations incorporate specialty fats and oils for therapeutic purposes, for example, to relieve dry skin or itching.
Mabrouk, Suzanne T. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1534.
Colloids |
Consumer Chemistry |
Lipids |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Esters
Stoichiometry of Calcium Medicines  Gabriel Pinto
Calcium supplements provide an excellent context in which to review most of the core content of general chemistry, namely, stoichiometry, concentration units, hydration of salts, inorganic and organic salts, physiological importance of elements, resonance in ions, geometry of polyatomic ions, and isomerism.
Pinto, Gabriel. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1509.
Stoichiometry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry
Teaching Significant Figures Using Age Conversions  Thomas D. Crute
In this classroom activity the instructor provides increasingly precise values of the age in years of a famous person and asks students to calculate that age in days. The activity facilitates discussions of estimated measurements, significant figures, exact numbers, rounding, and conversion factors.
Crute, Thomas D. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1507.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Constructivism
Telling the Stories of Chemistry  Trevor M. Kitson
This article describes the author's long-established practice of including in every chemistry lecture an "interest interlude"a few minutes of discussion about some fascinating, amazing, or amusing aspect of chemistry. Students report that this significantly enhances their enjoyment of lectures and appreciation of chemistry.
Kitson, Trevor M. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1504.
Learning Theories |
Professional Development |
Applications of Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Based on a True Story: Using Movies as Source Material for General Chemistry Reports  Mark A. Griep and Marjorie L. Mikasen
Presents a list of one dozen, highly rated movies in which the focus is either a scientist's chemical research or the societal impact of some chemical compound. The method by which two of these movies were used as source material for a written report in a general chemistry course is described.
Griep, Mark A.; Mikasen, Marjorie L. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1501.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Women in Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Industrial Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Napoleon's Buttons: Teaching the Role of Chemistry in History  Cindy Samet and Pamela J. Higgins
This unique approach to the introductory chemistry course encourages students to think about how an individual molecule can shape historical events and how these events can, in turn, have an impact on the field of chemistry.
Samet, Cindy; Higgins, Pamela J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1496.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Student-Centered Learning
The Fizz-Keeper: A Useful Science Tool  John P. Williams, Sandy Van Natta, and Rebecca Knipp
The Fizz-Keeper is well suited for a great variety of pressure-based activities.
Williams, John P.; Van Natta, Sandy; Knipp, Rebecca. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1454.
Applications of Chemistry |
Colloids |
Gases
Electropolymerized Conducting Polymer as Actuator and Sensor Device: An Undergraduate Electrochemical Laboratory Experiment  María T. Cortés and Juan C. Moreno
A trilayer formed by two conducting polymer films sandwiched around an adhesive polymer layer works as actuator and sensor simultaneously. This device can be bent up to 180 and it can be used as a sensing device of physical chemistry parameters such as cell temperature and electrolyte concentration. In this article, it is shown in a didactic way how to electrochemically synthesize ClO4-doped polypyrrole (PPy) films, how to fabricate a trilayer device, and how to evaluate its actuating and sensing capabilities. The required materials are simple and a complicated setup is not necessary.
Cortés, María T.; Moreno, Juan C. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1372.
Electrochemistry |
Materials Science |
Undergraduate Research |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry
Introduction to Photolithography: Preparation of Microscale Polymer Silhouettes  Kimberly L. Berkowski, Kyle N. Plunkett, Qing Yu, and Jeffrey S. Moore
In this experiment, a glass microscope slide acts as the microchip. Students can pattern this "microchip" by layering negative photoresist on the slide using a solution containing monomer, crosslinker, photoinitiator, and dye. The students then cover the photoresist with a photomask, which is the negative of a computer-generated image or text printed on transparency film, and illuminate it with UV light. The photoresist in the exposed area polymerizes into a polymer network with a shape dictated by the photomask. The versatility of this technique is exemplified by allowing each student to fabricate virtually any shape imaginable, including his or her silhouette.
Berkowski, Kimberly L.; Plunkett, Kyle N.; Yu, Qing; Moore, Jeffrey S. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1365.
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry |
Free Radicals |
Polymerization
Hands-on Classroom Photolithography Laboratory Module To Explore Nanotechnology  Scott J. Stelick, William H. Alger, Jesse S. Laufer, Anna M. Waldron, and Carl A. Batt
Teaching nanotechnology in the high school and undergraduate environment is a challenge given the typical expense of instruments used to create micro- and nano-sized devices. To meet this challenge, a portable optical reduction stepper was designed, fabricated, and optimized for use in classrooms. This unique system was designed to provide a safe, hands-on experience for students to create microscale circuits using photolithography. Students are able to design, fabricate, and test a circuit with dimensions as small as 100 mm.
Stelick, Scott J.; Alger, William H.; Laufer, Jesse S.; Waldron, Anna M.; Batt, Carl A. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1361.
Applications of Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nanotechnology |
Polymerization |
Undergraduate Research
Chemistry of Moth Repellents  Gabriel Pinto
A real-life example consisting of the study of the different substances used as moth repellents is presented to introduce students to miscellaneous topics such as sublimation, intermolecular forces, insecticides, and the effect of moths on clothes. A set of questions about the most common moth repellents, well known to students, is used to motivate them to understand several everday phenomena through chemistry concepts.
Pinto, Gabriel. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1321.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Applications of Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Solids |
Physical Properties |
Consumer Chemistry
Some Footnotes on the History of Masurium  H. J. Wagner
Some additional comments on a recent article by R. Zingales about the history of element 43.
Wagner, H. J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1309.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
8:31 a.m. Belly Flop: Attitude Adjustment through Weekly Feature Molecules  Sonya J. Franklin, Norbert J. Pienta, and Melissa D. Fry
A series of molecules or molecular systems were described to students in the second semester of general chemistry as a way to convey that "everything is a chemical", to demonstrate the relevance of chemistry in their everyday lives, and to promote student engagement in a class that was offered in the early morning.
Franklin, Sonya J.; Pienta, Norbert J.; Fry, Melissa D. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 847.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Student-Centered Learning
Chemistry as General Education  Todd P. Silverstein
Regarding Tros second point, I wish to take this opportunity to remind readers that we at Willamette University have developed a very successful Case Study/Spiral Approach to the majors introductory chemistry course. The second semester of this course is entirely centered on eight case studies (e.g., lasers, fossil fuels, air pollution, blood) that allow us to connect chemistry to life in the real world, and in this manner address issues that are important for liberal education.
Silverstein, Todd P. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 838.
Applications of Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Student-Centered Learning
Lipid Extraction and Cholesterol Quantification: A Simple Protocol  M. Carmo Barreto
A fast and simple protocol for lipid extraction from egg yolk and walnut is presented. Students learn to extract total lipids from both sources and to assess the quantity of cholesterol in lipid extracts by the LiebermannBuchard method, in a semi-quantitative way. This experiment is easily done in a two-hour lab period, except for the evaporation of lipid extracts to dryness, which proceeds overnight and is weighed by the students the following day
Barreto, M. Carmo. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 103.
Applications of Chemistry |
Bioanalytical Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Lipids |
Natural Products |
Quantitative Analysis
The Living Textbook of Nuclear Chemistry: A Peer-Reviewed, Web-Based, Education Resource  W. Loveland, A. Gallant, and C. Joiner
The Living Textbook of Nuclear Chemistry is a collection of supplemental materials for teaching nuclear and radiochemistry. It contains audiovideo presentations of the history of nuclear chemistry; tutorial lectures by recognized experts on advanced topics in nuclear and radiochemistry; links to data compilations, articles, and monographs; an audio course on radiochemistry; and online editions of textbooks, training videos, etc. All content has been refereed.
Loveland, W. D.; Gallant, A.; Joiner, C. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1670.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
How Radioactive Is Your Banana?  David W. Ball
This exercise uses a banana to illustrate the level of radioactivity (in this case, from K-40) in an everyday object.
Ball, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1440.
Food Science |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Spinning ATOMS Draws Energy from FUSION  Raymond E. Turner
Project FUSION (Facilitating Urban Science Initiatives by Organizational Networking) links scientifically sound, culturally relevant community-based research initiatives to a network of higher education institutions and community-based organizations. Results from this project show that culturally relevant community-based research programs supported by organizational networking can have a profound effect on student participation in undergraduate research.
Turner, Raymond E. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1246.
Applications of Chemistry |
Minorities in Chemistry |
Toxicology
Bringing History to the Classroom: Spoofs about Problems in Obtaining Research Grants  Sidney Toby
This article is a spoof on the History of Science and consists of four skits depicting the difficulties famous men and women in science might have had in fictional interviews while seeking funding for their research.
Toby, Sidney. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 503.
Gases |
Physical Properties |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Women in Chemistry |
Administrative Issues
Caveman Chemistry: 28 Projects, from the Creation of Fire to the Production of Plastics (Kevin M. Dunn)  Michael S. Matthews
In Caveman Chemistry, Kevin Dunn presents a historically oriented hands-on introduction to chemistry and chemical technology that is tremendously entertaining.
Matthews, Michael S. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 490.
Stoichiometry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Natural Products |
Nonmajor Courses
The Preparation and Testing of a Common Emulsion and Personal Care Product: Lotion  Suzanne T. Mabrouk
First-year chemistry students can readily prepare lotion from the emulsification of deionized water, humectant, emulsifier, emollients, thickener, and preservative. Three different lotion formulations are prepared so that students can study the effects of different emulsifiers and emollients on the quality of the final product. The purpose of the ingredients is discussed.
Mabrouk, Suzanne T. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 83.
Colloids |
Conductivity |
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry Perfumes Your Daily Life  Anne-Dominique Fortineau
This article gives a brief history of perfumery.
Fortineau, Anne-Dominique. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 45.
Consumer Chemistry |
Natural Products |
Applications of Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Carbon Dioxide Flooding: A Classroom Case Study Derived from Surgical Practice  Robert C. Kerber
The surgical opening in open-heart surgery is often flooded with carbon dioxide gas to avoid air embolisms when the heart is closed and restarted. This practice can be used in chemistry courses to illustrate concepts of gas density, solubility, and acidbase equilibria, including buffering.
Kerber, Robert C. . J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1437.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Gases |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Some History of Nitrates  Dennis W. Barnum
The history of saltpeter is an interesting combination of chemistry, world trade, technology, politics, and warfare.
Barnum, Dennis W. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1393.
Consumer Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
National Chemistry Week 2003: Earth's Atmosphere and Beyond. JCE Resources for Chemistry and the Atmosphere  Erica K. Jacobsen
This annotated bibliography collects the best that past issues of the Journal of Chemical Education have to offer for use with this year's National Chemistry Week theme: Earth's Atmosphere and Beyond. Each article has been characterized as a demonstration, experiment, activity, informational, or software/video item.
Jacobsen, Erica K. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1106.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Lithium Batteries: A Practical Application of Chemical Principles  Richard S. Treptow
In recent years batteries have emerged in the marketplace that take advantage of the unique properties of lithium. Lithium metal is an attractive choice to serve as a battery anode because it is easily oxidized and it produces an exceptionally high amount of electrical charge per unit-weight.
Treptow, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1015.
Consumer Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Colorful Iodine  Richard W. Ramette
Design for an iodine thermometer, demonstrating sublimation of iodine.
Ramette, Richard W. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 878.
Main-Group Elements |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Applications of Chemistry
Uncle Tungsten  Martin E. Fuller
Design for an iodine thermometer, demonstrating sublimation of iodine.
Fuller, Martin E. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 878.
Main-Group Elements |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Applications of Chemistry
Simple Recipes for Prebiotic Soup: A High School or Undergraduate Chemistry Laboratory  Marisol Martinez-Meeler, Nika Aljinovic, and Dorothy Swain
Replicating Stanley Miller's prebiotic soup experiment for introductory chemistry; includes experimental apparatus and analysis of the products.
Martinez-Meeler, Marisol; Aljinovic, Nika; Swain, Dorothy. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 665.
Amino Acids |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Chromatography |
Electrochemistry |
Proteins / Peptides |
Synthesis |
Applications of Chemistry
A Concept-Based Environmental Project for the First-Year Laboratory: Remediation of Barium-Contaminated Soil by In Situ Immobilization  Heather D. Harle, Phyllis A. Leber, Kenneth R. Hess, and Claude H. Yoder
Simulating the detection and remediation of lead-contaminated soil using barium.
Harle, Heather D.; Leber, Phyllis A.; Hess, Kenneth R.; Yoder, Claude H. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 561.
Synthesis |
Stoichiometry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Qualitative Analysis |
Quantitative Analysis |
Metals |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Gravimetric Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Titrimetric Determination of Carbon Dioxide in a Heterogeneous Sample ("Pop Rocks")  Craig M. Davis and Matthew C. Mauck
Procedure for determining the carbon dioxide content of Pop Rocks candy through titrimetry.
Davis, Craig M.; Mauck, Matthew C. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 552.
Acids / Bases |
Quantitative Analysis |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Sailing on the "C": A Vitamin Titration with a Twist  S. Sowa and A. E. Kondo
Guided inquiry experiment where students determine what measurements they need, design and carry out their own procedures, develop their own data and analyses, and make conclusions based on their results.
Sowa, S.; Kondo, A. E. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 550.
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Qualitative Analysis |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry
Classification of Vegetable Oils by Principal Component Analysis of FTIR Spectra  David A. Rusak, Leah M. Brown, and Scott D. Martin
Comparing unknown samples of vegetable oils to known samples using FTIR and principal component analysis (PCA) and nearest means classification (NMC).
Rusak, David A.; Brown, Leah M.; Martin, Scott D. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 541.
IR Spectroscopy |
Instrumental Methods |
Food Science |
Lipids |
Chemometrics |
Qualitative Analysis |
Fourier Transform Techniques |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Bubble Stripping To Determine Hydrogen Concentrations in Ground Water: A Practical Application of Henry's Law  Daniel M. McInnes and Don Kampbell
Applying Henry's law to determine the concentration of hydrogen in ground water as a means of identifying possible contamination by chlorinated organic compounds.
McInnes, Daniel M.; Kampbell, Don. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 516.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Gases |
Quantitative Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
The Chemistry of Fragrances: A Group Exercise for Chemistry Students  Roger Duprey, Charles S. Sell, and Nigel D. Lowe
Description of the Fragrance structured learning package (SLP), developed by the Department of Chemistry at the University of York to illustrate the roles of professional chemists in industrial organizations.
Duprey, Roger; Sell, Charles S.; Lowe, Nigel D. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 513.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Student / Career Counseling |
Applications of Chemistry
Analysis of Carbon Monoxide in Blood  Benjamin P. Huddle and Joseph C. Stephens
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of carbon monoxide in blood using the Conway diffusion method.
Huddle, Benjamin P.; Stephens, Joseph C. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 441.
Gases |
Toxicology |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Qualitative Analysis |
Quantitative Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry
The Strange Case of Mole Airlines Flight 1023  Karl F. Jones
Forensic chemistry mystery / puzzle involving determining formulas based on chemical compositions.
Jones, Karl F. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 407.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Stoichiometry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry
The Chemical Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: The Blackwater Escape  Thomas G. Waddell and Thomas R. Rybolt
A chemical mystery involving electrochemistry and featuring Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson.
Waddell, Thomas G.; Rybolt, Thomas R. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 401.
Electrochemistry |
Materials Science |
Qualitative Analysis |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
Teaching Chemistry Using From the Earth to the Moon  James G. Goll and Stacie L. Mundinger
Teaching chemistry using From the Earth to the Moon (an HBO original movie series).
Goll, James G.; Mundinger, Stacie L. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 292.
Electrochemistry |
Chemometrics |
Reactions |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry
Introduction to Green Chemistry (Mary Ann Ryan and Michael Tinnesand)  Wheeler Conover
Introduction to the principles of green chemistry emphasizing waste reduction; includes laboratory activities.
Conover, Wheeler. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 268.
Green Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Use of Chloroisocyanuarates for Disinfection of Water: Application of Miscellaneous General Chemistry Topics  Gabriel Pinto and Brian Rohrig
Using the chlorination of water (using sodium dichloroisocyanurate and trichloroisocyanuric acid) to develop general chemistry concepts; includes question for students and answers.
Pinto, Gabriel; Rohrig, Brian. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 41.
Stoichiometry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Photochemistry
DeLorenzo's Four Interesting Mysteries Verified  Josefina Ma. Ferriols-Pavico
Results of experiments testing why women become intoxicated more easily than men, why alcohol consumption might enhance cigarettes' carcinogenic effects, why latex condoms with oil-based lubricants work better than latex condoms with water-based lubricants, and why red meat goes better with red wine and white meat with white wine?
Ferriols-Pavico, Josefina Ma. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1217.
Lipids |
Learning Theories |
Alcohols |
Applications of Chemistry
News from Online: Cleaning Up–Soap, Detergent, and More  Carolyn Sweeney Judd
Large sampling of Web sites related to shampoos, laundry detergents, soap additives, and cleaning stains.
Judd, Carolyn Sweeney. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1179.
Consumer Chemistry |
Surface Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Brushing Up on Chemistry  Ashley Trantow
Students make their own toothpaste and use various tests to compare its properties with those of commercial toothpaste.
Trantow, Ashley. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1168A.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Clean Chemistry: Entertaining and Educational Activities with Soap Bubbles  Kathryn R. Williams
References to past JCE articles related to soap and bubbles.
Williams, Kathryn R. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1168.
Applications of Chemistry
Semiconductor Nanocrystals: A Powerful Visual Aid for Introducing the Particle in a Box  Tadd Kippeny, Laura A. Swafford, and Sandra J. Rosenthal
Using semiconductor nanocrystals as a means for connecting lecture content in quantum mechanics, inorganic, and general chemistry to real-world technological problems.
Kippeny, Tadd; Swafford, Laura A.; Rosenthal, Sandra J. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1094.
Quantum Chemistry |
Nanotechnology |
Solid State Chemistry |
Crystal Field / Ligand Field Theory |
Applications of Chemistry
Why Do Some Batteries Last Longer Than Others?  Michael J. Smith and Colin A. Vincent
Comparing the energy content of the cathode material of different commercial batteries using a test cell.
Smith, Michael J.; Vincent, Colin A. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 851.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Classroom Research: GC Studies of Linoleic and Linolenic Fatty Acids Found in French Fries  Janice P. Crowley, Kristen L. DeBoise, Megan R. Marshall, Hannah M. Shaffer, Sara Zafar, Kevin A. Jones, Nick R. Palko, Stephen M. Mitsch, Lindsay A. Sutton, Margaret Chang, Ilana Fromer, Jake Kraft, Jessica Meister, Amar Shah, Priscilla Tan, and James Whitchurch
Project in which students investigate the health effects of fatty acids and investigate the fatty acid content of French fries, as well as variables involved in the cooking of the fries.
Crowley, Janice P.; DeBoise, Kristen, L.; Marshall, Megan R.; Shaffer, Hannah M.; Zafar, Sara; Jones, Kevin A.; Palko, Nick R.; Mitsch, Stephen M.; Sutton, Lindsay A.; Chang, Margaret; Fromer, Ilana; Kraft, Jake; Meister, Jessica; Shah, Amar; Tan, Priscilla; Whitchurch, James. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 824.
Consumer Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Undergraduate Research |
Gas Chromatography |
Lipids |
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
Modern Sport and Chemistry: What a Chemically Aware Sports Fanatic Should Know  Guinevere A. Giffin, Steven R. Boone, Renée S. Cole, Scott E. McKay, and Robert Kopitzke
Summary of the chemistry of a variety of sports and athletics; topics include golf, football, tennis, and hockey, as well as sports medicine, performance-enhancing drugs, sports supplements and drinks, and the couch potato.
Giffin, Guinevere A.; Boone, Steven R.; Cole, Renée S.; McKay, Scott E.; Kopitzke, Robert. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 813.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Drugs and the Human Body: With Implications for Society, 6th Edition
   by Ken Liska
  David J. A. Schedler
Facts about drug sources, history, action in the body, side effects, interactions, tolerance, abuse potential, dosage, dependency, delivery systems, and alternatives to drug use.
Schedler, David J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 805.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Effects of Changing Climate on Weather and Human Activities (by Kevin E. Trenberth, Kathleen Miller, Linda Mearns, and Steven Rhodes)  Evan T. Williams
A short supplement focussed on the effects of changing climate on weather and human activities.
Williams, Evan T. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 433.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (by Ann M. Middlebrook and Margaret A. Tolbert)  Evan T. Williams
A short supplement focussed on stratospheric ozone depletion.
Williams, Evan T. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 433.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
The Lead-Acid Battery: Its Voltage in Theory and in Practice  Richard S. Treptow
Lead-acid battery fundamentals, cell voltage and the Nernst equation, and an analysis of actual battery performance.
Treptow, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 334.
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Thermodynamics |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry
The Genie in the Bottle (by Joe Schwarcz)  Jeffrey Kovac
64 essays on the chemistry of everyday life.
Kovac, Jeffrey. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 316.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
A Serious but Not Ponderous Book about Nuclear Energy (by Walter Scheider)  Peggy Geiger
Nuclear chemistry for the non-scientist.
Geiger, Peggy. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 314.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Modeling the Drug Discovery Process: The Isolation and Biological Testing of Eugenol from Clove Oil  William H. Miles and Patricia M. Smiley
Experiment that illustrates the principles of modern drug discovery.
Miles, William H.; Smiley, Patricia M. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 90.
Acids / Bases |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Natural Products |
Separation Science |
Applications of Chemistry
The Mendeleev-Seaborg Periodic Table: Through Z = 1138 and Beyond  Paul J. Karol
Extending the periodic table to very large atomic numbers and its implications for the organization of the periodic table, consideration of relativistic effects, and the relative stability of massive and supermassive atomic nuclei.
Karol, Paul J. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 60.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Astrochemistry
Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd, Revised Edition (by Karl Heinrich Lieser)  Curtis R. Keedy
Fundamentals and applications of nuclear and radiochemistry.
Keedy, Curtis R. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 35.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Astrochemistry
Naturally Dangerous: Surprising Facts about Food, Health, and the Environment (by James P. Collman)   Harold H. Harris
Chemist's perspective on the topics of food, vitamins and minerals, herbal remedies, cancer and the environment, global warming, acid rain, ozone, and radiation.
Harris, Harold H. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 35.
Nonmajor Courses |
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Vitamins |
Applications of Chemistry
Putting UV-Sensitive Beads to the Test  Terre Trupp
Explores the temperature behavior of UV-sensitive beads and investigates the effectiveness of sunscreens.
Trupp, Terre. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 648A.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Kinetics |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Photochemistry
LEDs Are Diodes  George C. Lisensky, S. Michael Condren, Cynthia G. Widstrand, Jonathan Breitzer, and Arthur B. Ellis
Comparison of incandescent bulbs with LEDs powered by AC and DC voltages; shows that LEDs are diodes and illustrates the relative energies of different wavelengths of light.
Lisensky, George C.; Condren, S. Michael; Widstrand, Cynthia G.; Breitzer, Jonathan; Ellis, Arthur B. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1664A.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Materials Science |
Nanotechnology |
Solid State Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
A Discovery-Based Experiment Illustrating How Iron Metal Is Used to Remediate Contaminated Groundwater  Barbara A. Balko and Paul G. Tratnyek
Procedure in which students investigate the chemistry of iron-permeable reactive barriers and their application to the remediation of contaminated groundwater.
Balko, Barbara A.; Tratnyek, Paul G. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1661.
Kinetics |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Metals |
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Humic Acids: Marvelous Products of Soil Chemistry  Geoffrey Davies, Elham A. Ghabbour, and Cornelius Steelink
Classification, physical and chemical characteristics, formation, structure and sources of humic substances.
Davies, Geoffrey; Ghabbour, Elham A.; Steelink, Cornelius. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1609.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Metals |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
An Introduction to the Scientific Process: Preparation of Poly(vinyl acetate) Glue  Robert G. Gilbert, Christopher M. Fellows, James McDonald, and Stuart W. Prescott
Exercise to give students experience in scientific processes while introducing them to synthetic polymer colloids.
Gilbert, Robert G.; Fellows, Christopher M.; McDonald, James; Prescott, Stuart W. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1370.
Industrial Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Surface Science |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry |
Colloids
News from Online: Chemistry and Art  Carolyn Sweeney Judd
Web sites devoted to neutron activation analysis, carbon dating, X-ray fluorescence, polarized light spectroscopy, pigments and paints, and the arts in general.
Judd, Carolyn Sweeney. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1322.
Dyes / Pigments |
Instrumental Methods |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
JCE Resources for Chemistry and Art  Erica K. Jacobsen
Summary of past JCE articles dealing with art, including dyes, paint and pigments; glass, pottery, and ceramics; light, color, and photography; metalwork; music; textiles and paper; and interdisciplinary courses in art and chemistry.
Jacobsen, Erica K. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1316.
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry, Color, and Art  Mary Virginia Orna
The history and chemistry of common pigments.
Orna, Mary Virginia. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1305.
Chromatography |
Dyes / Pigments |
Instrumental Methods |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The Joy of Color in Ceramic Glazes with the Help of Redox Chemistry  Allen A. Denio
The chemistry of pottery, ceramic glazes, and the firing process.
Denio, Allen A. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1298.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Metals
Blood-Chemistry Tutorials: Teaching Biological Applications of General Chemistry Material  Rachel E. Casiday, Dewey Holten, Richard Krathen, and Regina F. Frey
Four, Web-based tutorials that deal with chemical processes in the blood and provide an integrated biological context for a variety of chemical concepts.
Casiday, Rachel E.; Holten, Dewey; Krathen, Richard; Frey, Regina F. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1210.
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Proteins / Peptides |
Acids / Bases |
Equilibrium |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Stories to Make Thermodynamics and Related Subjects More Palatable  Lawrence S. Bartell
Collection of anecdotes regarding the history and human side of chemistry.
Bartell, Lawrence S. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1059.
Surface Science |
Thermodynamics |
Kinetic-Molecular Theory |
Applications of Chemistry
LEDs: New Lamps for Old and a Paradigm for Ongoing Curriculum Modernization  S. Michael Condren, George C. Lisensky, Arthur B. Ellis, Karen J. Nordell, Thomas F. Kuech, and Steve Stockman
Summary of the key points of a white paper on LEDs as potential replacements for a significant fraction of vehicle, display, home, and workplace lighting, with substantial safety and environmental conserving benefits.
Condren, S. Michael; Lisensky, George C.; Ellis, Arthur B.; Nordell, Karen J.; Kuech, Thomas F.; Stockman, Steve. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1033.
Materials Science |
Nanotechnology |
Semiconductors |
Solid State Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Combinatorial Synthesis and Discovery of an Antibiotic Compound. An Experiment Suitable for High School and Undergraduate Laboratories  Scott E. Wolkenberg and Andrew I. Su
An experiment designed to introduce students to combinatorial chemistry as applied to drug discovery.
Wolkenberg, Scott E.; Su, Andrew I. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 784.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Combinatorial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Laboratory Experiments on Electrochemical Remediation of the Environment. Part 5: Indirect H2S Remediation  J. G. Ibanez
Experiment to introduce students in general chemistry, environmental chemistry, or electrochemistry to the concept of indirect electrolysis, its application in environmental remediation schemes, the role of a mediator, and the application of redox chemistry concepts.
Ibanez, J. G. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 778.
Electrochemistry |
Gases |
Microscale Lab |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry
Structure and Content of Some Primary Batteries  Michael J. Smith and Colin A. Vincent
An experiment that complements electrochemical characterization and allows students to explore the structure of commercial cells and calculate the anode and cathode capacities from the stoichiometry of the cell reaction.
Smith, Michael J.; Vincent, Colin A. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 519.
Consumer Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Undergraduate Research |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry in the Real World  Martin B. Jones and Christina R. Miller
This article describes a technique to maintain student interest in introductory chemistry classes; weekly "Chemistry in the Real World" discussions that focus on a topic related to the course material permit students to see that chemistry is much more than an abstract subject--it is, in fact, truly a part of their lives.
Jones, Martin B.; Miller, Christina R. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 484.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
"Almost Like Weighing Someone's Soul": Chemistry in Contemporary Film  Donald J. Wink
This paper discusses examples of images from films that can be used to start discussions in general chemistry classes, including scenes from realistic films (i.e., not science fiction) where chemical substances are an important element in a scene or where chemistry is presented as a topic of discussion.
Wink, Donald J. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 481.
Applications of Chemistry
From Chicken Breath to the Killers Lake of Cameroon: Uniting Seven Interesting Phenomena with a Single Chemical Underpinning  Ron DeLorenzo
By using a single equation prototype, seven interesting mysteries and phenomena can be seen as sharing a common chemical underpinning. The applications discussed are the Killer Lakes of Cameroon, chicken breath, the Permian Ocean, the snow line, boiler scale, the Fizz Keeper, and stalactites and stalagmites.
DeLorenzo, Ronald. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 191.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Equilibrium
Chemistry in the Marketplace, 5th Edition (by Ben Selinger)   Wheeler Conover
Consumer chemistry text.
Conover, Wheeler. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 168.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Teaching about Flame Retardants. A Joint Israeli-Dutch Project  Miri Kesner and Wobbe de Vos
Flame retardants make interesting chemistry and moreover, the chemistry is highly relevant from an everyday life point of view. This article reports on a joint Israeli-Dutch project aimed at teaching the production, properties, and applications of some bromine-containing flame retardants, including their environmental aspects, in secondary education.
Kesner, Miri; de Vos, Wobbe. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 41.
Industrial Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry
Let's Talk about It! Using a Graded Discussion Procedure to Make Chemistry Real  Amy Roediger
Graded classroom discussions are a technique employed to extend students' classroom knowledge into real life. Students read a set of articles about a topic relating to the curriculum. The teacher poses an open-ended question to which the students propose answers based on the articles they read. Simultaneously, the responses are graded by the teacher, who does not participate in the discussion.
Roediger, Amy. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1305.
Learning Theories |
Applications of Chemistry
"The Chemicals Project": Connecting General Chemistry to Students' Lives  Roland Stout
"The Chemicals Project" described here strives to bring freshman chemistry alive for students by emphasizing its connection to the real world and to their own lives and experiences. Its major assignments deal with chemical phobias, recognizing the chemicals found in everyday life and chemical hazards (using Material Data Safety Sheets).
Stout, Roland P. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1301.
Applications of Chemistry
Why Do I Have to Study Chemistry?  G. Kenneth Barker
This article is written from the point of view of a student in an introductory chemistry class for nonmajors. The student poses a long list of questions while going through his or her daily routine to prepare to go to class. Each question can be answered by the knowledge that would be gained in the class.
Barker, G. Kenneth, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1300.
Consumer Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
A Chemical-Medical Mystery: Gold Jewelry and Black Marks on Skin  Barbara B. Kebbekus
Gold jewelry at times makes a black mark or smudge on skin. This may be caused by abrasive powders on the skin (e.g. zinc oxide) but the phenomenon may also be caused by other skin conditions, possibly the presence of chloride ion, acidity, or sulfur-containing amino acids.
Kebbekus, Barbara B. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1298.
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Hormones |
Metals |
Solids |
Applications of Chemistry
Ernest Rutherford, Avogadro's Number, and Chemical Kinetics Revisited (about J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 998-1003)  James E. Sturm
Estimation of temperatures in heaven and hell based on biblical information.
Sturm, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1278.
Nonmajor Courses |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Kinetics |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
News from Online: Kitchen Chemistry  Carolyn Sweeney Judd
Listing of online resources related to kitchen chemistry.
Judd, Carolyn Sweeney. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1268.
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
National Chemistry Week 2000: JCE Resources in Food Chemistry  Erica K. Jacobsen
Results of searches for food chemistry information and activities. The focus of all articles is on the chemistry of food itself. Each article has been characterized as a demonstration, experiment, calculation, activity, or informational item; several fit more than one classification. Also included are keywords and an evaluation as to which levels the article may serve.
Jacobsen, Erica K. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1256.
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The Other Double Helix--The Fascinating Chemistry of Starch  Robert D. Hancock and Bryon J. Tarbet
The chemistry of starch, particularly the structure of starch and starch granules.
Hancock, Robert D.; Tarbet, Bryon J. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 988.
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Carbohydrates |
Food Science |
Stereochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Discovery and Early Uses of Iodine  Louis Rosenfeld
Therapeutic use of iodine, particularly in prevention and treatment of goiter.
Rosenfeld, Louis. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 984.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
A Living Periodic Table  James L. Marshall
A complete "living" periodic table of samples of all the elements through uranium is described. In many instances a sample of an element is accompanied by a direct commercial application. This periodic table is very helpful in enabling the student to gain a hands-on understanding of the true nature of the elements--as opposed to the more usual compilation of mere abstract data.
Marshall, James L. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 979.
Main-Group Elements |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Transition Elements |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry and Flatulence: An Introductory Enzyme Experiment  John R. Hardee, Tina M. Montgomery, and Wray H. Jones
An enzyme experiment using raffinose family sugars extracted from green split peas as a substrate and the enzymes alpha-galactosidase and sucrase found in Beano. The reaction studied was the hydrolysis of raffinose family sugars to galactose, glucose, and fructose, and the reaction rate was determined using a retail glucometer to measure the concentration of glucose.
Hardee, John R.; Montgomery, Tina M.; Jones, Wray H. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 498.
Nonmajor Courses |
Enzymes |
Food Science |
Rate Law |
Catalysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Modeling Chemical Processes in Seawater Aquaria to Illustrate Concepts in Undergraduate Chemistry  Gordan Grguric
This paper describes three exercises which can be used in a variety of undergraduate chemistry curricula: (i) determining the salts and their amounts needed to prepare a given volume of artificial seawater, (ii) modeling aqueous carbonate equilibria, to calculate pH and alkalinity shifts through additions of chemicals, and (iii) modeling chemical kinetics involved in aqueous ozone-bromine reactions, to predict the type and extent of disinfection by-products.
Grguric, Gordan. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 495.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Equilibrium |
Kinetics |
Applications of Chemistry
Four Interesting Mysteries with Seemingly Conflicting Explanations  Ron DeLorenzo
(1) Why might women become intoxicated more easily than men? (2) Why might alcohol consumption enhance cigarettes' carcinogenic effects? (3) Why might the use of Vaseline Intensive Care Hand Lotion as a lubricant increase the number of unwanted pregnancies and promote the spread of HIV? (4) Why does oil-based Vaseline Intensive Care Hand Lotion rinse off in water?
DeLorenzo, Ronald. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 475.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Photochemistry and Pinhole Photography: An Interdisciplinary Experiment  Angeliki A. Rigos and Kevin Salemme
This interdisciplinary activity combines chemistry and art through the construction and use of a pinhole camera. We focused on the chemistry of the black and white photographic process as the science component of this activity. The reactions involved are good examples of photochemistry and multiphase chemical reactions, since the light sensitive materials (silver halides) are in the form of a gelatin emulsion of microscopic crystals.
Rigos, Angeliki A.; Salemme, Kevin. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 736A.
Metals |
Photochemistry |
Oxidation State |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Remediation of Water Contaminated with an Azo Dye: An Undergraduate Laboratory Experiment Utilizing an Inexpensive Photocatalytic Reactor  John A. Bumpus, Jennifer Tricker, Ken Andrzejewski, Heather Rhoads, and Matthew Tatarko
The construction and use of an inexpensive photocatalytic reactor that utilizes titanium dioxide as the photocatalyst for wastewater treatment is described. In these experiments and in supplementary material, students are made aware that a variety of techniques have been developed to treat wastewaters, including those generated by the chemical industry. Water contaminated with the azo dye Congo Red was selected as an example of how one might treat contaminated water from a textile manufacturing facility.
Bumpus, John A.; Tricker, Jennifer; Andrzejewski, Ken; Rhoads, Heather; Tatarko, Matthew. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1680.
Photochemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Applications of Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Pesticides in Drinking Water: Project-Based Learning within the Introductory Chemistry Curriculum  Patricia B. O'Hara, Jon A. Sanborn, and Meredith Howard
A new introductory chemistry module is described, which has as its central theme the measurement of trace levels of these xenoestrogens in the form of pesticides in the Town of Amherst's public drinking water. After a basic introduction to sample handling and measurement of pH, temperature, and conductivity, the students travel in small groups to several sites to collect water and perform preliminary characterization of their samples.
OHara, Patricia B.; Sanborn, Jon A.; Howard, Meredith. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1673.
Mass Spectrometry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Toxicology |
Applications of Chemistry
Henry's Law and Noisy Knuckles  Doris R. Kimbrough
Presented here is the application of Henry's law to the noise associated with "cracking" knuckles. Gases dissolved in the synovial fluid in joints rapidly come out of solution as the joint is stretched and pressure is decreased. This "cavitation" produces a characteristic noise.
Kimbrough, Doris R. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1509.
Gases |
Solutions / Solvents |
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
What Is It Used for? A Consumer-Chemical Hunt  Arthur M. Last
A "Consumer-Chemical Hunt" in which students are provided with clues to the identity of specific compounds and, after identifying the compounds in question, are required to find examples of consumer products in which these compounds are present. Details of a 25-item hunt are given, together with appropriate solutions.
Last, Arthur M. . J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1503.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Experiments with Zeolites at the Secondary-School Level: Experience from The Netherlands  Eric N. Coker, Pamela J. Davis, Aonne Kerkstra, and Herman van Bekkum
This article describes a number of experiments that involve zeolites and are suitable for secondary-school chemistry laboratories. Students test the hardness of tap water before and after treatment with some zeolite and perform tests with a range of commercial laundry detergents containing zeolites.
Coker, Eric N.; Davis, Pamela J.; Kerkstra, Aonne; van Bekkum, Herman. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1417.
Ion Exchange |
Catalysis |
Quantitative Analysis |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Cleaning Up with Chemistry: Investigating the Action of Zeolite in Laundry Detergent  
In this activity, you will investigate the properties of one ingredient, aluminosilicate. The particular aluminosilicate used in powdered laundry detergent is sodium zeolite A. In this activity, you will extract sodium zeolite A from powdered laundry detergent and examine its properties.
J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1416A.
Materials Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Separation Science |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Ion Exchange
A First-Day Exercise on Relevance of Chemistry to Nonscience Majors Kindles Sustained Positive Student Response  Bal Ram Singh
On the first day of class, a test is presented in the form of a take-home assignment. Students are asked to identify topics and courses in their majors that will require a knowledge of chemical principles. They are then asked to select one of these topics and justify its selection.
Singh, Bal Ram. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1219.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Thermochromism in Commercial Products  Mary Anne White and Monique LeBlanc
Many commercial products change color with a change of temperature. How do they do it? The processes responsible for the two major categories of commercial thermochromic coloring agents are presented, along with a description of applications of thermochromic materials.
White, Mary Anne; LeBlanc, Monique. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1201.
Acids / Bases |
Consumer Chemistry |
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Issues-Directed Chemistry: Teaching Chemical Reactions Using Waste Treatment  David L. Adams
The paper examines how waste treatment is organized and approached in order to optimize the coverage of chemical reaction types. It also details the content and scope of the coverage of chemical reactions. Many modern applications of chemistry in the field of waste treatment are discussed.
Adams, David L. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1088.
Applications of Chemistry
Exploring the Ocean- Stating the Case for Chemistry  Paul J. Scheuer
Salinity measurements and carbonate-bicarbonate equilibria used to be the only topics studied under what was known as "marine chemistry". But in the past few decades organic chemists have changed this situation profoundly by exploring the diverse fauna and flora of coral reefs and the ocean floor.
Scheuer, Paul J. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1075.
Natural Products |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Applications of Chemistry
Chromium Pollution: An Experiment Adapted for Freshman Engineering Students  Penny Seymour
Students analyze water samples contaminated with Cr(VI) to determine which of several industries appears to be the source of the contamination. The adaptation involves requiring the students to develop the analytic procedure themselves, rather than working from a prepared set of instructions, and then to report the results as a letter plus appendices, including general recommendations for remedial action, directed to the client who contracted the investigation.
Seymour, Penny. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 927.
Metals |
Applications of Chemistry
Service-Learning General Chemistry: Lead Paint Analyses  Laya Kesner and Edward M. Eyring
In a service-learning general chemistry class, students disseminate information about this health threat in an older neighborhood. At some of the homes they collect paint samples that they analyze for lead both qualitatively and quantitatively. This service-learning experience generates enthusiasm for general chemistry through the process of working on a "real" problem.
Kesner, Laya; Eyring, Edward M. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 920.
Toxicology |
Applications of Chemistry |
Qualitative Analysis |
Quantitative Analysis
Innovations for an Industry-Based Curriculum: The I.O.N.S. Concept  John Kenkel, Bradette Hemmerling, and Paul Kelter
This paper describes an innovative concept, I.O.N.S. (Innovative Options and New Solutions), the name of a fictitious consulting corporation for which an introductory student is a chemistry technician; the activities and content are designed to build an understanding of chemistry in industry and society.
Kenkel, John; Hemmerling, Bradette; Kelter, Paul B. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 889.
Industrial Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Applications of Chemistry |
Chemical Technicians
Theme-Based Exams in General Chemistry  Carmela Amato-Wierda
Exams are based on interdisciplinary topics related to chemistry, physics, materials science, environmental science, earth science, soil science, biochemistry, and chemical, mechanical, electrical, and civil engineering. This is part of a larger effort to bring a motivating state-of-the-art focus to the lecture and laboratory of this course by teaching general chemistry in the context of current research topics and technical challenges related to the career goals of the students in the course.
Amato-Wierda, Carmela. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 795.
Student / Career Counseling |
Applications of Chemistry
Pushing the Rainbow: Frontiers in Color Chemistry; Light and Color in Chemistry; Report on Two American Chemical Society Presidential Events  Nancy S. Gettys
On Sunday March 21, 1999, the 217th ACS National Meeting in Anaheim, California sponsored two Presidential Events, "Pushing the Rainbow: Frontiers in Color Chemistry" and "Light and Color in Chemistry". The events included 10 exceptional and very different speakers who explored various aspects of the importance of light and color in chemistry and chemistry teaching, in other sciences, and in art and human culture.
Gettys, Nancy S. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 737.
Conferences |
Photochemistry |
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry
A Demonstration of Ideal Gas Principles Using a Football  William D. Bare and Lester Andrews
A class demonstration and cooperative learning activity in which the ideal gas law is applied to determine the volume of a football is described. The mass of an air-filled football is recorded at two or more pressures, and students are asked to use these data to solve problems involving the volume, pressure, and mass of the football and the molecular weight of the gas in the ball.
Bare, William D.; Andrews, Lester. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 622.
Gases |
Applications of Chemistry
Teaching Chemistry Using the Movie Apollo 13  James G. Goll and B. J. Woods
The use of this popular movie has helped generate interest in chemistry courses.
Goll, James G.; Woods, B. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 506.
Undergraduate Research |
Learning Theories |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry
A Different Approach to a 3-D Periodic System Including Stable Isotopes  Alexandru T. Balaban
On a Periodic System with the two dimensions represented by Periods and Columns, one may stack each stable nuclide of an element along the third dimension. This "Downtown Area" representation is helpful for interconnecting concepts of: element, isotope or nuclide (stable vs. radioactive), atomic weight, atomic number, mass number.
Balaban, Alexandru T. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 359.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nucleogenesis! A Game with Natural Rules for Teaching Nuclear Synthesis and Decay  Donald J. Olbris and Judith Herzfeld
Nucleogenesis! is a simple and engaging game designed to introduce undergraduate physics or chemistry students to nuclear synthesis and decay by simulation of these processes. By playing the game, students become more familiar with nuclear reactions and the "geography" of the table of isotopes.
Olbris, Donald J.; Herzfeld, Judith. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 349.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements-One Atom at a Time  Darleane C. Hoffman and Diana M. Lee
A 75-year perspective of the chemistry of the heaviest elements, including a 50-year retrospective view of past developments, a summary of current research achievements and applications, and some predictions about exciting, new developments that might be envisioned within the next 25 years.
Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 331.
Chromatography |
Instrumental Methods |
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Separation Science |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Atomic Properties / Structure
The Fizz Keeper, a Case Study in Chemical Education, Equilibrium, and Kinetics  Reed Howald
The chemistry of the loss of carbonation from carbonated beverages on storage is considered. Increasing the pressure of CO2(g) will restore carbonation, but an increase in pressure adding air should not affect the equilibria. It can and does, however, affect the kinetics-the rate at which a new equilibrium is established. Thus the Fizz Keeper is effective for storage of resealed pop containers for hours, but not for periods of weeks or months.
Howald, Reed. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 208.
Transport Properties |
Equilibrium |
Gases |
Kinetics |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Is It Real Gold?  Harold H. Harris
The oxidation-reduction couples involved in the corrosion of gold alloys and the dissolution of "noble" metals are related to an inquiry to the newspaper columnist, Ann Landers. the origin of several contemporary phrases (touch stone, acid test, Hallmark) are found in the chemistry of gold.
Harris, Harold H. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 198.
Acids / Bases |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Qualitative Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal: An Exercise in Dealing with Pollution  Grant R. Krow and Jessica B. Krow
A problem-based learning exercise based upon the need for society to dispose of low-level radioactive waste is presented. The exercise is structured as a classroom-centered group problem-based learning module, whose exploration will occupy at least two-three weeks of class time. The goals are to increase student understanding of chemistry and its relationship to ethics and political decision-making.
Krow, Grant R.; Krow, Jessica B. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1583.
Learning Theories |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Ethics
Modeling Nuclear Decay: A Point of Integration between Chemistry and Mathematics  Kent J. Crippen and Robert D. Curtright
A four-part activity utilizing a graphing calculator to investigate nuclear stability is described. Knowledge acquired through the activity provides background for answering the societal question of using nuclear materials for energy production.
Crippen, Kent J.; Curtright, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1434.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Chemometrics
The Alginate Demonstration: Polymers, Food Science, and Ion Exchange  Amy Sue Waldman, Linda Schechinger, Geeta Govindarajoo, James S. Nowick, and Louis H. Pignolet
A polymer demonstration involving the crosslinking and decrosslinking of alginate, a polysaccharide isolated from seaweed. The polymer is composed of D-mannuronic acid and L-guluronic acid subunits and is a component of cell walls. It is commonly used as a thickener in foods such as ice cream and fruit-filled snacks.
Waldman, Amy Sue; Schechinger, Linda; Govindarajoo, Geeta; Nowick, James S.; Pignolet, Louis H. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1430.
Food Science |
Ion Exchange |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Solving the Mystery of Fading Fingerprints with London Dispersion Forces  Doris R. Kimbrough and Ronald DeLorenzo
The fingerprints of the perpetrator are often not the only ones of importance in the collection of evidence. The fingerprints of the victim can be extremely important as well, and obtaining them when the victim is a child can be a tricky and frustrating endeavor.
Kimbrough, Doris R.; DeLorenzo, Ronald. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1300.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Forensic Chemistry |
Esters |
Applications of Chemistry
A Simple Method To Demonstrate the Enzymatic Production of Hydrogen from Sugar  Natalie Hershlag, Ian Hurley, and Jonathan Woodward
In the experimental protocol described here, it has been demonstrated that the common sugar glucose can be used to produce hydrogen using two enzymes, glucose dehydrogenase and hydrogenase. No sophisticated or expensive hydrogen detection equipment is required-only a redox dye, benzyl viologen, which turns purple when it is reduced. The color can be detected by a simple colorimeter.
Hershlag, Natalie; Hurley, Ian; Woodward, Jonathan. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1270.
Enzymes |
Kinetics |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Carbohydrates |
Applications of Chemistry
The Art and Science of Organic and Natural Products Synthesis  K. C. Nicolaou, E. J. Sorensen, and N. Winssinger
In this article, the history of the art and science of organic and natural products synthesis is briefly reviewed and the state of the art is discussed. The impact of this discipline on biology and medicine is amply demonstrated with examples, and projections for future developments in the field are made.
Nicolaou, K. C.; Sorensen, E. J.; Winssinger, N. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1225.
Natural Products |
Synthesis |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals
Handbook of Liquid Crystal Research (edited by Peter J. Collings and Jay S. Patel)  Mark Dadmun
Begins with the fundamentals of the liquid crystalline phase, progresses to a discussion of important parameters in liquid crystalline systems such as electric field and surface effects, and ends with technological aspects of utilizing liquid crystals in displays. It is an all-encompassing monograph that provides a link from the fundamental chemistry of liquid crystals to their technological applications.
Dadmun, Mark. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1220.
Applications of Chemistry
Vanillin (the author replies)  Hocking, Martin
Additional information regarding salicylic acid.
Hocking, Martin J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1203.
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Vanillin  Calloway, Dean
Incorrect structural formula for methyl salicylate.
Calloway, Dean J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1203.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Letters  
Incorrect structural formula for methyl salicylate.
J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1203.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Ernest Rutherford, Avogadro's Number, and Chemical Kinetics  I. A. Leenson
The paper presents a way for students to use data from Rutherford's works (1908 - 1911) in order to determine one of the most precise values of Avogadro Constant available at the beginning of the century.
Leenson, I. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 998.
Learning Theories |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Kinetics
A Convenient Apparatus for Small-Scale Dyeing with Indigo  David W. Boykin
Small fabric strips can be dyed with indigo in a simple apparatus constructed from a 50-mL filter flask. The amount of reducing agent required and the odor produced are significantly less than with open dye-bath containers.
Boykin, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 769.
Dyes / Pigments |
Microscale Lab |
Synthesis |
Applications of Chemistry
Saving Your Students' Skin. Undergraduate Experiments that Probe UV Protection by Sunscreens and Sunglasses  James R. Abney and Bethe A. Scalettar
This article describes absorption spectroscopy experiments that illustrate the mechanism of action of sunscreens and sunglasses and that highlight the differences between different products. The experiments are well suited to incorporation into an undergraduate science laboratory and will expose students to absorption phenomena in a familiar context with substantial environmental and medical relevance.
Abney, James R.; Scalettar, Bethe A. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 757.
Photochemistry |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Spectroscopy
Photocatalytic Degradation of a Gaseous Organic Pollutant  Jimmy C. Yu and Linda Y. L. Chan
A simple and effective method to demonstrate the phenomenon of photocatalytic degradation of a gaseous organic pollutant was developed. Titanium dioxide (anatase) was used as the photocatalyst, and sunlight was found to be an effective light source for the activation of TiO2. The organic pollutant degrade in this demonstration was a common indoor air pollutant, dichloromethane.
Yu, Jimmy C.; Chan, Linda Y. L. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 750.
Catalysis |
Photochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Slide Projector Corrosion Cell  Silvia Tejada, Estela Guevara, and Esperanza Olivares
The process of corrosion can be demonstrated in a slide projector, since the cell is in the shape of a slide, or on the stage of an overhead projector by setting up a simple galvanic cell. Corrosion occurs as the result of a galvanic cell reaction, in which the corroding metal acts as the anode. Several simple demonstrations relating to corrosion are described here.
Tejada, Silvia; Guevara, Estela; Olivares, Esperanza. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 747.
Electrochemistry |
Microscale Lab |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Synthesis of Exotic Soaps in the Chemistry Laboratory  Otto Phanstiel IV, Eric Dueno, and Queenie Xianghong Wang
A variety of different triglyceride sources ranging from Vietnamese garlic oil to a local restaurant's grill sludge were saponified to generate a series of exotic soaps. Students did not quantify their results, but described their products in terms of color, texture and odor.
Phanstiel, Otto, IV; Dueno, Eric; Wang, Queenie Xianghong. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 612.
Qualitative Analysis |
Carboxylic Acids |
Lipids |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
Detection of Catalysis by Taste  Robert M. Richman
The addition of Lactaid to milk will cause the milk to taste sweet due to the hydrolysis of lactose; this can be detected by students drinking milk that has been treated with this catalyst.
Richman, Robert M. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 315.
Catalysis |
Enzymes |
Food Science |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
The ThermobileTM: A Nitinol-Based Scientific Toy  George B. Kauffman and Isaac Mayo
The "memory metal" Thermobile toy is highlighted.
Kauffman, George B.; Mayo, Isaac. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 313.
Materials Science |
Metals |
Applications of Chemistry
Lemon Cells Revisited - The Lemon-Powered Calculator  Daniel J. Swartling and Charlotte Morgan
Using lemons to create a voltaic cell to run items that students would use in their everyday lives drives home that chemistry plays an integral role in their lives.
Swartling, Daniel J.; Morgan, Charlotte. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 181.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry in the Public Domain: A Plethora of Misinformation - or, Don't Believe Everything You Read in the Newspapers!  Sidney Toby
Examples of various kinds of chemical misinformation culled from newspapers and magazines, with appropriate questions and their answers. The excerpts vary from the comic to the tragic; some are conceptual errors, others involve serious quantitative mistakes.
Toby, Sidney. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1285.
Applications of Chemistry
Showing Food Foams Properties with Common Dairy Foods  Carlos Bravo-Diaz and Elisa Gonzalez-Romero
Some easy to carry, inexpensive and safe experiments developed using familiar kitchen materials related with egg foams. Eggs's properties are not only limited to prepare excellent and delicious emulsions like mayonnaise but also makes excellent foams, increasing their volume significantly in two primary ways.
Bravo-Diaz, Carlos; Gonzalez-Romero, Elisa. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1133.
Learning Theories |
Food Science |
Proteins / Peptides |
Applications of Chemistry
Iron as Nutrient and Poison  N. M. Senozan and M. P. Christiano
Iron containing compounds of the body and the ingestion and elimination of iron, the function and transport of this metal among different sites and substances of the body, and biochemical defects and nutritional habits that lead to excessive accumulation of iron and some unexpected consequences of this accumulation are described.
Senozan, N. M.; Christiano, M. P. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1060.
Bioinorganic Chemistry |
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Food Science |
Metals |
Vitamins |
Toxicology |
Nutrition |
Applications of Chemistry |
Descriptive Chemistry
Creating and Using a Consumer Chemical Molecular Graphics Database: The "Molecule of the Day" - A Great Way To Begin Your Lecture  Maureen A. Scharberg, Oran E. Cox, and Carl A. Barelli
"The Molecule of the Day" consumer chemical database has been created to allow introductory chemistry students to explore molecular structures of chemicals in household products, and to provide opportunities in molecular modeling for undergraduate chemistry students.
Scharberg, Maureen A. ; Cox, Oran E. ; Barelli, Carl A. . J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 869.
Learning Theories |
Consumer Chemistry |
Molecular Modeling |
Applications of Chemistry
Hot and Spicy versus Cool and Minty as an Example of Organic Structure-Activity Relationships  Doris R. Kimbrough
Structures of substances found in spices and food that we normally associate with "hot" (or spicy) and "cool" (or minty) flavors are presented and discussed. Functional group similarities within the two groups provide an interesting example of the relationship between molecular structure and molecular function.
Kimbrough, Doris R. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 861.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The Suggestion Box-An Old Idea Brings the "Real World" Back to Freshman Chemistry Students (and Professors)  Andreas Stein
The suggestion box method has been successful in helping students recognize how the theory learned from the book and in lecture could be applied to practical everyday-life situations. At the same time it has provided the instructor with fast lecture feedback and new curriculum ideas.
Stein, Andreas. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 788.
Learning Theories |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Student-Centered Learning
The Thermodynamics of Drunk Driving  Robert Q. Thompson
Biological, chemical, and instrumental variables are described along with their contributions to the overall uncertainty in the value of BrAC/BAC.
Thompson, Robert Q. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 532.
Thermodynamics |
Nonmajor Courses |
Forensic Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Applications of Chemistry
The Chemistry of Paper Preservation: Part 4. Alkaline Paper  Henry A. Carter
The use of alkaline paper can minimize the problem of acidity for new papers. This study focuses on the chemistry involved in the sizing of both acid and alkaline papers and the types of fillers used. The advantages and potential problems in alkaline paper making are also discussed.
Carter, Henry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 508.
Acids / Bases |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Dice Shaking as an Analogy for Radioactive Decay and First Order Kinetics  Emeric Schultz
An experiment involving the shaking of sets of different sided dice is described. Dice of 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 20 sides are readily available. This experiment serves as an easily understood analogy for radioactive decay and for the more general case of first order kinetics.
Schultz, Emeric. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 505.
Kinetics |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Radioactivity in Everyday Life  S. G. Hutchison, F. I. Hutchison
This paper discusses the terminology appropriate to radiation exposure and dose, the three sources of natural background radiation (cosmic radiation, cosmogenic radiation, and terrestrial radiation), and several radioactive isotopes that are significant contributors to the radiation exposure received by individuals.
Hutchison, S. G.; Hutchison, F. I. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 501.
Learning Theories |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Consumer Chemistry
"Chemical-Free" Foods: An Investigation of Student's Definitions of a Chemical  Gayle Nicoll
This study investigated the pervasiveness of these views among students enrolled in a freshman level college general chemistry course. It was found that only 30 percent of the students in second semester held a scientific definition of a chemical, while another 30 percent held a popular definition. The remaining 40 percent held views intermediate between these.
Nicoll, Gayle. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 455.
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Doing Chemistry at the Art/Archaeology Interface: 1996 Norris Award Address  Mary Virginia Orna
Centrality of chemistry to art and archaeology through instrumentation enabling chemists to measure inorganic and organic materials on the nanogram level.
J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 373.
Applications of Chemistry
Olestra? The Jury's Still Out  Ellin Doyle
Summary of information and sources on the topic of olestra, a fat substitute consisting of a mixture of sucrose polyesters.
Doyle, Ellin. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 370.
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science |
Applications of Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
The Spectrophotometric Analysis and Modeling of Sunscreens  Christina Walters, Allen Keeney, Carl T. Wigal, Cynthia R. Johnston, and Richard D. Cornelius
Sunscreens and their SPF (Sun Protection Factor) values are the focus of this experiment that includes spectrophotometric measurements and molecular modeling. This experiment lets students explore which compounds have the potential to function as sunscreen agents and thereby see the importance of a knowledge of chemistry to the formulation of household items.
Walters, Christina; Keeney, Allen; Wigal, Carl T.; Johnston, Cynthia R.; Cornelius, Richard D. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 99.
Photochemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Molecular Modeling
Fundamentals of Chemistry, Second Edition and Essentials of Chemistry, Second Edition  reviewed by Robert D. Allendoerfer
The two texts reviewed are identical except that the "Essentials" text has a soft cover while the "Fundamentals" text has a hard cover and three additional chapters at the end, covering nuclear, organic, and biochemistry.
Allendoerfer, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A245.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
American Chemical Society: An Overview of the Education Division   Sylvia A. Ware
Education Division programs support the needs of many instructional levels from preschool through the continuing education of the mid-career chemist.
Ware, Sylvia A. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A238.
Administrative Issues |
Applications of Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Reports from Other Journals: Gleanings from Scientific American  Paul F. Schatz
Scientific American provides a rich resource of background and general interest material for topics of chemical interest that can be used to supplement and enhance chemistry lecture and laboratory courses.
Schatz, Paul F. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A234.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Laboratory Management
The Extraordinary Chemistry of Ordinary Things  reviewed by Ronald J. Gillespie
Students who take a course based on this innovative and highly readable text should acquire a good understanding of the chemists view of the world and will have a sound good basis for becoming the much needed chemically literate citizen of the future.
Gillespie, Ronald J. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A110.
Applications of Chemistry
Waste Treatment in the Undergraduate Laboratory: Let the Students Do It!  John J. Nash, Jeanne A. R. Meyer, Susan C. Nurrenbern
Including well-designed waste treatment "experiments" as natural addenda to laboratory experiments that generate hazardous waste could provide students additional opportunities to apply chemistry to "real" problems.
Nash, John J.; Meyer, Jeanne A. R; Nurrenbern, Susan C. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 1183.
Applications of Chemistry
Getting Real: A General Chemistry Laboratory Program Focusing on "Real World" Substances  Robert C. Kerber and Mohammad J. Akhtar
In order to confront the abstractness of the freshman chemistry syllabus and the consequent failure of students to relate what they learn to their everyday lives, we have designed a new freshman laboratory program. It is intended as an interface between the substances that surround the students in their ordinary lives and the abstract principles presented in chemistry classrooms.
Kerber, Robert C.; Akhtar, Mohammad J. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 1023.
Applications of Chemistry
Developing Student Speaking Skills: A Project/Independent Study in Forensic Science  Karen M. Berka and Ladislav H. Berka
A mini-project is described in which students give oral presentations of forensic science papers and case studies taken from the literature and/or the public media.
Berka, Karen M.; Berka, Ladislav H. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 931.
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Use of the World Wide Web in Lower-Division Chemistry Courses  Karen E.Stevens and Richard E. Stevens
We have found a useful way to bring the Internet into non major and freshman level classes composed of 20-50 students. The student assignment was to find information on a chemical topic currently in the news by using the WWW and use that information to write a 2-3 page essay.
Stevens, Karen E.; Stevens, Richard E. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 923.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
The Comparative Performance of Batteries: The Lead-Acid and the Aluminum-Air Cells  Xavier LeRoux, Gerry A. Ottewill, and Frank C. Walsh
An experimental program designed to convey, to students aged 16 through undergraduate, the principles of battery electrochemistry through a comparative study of two different systems, the lead acid cell and aluminum air cell, is described.
LeRoux, Xavier; Ottewill, Gerry A.; Walsh, Frank C. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 811.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Mother Earth Chemistry: A Laboratory Course for Nonmajors  J. L. Roberts, J. I. Selco, and D. B. Wacks
Mother Earth Chemistry is a laboratory-based course designed to introduce nonscience majors to chemistry using familiar products such as beer, soap, yogurt, and cheese as well as products made from soybeans, including soymilk, tofu, and tempeh.
Roberts, J. L.; Selco, J. I.; Wacks, D. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 779.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry
Testing for Lead in the Environment  Karen A. Sundback
This experiment tests for the presence of lead in items such as paint and crystal glass. It is targeted towards students with a minimal amount of laboratory technique.
Karen A. Sundback. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 669.
Quantitative Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Determination of Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs) in River and Bay Sediments: An Undergraduate Laboratory Experiment in Environmental Chemistry Using Capillary Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection  Susan E. Kegley, Kristen J. Hansen, and Kevin L. Cunningham
This paper briefly discusses the history of PCB use and provides guidelines for finding and evaluating PCB-contaminated sites as a way to interest students by showing them an application of chemistry to the "real world."
Kegley, Susan E.; Hansen, Kristen J.; Cunningham, Kevin L. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 558.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Gas Chromatography |
Applications of Chemistry |
Separation Science |
Solutions / Solvents
The Chemistry behind the Air Bag: High Tech in First-Year Chemistry  Andreas Madlung
The chemical process of air bag deployment provides practical applications of gas laws and stoichiometric equations appropriate for use in first-year chemistry.
Madlung, Andreas. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 347.
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases |
Stoichiometry
CAI for Chemistry  Lesile Glasser, John D. Bradley, George Brink, and Pam van Zyl
These six programs provide an opportunity for interactive practice of general chemistry material.
Glasser, L.; Bradley, J. D.; Brink, G.; van Zyl, P. . J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 323.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Electrochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Determining the Lead Content of Paint Chips: An Introduction to AAS  Peter G. Markow
This article describes a two-week experiment for introductory chemistry students, where they analyze the lead content of paint chip samples using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS).
Markow, Peter G. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 178.
Atomic Spectroscopy |
Applications of Chemistry
A Commercial Device Involving the Breathalyzer Test Reaction  Kathleen J. Dombrink
The breathalyzer test, formerly used by law-enforcement agencies to determine the percentage blood alcohol in suspected DUI cases, is still used in the device FINAL CALL, which is available commercially. The reaction involves the reduction of chromuim(VI) in the orange dichromate ion, Cr2O72- to the green chromium(III) ion, Cr3+ by ethyl alcohol.
Dombrink, Kathleen J. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 135.
Applications of Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
General Chemistry in Technical Education: Creating an Applied and Cooperative Experience  Lorie Juhl
General Chemistry at Eastern Idaho Technical College is designed to give chemical and environmental technician graduates a sound chemistry foundation for the rigors of the work place they will encounter after two years of education.
Juhl, Lorie. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 72.
Applications of Chemistry
The Analysis of a Drug Circular as a First-Day Assignment for Freshman Chemistry: A Jump Start for the Semester  Anthony J. Millevolte
Introductory assignment to demonstrate the importance and interdisciplinary nature of chemistry; students are asked to answer questions from a drug circular.
Millevolte, Anthony J. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 1085.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
Successes and Techniques Associated with Teaching the Chemistry of Radioactive Wastes  Donald H. Williams
Description of a chemistry course, "The Chemistry of Radwastes", that serves as a chemistry course for nonscience majors.
Williams, Donald H. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 971.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Simple Rules for Determining Nuclear Stability and Type of Radioactive Decay  Mark L. Campbell
Simple rules for determining nuclear stability and type of radioactive decay.
Campbell, Mark L. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 892.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Simulating and Visualizing Nuclear Reactions  Atwood, Charles H.; Paul, Kimberly M.; Todd, Stefani D.
Simulating nuclear collisions and reactions that nuclei experience in particle accelerators and reactors using colliding water droplets videotaped at very high shutter speeds; includes apparatus, procedure, and results.
Atwood, Charles H.; Paul, Kimberly M.; Todd, Stefani D. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 515.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Cloud Chamber Activities for the High School Classroom  Perry, John Timothy; Sankey, Mary Ann
Instructions for constructing and using an inexpensive cloud chamber; includes student assignments and sample data.
Perry, John Timothy; Sankey, Mary Ann J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 339.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Teaching Science and Public Policy through Role Playing  Kimbrough, Doris R.; Dyckes, Douglas F.; Mlady, Gary
Synopsis of role playing activity designed to help students understand the increasing role played by science and technology in determining public policy and the importance of a scientifically literate populace.
Kimbrough, Doris R.; Dyckes, Douglas F.; Mlady, Gary J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 295.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Cooking Efficiencies of Pots and Pans   Selco, Jodye I.
This article offers "real life" problems for heat capacity.
Selco, Jodye I. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 1046.
Heat Capacity |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry in Context: Weaving the Web   Schwartz, A. Truman; Bunce, Diane M.; Silberman, Robert G.; Stanitski, Conrad L.; Stratton, Wilmer J.; Zipp, Arden P.
This article includes a rationale for the American Chemical Society's new text (Chemistry in Context), as well as a brief history, and description of the content and pedagogy.
Schwartz, A. Truman; Bunce, Diane M.; Silberman, Robert G.; Stanitski, Conrad L.; Stratton, Wilmer J.; Zipp, Arden P. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 1041.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Providing Motivation for the General Chemistry Course through Early Introduction of Current Research Topics  Holme, Thomas A.
The concept of early introduction of research themes and its implementation at the University of South Dakota is discussed in this article.
Holme, Thomas A. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 919.
Applications of Chemistry
Teaching Aids For Nuclear Chemistry  Atwood, Charles H.
Listing of topics and sources related to nuclear chemistry, including bibliographies for the Journal and Scientific American.
Atwood, Charles H. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 845.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear Shapes: From the Mundane to the Exotic  Yates, Steven W.
The shape and stability of atomic nuclei.
Yates, Steven W. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 837.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure
High-Sensitivity Gamma Radiation Monitor for Teaching and Environmental Applications  Lyons, R. G.; Crossley, P. C.; Fortune, D.
Design, construction, and calibration of a high-sensitivity gamma radiation monitor.
Lyons, R. G.; Crossley, P. C.; Fortune, D. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 524.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Nickel-Titanium Memory Metal: A "Smart" Material Exhibiting a Solid-State Phase Change and Superelasticity  Gisser, Kathleen R. C.; Geselbracht, Margaret J.; Cappellari, Ann; Hunsberger, Lynn; Ellis, Arthur B.; Perepezko, John; Lisensky, George C.
Several simple experiments that illustrate the shape-memory, mechanical, and acoustical properties of Nitinol.
Gisser, Kathleen R. C.; Geselbracht, Margaret J.; Cappellari, Ann; Hunsberger, Lynn; Ellis, Arthur B.; Perepezko, John; Lisensky, George C. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 334.
Solid State Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Current Events as Subjects for Term Papers in an Honors Freshman Chemistry Class  McHale, Jeanne L.
Current events, term paper topics used in honors freshman chemistry.
McHale, Jeanne L. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 313.
Applications of Chemistry
Highlights: Ventures in freshman chemistry   Farrar, James M.; Eisenberg, Richard; Kampmeier, J. A.
A rigorous freshman chemistry course that prepares students for further study in chemistry and natural sciences ties principles of chemistry to energy and environment.
Farrar, James M.; Eisenberg, Richard; Kampmeier, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 847.
Administrative Issues |
Green Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Investigating protective coatings for steel   Runyan, Tom; Herrmann, Mary
Learning about corrosion chemistry provides students with authentic inquiry experience as well as an opportunity to learn relevant and applicable content.
Runyan, Tom; Herrmann, Mary J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 843.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Acids / Bases |
Metals |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Materials Science
Chemistry for the public: Part III. "The world of chemistry"-A course for all  Fenster, Ariel E.; Schwarcz, Joseph A.; Harpp, David N.
An undergraduate course that enriches science and nonscience majors alike.
Fenster, Ariel E.; Schwarcz, Joseph A.; Harpp, David N. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 819.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry |
Food Science |
Toxicology |
Consumer Chemistry
Determination of sugars in food products: Using HPLC and electrochemical detection at a Cu electrode  Luo, Peifang; Luo, Matthew Z.; Baldwin, Richard P.
This lab activity takes advantage of the fact that students' interest in a lab is increased when common life experiences are drawn upon.
Luo, Peifang; Luo, Matthew Z.; Baldwin, Richard P. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 679.
Chromatography |
Applications of Chemistry |
Food Science |
Instrumental Methods |
Solutions / Solvents
Chemistry tours for high school students: Connecting chemistry and business  Ball, Jenelle
Efforts to show high school students the relevance of chemistry in their lives are more powerful when students go on field trips to visit businesses that are related to chemistry. The author describes such a trip, where students visited the Dept. of Justice Criminalistics Lab at a local university.
Ball, Jenelle J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 656.
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Administrative Issues
Chemical detection of latent fingerprints  Clark, Steve; Quigley, Michael N.; Tezak, James
Working with reagents that are used for modern finger print detection.
Clark, Steve; Quigley, Michael N.; Tezak, James J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 593.
Applications of Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry |
Nonmetals
Forensic science: Crime in the chemistry curriculum   Kaplan, Lawrence J.
A course for non majors that uses creative, exciting, real life experiments to illustrate the concepts presented in lecture in order to make the material relevant to the students' backgrounds.
Kaplan, Lawrence J. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 574.
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Issues-directed chemistry for business students - A progress report   Adams, David L.
A course designed to overcome the legendary lack of interest in science among business majors.
Adams, David L. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 574.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
An industrial chemistry course: Bringing teachers and industry together  Fanning, James C.; Fanning, Sybil S.
Local industry is able to supply direct examples of basic chemical principles that a teacher might use in classroom. The authors are eager to share their experiences, materials, lesson plans, etc., to prepare teachers to take their own classroom excursions to local industries.
Fanning, James C.; Fanning, Sybil S. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 563.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
A study of the pH of perspiration from male and female subjects exercising in the gymnasium: A practical challenge for students in the nonscience major class  Doran, Daniel; Tierney, John; Varano, Mary; Ware, Susan
An engaging activity is developed out of an authentic inquiry posed by students. This article presents the debate behind the title question, a procedure, sample data, results, and discussion.
Doran, Daniel; Tierney, John; Varano, Mary; Ware, Susan J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 412.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
pH
Introducing the treatment of waste and wastewater in the general chemistry course: Applying physical and chemical principles to the problems of waste management  Dhawale, S. W.
Students learn simple lab techniques so that they can discuss applications such as cleanup of small-scale oil spills and the processes used to obtain drinkable pure water.
Dhawale, S. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 395.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The chemistry of art: A laboratory intensive course designed to interest nonscientists in chemistry   Schrenk, Janet L.; Malde, Pradip; Bordley, John L.
The way artists use pigments, dyes, metals, and paper in creating their works of art provides an excellent framework for teaching the non-science student some basic chemistry.
Schrenk, Janet L.; Malde, Pradip; Bordley, John L. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 389.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Dyes / Pigments
Interactive chemistry teaching units developed with the help of the local chemical industry: Applying classroom principles to the real needs of local companies to help students develop skill in teamwork, communications, and problem solving  Pontin, J. A.; Arico, E.; Pitoscio Filho, J.; Tiedemann, P. W.; Isuyama, R.; Fettis, G. C.
As part of a process of effective curriculum innovation, the authors are developing a project to produce teaching materials for chemistry undergraduate courses with an emphasis on the concerns of the local chemical industry.
Pontin, J. A.; Arico, E.; Pitoscio Filho, J.; Tiedemann, P. W.; Isuyama, R.; Fettis, G. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 223.
Applications of Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Student-Centered Learning
Environmental Chemistry in the Freshman Laboratory   Kegley, Susan E.; Stacy, Angelica M.
Lab activities related to environmental issues provide students with evidence of relevant chemistry while allowing students to engage in true inquiry experiences and engage themselves with challenging problems.
Kegley, Susan E.; Stacy, Angelica M. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 151.
Green Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Present and Future Nuclear Reactor Designs: Weighing the Advantages and Disadvantages of Nuclear Power with an Eye on Improving Safety and Meeting Future Needs  Miller, Warren F., Jr.
An overview of how nuclear energy is produced on macroscopic and microscopic scales with consideration given to benefits and liabilities of this energy source. The article includes a short look at nuclear power uses overseas and contains information about waste disposal, public opinion, and potential technical improvements.
Miller, Warren F., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 109.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Classroom demonstrations of polymer principles. Part V: Polymer fabrication  Rodriguez, Ferdinand
Polymer fabrication involves taking polymers or polymer precursors and changing their physical, and sometimes their chemical form. Most of the demonstrations described here use readily available household or shop items.
Rodriguez, Ferdinand J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 915.
Applications of Chemistry
Polyurethanes: A class of modern versatile materials  Seymour, Raymond B.; Kauffman, George B.
The myriad applications of polyurethane coatings, foams, fibers, moldings, and elastomers demonstrate the versatility of urethane chemistry and the creativity of polymer scientists.
Seymour, Raymond B.; Kauffman, George B. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 909.
Applications of Chemistry
On neutron numbers and atomic masses  Heyrovsk, R.
Assigning neutron numbers, correct neutron numbers, and atomic masses and nucleon numbers.
Heyrovsk, R. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 742.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Argon-potassium atomic weight inversion in the periodic table.  Arnikar, H. J.
An explanation for the Ar-K inversion in terms of the nuclear characteristics of the naturally occurring isotopes of these elements.
Arnikar, H. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 687.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Geochemistry |
Isotopes
The thermodynamics of home-made ice cream.  Gibbon, Donald L.; Kennedy, Keith; Reading, Nathan; Quieroz, Mardsen.
Using the production of ice cream to teach heat capacity, viscosity, and freezing-point reduction.
Gibbon, Donald L.; Kennedy, Keith; Reading, Nathan; Quieroz, Mardsen. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 658.
Thermodynamics |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Estimation of blood-alcohol concentration.  Labianca, Dominick A.
This article focuses on the answers to questions regarding blood alcohol levels, including estimates of % BAC, effects of beverage type and food consumption, and biochemical considerations.
Labianca, Dominick A. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 628.
Alcohols |
Applications of Chemistry
Art, archaeology, and analytical chemistry: A synthesis of the liberal arts  Beilby, Alvin L.
Examples of applications of instrumental methods of analysis in art and archeology (with references).
Beilby, Alvin L. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 437.
Applications of Chemistry |
Instrumental Methods
The SATIS project: A significant new development in post-16 science education in the United Kingdom  Phillips, Paul S.; Hunt, Andrew
The goal of the SATIS project is to show that science has a human face and is not confined to the laboratory but is manifest in many aspects of the world both local and distant.
Phillips, Paul S.; Hunt, Andrew J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 404.
Applications of Chemistry
Gas chamber stoichiometry   Hunter, Norman W.; Wilkins, Curtis C.; Pearson, Earl F.
Most students know that HCN is used in gas chambers, they may not know however that HCN is produced in the burning of carpets, draperies, clothing and other textiles made of polyacrylonitrile.
Hunter, Norman W.; Wilkins, Curtis C.; Pearson, Earl F. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 389.
Stoichiometry |
Gases |
Applications of Chemistry
A cumulative count method for determining the half-life of barium-137 and gallium-68 radioactive isotopes: A spreadsheet application   Hughes, Elvin, Jr.
A profile of a spreadsheet application illustrating a cumulative count method for determining the half-life of barium-137 and gallium-68 radioactive isotopes.
Hughes, Elvin, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, A41.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing
Advice from Allied Health faculty to chemistry faculty  Dever, David F.
Finding out what the different health professions would like to see from undergraduate chemistry programs.
Dever, David F. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 763.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nutrition |
Vitamins |
Gases
A chemistry whodunit: Forensic examination of pen inks  Quigley, Michael N.; Qi, Hongyan
Forensic chemistry activity involving pen ink and chromatography.
Quigley, Michael N.; Qi, Hongyan J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 596.
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Chromatography
The freshman seminar  Deavor, James P.; Donato, Henry, Jr.
A freshman seminar was designed to attempt to keep introductory students interested in chemistry by exploring how chemical principles discussed in introductory chemistry courses are manifested in real world problems and issues.
Deavor, James P.; Donato, Henry, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 953.
Administrative Issues |
Applications of Chemistry
People's chemistry solving people's problems  Sae, Andy S. W.
The process of problem-solving applied to chemical solutions to real-world problems; includes a list of real-world problems with chemical solutions.
Sae, Andy S. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 895.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Radioactivity: A natural phenomenon  Ronneau, C.
Main points of information and a demonstration regarding radioactivity.
Ronneau, C. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 736.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Toxicology
Nitric oxide leftovers  Hornack, Fred M.
This example shows that a stoichiometric problem can be solved in a number of different but equally valid ways.
Hornack, Fred M. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 496.
Stoichiometry |
Applications of Chemistry
Wet labs, computers, and spreadsheets  Durham, Bill
The following is a description of some commonly encountered experiments that have been modified for computerized data acquisition.
Durham, Bill J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 416.
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Kinetics |
Electrochemistry
An alternate use of dilithium crystals   Lang, Frank T.
A Star Trek example of a mass-to-energy conversion important in nuclear reactions.
Lang, Frank T. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 277.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Oxidation-reduction in blood analysis: Demonstrating the reaction in a Breathalyzer   Anderson, John M.
The principle of a Breathalyzer involves the oxidation of alcohol in expired breath by a solution of potassium dichromate.
Anderson, John M. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 263.
Applications of Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
A student experiment to demonstrate the energy loss and straggling of electrons in matter  de Bruin, M.; Huijgen, F. W. J.
The experiment described has been applied routinely for several years in introductory courses in the application of radiation and isotopes. The results obtained give direct insight into the characteristics of the phenomena associated with the absorption of energetic electrons in matter.
de Bruin, M.; Huijgen, F. W. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 86.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Determining the zinc coating weight on steel   Gillum, David E.; Herrmann, Mary S.
Two different methods for determining the zinc coating weight are described, a gravimetric analysis, and a volumetric analysis.
Gillum, David E.; Herrmann, Mary S. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 62.
Applications of Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Chemistry of air bags  Bell, William L.
An exercise designed to allow students to study some of the requirements of an air bag.
Bell, William L. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 61.
Applications of Chemistry
The most useful actinide isotope: Americium-241  Navratil, James D.; Schulz, Wallace W.; Seaborg, Glenn T.
This paper briefly reviews Americium's discovery, nuclear and chemical properties, and its uses with an emphasis on its production and separations chemistry.
Navratil, James D.; Schulz, Wallace W.; Seaborg, Glenn T. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 15.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Separation Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Cold fusion as the subject of a final exam in Honors General Chemistry  Porile, Norbert T.
Seven final exam questions in honors general chemistry based on a hypothetical cold fusion process.
Porile, Norbert T. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 932.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Predicting nuclear stability using the periodic table  Blanck, Harvey F.
Develops several empirical rules to use with the periodic table as an aid to recalling those nuclides that are stable.
Blanck, Harvey F. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 757.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Isotopes
Nuclear chemistry: Include it in your curriculum  Atwood, Charles H.; Sheline, R. K.
This article takes a look at some of the topics that might be included in a nuclear chemistry section of your chemistry course.
Atwood, Charles H.; Sheline, R. K. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 389.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Chemistry of paint   Schuerman, George; Bruzan, Raymond
Preparing paint in the laboratory provides students with first-hand knowledge of paint chemistry and its manufacture.
Schuerman, George; Bruzan, Raymond J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 327.
Applications of Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
Beta decay diagram   Suder, Robert
Too often instructors believe that students can intuitively understand nuclear decay from balanced equations, but it has been the author's experience that a diagram greatly enhances student knowledge of this process.
Suder, Robert J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 231.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Accurate equations of state in computational chemistry projects  Allbee, David; Jones, Edward
101. This article presents one method that allows students to become familiar with the use of modern equations of state and also enhances their understanding of how computers can be used in the study and application of chemistry. [Includes "Editor's note: Changes in the computer series", by Lagowski, J. J., p. 226]
Allbee, David; Jones, Edward J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 226.
Applications of Chemistry |
Chemometrics
Questions from a can of Pepsi  Mitchell, Tony
A can of Pepsi can be the starting point of countless chemistry questions that students can relate to. The author encourages other instructors to think about helping students understand chemistry as it relates to contemporary society.
Mitchell, Tony J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 1070.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Stoichiometry |
Physical Properties |
Food Science |
Nutrition |
Gases |
Acids / Bases |
Metals
Teaching stoichiometry   Figueira, Alvaro Rocha
Students have a hard time with stoichiometry because it is often presented in a manner that is divorced from content and application.
Figueira, Alvaro Rocha J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 1060.
Applications of Chemistry |
Stoichiometry
Teaching the skills of science - gold and anemia  Mattson, William
A student poses a question that leads to classroom inquiry: Why does gold rubbed on the face of an anemic person leave a dark mark?
Mattson, William J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 1000.
Bioinorganic Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Determination of the effect of various modes of cooking on the vitamin C content of a common food, green pepper: An introductory biochemistry experiment  Johnson, Eric R.
A great laboratory experiment that examines the effects of baking, boiling, steaming, and microwaving a green pepper on the pepper's nutritional level.
Johnson, Eric R. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 926.
Nutrition |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Vitamins |
Food Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Nuclear waste glass, and the Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio  Fanning, James C.; Hunter, R. Todd
These authors present a chemical problem of current interest that can be used for pedagogical purposes.
Fanning, James C.; Hunter, R. Todd J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 888.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Oxidation State |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Chromatography |
Spectroscopy
Heating values of fuels: An introductory experiment  Rettich, Timothy R.; Battino, Rubin; Karl, David J.
This experiment is a simple, inexpensive way for students to determine the heats of combustion of common solid, liquid, and gaseous fuels.
Rettich, Timothy R.; Battino, Rubin; Karl, David J. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 554.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Applications of Chemistry
Will that pop bottle really go pop? An equilibrium question  Deamer, David W.; Selinger, Benjamin K.
These authors challenge a claim that appeared in the journal *New Scientist* regarding carbon dioxide in carbonated beverages and equilibrium.
Deamer, David W.; Selinger, Benjamin K. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 518.
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases |
Equilibrium
Determining the solubility of Ca(OH)2 using 45Ca as a tracer  Edmiston, Michael D.; Suter, Robert W.
These authors have developed a simple lab that can be incorporated into freshman chemistry that allows students to understand the power of radiochemistry as an analytical tool as well as gain perspectives about real versus imagined dangers of radioactivity.
Edmiston, Michael D.; Suter, Robert W. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 279.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
Let environmental chemistry enrich your curriculum  Parravano, Carlo
The rationale and detailed plans for a college level course in environmental chemistry.
Parravano, Carlo J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 235.
Green Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Using chemical principles to encourage critical thinking in consumer chemistry   Hill, John W.
Students in consumer chemistry courses can be encouraged to use chemical principles to evaluate claims made in advertisements such as those for weight-loss diets.
Hill, John W. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 209.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Incorporation of consumer products in the teaching of analytical chemistry   Lieu, Van T.; Kalbus, Gene E.
A development and selection of a number of experiments involving the use of common consumer products for incorporation into quantitative and instrumental analysis laboratories.
Lieu, Van T.; Kalbus, Gene E. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 207.
Applications of Chemistry |
Alcohols |
Acids / Bases |
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis |
Instrumental Methods
A method for teaching science, technology, and societal issues in introductory high school and college chemistry classes  Streitberger, H. Eric
Most textbooks provide few, if any, systematic procedures for involving students with societal problems and issues in their lives related to chemistry. This is inconsistent with goals set in order to meet the growing need for students to be familiar with the science of (among other things) nutrition, environment, drugs, and more. This article gives a brief description of a project that acquaints students with these issues.
Streitberger, H. Eric J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 60.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
The rise of self-rising flour: A recipe for success  McCamish, Malcolm
A series of investigations / demonstrations regarding the chemistry of baking powder.
McCamish, Malcolm J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 710.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Cosmetic science: A career option for majors in chemistry  Lichtin, J. Leon; Radd, Billie L.
Description of the field of cosmetic science and colleges offering such course work.
Lichtin, J. Leon; Radd, Billie L. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 619.
Student / Career Counseling |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Acid rain effects on stone monuments  Charola, A. Elena
What is acid rain? Which stones are used to make mountains? How are the stones affected by acid rain?
Charola, A. Elena J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 436.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Geochemistry
An indigo plant as a teaching material  Torimoto, Norboru
Procedures for dyeing using both green and dried leaves.
Torimoto, Norboru J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 332.
Dyes / Pigments |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemicals in everyday life  Seymour, Raymond B.
Applications of chemistry to food, clothing, travel and exploration, sports and recreation, ventilation, heating, and cooling, communications, decoration, sanitation, and education.
Seymour, Raymond B. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 63.
Applications of Chemistry |
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry
Using NASA and the space program to help high school and college students learn chemistry. Part I. The shuttle and our living earth  Kelter, Paul B.; Snyder, William E.; Buchar, Constance S.
Examples of classroom applications of the space program to chemistry, particularly environmental chemistry and biochemistry.
Kelter, Paul B.; Snyder, William E.; Buchar, Constance S. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 60.
Applications of Chemistry |
Astrochemistry
The energy relationships of corn production and alcohol fermentation  Van Koevering, Thomas E.; Morgan, Michael D.; Younk, Thomas J.
The production of alcohol from corn lends itself well to illustrating the practical applications of scientific principles that deal with energy transformations and inefficiencies.
Van Koevering, Thomas E.; Morgan, Michael D.; Younk, Thomas J. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 11.
Natural Products |
Applications of Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Alcohols |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Photosynthesis
The quicker picker upper experiment   Snow, Albert J.
A popular commercial slogan as an in for chemistry instructors to talk about capillary action.
Snow, Albert J. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 1086.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Team teaching an introductory wine course at the college level  Lee, Don R.; McClurg, F. Avery; Nixon, George A.
This paper presents an interdisciplinary course on the world of wine, winemaking, and viticulture that has been used as an opportunity to exploit the expertise of professors of chemistry, biology, and French to expose students to these various disciplines as they relate to wine.
Lee, Don R.; McClurg, F. Avery; Nixon, George A. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 1065.
Applications of Chemistry |
Food Science
Diapers and polymers  Cleary, Joseph
The author takes us through the problem-solving process of making a disposable diaper.
Cleary, Joseph J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 422.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
A demonstration of the transformation of a hydrophobic liquid to a partially hydrophilic semisolid  Nugent, James, F.
This demonstration models a reaction commonly used as industrial means for converting animal and vegetable fats and oils to food-grade emulsifiers.
Nugent, James, F. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 82.
Food Science |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
Geochemistry for chemists  Hostettler, John D.
Details the content considered in a geochemistry course for chemists.
Hostettler, John D. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 823.
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The use of field trips in a nonscience majors course  Breedlove, C. H., Jr.
List of filed trips that provide an opportunity to see applications of chemistry in the real world. From "Chemistry for Citizens: A Symposium".
Breedlove, C. H., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 778.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Forensic science: A way to introduce scientific techniques to nonscience majors  Esslinger, W. Glenn
Topics considered in a forensic science course. From "Chemistry for Citizens: A Symposium".
Esslinger, W. Glenn J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 777.
Forensic Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
The application of chemical principles and methods to the investigation of a crime  Berry, Keith
Outline of "Forensic Science", a nonscience major, laboratory course that incorporates many aspects of chemistry and chemical analysis. From "Chemistry for Citizens: A Symposium".
Berry, Keith J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 776.
Forensic Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Agricultural chemicals for consumer use  Maslowsky, Edward, Jr.
Survey of important fertilizers, herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides. From "Chemistry for Citizens: A Symposium".
Maslowsky, Edward, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 774.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Art hazards - Educating the artist  Denio, Allen A.
We in chemistry have an obligation to help colleagues and their students in art departments become more aware of the number and extent of chemical hazards faced in art studios. From "Chemistry for Citizens: A Symposium".
Denio, Allen A. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 772.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
How to turn on an electric light  Westheimer, F. H.
The history of mankind is incomplete and deceptive unless it emphasizes the role of technological development in the progress of civilization. From "Chemistry for Citizens: A Symposium".
Westheimer, F. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 769.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Radioactive dating: A method for geochronology  Rowe, M. W.
The discovery of radioactivity, radioactive dating, and various dating methods.
Rowe, M. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 580.
Geochemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Mass Spectrometry
The water softener - A relevant, unifying example of many common chemical principles and calculations  Fulkrod, John E.
Determining the amount of sodium chloride needed for a water softener to replace all the hard water ions in a month's water supply for a typical household.
Fulkrod, John E. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 529.
Applications of Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Electrochemical errors  DeLorenzo, Ron
Ten examples of the unexpected consequences that have resulted from ignorance regarding electrochemistry.
DeLorenzo, Ron J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 424.
Electrochemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Nuclear synthesis and identification of new elements  Seaborg, Glenn T.
Review of descriptive terms, nuclear reactions, radioactive decay modes, and experimental methods in nuclear chemistry.
Seaborg, Glenn T. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 392.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Isotopes
Industrial chemistry bibliography  Marmor, Solomon
A bibliography of industrial chemistry articles published in the Journal from 1968-1983, recent texts, and symposia.
Marmor, Solomon J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 331.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Consumer applications of chemical principles: Drugs  Hill, John W.; Jones, Susan M.
Acid-base chemistry of drugs (nicotine, cocaine, and aspirin), general anesthesia (nitrous oxide, enflurane, isoflurane, halothane), local anesthetics (procaine, lidocaine, cocaine), and intravenous anesthetics (thiopental, ketamine hydrochloride, phencyclidine).
Hill, John W.; Jones, Susan M. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 328.
Consumer Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry instruction using evening news video tape segments  Greenberg, Fred G.
Evening newscasts often provide current, dramatic, and meaningful applications of basic chemical principles.
Greenberg, Fred G. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 227.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
EDTA-type chelating agents in everyday consumer products: Some food, cleaning, and photographic applications  Hart, J. Roger
Chelating agents found in mayonnaise and salad dressings; canned legumes; plant foods; detergents and soaps; floor wax removers; hard surface, carpet, bathtub and tile cleaners; and photography.
Hart, J. Roger J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 75.
Consumer Chemistry |
Coordination Compounds |
Applications of Chemistry
Natural sources of ionizing radiation  Bodner, George M.; Rhea, Tony A.
Units of radiation measurement, calculations of radiation dose equivalent, sources of ionizing radiation and its biological effects.
Bodner, George M.; Rhea, Tony A. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 687.
Natural Products |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The extraction of gold and its simulation with copper  Bradley, J. D.; Brand, M.; Louli, J. A. M.
The simulation of the extraction of gold by the use of its analog, copper, makes it possible to capitalize on the glamor of gold without sacrificing any chemical principles.
Bradley, J. D.; Brand, M.; Louli, J. A. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 634.
Separation Science |
Metallurgy |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Metals
Scientific exploration with a microcomputer: Simulations for nonscientists  Whisnant, David M.
52. A four week-long exercise aimed at involving students with the scientific method through the use of a computer-simulated lake study.
Whisnant, David M. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 627.
Nonmajor Courses |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Scenarios in Science  Sherman, Sharon J.; Sherman, Alan
Using scenarios to introduce topics under discussion; three examples of scenarios that are used in a nonscience majors chemistry course.
Sherman, Sharon J.; Sherman, Alan J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 248.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Photoelectrochemical solar cells  McDevitt, John T.
An introduction to photoelectrochemical cells and topics pertaining to solar energy conversion.
McDevitt, John T. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 217.
Photochemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Semiconductors |
Applications of Chemistry
The role of the humanities in the teaching of chemistry  Labianca, Dominick A.
Integrating chemistry with the humanities to make it meaningful for nonmajors.
Labianca, Dominick A. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 148.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry from outside the classroom  Kruse, Alan
Three activities are described that are geared toward the second semester of a chemistry course for allied health majors to show the relevance of chemistry to the health sciences. From "Using 'Real World' Examples in the Teaching of Chemistry - A Symposium", 7th BCCE, Stillwater OK, 1982.
Kruse, Alan J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 1041.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Using real world examples in a laboratory program  Kozlowski, Adrienne W.
This author shares curriculum for a laboratory course that has been developed to accompany a course on the chemistry of everyday life. From "Using 'Real World' Examples in the Teaching of Chemistry - A Symposium", 7th BCCE, Stillwater OK, 1982.
Kozlowski, Adrienne W. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 1039.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry - Is it useful?  Moy, M. W.
Intelligent use of the news media can inform out students and increase their appreciation of chemistry with a minimal cost in terms of class time. From "Using 'Real World' Examples in the Teaching of Chemistry - A Symposium", 7th BCCE, Stillwater OK, 1982.
Moy, M. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 1038.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Introduction to the "real world" examples symposium  Hostettler, John D.
An introduction to a collection of papers originally presented as a symposium entitled "Using 'Real World' Examples in the Teaching of Chemistry". What exactly is a real world example and what is not? Why use "real world" examples? What kinds exist, where may they be found, and how can they be used?
Hostettler, John D. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 1031.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Dyeing of anodized aluminum  Grotz, Leonard C.
Anodization of Al is widely practiced in industry to improve the corrosion resistance of articles made of aluminum.
Grotz, Leonard C. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 763.
Industrial Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Metals |
Dyes / Pigments |
Applications of Chemistry
Oil shale - Heir to the petroleum kingdom   Schachter, Y.
A discussion of oil shale provides students with real-world problems that require chemical literacy.
Schachter, Y. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 750.
Applications of Chemistry |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Green Chemistry
Encapsulation of organic chemicals within starch matrix: an undergraduate laboratory experiment  Wing, R. E.; Shasha, B. S.
This experiment explores current environmentally friendly technology.
Wing, R. E.; Shasha, B. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 247.
Green Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry
The chemical oceanographer   Abel, Robert B.
Oceanography holds fascinating subject matter for students learning chemistry.
Abel, Robert B. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 221.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Food Science |
Geochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Applications of Chemistry
Le Chtelier's principle, coupled equilibrium, and egg shells  Brown, David B.; MacKay, III, John A.
Hot chickens have economic implications that can be better understood through chemistry.
Brown, David B.; MacKay, III, John A. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 198.
Equilibrium |
Applications of Chemistry |
Food Science |
Agricultural Chemistry
Solar energy experiment for beginning chemistry  Davis, Clyde E.
This article introduces an experiment that incorporates chemical applications of solar energy into the curriculum.
Davis, Clyde E. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 158.
Thermodynamics |
Applications of Chemistry
Not by bread alone  Walker, Noojin
A classroom chemistry game in which students attempt to identify a common consumer product based on a list of its chemical ingredients.
Walker, Noojin J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 1026.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
A simulation of Rutherford experiment  Hau, Kit-Tai
An overhead demonstration simulating Rutherford's experiment to detect the atomic nucleus.
Hau, Kit-Tai J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 973.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Solar energy: Hydrogen and oxygen  Farrell, John J.
Demonstrating the electrolysis of water with solar energy.
Farrell, John J. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 925.
Electrochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemical aspects of dentistry  Helfman, Murry
Suggestions for incorporating the chemistry of dental disease and its treatment and prevention into high school chemistry.
Helfman, Murry J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 666.
Applications of Chemistry
On the crosslinked structure of rubber: Classroom demonstration or experiment: A quantitative determination by swelling  Sperling, L. H.; Michael, T. C.
Uses a rubber band to examine the crosslinked behavior of rubber.
Sperling, L. H.; Michael, T. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 651.
Applications of Chemistry |
Polymerization |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Chemistry in action: How to plan a visit to the chemical industry  Nae, Hemi; Mandler, Vera; Hofstein, Avi; Samuel, David
Important considerations in planning a visit to the chemical industry.
Nae, Hemi; Mandler, Vera; Hofstein, Avi; Samuel, David J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 582.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Simple techniques to generate chemical applications that arouse student interest  DeLorenzo, Ronald
Using articles in current science periodicals to stimulate interest in chemistry.
DeLorenzo, Ronald J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 531.
Applications of Chemistry
A method for the determination of half-lives of long lived radioisotopes  Muse, Lowell A.; Safter, Warren J.
It is possible to obtain a rather accurate estimate of the half-life of long-lived radioisotopes by absolute counting of a sample of known mass.
Muse, Lowell A.; Safter, Warren J. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 431.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Management
Alcohol and alcoholism - A newly developed "relevant" curricular unit by a high school student for high schools  Zoller, Uri
Outlines a chemistry curriculum in the social context - developed by high school students for their peers.
Zoller, Uri J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 401.
Alcohols |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
The kinetics of photographic development: A general chemistry experiment  Byrd, J. E.; Perona, M. J.
An experiment that uses black and white photographic equipment to illustrate the determination of reaction rate, kinetic order of reactant, and activation energy.
Byrd, J. E.; Perona, M. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 335.
Kinetics |
Applications of Chemistry |
Photochemistry |
Rate Law
Chemical of the day  O'Brien, Thomas
Taking time to focus on the properties and applications of substances used in laboratory.
O'Brien, Thomas J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 243.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Forensic chemistry  Briner, R. C.
Describes the profession of forensic chemistry.
Briner, R. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 41.
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Student / Career Counseling
The chemistry of coatings   Griffith, James R.
Nature and humankind both produce spectacular coatings. These discussions of coating can contribute valuable chemistry lessons to the introductory curriculum.
Griffith, James R. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 956.
Applications of Chemistry |
Natural Products |
Materials Science
Detection of carbon monoxide in tobacco smoke using molybdosilicate  Feinstein, H. I.
This carbon monoxide detector was first developed during WWII: it is simple, rapid, and extremely sensitive.
Feinstein, H. I. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 633.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry |
Metals |
Coordination Compounds
An illustration of applied calorimetry - Dieting students  Perkins, Robert R.
The author shares a question that catches student interest and exemplifies the theoretical concepts of calorimetry.
Perkins, Robert R. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 548.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Applications of Chemistry
Bad booze   O'Connor, Rod
One of the brain tinglers: What is the maximum volume of 95% ethanol that a 120lb student could consume to reach a potentially lethal dosage of alcohol? This tingler also helps students understand why it is important to have denatured alcohol in the lab.
O'Connor, Rod J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 502.
Alcohols |
Toxicology |
Stoichiometry |
Applications of Chemistry
The chemistry of art  Schmuckler, Joseph S.
An overview of resources for chemistry instructors interested in describing the connections of chemistry to art.
Schmuckler, Joseph S. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 326.
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry that's exotic and practical  McGuffie, Grace Fischer
The descriptions in this note provide examples of some successful approaches which could be utilized, in whole or in part, to supplement any programs in use in the secondary schools.
McGuffie, Grace Fischer J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 314.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Dyes / Pigments |
Applications of Chemistry
Soil analysis for high school chemistry students  Eisenmann, Mary A.
Students examine the solubility of nitrate ions, the insolubility of iron hydroxide and iron carbonate, and the reaction between acid and carbonates.
Eisenmann, Mary A. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 897.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Acids / Bases |
pH |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Realistic goals for innovative programs  Adkins, James; Earle, Brian
Discussion of the "Skills for Living" competencies developed in the Dallas County Community College District.
Adkins, James; Earle, Brian J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 649.
Applications of Chemistry
A new laboratory course in cosmetic science at a community college  Kaye, Stanley R.
Brief description of a course that seeks to show the relationship between chemistry and the formulation of everyday useful products.
Kaye, Stanley R. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 641.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Colloidal systems  Sarquis, Jerry
Types of colloids, the formation and stabilization of colloids, and examples of colloids in paints and clay drilling muds.
Sarquis, Jerry J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 602.
Colloids |
Applications of Chemistry
California earthquakes: Predicting the next big one using radiocarbon dating  DeLorenzo, Ron
Using real data to predict California earthquakes using radiocarbon dating. [Debut]
DeLorenzo, Ron J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 601.
Applications of Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Alternate energy  Taylor, Thomas E.
At what concentration does the uranium impurities found in coal equal its energy content?
Taylor, Thomas E. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 500.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Fluoridated water  Muhler, Joseph C.
Answers to a number of questions regarding the fluoridation of drinking water.
Muhler, Joseph C. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 496.
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Transparent soap  Hill, John W.; Hill, Cynthia S.
Procedure for making transparent soap.
Hill, John W.; Hill, Cynthia S. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 372.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Radioactive friends (and relatives)  Taylor, Thomas E.
How many nuclear disintegrations are occurring per minute in a typical human body?
Taylor, Thomas E. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 364.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Magical sand  Smith, Douglas D.

Smith, Douglas D. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 363.
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
Nuclear Energy  Mickey, Charles D.
A brief summary of the history and key concepts of nuclear energy.
Mickey, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 360.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Illustrating chemical concepts through food systems: Introductory chemistry experiments  Chamber, IV, E.; Setser, C. S.
Illustrating the vaporization of liquids, reaction rates, adsorption, properties of solutions, colloidal dispersions, suspensions, and hydrogen ion concentration using foods.
Chamber, IV, E.; Setser, C. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 312.
Food Science |
Applications of Chemistry |
Liquids |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Solutions / Solvents |
Colloids |
Acids / Bases
A chemistry lesson at Three Mile Island  Mammano, Nicholas J.
Teaching principles of general chemistry through references made to the nuclear incident at Three Mile Island.
Mammano, Nicholas J. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 286.
Equilibrium |
Gases |
Stoichiometry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Artifacts and the Electromotive Series  Mickey, Charles D.
The chemistry of metals and its application to archeology.
Mickey, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 275.
Electrochemistry |
Metals |
Applications of Chemistry |
Metallurgy |
Reactions
The case of the isotopic artist  O'Connor, Rod
A problem regarding the decay of isotopes in pigments used to determine an art forgery.
O'Connor, Rod J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 271.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments
Electrical energy from cells - A corridor demonstration  Gilbert, George L.
A display that demonstrates the charge and discharge of a solar cell, fuel cell, and storage cell.
Gilbert, George L. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 216.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Drugs in the chemistry laboratory: The conversion of acetaminophen into phenacetin  Volker, Eugene J.; Pride, Ernest; Hough, Charles
The phenolic alcohol group of acetaminophen is alkylated with ethyl iodide using the basic catalyst K2CO3.
Volker, Eugene J.; Pride, Ernest; Hough, Charles J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 831.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Synthesis |
Catalysis |
Phenols |
Alcohols
Bent thermometer  Smith, Douglas D.
Reducing the breakage of thermometers, using CO2 as an insecticide, and improving the demonstration of the reaction between sodium and water.
Smith, Douglas D. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 742.
Laboratory Management |
Applications of Chemistry |
Metals |
Reactions
Corrosion: A Waste of energy  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
Thermodynamics and electrochemical aspects of corrosion, and inhibition of the corrosion process.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 673.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry |
Metals |
Thermodynamics |
Electrochemistry
Solar energy storage: A demonstration experiment  Kimmel, Howard S.; Tomkins, Reginald P. T.
A demonstration of a phase transition that can be used for heat storage.
Kimmel, Howard S.; Tomkins, Reginald P. T. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 615.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The chemistry of glass  Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.
Definition of glass, natural glass, the early history of glass, the composition of different types of glass, chemically modified glasses, and modern glass forming.
Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 604.
Applications of Chemistry |
Crystals / Crystallography
Simulation in the chemistry classroom of decision-making processes for social issues involving chemistry  White, David H.
Simulations of a Senate subcommittee hearing a bill to ban tobacco and an FDA panel to award a research grant in the area of nutrition and food additives.
White, David H. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 600.
Vitamins |
Nutrition |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Effects of ethanol on nutrition  Shorey, RoseAnn L.
The relationships between alcohol and obesity, malnutrition, vitamin and mineral absorption and utilization, and toxicity.
Shorey, RoseAnn L. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 532.
Alcohols |
Nutrition |
Vitamins |
Toxicology |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
An acid can be basic  MCA staff
The uses and production of sulfuric acid.
MCA staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 529.
Acids / Bases |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Smoking and cigarette smoke: An innovative, interdisciplinary, chemically oriented curriculum  Zoller, Uri
Rationale, objectives, and a description of the curriculum.
Zoller, Uri J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 518.
Toxicology |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
A passive nuclear debris collector  Griffin, John J.; Stevens, Ronald L.; Pszenny, Alexander A. P.; Russell, Irving J.
A simple collector that takes advantage of the ability of rain to remove trace radioactive substances from the lower atmosphere.
Griffin, John J.; Stevens, Ronald L.; Pszenny, Alexander A. P.; Russell, Irving J. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 475.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Applications of Chemistry
Petroleum chemistry  Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.
The history of petroleum chemistry.
Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 465.
Natural Products |
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Catalysis |
Polymerization
Isoenzymes  Daugherty, N. A.
The separation, identification, and measurement of isoenzymes is an appropriate topic for a special lecture in general chemistry.
Daugherty, N. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 442.
Enzymes |
Proteins / Peptides |
pH |
Electrophoresis |
Separation Science |
Electrochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Some biochemistry of sedatives  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
Antianxiety agents / sleep reducers, the discovery of sedatives and their chemistry, and biological responses to sedatives.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 402.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
Ethylene: The organic chemical industry's most important building block  Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E.
The sources, chemistry, and industrial uses of ethylene.
Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 385.
Alkenes |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Polymerization
Wonder water: Another idea that is hard to work into a conversation  Smith, Douglas D.
The many benefits of degassed water.
Smith, Douglas D. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 338.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Medicinal chemistry of aspirin and related drugs  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
Nonprescription analgesics, the discovery of aspirin, pain and analgesic activity, inflammation and the role of chemical agents, fever and its reduction, aspirin in stroke prevention, and toxicity and side effects.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 331.
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Toxicology
Solar energy  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
Information summarizing a variety of topics related to solar energy.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 264.
Applications of Chemistry |
Solid State Chemistry |
Semiconductors
Nuclear beta decay  Loveland, Walter
135. Most general chemistry textbooks contain serious conceptual errors in their treatment of fundamental nuclear processes.
Loveland, Walter J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 250.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Energy from coal  J. Chem. Educ. Staff; Webb, Mike
Coal in energy production; mining, transportation and reclamation; control of stack emissions; and new fuels from coal.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff; Webb, Mike J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 186.
Applications of Chemistry
Energy from Uranium  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
The realities of nuclear power, fission and fissionable material, the design and operation of nuclear reactors, safety, and uranium resources.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 119.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Plastics: Utilizing the properties of string-like molecules  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
A summary of the properties of common polymers.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 42.
Polymerization |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry for artists and art buffs  Denio, Allen A.
Goals, instructional strategies, lecture and laboratory topics for the nonmajor course "Chemistry for Artists and Art Buffs."
Denio, Allen A. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 30.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Household soaps and detergents  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
What is a detergent? Cationics, anionics, and nonionics; how detergents work; soaps and detergents; what is in a package of detergent?
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 596.
Surface Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Variation of radioactive decay rates  Wolsey, Wayne C.
133. It is stated frequently in introductory chemistry texts that radioactive decay rates are invariant. Students are led to the impression, implicitly, if not explicitly, that changes in chemical form, temperature, pressure, etc. have no effect upon the half-lives of unstable nuclei. This constancy of decay is perhaps true for some particular modes of decay, but by no means is it true for all.
Wolsey, Wayne C. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 302.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Thermodynamics
Using applied chemistry to tackle motivation problems  Woodburn, John H.
If student interest and enthusiasm is a problem, try emphasizing the contributions chemistry makes to today's life style.
Woodburn, John H. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 763.
Applications of Chemistry
Elemental evolution and isotopic composition  Rydberg, J.; Choppin, G. R.
Reviews elemental abundances and the processes of elemental creation.
Rydberg, J.; Choppin, G. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 742.
Astrochemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Geochemistry
Discarded energy: The heat of combustion of garbage  Jensen, Trescott E.; Eatough, Delbert J.; Hansen, Lee D.
Calorimetry data for burning different samples of shredded garbage is found to be higher than that for wood.
Jensen, Trescott E.; Eatough, Delbert J.; Hansen, Lee D. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 700.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
What is an element?  Kolb, Doris
Reviews the history of the discovery, naming, and representation of the elements; the development of the spectroscope and the periodic table; radioactive elements and isotopes; allotropes; and the synthesis of future elements.
Kolb, Doris J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 696.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Isotopes
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
330-333. Four questions and their answers; includes comments made by readers on earlier questions 130, 153, 154, 171, 172, 181.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 678.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Metals |
pH
Toys in the chemistry classroom  Ziegler, Gene R.
Using toys to teach chemical principles; lists common toys and their potential applications.
Ziegler, Gene R. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 629.
Applications of Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Emphasis on acids and bases  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
Considers the acidity or basicity in soils and natural waters; the acid-base balance in body chemistry; acidic and basic foods; the approximate pH values of common fluids; examples of acidic, basic, and neutral drugs; and the commercial preparation of nitric acid.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 626.
Acids / Bases |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Food Science |
Applications of Chemistry |
pH |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
323-329.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 622.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Toxicology |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry for nonscience students  Miller, Theodore L.
Briefly describes two chemistry-related science courses for liberal arts students: Chemistry and Industry and Forensic Chemistry.
Miller, Theodore L. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 502.
Nonmajor Courses |
Industrial Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
315-322. Eight questions on subjects related to environmental chemistry and their answers.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 498.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Winemaking in the chemistry laboratory  Horn, David E.
Outlines a short course on the chemistry of winemaking and provides a procedure for making red wine from grape juice,
Horn, David E. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 375.
Alcohols |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Great spray can debate  Bassow, Herb
A curriculum scenario that takes the problems raised by the technological, economic, and political contexts of the fluorocarbon controversy as its point of focus.
Bassow, Herb J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 371.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
The effects of HCl and aspirin on the stomach: An equilibrium review  DeLorenzo, Ronald
The chemical effect and medical implications of taking aspirin.
DeLorenzo, Ronald J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 306.
Equilibrium |
Acids / Bases |
pH |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Simple titrimetric determination of lead in gasoline  Watt, Sandra L.; Martino, Theresa M.; Chamberlin, Margaret A.; Laswick, Patty H.
Chlorine is used to break the lead-carbon bonds of lead additives, and the lead is titrated with EDTA.
Watt, Sandra L.; Martino, Theresa M.; Chamberlin, Margaret A.; Laswick, Patty H. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 262.
Applications of Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
290-297. Eight questions regarding practical applications of chemistry, primarily in the medical field, and their answers.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 247.
Toxicology |
Equilibrium |
Metabolism |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Vitamin C content of commercial orange juices. An analytical project  Haddad, Paul
Studying the magnitude and stability of the ascorbic acid content of commercial orange juices; students were interested in ascertaining if orange juice represents a suitable source of Vitamin C after one or two weeks in the refrigerator.
Haddad, Paul J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 192.
Vitamins |
Quantitative Analysis |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Toxicology
Chemist's view of oceanography  Cutshall, Norman H.
The structure of oceanography, chemists in oceanography, chemical analysis in oceanography, chemical oceanography research, and chemical oceanographers in marine pollution studies.
Cutshall, Norman H. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 162.
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
284-289. Six questions and their answers on practical applications of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 161.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Enzymes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Applications of Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Separation of waste plastics. An experiment in solvent fractionation  Seymour, Raymond B.; Stahl, G. Allan
The authors share their design for a scheme for separation of specific plastics from a mixture. This activity engages students and relates to recycling.
Seymour, Raymond B.; Stahl, G. Allan J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 653.
Green Chemistry |
Separation Science |
Applications of Chemistry
Application of physics and chemistry to archeology. A new undergraduate course  Meschel, Susan V.
The author shares her curriculum for a nonmajors chemistry class that incorporates themes from archeology.
Meschel, Susan V. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 640.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry
Antichap lipstick and nonbonded interactions. A nonscience majors laboratory experience  Most, Clark, Jr.
A laboratory with real life applications helps nonscience majors learn about solubility.
Most, Clark, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 194.
Solutions / Solvents |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
The chemistry involved in the preparation of a paint pigment. An experiment for the freshman laboratory  Daines, Terri L.; Morse, Karen W.
This experiment allows for students to see a demonstration of a variety of chemical principles and reactions.
Daines, Terri L.; Morse, Karen W. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 117.
Reactions |
Dyes / Pigments |
Applications of Chemistry
Freezing ice cream and making caramel topping  Plumb, Robert C.; Olson, John Otto; Bowman, Leo H.
The obscurity of "colligative properties" can be dispelled by this ice cream example.
Plumb, Robert C.; Olson, John Otto; Bowman, Leo H. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 49.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties |
Thermodynamics |
Applications of Chemistry
Minicourses in chemistry  Lygre, D. G.; Hasbrouck, R. W.; Gaines, R. D.; Duncan, L. C.; Habib, H. S.; Meany, J. E.; Newschwander, W. W.
Briefly describes a variety of minicourses designed to acquaint students with practical applications of chemistry in everyday experiences.
Lygre, D. G.; Hasbrouck, R. W.; Gaines, R. D.; Duncan, L. C.; Habib, H. S.; Meany, J. E.; Newschwander, W. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 735.
Consumer Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Plant Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Food Science
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
212-215. Four questions requiring applications of chemistry and their solutions.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 727.
Rate Law |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
206-211. Six questions regarding topics in environmental chemistry and biochemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 655.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
The chemistry of color photography  Guida, Wayne C.; Raber, Douglas J.
Provides a brief introduction to the chemical reaction involved in color photography and the physical principles that permit those reactions to reproduce colored images.
Guida, Wayne C.; Raber, Douglas J. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 622.
Photochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Reactions
Raku: A redox experiment in glass  Cichowski, Robert S.
In this experiment, students are given the opportunity to handle a glass making process, choosing a colorant and exploring possible reduction-oxidation reactions involving the colorant.
Cichowski, Robert S. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 616.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry
Semi-micro ion-exchange in the freshman laboratory  Olson, M. V.; Crawford, J. M.
An integrated unit of lab work in which students start with qualitative and standard quantitative experiments and then progress to more sophisticated biological and environmental applications, including analyses of sea water and blood plasma.
Olson, M. V.; Crawford, J. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 546.
Ion Exchange |
Microscale Lab |
Quantitative Analysis |
Qualitative Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Freshman-level chemistry shapes the nuclear power industry  Plumb, Robert C.; Bridgman, W. B.; Wilbur, Leslie C.
Applying the modeling of a crystalline lattice to the changes occurring in a nuclear reactor.
Plumb, Robert C.; Bridgman, W. B.; Wilbur, Leslie C. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 523.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Molecular Modeling |
Solids |
Solid State Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Odor generation in the kraft process  Karnofski, Michael A.
Considers the kraft process, sources of odors in the process, and the chemistry of the formation of those odors.
Karnofski, Michael A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 490.
Industrial Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
A chemistry course for nonscience majors based upon student concerns  Trumbore, Conrad N.
Outlines a chemistry course for nonscience majors based upon student concerns entitled "Chemistry and the Human Environment."
Trumbore, Conrad N. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 450.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
188-192. Five biochemistry related questions and their answers.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 390.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Chromatography |
Gases |
Nutrition
Collecting labels for household products: A project for students in chemistry courses for nonscience majors  Melford, Sara Steck
A project that requires students to consider some of the many chemicals that they use and come into contact with on an almost daily basis.
Melford, Sara Steck J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 381.
Nonmajor Courses |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Food Science
A chemistry course for those who would prefer not to: The interface between living and non-living  Bland, Jeffrey S.
Description of a course entitled "The Interface Between Living and Non-living," including major areas of discussion and laboratories used.
Bland, Jeffrey S. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 364.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
A new chemistry program for nursing and allied health students  Stanitski, Conrad L.; Sears, Curtis T., Jr.
Outlines and discusses the topics considered in a chemistry program for nursing and allied health students.
Stanitski, Conrad L.; Sears, Curtis T., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 226.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Catalysis |
Acids / Bases |
pH |
Metabolism |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals
Effective insect fogging - The origin of sea breezes - Hot air balloons  Plumb, Robert C.
Three applications of the changes in pressure or volume of a gas when its temperature is changed.
Plumb, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 104.
Gases |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
171-174. Four environmental chemistry questions and their answers.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 103.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
The energy crisis. A new chemistry course for nonscience majors  Piraino, Marie J.
After years of having had taught traditional chemistry courses for nonscience majors, the author shifted her curriculum toward developing an understanding of political, economic, and health issues affecting contemporary students.
Piraino, Marie J. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 802.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Green Chemistry
A study of water pollution. An undergraduate chemistry laboratory experience  Sarkis, Vahak D.
In addition to its environmental relevance, a water pollution study of the inorganic constituents in water as outlined in this article, provides the student with certain important principles of chemistry namely, colorimetric and titrimetric procedures.
Sarkis, Vahak D. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 745.
Applications of Chemistry |
Metals |
Green Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Analysis of chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides. Experiments for nonscience majors  Glover, Irving T.; Minter, Ann P.
This experiment allows students to explore the chemistry behind a controversial concern.
Glover, Irving T.; Minter, Ann P. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 685.
Green Chemistry |
Toxicology |
Applications of Chemistry
Some simple classroom experiments on the Monte Carlo method  Para, A. Foglio; Lazzarini, E.
In this present paper some applications of the Monte Carlo method suggested to freshmen in nuclear physics and chemistry courses are described. These applications are concerned with radioactive decay, statistical fluctuation of the decay, the slowing of fast neutrons, and the calculation of the ratio of partial cross sections of certain nuclear reactions.
Para, A. Foglio; Lazzarini, E. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 336.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
High school/university cooperative experiment: The uptake of nuclear debris by trees  Griffin, John J.; Driscoll, Joseph R.
In a previous publication the detection and identification of airborne nuclear debris from the March 18, 1972 People's Republic of China nuclear test was reported as a useful technique. A followup investigation is documented by members of the freshman science class to determine if nuclear debris from the March 18 nuclear test or other recent tests has been incorporated into the vegetation within their immediate environment.
Griffin, John J.; Driscoll, Joseph R. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 270.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Racing car batteries  Plumb, Robert C.; Combs, R. E.; Connelly, J. M.
Illustrating the Nernst equation and Faraday's laws using the example of the silver-zinc batteries used in racing cars.
Plumb, Robert C.; Combs, R. E.; Connelly, J. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 857.
Applications of Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Six questions that can be answered with the application of basic chemical principles.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 847.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Metals |
Plant Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Cambell, J. A.
Six quesions requiring the practical application of basic principles of chemistry.
Cambell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 716.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
Fusion power  Landis, John W.
Discusses nuclear fission and fusion as energy sources.
Landis, John W. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 658.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Maple syrup production as a laboratory exercise  Burt, Norman E.
A primer to maple syrup production, a source for a variety of laboratory exercises.
Burt, Norman E. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 623.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Carbohydrates
Scuba diving and the gas laws  Cooke, E. D.; Baranowski, Conrad
Three illustrations of physical-chemical principles drawn from scuba diving.
Cooke, E. D.; Baranowski, Conrad J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 425.
Gases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Thermodynamics
Cooking Succulent Roasts  Plumb, Robert C.; Davis, Adelle
Allowing a roast to gradually warm to the desired internal temperature produces superior results.
Plumb, Robert C.; Davis, Adelle J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 425.
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science |
Kinetics |
Equilibrium |
Rate Law |
Applications of Chemistry
Cooking Succulent Roasts  Plumb, Robert C.; Davis, Adelle
Allowing a roast to gradually warm to the desired internal temperature produces superior results.
Plumb, Robert C.; Davis, Adelle J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 425.
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science |
Kinetics |
Equilibrium |
Rate Law |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry is real and relevant - Let's teach it as such  Wolthuis, Enno
A plea for relevance in the teaching of chemistry at the college level.
Wolthuis, Enno J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 422.
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry and art. Thermoluminescence and forgery  Rogers, F. E.
Using thermoluminescence for dating pottery and other objects of ceramic art and detecting forgeries.
Rogers, F. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 388.
Applications of Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry |
Thermal Analysis
Drinking too fast can cause sudden death  Plumb, Robert C.; Eskelson, C. D.
Examines the metabolism of alcohol.
Plumb, Robert C.; Eskelson, C. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 365.
Alcohols |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Metabolism
Drinking too fast can cause sudden death  Plumb, Robert C.; Eskelson, C. D.
Examines the metabolism of alcohol.
Plumb, Robert C.; Eskelson, C. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 365.
Alcohols |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Metabolism
Stellar nucleosynthesis. A vehicle for the teaching of nuclear chemistry  Viola, V. E., Jr.
Summarizes the basic properties of matter, stellar evolution and nucleosynthesis, radioactive decay, synthetic and "super-heavy" elements, and radiation in the environment.
Viola, V. E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 311.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Astrochemistry
Commercials as a teaching device  Cichowski, Robert S.
Using teacher-constructed commercials to introduce and reinforce chemical information and concepts.
Cichowski, Robert S. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 138.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Auto windows - Strong but self-destructing  Stookey, S. D.
Auto windowglass illustrates the principles of metastable equilibrium.
Stookey, S. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 131.
Applications of Chemistry |
Solids |
Equilibrium
Soda ash-manufacture - An example of what?  Glanville, Jim; Rau, Eric
The use of the Solvay process to exemplify certain principles in freshman courses can be extended into areas of chemical economics and environmental pollution.
Glanville, Jim; Rau, Eric J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 64.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Eight questions regarding the application of chemistry and their solutions.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 62.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Radiometric analysis of ammonia in water  Mehra, M. C.
In this experiment, the silver concentration in aqueous solution is determined radiometrically using silver-110 as the radiotracer.
Mehra, M. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 837.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Seven questions requiring an application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 831.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases |
Dyes / Pigments |
Metals
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Seven questions requiring the application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 769.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Gases |
Astrochemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Five questions requiring an application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 707.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Astrochemistry
Faster dinner via molecular potential energy  Modestino, Sherwood A.
The cooking time for a beef roast can be reduced by using a device that acts as a heat pipe.
Modestino, Sherwood A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 706.
Heat Capacity |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
The bombardier beetle  Plumb, Robert C.; Erickson, Karen L.
The chemistry behind the bombardier beetle's chemical defenses illustrates the principles of reaction rates, catalysis, and laboratory safety.
Plumb, Robert C.; Erickson, Karen L. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 705.
Applications of Chemistry |
Natural Products |
Rate Law |
Catalysis |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Aromatic Compounds
Edison's chemical meter  Vanderbilt, Byron M.
Thomas Edison invented the chemical meter to measure the rate at which electricity was being used.
Vanderbilt, Byron M. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 626.
Applications of Chemistry |
Electrochemistry
Durable chrome plating  Plumb, Robert C.; Saur, Roger L.
How chrome plating works to protect bumpers from corrosion.
Plumb, Robert C.; Saur, Roger L. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 626.
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry |
Kinetics
Durable chrome plating  Plumb, Robert C.; Saur, Roger L.
How chrome plating works to protect bumpers from corrosion.
Plumb, Robert C.; Saur, Roger L. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 626.
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry |
Kinetics
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Eight questions requiring the application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 624.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
Electrochemical reactions in batteries. Emphasizing the MnO2 cathode of dry cells  Kozawa, Akiya; Powers, R. A.
The purpose of this article is to make a simplified, but current presentation of the electrochemical reactions in batteries, particularly those of the manganese dioxide cathode of dry cells.
Kozawa, Akiya; Powers, R. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 587.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Six questions requiring the application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 538.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Astrochemistry |
Stoichiometry |
Metals
A freshman experiment in neutron activation analysis  Pickering, Miles
This experiment uses neutron activation analysis to determine the amount of manganese in "pure" iron wire.
Pickering, Miles J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 430.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Chemistry in art. Radiochemistry and forgery  Rogers, F. E.
It wasn't until a radiochemical analysis in 1968 that a 1937 forgery of a 17th century Dutch master was confirmed as a fake.
Rogers, F. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 418.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Five questions requiring the application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 414.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Astrochemistry |
Photochemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Five questions requiring an application of basic chemical principles.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 328.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Mass Spectrometry |
Isotopes
Faculty reluctance to confront student change  Walter, Robert I.
An appeal to give up the notion that what is best for a small minority of students is automatically best for all students.
Walter, Robert I. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 323.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Five questions requiring an application of basic chemical principles.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 181.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Metabolism
Pain: A chemical explanation  Plumb, Robert C.; Lindahl, Olov
In sensing pain the nervous system acts like a pH meter.
Plumb, Robert C.; Lindahl, Olov J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 179.
pH |
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
Sickle-cell anemia, hemoglobin solubility and resistance to malaria  Martin, David L.; Huheey, James E.
The phenomenon of erythrocytic sickling is of considerable pedagogical usefulness since it provides a bridge of relevance between chemistry and biology.
Martin, David L.; Huheey, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 177.
Proteins / Peptides |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
When your car rusts out  Knockemus, Ward
Explains the rusting of a car by considering electrochemical corrosion and the Nernst equation.
Knockemus, Ward J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 29.
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry |
Reactions
An introductory experiment on phosphates in detergents  Mohrig, Jerry R.
Examines the phosphate controversy, the roles of phosphates in detergents, the chemistry of phosphates and their colorimetric determination, and presents an experiment in which the amount of phosphate is measured using two different analytical methods.
Mohrig, Jerry R. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 15.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Entropy Makes Water Run Uphill - in Trees  Stevenson, Philip E.
Explains how Sequoias over 300 feet tall can draw water up to their topmost leaves.
Stevenson, Philip E. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 837.
Applications of Chemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Plant Chemistry |
Membranes |
Transport Properties |
Solutions / Solvents
Tire Inflation Thermodynamics  Plumb, Robert C.; Connors, John J.
Explains why inflating a tire with a hand pump heats the air being pumped into the tire.
Plumb, Robert C.; Connors, John J. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 837.
Gases |
Thermodynamics |
Applications of Chemistry
Analysis of phosphate in detergents  Kriz, George S., Jr.; Kriz, Kay Dian
The experiment described here is a response to the need mentioned above and is specifically concerned with water pollution caused by phosphate detergents. It is ideal for today's students who concerned about the environment.
Kriz, George S., Jr.; Kriz, Kay Dian J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 551.
Surface Science |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Mechanism for adding relevance and currentness to freshman chemistry  Fortman, John J.
Encourages use of Chemistry, a monthly ACS publication for high school and introductory chemistry students, as a means for adding relevance and currentness to chemistry.
Fortman, John J. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 749.
Applications of Chemistry |
Alcohols
Chemical queries. Especially for introductory chemistry teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Parris, Michael
(1) Explains how free radicals differ from species such as NO3- and NH4+. (2) Explains why HI is a stronger acid than HF in aqueous solution. - answer by Parris. (3) Explains that it is possible to alter the half-life of a some radioactive processes through chemical means.
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Parris, Michael J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 697.
Free Radicals |
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Simple method for demonstrating an enzymatic reaction  Tang, Chung-Shih
Uses taste sensations of papaya seeds under varying conditions to demonstrate an enzymatic reaction.
Tang, Chung-Shih J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 692.
Enzymes |
Proteins / Peptides |
Food Science |
Reactions |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Solubility and the chemistry of the covalent bond: More on DDT - A substituted alkyl halide  Hill, John W.
Discusses applications of the insolubility of DDT in water and its solubility in covalent fatty tissues.
Hill, John W. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 634.
Covalent Bonding |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Some "real life" applications of solubility: Iron, iron everywhere but not a drop to drink  Brasted, Robert C.
Although Hawaiian pineapples grow in red soils whose iron composition may exceed 20%, they starve for iron because it is in an insoluble form; also considers applications of the insolubility of other transition metals.
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 634.
Applications of Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Plant Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Metals |
Transition Elements |
Oxidation State
Some "real life" applications of solubility: Iron, iron everywhere but not a drop to drink  Brasted, Robert C.
Although Hawaiian pineapples grow in red soils whose iron composition may exceed 20%, they starve for iron because it is in an insoluble form; also considers applications of the insolubility of other transition metals.
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 634.
Applications of Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Plant Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Metals |
Transition Elements |
Oxidation State
Nuclear concepts as part of the undergraduate chemistry curriculum  Caretto, A. A., Jr.; Sugihara, T. T.
It is proposed that there are distinct advantages to a freshman curriculum that introduces nuclear concepts simultaneously with the discussion of analogous atomic and molecular concepts.
Caretto, A. A., Jr.; Sugihara, T. T. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 569.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Instant first aid  Kaufman, James A.
Explains how instant ice and hot packs work.
Kaufman, James A. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 518.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Prolonging death (in apples)  Plumb, Robert C.
Using controlled atmosphere storage to prolong the freshness of vegetables and fruits after they have been harvested.
Plumb, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 518.
Equilibrium |
Kinetics |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases
The introduction of relevance into a chemistry laboratory course for non-scientists  D'Auria, J.; Gilchrist, A.; Johnstone, J.
Description of a course in which the relevant role of chemistry is illustrated in the teaching laboratory .
D'Auria, J.; Gilchrist, A.; Johnstone, J. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 508.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
A weevil's loss is our gain or sex strikes the pages on the Journal.  Brasted, Robert C.
The trans-isomer of the boll weevil sex attractant is a million times more active than the cis-isomer.
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 447.
Natural Products |
Diastereomers |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Understanding a culprit before eliminating it. An application of Lewis acid-base principles to atmospheric SO2 as a pollutant  Brasted, Robert C.
The SO2 molecule offers ample opportunities for teaching practical chemistry. [Debut of first run. This feature reappeared in 1986.]
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 447.
Acids / Bases |
Lewis Acids / Bases |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry |
Lewis Structures |
Molecular Properties / Structure
The periodic systems of D. I. Mendeleev and problems of nuclear chemistry  Gol'danskii, V. I.; translated by Avakian, Peter
Examines the acquisition and identification of new chemical elements and the structure of the eighth period of the periodic table.
Gol'danskii, V. I.; translated by Avakian, Peter J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 406.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Metals
An approach to teaching physical science  Hoffmann, Richard L.; Kolb, Doris K.
Describes the chemistry section of a physical science course intended to meet the science requirement for non-science majors.
Hoffmann, Richard L.; Kolb, Doris K. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 383.
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Car Won't Start?  Nash, Leonard K.; Plumb, Robert C.
Examines the questions, "Does the voltage of a battery drop with temperature" and "Does the ability of a battery to deliver current decrease with temperature?"
Nash, Leonard K.; Plumb, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 382.
Electrochemistry |
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Cloud Caps on High Mountains  Stevenson, Philip E.
The formation of cloud caps on high mountains illustrates cooling in an adiabatic expansion and the change in vapor pressure of a liquid with temperature.
Stevenson, Philip E. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 272.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics
The Methanol Lighter  Bailar, John C., Jr.
The methanol lighter illustrates the roles that thermodynamics, kinetics, and catalysis play in determining if a reaction will take place.
Bailar, John C., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 272.
Thermodynamics |
Kinetics |
Catalysis |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Environmental chemistry in the classroom  Day, Jean W.
The environmental sciences is an especially good vehicle for relating chemistry to other disciplines in courses for nonscientists.
Day, Jean W. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 260.
Nonmajor Courses |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
An introduction to nuclear power in a freshman chemistry course  Teeter, Charles E.
Describes how one instructor has included an introduction to nuclear power in his freshman chemistry course.
Teeter, Charles E. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 208.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Isotopes
Nuclear experiments in the chemistry curriculum  Clark, Herbert M.
Outlines types of nuclear teaching experiments, suggests where they might be placed in the undergraduate chemistry curriculum, and considers the costs of needed instruments and materials.
Clark, Herbert M. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 203.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Industrial chemistry for teachers: Applied research in the development of anticaries dentifrices  Cooley, William E.
Describes applied chemical research related to the development of anticaries dentifrices.
Cooley, William E. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 177.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Chemical principles exemplified  Plumb, Robert C.
Introduction to a new series, containing "exempla" (brief anecdotes about materials and phenomena which exemplify chemical principles). [Debut]
Plumb, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 175.
Gases |
Kinetic-Molecular Theory |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics |
Equilibrium |
Photochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemical queries. Especially for introductory chemistry teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Choppin, Gregory R.; Young, J. P.
(1) Is there more to nuclear stability than only the neutron to proton ration? - answer by Choppin. (2) What are the products generated by the electrolysis of molten potassium nitrate with stainless steel electrodes? - answer by Young.
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Choppin, Gregory R.; Young, J. P. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 73.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Electrochemistry
Stable isotopes of the atmosphere  Eck, C. F.
This article briefly presents the composition of air, the discovery of isotopes, their concentration in air, and reviews their current enrichment status.
Eck, C. F. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 706.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
General chemistry demonstrations based on nuclear and radiochemical phenomena  Herber, Rolfe H.
This paper is intended to provide a brief survey of lecture demonstrations, suitable for a general chemistry course, that incorporate some of the ideas, concepts, techniques, and instrumentation of the field of nuclear and radiochemistry.
Herber, Rolfe H. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 665.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
The principle of exponential change: Applications in chemistry, biochemistry, and radioactivity  Green, Frank O.
Examines the nature of exponential change and its applications to chemistry, biochemistry, and radioactivity, including radioactive decay, enzyme kinetics, colorimetry, spectrophotometry, and first order reaction kinetics.
Green, Frank O. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 451.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Kinetics |
Enzymes |
Spectroscopy
Radioisotope generators for introductory laboratory use  Crater, H. L.; Macchione, J. B.; Gemmill, W. J.; Kramer, H. H.
Describes the use of simple radioisotope generators in 23 different experiments involving nuclear theory.
Crater, H. L.; Macchione, J. B.; Gemmill, W. J.; Kramer, H. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 287.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Group VI. The Sulfur Family C. Sulfides  Alyea, Hubert N.
Demonstrates the restoration of paintings blackened by PbS.
Alyea, Hubert N. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, A977.
Applications of Chemistry
The disposal of chemical and radioactive waste - Part two  Pearsall, S. G.; Wilshusen, W.
Discusses procedures for the disposal of radioactive wastes.
Pearsall, S. G.; Wilshusen, W. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, A677.
Laboratory Management |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Dermatometry for coeds  Adamson, Arthur W.; Kunichika, K.; Shirley, F.; Orem, M.
It is possible to estimate the alcohol content of a drink from the contact angle of a drop on human skin.
Adamson, Arthur W.; Kunichika, K.; Shirley, F.; Orem, M. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 702.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Alcohols
Chemical queries. Especially for introductory chemistry teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.
(1) How can half-reactions be added to determine potentials? (2) What is the approximate size and weight of uranium-235 necessary for a chain reaction to occur? (3) What is the distinction between an inhibitor and a negative catalyst?
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 477.
Electrochemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Catalysis
Inexpensive applications of Polaroid film  Scherer, George A.; Sakurai, Richard S.
Describes the use of Polaroid film to detect emission spectra from a grating spectrograph, X-rays diffracted by crystals, and radioactivity from 14C in plant materials.
Scherer, George A.; Sakurai, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 134.
Spectroscopy |
X-ray Crystallography |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Atomic Structure. Radioactivity. B. Nuclear Phenomena: Radioactivity  Surina, Albert A.; Alyea, Hubert N.
Demonstration include the use of an electroscope and Geiger counter in measuring radioactivity and the formation of fog in an evacuated bottle.
Surina, Albert A.; Alyea, Hubert N. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, A545.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
A simple stand for the determination of alpha particle range  Borke, Mitchell L.
This short note describes a simple stand for the determination of alpha particle range and energy.
Borke, Mitchell L. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 390.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Audio attachment for a simple scaler  Borke, Mitchell L.; Murray, Alex
Presents a circuit diagram and parts list for an audio attachment for a simple scaler.
Borke, Mitchell L.; Murray, Alex J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 593.
Instrumental Methods |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Laboratory design considerationsPart II  Steere, Norman V.
Considers ventilation, illumination, radioisotopes, egress, water supply, and miscellaneous laboratory design features.
Steere, Norman V. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, A665.
Laboratory Management |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Solubility in mixed solvents: A radiochemistry experiment  Lochmuller, C.; Cefola, M.
This experiment illustrates the use of radioisotopes in a solubility measurement and demonstrates the effect of solvent dielectric on solubility.
Lochmuller, C.; Cefola, M. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 604.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Precipitation / Solubility
Demonstration of a parent-daughter radioactive equilibrium using 137Cs-137mBa  Choppin, Gregory R.; Nealy, Carson L.
Demonstrates the relationship between radioactive half life and both the rate of decay and growth of a radioactive daughter.
Choppin, Gregory R.; Nealy, Carson L. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 598.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Equilibrium |
Rate Law
Editorially speaking  Kieffer, William F.
Meeting the challenge of enriching lecture with historic anecdotes and relevant applications of chemistry.
Kieffer, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 293.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
Clathrates: Compounds in cages  Hagan, Mary Martinette, B. V. M.
Introduces clathrate compounds and examines some of their uses and applications.
Hagan, Mary Martinette, B. V. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 643.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Applications of Chemistry |
Separation Science
Dating of uranium minerals by the specific radioactivity of lead  Fairhall, A. W.
This paper discusses a method for estimating the age of a uranium mineral without recourse to elaborate mass-spectrometric techniques and presents an experimental procedure for doing so.
Fairhall, A. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 626.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Geochemistry
Nuclear physics and the fundamental particles (Heckman, Harry H.; Starring, Paul W.)  Allen, Donald S.

Allen, Donald S. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 615.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
The science study series. Volumes 12 and 18  Kieffer, William F.

Kieffer, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 588.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Radioisotope demonstration of common ion effect on solubility  Roig, E.; Rieckehoff, I. C.; Russo, G. S.; Curet, J. D.
This paper reports a direct demonstration of the effect of common ion concentration on the solubility of a uni-univalent salt, thallium(I) chloride.
Roig, E.; Rieckehoff, I. C.; Russo, G. S.; Curet, J. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 350.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Incorporating radioisotope techniques into the chemistry curriculum  Radin, Norman S.
Presents a list of radioisotope experiments suitable for a wide range of different domains and levels in chemistry.
Radin, Norman S. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 344.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Nuclear and radiochemistry in the curriculum in general chemistry  Garrett, A. B.
The author summarizes how he integrates nuclear and radiochemistry into the general chemistry curriculum.
Garrett, A. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 384.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Radiochemistry in the curriculum: Introduction  Phelan, Earl W.
This symposium was organized to share the experiences of some of the leaders in the field radiochemistry instruction.
Phelan, Earl W. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 382.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Letters  Hendricks, B. Clifford
A brief examination of the way in which general chemistry textbooks portray the emission of alpha, beta, and gamma rays.
Hendricks, B. Clifford J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 161.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Acceleration of biochemical research by recent analytical developments  Anthony, David S.
The development of several kinds of chromatography and the wide spread availability of isotopes as well as associated counting equipment permitted experimentation in areas that could not previously be explored.
Anthony, David S. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 540.
Chromatography |
Ion Exchange |
Gas Chromatography |
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
A half-life experiment for general chemistry students  Smith, W. T.; Wood, J. H.
This paper describes the authors' experiences with the measurement of the half-life of bismuth-210.
Smith, W. T.; Wood, J. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 492.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Use of radioisotopes in the college chemistry laboratory  Phillips, David; Maybury, Robert H.
Provides experiments and experiences working with constructed Geiger counters and radioisotopes.
Phillips, David; Maybury, Robert H. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 133.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Instrumental Methods |
Qualitative Analysis |
Kinetics
Radioactive decay calculations without calculus  Guenther, William B.
Presents a method for half-life calculations that does not rely on the use of calculus.
Guenther, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 414.
Chemometrics |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Radioisotopes on your rooftop  Lockhart, Luther, B., Jr.
The collection, recovery, and measurement of radioactive materials from atomic testing can be done through the use of relatively simple procedures and is a good exercise in tracer chemistry.
Lockhart, Luther, B., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 602.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Isotopes
Chemistry in the manufacture of modern gasoline  Kimberlin, C. N., Jr.
This paper presents a brief review of the chemistry involved in the manufacture of gasoline, particularly catalytic cracking reactions.
Kimberlin, C. N., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 569.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Catalysis |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Chemistry of citrus fruits  Joseph, Glenn H.
This discussion endeavors to show the structures and characteristic reactions of typical compounds of citrus fruits, illustrating the diverse fields of chemistry that are involved with commercial products.
Joseph, Glenn H. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 513.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry
Nuclear batteries  Garrett, Alfred B.
Describes the structure, operation, and application of nuclear batteries.
Garrett, Alfred B. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 446.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Electrochemistry
Teaching mass-energy equivalence  Foster, Laurence S.
It is the purpose of this paper to show how the concept of mass-energy equivalence may be introduced in an elementary chemistry course while retaining a focus on chemistry.
Foster, Laurence S. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 300.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Geology as a part of the general college chemistry course  Streng, Evelyn Fiedler
The author identifies areas in the general chemistry curriculum where geology might play a greater role than it does currently.
Streng, Evelyn Fiedler J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 611.
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Letters to the editor  Copeland, Terry
The author offers a student's view regarding the teaching of high school chemistry.
Copeland, Terry J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 599.
Applications of Chemistry
Atomic-weight variations in nature  Boggs, James E.
Atoms of the same element may have different masses (due to isotopic differences) depending on their source.
Boggs, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 400.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
A demonstration fog chamber  Slabaugh, W. H.
Presents a diagram of a glass-enclosed box to be used as a fog chamber for examining the tracks of subatomic particles.
Slabaugh, W. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 269.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
The fluid duplicator  Robertson, G. Ross
An extremely valuable tool in chemical education and an interesting example of applied organic chemistry are combined in the modern fluid or "spirit" duplicator.
Robertson, G. Ross J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 200.
Applications of Chemistry
A synthetic detergent: A case study for appreciations in chemistry  Bunce, Stanley C.
The approach in this presentation is to select a chemical product of some interest - a synthetic detergent - and to describe its chemical history.
Bunce, Stanley C. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 46.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The relative contributions of various elements to the earth's radioactivity  Asimov, Isaac
Describes relative contributions of various elements to the earth's radioactivity.
Asimov, Isaac J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 24.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Geochemistry |
Isotopes
Dating with carbon 14  Kulp, J. Laurence
Examines the principles, technique, results of and problems with radioactive dating using carbon-14.
Kulp, J. Laurence J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 432.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Naturally occurring radioisotopes  Asimov, Isaac
Examines half-life calculations, long-lived radioactive isotopes, and the formation of short-lived radioactive isotopes.
Asimov, Isaac J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 398.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Geochemistry
Recent history of the notion of a chemical species  Bulloff, Jack J.
Quantum and nuclear chemistry have challenged the doctrine that chemical elements are homogeneous entities while studies of the structure and stoichiometry of solids invite a change in our ideas of definite proportions in chemical combinations.
Bulloff, Jack J. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 78.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Stoichiometry |
Solids
Letters  Liguori, Sister M.
The author describes a dynamic model of an atomic pile.
Liguori, Sister M. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 529.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
A continuous cloud chamber  Kuehner, A. L.
Details the construction and use of a continuous cloud chamber.
Kuehner, A. L. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 511.
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear chemistry in the curricula of American colleges and universities  Williams, Russell R., Jr.; Hamill, William H.
Presents the results of a questionnaire received from 192 colleges and universities regarding the nature of and factors influencing their chemistry curricula with respect to nuclear chemistry.
Williams, Russell R., Jr.; Hamill, William H. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 332.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Radiations from radioactive materials  Orban, Edward
Lists many radioactive minerals and ores and their sources and describes some simple demonstrations of radioactivity.
Orban, Edward J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 289.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Dynamic nuclear reaction models  Van Dam, Thomas E.; Holloway, F.; Shapiro, Lawrence; Hector, Raymond
Describes a mouse trap model illustrating controlled and uncontrolled multi-nuclear reactions and a model of an atomic pile portraying the practical use of the controlled nuclear reaction.
Van Dam, Thomas E.; Holloway, F.; Shapiro, Lawrence; Hector, Raymond J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 75.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Experiments on radioactivity in the first course in college chemistry  Brown, Charles A.; Rochow, E. G.
Experiments described include the detection and measurement of radioactivity; comparing the penetrative power of beta and gamma radiation; separating thorium from uranium; and determining the half-life of iodine 128.
Brown, Charles A.; Rochow, E. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1951, 28, 521.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Separation Science
Autoradiography as a science project  Huber, William S.
Describes several autoradiography techniques in which photographic plates are exposed to radioactive sources.
Huber, William S. J. Chem. Educ. 1951, 28, 226.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry