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Journal Articles: 63 results
Using Pooled Data and Data Visualization To Introduce Statistical Concepts in the General Chemistry Laboratory   Robert J. Olsen
This article describes how data pooling and visualization can be employed in the first-semester general chemistry laboratory to introduce core statistical concepts such as central tendency and dispersion of a data set.
Olsen, Robert J. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 544.
Chemometrics |
Stoichiometry
The Analysis of a Murder, a Case Study  Frank J. Dinan, Steven H. Szczepankiewicz, Melinda Carnahan, and Michael T. Colvin
In conjunction with a forensic chemistry case study, students perform strontium determinations, use the data to locate a victim's origin, and act as detectives to formulate a plan to apprehend the murderers.
Dinan, Frank J.; Szczepankiewicz, Steven H.; Carnahan, Melinda; Colvin, Michael T. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 617.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Spectroscopy |
Instrumental Methods |
Atomic Spectroscopy
Magnesium Chloride  Jay A. Young
The hazards of magnesium chloride are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 412.
Laboratory Management
Magnesium  Jay A. Young
The hazards of magnesium are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 411.
Laboratory Management |
Metals
Barium Hydroxide Octahydrate  Jay A. Young
The hazards of barium hydroxide are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 539.
Laboratory Management
Barium Acetate Monohydrate  Jay A. Young
The hazards of barium acetate monohydrate are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 380.
Laboratory Management
Barium Nitrate  Jay A. Young
The hazards of barium nitrate are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 34.
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Laboratory Management
Barium Sulfate  Jay A. Young
The hazards of barium sulfate are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 33.
Laboratory Management
Stoichiometry of Calcium Medicines  Gabriel Pinto
Calcium supplements provide an excellent context in which to review most of the core content of general chemistry, namely, stoichiometry, concentration units, hydration of salts, inorganic and organic salts, physiological importance of elements, resonance in ions, geometry of polyatomic ions, and isomerism.
Pinto, Gabriel. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1509.
Stoichiometry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Medicinal Chemistry
Mineral Analysis of Whole Grain Total Cereal  Paul Hooker
This article describes the quantitative analysis of the elements iron, zinc, and calcium in Whole Grain Total Cereal, a cereal product that claims to contain 100% of the daily value of several vitamins and minerals. This experiment can be implemented at several instructional levels including chemistry courses for science and nonscience majors, and in more advanced chemistry courses such as quantitative or instrumental analysis.
Hooker, Paul. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1223.
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science |
Nutrition |
Quantitative Analysis |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Nonmajor Courses
Magnesium Sulfate  Jay A. Young
The hazards of magnesium sulfate are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 678.
Laboratory Management
Magnesium Oxide  Jay A. Young
The hazards of magnesium oxide are discussed.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 677.
Laboratory Management
More Elementary Riddles  Kevin Cunningham
Four chemical riddles are presented, each highlighting an element (hydrogen, arsenic, selenium, and beryllium) and some of its significant properties. Each riddle is accompanied by a full explanation of its clues and their relationship to characteristics of that element.
Cunningham, Kevin. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 539.
Main-Group Elements |
Metals |
Nonmetals |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Physical Properties
A Laser-Pointer-Based Spectrometer for Endpoint Detection of EDTA Titrations  Christopher E. Dahm, James W. Hall, and Brian E. Mattioni
A simple laser-pointer-based spectrometer has been developed for endpoint detection of EDTA titrations of magnesium and calcium. This spectrometer was built to decrease the uncertainty in determining the endpoint of titrations performed with a Calmagite indicator. With a photoresistor as the detector, and with the aid of a voltage-divider circuit, the quantity of light being absorbed can be followed with a simple pHvoltmeter. Students determine the endpoint by graphing the data and applying simple mathematics. BeerLambert studies with the spectrometer also show excellent agreement for a given set of solutions.
Dahm, Christopher E.; Hall, James W.; Mattioni, Brian E. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1787.
Dyes / Pigments |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Lasers |
Spectroscopy |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Using a Datalogger To Determine First-Order Kinetics and Calcium Carbonate in Eggshells  Martin M. F. Choi and Pui Shan Wong
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the use of a datalogger in conjunction with a pressure sensor to monitor the generation of carbon dioxide when calcium carbonate is in contact with hydrochloric acid.
Choi, Martin M. F.; Wong, Pui Shan. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 859.
Kinetics |
Food Science |
Microscale Lab |
Quantitative Analysis |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing
Calcium  Jay A. Young
Properties, hazards, and storage requirements for calcium.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 479.
Laboratory Management |
Physical Properties |
Metals |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
A Concept-Based Environmental Project for the First-Year Laboratory: Remediation of Barium-Contaminated Soil by In Situ Immobilization  Heather D. Harle, Phyllis A. Leber, Kenneth R. Hess, and Claude H. Yoder
Simulating the detection and remediation of lead-contaminated soil using barium.
Harle, Heather D.; Leber, Phyllis A.; Hess, Kenneth R.; Yoder, Claude H. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 561.
Synthesis |
Stoichiometry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Qualitative Analysis |
Quantitative Analysis |
Metals |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Gravimetric Analysis |
Applications of Chemistry
Calcium Carbide  Jay A. Young
Properties, hazards, and storage requirements for calcium carbide.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 378.
Laboratory Management |
Physical Properties |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Stoichiometry of the Reaction of Magnesium with Hydrochloric Acid  Venkat Chebolu and Barbara C. Storandt
Using a pressure sensor to measure the production of hydrogen by a reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid.
Chebolu, Venkat; Storandt, Barbara C. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 305.
Stoichiometry |
Gases |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing |
Reactions
A Simple Computer-Interfaced Calorimeter: Application to the Determination of the Heat of Formation of Magnesium Oxide  Sze-Shun Wong, Natasha D. Popovich, and Shelley J. Coldiron
Design, construction, and laboratory instructional application of a simple computer-controlled, constant-pressure calorimeter.
Wong, Sze-Shun; Popovich, Natasha D.; Coldiron, Shelley J. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 798.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Instrumental Methods |
Thermodynamics |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy of Calcium in Foodstuffs in Non-Science-Major Courses  Keith S. Kostecka
Non-science-major students are introduced to the concept of ppm, prepare AAS standard solutions, digest foodstuffs in nitric acid, conduct AAS analysis for Ca, determine mass percentage of calcium in the sample, and check calcium levels in various food items on the Internet with a critical eye.
Kostecka, Keith S. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1321.
Atomic Spectroscopy |
Instrumental Methods |
Nonmajor Courses |
Quantitative Analysis |
Food Science
Ernest Rutherford, Avogadro's Number, and Chemical Kinetics Revisited (about J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 998-1003)  James E. Sturm
Estimation of temperatures in heaven and hell based on biblical information.
Sturm, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1278.
Nonmajor Courses |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Kinetics |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Ernest Rutherford, Avogadro's Number, and Chemical Kinetics  I. A. Leenson
The paper presents a way for students to use data from Rutherford's works (1908 - 1911) in order to determine one of the most precise values of Avogadro Constant available at the beginning of the century.
Leenson, I. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 998.
Learning Theories |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Kinetics
Put a Little Kaboom in Your Classroom  Barondeau, Mike
Instructions for constructing a calcium carbide/acetylene cannon from PVC pipe.
Barondeau, Mike J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 176.
Reactions |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Augmenting a classical electrochemical demonstration  Yochum, Susan M.; Luoma, John R.
Substituting magnesium for zinc in the copper/zinc electrochemical cell to enhance student understanding of electrochemistry; includes data and analysis.
Yochum, Susan M.; Luoma, John R. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 55.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Elementary Riddles  Eckley, Doris.
The riddles highlight some contradictory properties of elements and their compounds.
Eckley, Doris. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 1051.
Determination of Calcium in Analgesic Tablets Using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry  Quigley, Michael N.
Procedure to determine the amount of calcium in calcium carbonate coated analgesic tablets using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer.
Quigley, Michael N. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 800.
Quantitative Analysis |
Atomic Spectroscopy |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals
Laboratory Explosion Danger from Mixing Magnesium and Copper Oxide  Vella, Alfred J.
Hazard of mixing magnesium and copper(II) oxide while heating; danger of thermite-type reactions in general.
Vella, Alfred J. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 328.
Metals
A WARNING: Explosion Hazards of Reacting Magnesium and Aluminum with Powdered Silver Nitrate  Laing, Michael
Danger of reacting Mg and AgNO3, Al and AgNO3.
Laing, Michael J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 270.
Metals |
Reactions
Pyrotechnic Reactions Without Oxygen  Wright, Stephen W.
Reaction of K3FeF6 with Al and poly(tetrafluoroethylene) with Mg.
Wright, Stephen W. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 251.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Storing solar energy in calcium chloride  Wilkins, Curtis C.; Hunter, Norman W.; Pearson, Earl F.
Using common chemistry concepts to determine the feasibility of storing solar energy in calcium chloride hexahydrate.
Wilkins, Curtis C.; Hunter, Norman W.; Pearson, Earl F. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 753.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Stoichiometry |
Chemometrics
A cumulative count method for determining the half-life of barium-137 and gallium-68 radioactive isotopes: A spreadsheet application   Hughes, Elvin, Jr.
A profile of a spreadsheet application illustrating a cumulative count method for determining the half-life of barium-137 and gallium-68 radioactive isotopes.
Hughes, Elvin, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, A41.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing
Oxalate blockage of calcium and iron: A student learning activity  Walker, Noojin
The topics of iron deficiency anemia and osteoporosis entice student attention and can be used to construct meaningful learning activities about percent composition, mole concept, selective precipitation, and limiting factors.
Walker, Noojin J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 533.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Stoichiometry |
Plant Chemistry |
Bioanalytical Chemistry |
Bioinorganic Chemistry
Determining the solubility of Ca(OH)2 using 45Ca as a tracer  Edmiston, Michael D.; Suter, Robert W.
These authors have developed a simple lab that can be incorporated into freshman chemistry that allows students to understand the power of radiochemistry as an analytical tool as well as gain perspectives about real versus imagined dangers of radioactivity.
Edmiston, Michael D.; Suter, Robert W. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 279.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
Incorporation of consumer products in the teaching of analytical chemistry   Lieu, Van T.; Kalbus, Gene E.
A development and selection of a number of experiments involving the use of common consumer products for incorporation into quantitative and instrumental analysis laboratories.
Lieu, Van T.; Kalbus, Gene E. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 207.
Applications of Chemistry |
Alcohols |
Acids / Bases |
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis |
Instrumental Methods
Ksp determination of calcium sulfate  Masterman, David
A procedure to obtain the Ksp of a saturated solution of calcium sulfate in 10-20 minutes.
Masterman, David J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 408.
Solutions / Solvents |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Introduction to overhead projector demonstrations  Kolb, Doris
General suggestions for using the overhead projector and 21 demonstrations. [Debut]
Kolb, Doris J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 348.
Rate Law |
Reactions |
Catalysis |
Equilibrium |
Transition Elements |
Metals |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Acids / Bases
Spectrophotometric titration of a mixture of calcium and magnesium  Fulton, Robert; Ross, Michael; Schroeder, Karl
Because the conditions chosen for the titration are not well suited to visual endpoints, students become aware of the unique advantage of spectrophotometric titrations.
Fulton, Robert; Ross, Michael; Schroeder, Karl J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 721.
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Coordination Compounds |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
The determination of calcium in dietary supplement tablets by ion exchange: A freshman laboratory experiment  Dietz, Mark L.
A simple ion-exchange experiment in which the amount of calcium present in dietary supplement tablets is determined.
Dietz, Mark L. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 177.
Ion Exchange
An improved calcium flame test  Pearson, Robert S.
Flame tests using strips of chromatography paper dipped in aqueous solutions of metallic chlorides.
Pearson, Robert S. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 622.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Atomic Properties / Structure
A simultaneous analysis problem for advanced general chemistry laboratories  Leary, James J.; Gallaher, T. N.
The goal of this experiment is to determine the percentage Mg3N2 and the percentage Mg formed when magnesium metal is ignited in a crucible using a Bunsen burner.
Leary, James J.; Gallaher, T. N. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 673.
Quantitative Analysis |
Stoichiometry
Solubility and Ksp of calcium sulfate: a general chemistry laboratory experiment  Sawyer, Albert K.
The experiment shared in this note can be used to accompany lectures on solubility or chemical equilibrium.
Sawyer, Albert K. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 416.
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Equilibrium
Ignition of magnesium in porcelain  Feinstein, H. I.
Demonstrating the presence of nitrogen in air without ruining the porcelain glaze of a crucible.
Feinstein, H. I. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 159.
Laboratory Management |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Teaching Hess's Law  Davik, John
Students can be taught to deal successfully with Hess's Law if they master a few simplified rules.
Davik, John J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 895.
A Demonstration of burning magnesium and dry ice  Driscoll, Jerry A.
This demonstration is a new, exciting approach to an older demonstration.
Driscoll, Jerry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 450.
Thermodynamics |
Kinetics |
Reactions
The chemical formula. Part I: Development  Kolb, Doris
The origin of the chemical formula, the problem of isomers, nucleus theory, radical theories, residue theory, type theory, extension of the type theory, valence theory, graphic formulas, and contribution of Cannizzaro.
Kolb, Doris J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 44.
Stoichiometry
Biochemical roles of some essential metal ions  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
Summarizes the important biochemical roles played by ions of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, cobalt, and copper.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 761.
Metals |
Organometallics |
Bioinorganic Chemistry
Simple qualitative analysis scheme for several environmentally important elements  Lambert, Jack L.; Meloan, Clifton E.
A qualitative analysis scheme for Hg(I), Hg(II), Sb(III), Cr(III), Pb(II), Sr(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), As(III), Cl-, NO3-, and SO4-2.
Lambert, Jack L.; Meloan, Clifton E. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 249.
Qualitative Analysis
A simple separation and identification of radium D, E, and F.  Glasoe, Paul K.
The author provides a modification to general chemistry lab involving a separation and identification of a radium sample.
Glasoe, Paul K. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 268.
Separation Science |
Chromatography
Chemical queries. Especially for introductory chemistry teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Smith, Robert B.; Powell, Richard E.
(1) On balancing a chemical equation in multiple ways. - answer by Smith. (2) On the catalysis of H2 and O2 to produce H2O by platinum. - answer by Powell.
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Smith, Robert B.; Powell, Richard E. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 281.
Catalysis
A novel synthesis of magnesium carbide  Lauren, Paul M.
Demonstrates the synthesis of magnesium carbide from calcium carbide and magnesium ribbon.
Lauren, Paul M. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, A569.
Synthesis
Group II. The alkaline earths. The zinc group  Young, James A.; Klug, Evangeline B.
Demonstrates the formation of insoluble salts in the Ca-group (II-A) and sulfides of the Zn-group (II-B).
Young, James A.; Klug, Evangeline B. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, A59.
Precipitation / Solubility
Calcium carbonate equilibria in the oceans - ion pair formation  Morton, Stephen D.; Lee, G. Fred
Discusses some of the problems encountered in studying the chemistry of lakes and oceans, focussing on the solubility of calcium carbonate in marine environments.
Morton, Stephen D.; Lee, G. Fred J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 513.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Qualitative Analysis
Calcium carbonate equilibria in lakes  Morton, Stephen D.; Lee, G. Fred
Discusses some of the problems encountered in studying the chemistry of lakes and oceans, focussing on the solubility of calcium carbonate in fresh water lakes.
Morton, Stephen D.; Lee, G. Fred J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 511.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Equilibrium
Silver tree  Smith, Donald Z.
A suggestion for improving the silver:copper ratio in the silver tree experiment.
Smith, Donald Z. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 275.
Stoichiometry |
Reactions
Group II. The Alkaline Earths. The Zinc Group B. Calcium  Alyea, Hubert N.
Demonstrations include the stability of hydroxides (Na, Ca, Ba), carbonates (Na, Ca, Cu), and nitrates (Ca, Cu, Ag); and sequestration.
Alyea, Hubert N. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, A1053.
Group II. The Alkaline Earths. The Zinc Group A. Magnesium  Owens, Charles; Young, James A.
Demonstration of magnesium with steam and carbon dioxide.
Owens, Charles; Young, James A. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, A1053.
Ionization, electricity B. (continued) Production of electricity   Hornbeck, LeRoy; Barnard, Robert; Jackman, Kenneth; Ulery, Denver; Rogers, Crosby
Demonstrations include magnesium + acid ringing a bell, magnesium + acid lighting a bulb, couples without a salt bridge, and half-cells with salt bridge and microammeter.
Hornbeck, LeRoy; Barnard, Robert; Jackman, Kenneth; Ulery, Denver; Rogers, Crosby J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, A585.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry
Metallic reduction of aqueous hydrogen chloride  Walker, Noojin, Jr.
Calcium reacts with HCl to liberate hydrogen gas.
Walker, Noojin, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, A477.
Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Metals |
Electrochemistry
Demonstration of a parent-daughter radioactive equilibrium using 137Cs-137mBa  Choppin, Gregory R.; Nealy, Carson L.
Demonstrates the relationship between radioactive half life and both the rate of decay and growth of a radioactive daughter.
Choppin, Gregory R.; Nealy, Carson L. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 598.
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Equilibrium |
Rate Law
Luminescent compounds, i.e., phosphors  Tietze, H. R.
Describes the production of strontium sulfide and cadmium chlorophosphate phosphor. [Author's name was misspelled, corrected on p. A241, March 1963 (but the correction misidentifies the issue in which the error occurred as Dec 1962 rather than Jan 1963).]
Tietze, H. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, A49.
Synthesis
Magnesium cell for demonstration  Mathur, Prem Behari; Paul, Nityanandan J.
Describes a cell system consisting of copper and magnesium plates or ribbon immersed in copper sulfate solution.
Mathur, Prem Behari; Paul, Nityanandan J. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 43.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Letters to the editor  Sastry, K. R. Krishna
Silicon crucibles should not be used with magnesium or calcium as some of the metal reacts with the silicon to form the silicide.
Sastry, K. R. Krishna J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 155.
Laboratory Management