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4 Videos
7 Assessment Questions
11 Journal Articles
13 Other Resources
Videos: First 3 results
Formation of formaldehyde copolymers, nylon rope, high and low density polyethylene, combustion of polyethylene and polystyrene, Beilstein test, formation of solid latex, cleaning oil spills, slime, solid foams, super absorbent polymer, formation of polyurethane foam under normal and micro gravity, and construction of a rod climbing apparatus are demonstrated.
Polymerization |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Polyurethane Foam in Micro Gravity  
Polyurethane foam is formed in micro gravity (NASA Reduced Gravity Program).
Metallocene Catalyzed Polymerization of Ethylene  
Polymerization chemistry is demonstrated by the reaction between ethylene and a Ziegler-Natta catalyst.
Polymerization |
Catalysis |
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Assessment Questions: First 3 results
Special_Topics : RecycledProducts (15 Variations)
Use the EcoRecycle Information Sheets at the Ecorecycle Victoria Plastics Recycling website to answer the following question. (Scroll down to the table called "Some uses for plastics and recycled plastics in Australia".)

Which of the following products can be made from recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET)?

NOTE: If the link above is no longer active, click here for the information.

Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry
Special_Topics : BiopolyFromMonomer (20 Variations)
Match each of the following biomolecules to the type of biopolymer it will form.
Special_Topics : CondAddMonomers (19 Variations)
Which of the following compounds are more likely to be a part of an addition polymer? (Make sure you can see all of all three structures.)

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Journal Articles: First 3 results.
Chemical Bonding Makes a Difference!  Mary Harris
This report describes a PowerPoint presentation that shows how a small difference in bonding can result in a drastic change in the properties of a material.
Harris, Mary. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1435.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Materials Science |
Polymerization |
Chemical Recycling of Pop Bottles: The Synthesis of Dibenzyl Terephthalate from the Plastic Polyethylene Terephthalate  Craig J. Donahue, Jennifer A. Exline, and Cynthia Warner
Procedure in which students depolymerize a common plastic (PET from 2-L pop bottles) under mild conditions using nontoxic chemicals to produce monomer building blocks.
Donahue, Craig J.; Exline, Jennifer A.; Warner, Cynthia. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 79.
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Aromatic Compounds |
Petroleum chemistry  Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.
The history of petroleum chemistry.
Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 465.
Natural Products |
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Catalysis |
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Other Resources: First 3 results
Molecular Models of Polymers Used in Sports Equipment  William F. Coleman
In keeping with the 2008 National Chemistry Week theme of Having a Ball with Chemistry, the Featured Molecules this month are a number of monomers and their associated polymers taken from a paper by Sandy Van Natta and John P. Williams on polymers used in making equipment for a variety of high-impact sports (1). The molecules provide students with an introduction to an important area of applied chemistry and also enable them to examine complex structures using the models they have seen applied to small molecules.It is certainly instructive for students to build small polymer fragments using molecular model kits. Holding a model of n-decane, for example, and twisting it in various ways, provides real insight into the multiplicity of conformations available to supermolecules of polyethylene. Computer-based 3-dimensional structure drawing and visualization programs make it possible to construct large oligomers of known polymers and to begin to explore structural properties of new systems. Two such programs, free for academic use, are DSVisualizer and ArgusLab (2). DSVisualizer includes a useful set of tools for building and viewing structures and a clean geometry option that applies a Dreiding-like force field. ArgusLab adds the ability to perform both molecular mechanics and semi-empirical geometry optimization and to display various molecular surfaces. Using ArgusLab, or a similar program, students can explore the relative energies of various conformations of the substances they have built electronically. Students who are being introduced to molecular modeling and the use of more sophisticated software can easily explore the effects of the modeling and convergence parameters on the stable structures that are found, and can begin to explore the difference between global and local minima on a molecular potential energy surface. Using the conformational search program in HyperChem 7.5 on a tetramer of vinyl chloride (terminated with H; of SRRS stereochemistry; only CCCC torsions varied), approximately half of the 500 structures examined fell within 6 kcal/mol of the lowest energy structure (3). This number would increase significantly if other torsion angles were included.The use of computational software allows us to introduce students in introductory chemistry to the idea of multiple conformations, which is so important in biochemistry and much of organic chemistry. In teaching ideas behind conformational stability care should be taken when attributing conformational stability solely to non-bonded repulsions between peripheral atoms on adjacent carbon atoms. Weinhold and co-workers have recently presented strong evidence that the stability of the staggered conformer of ethane relative to the eclipsed form arises from more favorable interactions of C-H sigma bonding orbitals on adjacent carbons (4). The multiplicity of such interactions could well be responsible for conformational stability in more complex systems. Any discussion of conformational stability should also introduce students to the ultimate conformational problem, the folding of proteins and to the Folding@home project (5).
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry
Addition Polymers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Condensation Polymers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
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