TIGER

Journal Articles: 40 results
Construction of a Polyaniline Nanofiber Gas Sensor  Shabnam Virji, Bruce H. Weiller, Jiaxing Huang, Richard Blair, Heather Shepherd, Tanya Faltens, Philip C. Haussmann, Richard B. Kaner, and Sarah H. Tolbert
The objectives of this lab are to synthesize different diameter polyaniline nanofibers and compare them as sensor materials. Its advantages include simplicity and low cost, making it suitable for both high school and college students, particularly in departments with modest means.
Virji, Shabnam; Weiller, Bruce H.; Huang, Jiaxing; Blair, Richard; Shepherd, Heather; Faltens, Tanya; Haussmann, Philip C.; Kaner, Richard B.; Tolbert, Sarah H. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1102.
Acids / Bases |
Aromatic Compounds |
Conductivity |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Oxidation State |
pH |
Polymerization |
Synthesis
Preparation of Conducting Polymers by Electrochemical Methods and Demonstration of a Polymer Battery  Hiromasa Goto, Hiroyuki Yoneyama, Fumihiro Togashi, Reina Ohta, Akitsu Tsujimoto, Eiji Kita, and Ken-ichi Ohshima
The electrochemical polymerization of aniline and pyrrole, and demonstrations of electrochromism and the polymer battery effect, are presented as demonstrations suitable for high school and introductory chemistry at the university level.
Goto, Hiromasa; Yoneyama, Hiroyuki; Togashi, Fumihiro; Ohta, Reina; Tsujimoto, Akitsu; Kita, Eiji; Ohshima, Ken-ichi. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1067.
Aromatic Compounds |
Conductivity |
Electrochemistry |
Materials Science |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Polymerization
Thermal Analysis of Plastics  Teresa D'Amico, Craig J. Donahue, and Elizabeth A. Rais
Students interpret previously recorded scans generated by differential scanning calorimetry and thermal gravimetric analysis to investigate a polypropylene dog bone, a polyethylene terephthalate pop bottle, the plastics in automobile head- and taillights, fishing line and a tea bag, and the rubber tread of an automobile tire.
D'Amico, Teresa; Donahue, Craig J.; Rais, Elizabeth A. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 404.
Materials Science |
Polymerization |
Thermal Analysis
Chemical Bonding Makes a Difference!  Mary Harris
This report describes a PowerPoint presentation that shows how a small difference in bonding can result in a drastic change in the properties of a material.
Harris, Mary. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1435.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Materials Science |
Polymerization |
Carbohydrates
From "Greasy Chemistry" to "Macromolecule": Thoughts on the Historical Development of the Concept of a Macromolecule  Pedro J. Bernal
This paper presents a narrative about the historical development of the concept of a macromolecule. It does so to illustrate how the history of science might be used as a pedagogical tool to teach science, particularly to non-majors.
Bernal, Pedro J. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 870.
Colloids |
Nonmajor Courses |
Polymerization |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Physical Properties
Teaching Chemistry Laboratory Skills in Industrial Contexts  Julianne M. Braun and Carol White
A recently completed project has produced a compilation of 40 laboratory experiments presented within the contexts of five major industries. This article provides a summary of these experiments, along with a discussion of ancillary materials.
Braun, Julianne M.; White, Carol. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 353.
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Metals |
Polymerization |
Water / Water Chemistry
Gifts from Mother Earth—The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly  Sabine Heinhorst and Gordon C. Cannon
Recent articles from the journal Nature that deal with good, bad, and ugly gifts from Mother Earth are described.
Heinhorst, Sabine; Cannon, Gordon C. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 196.
Biosynthesis |
Biotechnology |
Natural Products |
Nutrition |
Plant Chemistry |
Polymerization |
Proteins / Peptides
Thermal Degradation and Identification of Heat-Sensitive Polymers. Applications of Pyrolysis and Distillation and Instrumental Methods of Analysis  Stuart C. Clough and Emma W. Goldman
An experiment for undergraduate teaching laboratories is described that involves the identification of samples of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate). This involves the thermal degradation of the polymers (a destructive distillation) into their respective monomers. The monomers are then identified using infrared spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and gas chromatographymass spectrometry.
Clough, Stuart C.; Goldman, Emma W. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1378.
Nonmajor Courses |
IR Spectroscopy |
Mass Spectrometry |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Polymerization
Electropolymerized Conducting Polymer as Actuator and Sensor Device: An Undergraduate Electrochemical Laboratory Experiment  María T. Cortés and Juan C. Moreno
A trilayer formed by two conducting polymer films sandwiched around an adhesive polymer layer works as actuator and sensor simultaneously. This device can be bent up to 180 and it can be used as a sensing device of physical chemistry parameters such as cell temperature and electrolyte concentration. In this article, it is shown in a didactic way how to electrochemically synthesize ClO4-doped polypyrrole (PPy) films, how to fabricate a trilayer device, and how to evaluate its actuating and sensing capabilities. The required materials are simple and a complicated setup is not necessary.
Cortés, María T.; Moreno, Juan C. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1372.
Electrochemistry |
Materials Science |
Undergraduate Research |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry
Making and Using a Sensing Polymeric Material for Cu2+: An Introduction to Polymers and Chemical Sensing  Jean R. Paddock, Anne T. Maghasi, William R. Heineman, and Carl J. Seliskar
In this experiment, students will be introduced to concepts of polymer chemistry, chemical sensors, metal chelates, spectroscopy, and quantitative analytical methods. A polymer network is generated by students and consists of crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol) blended with the polyelectrolyte poly(acrylic acid), which is then doped with the spectroscopically-active chelating agent PAN, 1-(2-pyridylazo)-2-napthol. All components of this hydrogel serve as an ion-exchange medium trapping cations that, when exposed to solutions of 2+ metals, can act as a material in a chemical sensor.
Paddock, Jean R.; Maghasi, Anne T.; Heineman, William R.; Seliskar, Carl J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1370.
Quantitative Analysis |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Polymerization |
Ion Exchange |
Quantitative Analysis
Introduction to Photolithography: Preparation of Microscale Polymer Silhouettes  Kimberly L. Berkowski, Kyle N. Plunkett, Qing Yu, and Jeffrey S. Moore
In this experiment, a glass microscope slide acts as the microchip. Students can pattern this "microchip" by layering negative photoresist on the slide using a solution containing monomer, crosslinker, photoinitiator, and dye. The students then cover the photoresist with a photomask, which is the negative of a computer-generated image or text printed on transparency film, and illuminate it with UV light. The photoresist in the exposed area polymerizes into a polymer network with a shape dictated by the photomask. The versatility of this technique is exemplified by allowing each student to fabricate virtually any shape imaginable, including his or her silhouette.
Berkowski, Kimberly L.; Plunkett, Kyle N.; Yu, Qing; Moore, Jeffrey S. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1365.
Materials Science |
Applications of Chemistry |
Free Radicals |
Polymerization
Chemical Recycling of Pop Bottles: The Synthesis of Dibenzyl Terephthalate from the Plastic Polyethylene Terephthalate  Craig J. Donahue, Jennifer A. Exline, and Cynthia Warner
Procedure in which students depolymerize a common plastic (PET from 2-L pop bottles) under mild conditions using nontoxic chemicals to produce monomer building blocks.
Donahue, Craig J.; Exline, Jennifer A.; Warner, Cynthia. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 79.
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Aromatic Compounds |
Polymerization
An Introduction to the Scientific Process: Preparation of Poly(vinyl acetate) Glue  Robert G. Gilbert, Christopher M. Fellows, James McDonald, and Stuart W. Prescott
Exercise to give students experience in scientific processes while introducing them to synthetic polymer colloids.
Gilbert, Robert G.; Fellows, Christopher M.; McDonald, James; Prescott, Stuart W. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1370.
Industrial Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Surface Science |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry |
Colloids
A Polymer "Pollution Solution" Classroom Activity  Terry L. Helser
An active classroom project testing the solubility of foam packing nuggets is described.
J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 843.
Polymerization |
Alcohols
Not So Late Night Chemistry with USD  Koppang, Miles D.; Webb, Karl M.; Srinivasan, Rekha R.
Through the program, college students enhance their knowledge and expertise on a chemical topic and gain experience in scientific presentations. They also serve as role models to the high school students who can relate to college students more easily than the chemistry faculty members and their high school students.
Koppang, Miles D.; Webb, Karl M.; Srinivasan, Rekha R. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 929.
Forensic Chemistry |
Polymerization |
Electrochemistry |
Isotopes |
Acids / Bases
Chemical Magic: Polymers from a Nonexistent Monomer  Seymour, Raymond B.; Kauffman, George B.
Synthesis, properties, and applications of polyvinyl alcohol and related polymers.
Seymour, Raymond B.; Kauffman, George B. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 582.
Polymerization |
Alcohols
Interfacial polymerizations: Microscale polymer laboratory experiments for undergraduate students.  Lewis, Ronald G.; Choquette, Michael; Darden, Edward H.; Gilbert, Mark P.; Martinez, Douglas; Myhaver, Cindy; Schlichter, Karen; Woudenberg, Richard; Zawistowski, Keith.
Experimental procedure for vinyl polymerizations modified to fit a microscale format.
Lewis, Ronald G.; Choquette, Michael; Darden, Edward H.; Gilbert, Mark P.; Martinez, Douglas; Myhaver, Cindy; Schlichter, Karen; Woudenberg, Richard; Zawistowski, Keith. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, A215.
Polymerization |
Microscale Lab |
Surface Science
Incorporating polymeric materials topics into the undergraduate chemistry core curriculum  Droske, John P.
Fourteen lecture "snapshots" and sixteen new polymer experiments developed for incorporation into the general chemistry course.
Droske, John P. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 1014.
Materials Science |
Polymerization
A safe and novel polymerization of styrene   Flynn, Brendan R.
A safer way to demonstrate the synthesis of addition polymers.
Flynn, Brendan R. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 1038.
Polymerization |
Synthesis |
Consumer Chemistry
Synthesis of a phenol-formaldehyde thermosetting polymer  Bedard, Y.; Riedl, B.
Procedure that allows for the synthesis of a 50% aqueous solution of a prepolymer that, with the proper application of heat and pressure, can be used to bind together wood or other materials.
Bedard, Y.; Riedl, B. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 977.
Synthesis |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Phenols |
Polymerization
A revision of a general chemistry experiment on an inorganic polymerization-condensation reaction  Palma, Robert J., Sr.; Sargent, Ed
An inorganic polymerization-condensation reaction modified for the general chemistry laboratory.
Palma, Robert J., Sr.; Sargent, Ed J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 614.
Polymerization
Classroom demonstrations of polymer principles. Part II. Polymer formation  Rodriguez, F.; Mathias, L. J.; Kroschwitz, J.; Carraher, C. E., Jr.
Photopolymerization of acrylamide, bulk polymerization of methyl methacrylate, phenolic resins, and household adhesives and sealants.
Rodriguez, F.; Mathias, L. J.; Kroschwitz, J.; Carraher, C. E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 886.
Polymerization
The gelation of polyvinyl alcohol with borax: A novel class participation experiment involving the preparation and properties of a "slime"  Casassa,E.Z.; Sarquis, A.M.; Van Dyke, C.H.
In this report, the authors describe a safe, interesting, and inexpensive class participation experiment, easily and quickly done by all the students in small to moderately large lecture halls.
Casassa,E.Z.; Sarquis, A.M.; Van Dyke, C.H. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 57.
Alcohols |
Polymerization |
Physical Properties
Chemistry of polymers, proteins, and nucleic acids: A short course on macromolecules for secondary schools  Lulav, Ilan; Samuel, David
Topics considered in a macromolecular chemistry unit for advanced high school chemistry students.
Lulav, Ilan; Samuel, David J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 1075.
Polymerization |
Proteins / Peptides
Synthesis and a simple molecular weight determination of polystyrene  Armstrong, Daniel W.; Marx, John N.; Kyle, Don; Alak, Ala
Procedure for synthesizing styrene and determining its molecular weight using thin layer chromatography.
Armstrong, Daniel W.; Marx, John N.; Kyle, Don; Alak, Ala J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 705.
Synthesis |
Polymerization |
Chromatography
Nylon 6 - A simple, safe synthesis of a tough commercial polymer  Mathias, Lon J.; Vaidya, Rajeev A.; Canterberry, J. B.
An improved procedure for the synthesis of Nylon 6 that is easier, safer, and gives a product with impressive strength.
Mathias, Lon J.; Vaidya, Rajeev A.; Canterberry, J. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 805.
Polymerization |
Synthesis
Polymer photophysics: A negative photoresist  Bramwell, Fitzgerald B.; Zadjura, Richard E.; Stemp, Leo; Fahrenholtz, Susan R.; Flowers, John M.
A negative photoresist is formulated that consists of a solution of a photosensitive film-forming polymer or resin that is used to create the negative image of an object on a glass slide.
Bramwell, Fitzgerald B.; Zadjura, Richard E.; Stemp, Leo; Fahrenholtz, Susan R.; Flowers, John M. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 541.
Photochemistry |
Polymerization
Petroleum chemistry  Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.
The history of petroleum chemistry.
Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 465.
Natural Products |
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Catalysis |
Polymerization
Ethylene: The organic chemical industry's most important building block  Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E.
The sources, chemistry, and industrial uses of ethylene.
Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 385.
Alkenes |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Polymerization
Acne lotion - Great for pimples and making polymers!  May, Jeffrey
Benzoyl peroxide can easily be separated from acne lotion.
May, Jeffrey J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 239.
Polymerization |
Consumer Chemistry |
Separation Science
Plastics: Utilizing the properties of string-like molecules  J. Chem. Educ. Staff
A summary of the properties of common polymers.
J. Chem. Educ. Staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 42.
Polymerization |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Applications of Chemistry
Emulsion polymerization and film formation of dispersed polymeric particles  Ceska, Gary W.
This project illustrates the principles of emulsion polymerization, copolymerization, glass transition temperature (Tg), and the effect of Tg on polymer properties.
Ceska, Gary W. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 767.
Conferences |
Professional Development |
Polymerization
Polymer models  Carraher, Charles E., Jr.
A child's "pop-it-bead" set or polystyrene spheres or corks with holes drilled through them and connected with a shoestring can be used to illustrate some relationships of structure to polymer properties.
Carraher, Charles E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 581.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Modeling |
Polymerization
The effect of structure on chemical and physical properties of polymers  Price, Charles C.
Suggests using polymers to teach the effect of changes in structure on chemical reactivity, the effect of structure on physical properties, the role of catalysts, and the basic principles of a chain reaction mechanism.
Price, Charles C. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 13.
Physical Properties |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization |
Kinetics |
Reactions |
Catalysis |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Letters to the editor  Lambert, Frank L.
The author calls attention to polymer models.
Lambert, Frank L. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 490.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization
Models for linear polymers  Morgan, Paul W.
Suggests models for addition and condensation polymers.
Morgan, Paul W. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 206.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Polymerization
The nylon rope trick: Demonstration of condensation polymerization  Morgan, Paul W.; Kwolek, Stephanie L.
Describes the chemistry and variations of the classic polymerization demonstration.
Morgan, Paul W.; Kwolek, Stephanie L. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 182.
Polymerization
Polymerization of ethylene at atmospheric pressure: A demonstration using a "Ziegler" type catalyst  Zilkha, Albert; Calderon, Nissim; Rabani, Joseph; Frankel, Max
A simple experiment on the polymerization of ethylene at atmospheric pressure is described using a "Ziegler" type catalyst prepared from amyl lithium and titanium tetrachloride.
Zilkha, Albert; Calderon, Nissim; Rabani, Joseph; Frankel, Max J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 344.
Polymerization |
Reactions |
Catalysis |
Alkenes
Linear polymerization and synthetic fibers  Moncrieff, Robert W.
Examines early research in polymers, the synthesis of polyesters and polyamides, the polymerization of hydrocarbons, and condensation and addition polymerization.
Moncrieff, Robert W. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 233.
Polymerization
Lecture demonstrations with silicones  Spalding, David P.
Offers a series of demonstrations designed to illustrate some of the basic properties of the silicones that make them unusual substances, including their resistance to high and low temperatures, unusual surface properties, and chemical inertness.
Spalding, David P. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 288.
Polymerization