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Other Resources: 461 results
Molecular Model of Creatine Synthesis  William F. Coleman
The featured molecules for this month come from the paper Creatine Synthesis: An Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory Experiment by Andri Smith and Paula Tan on the synthesis of creatine in introductory organic chemistry. This synthesis is sufficiently straightforward to be used in non-majors and general chemistry courses. The structures illustrate some of the limitations associated with the computation of molecular structure. The two adenosine phosphates ADP and ATP exhibit a large number of conformations due to rotation of the adenine system around the bond to the ribose ring, multiple rotational conformations in the phosphate groups, the ionic state of the compound, and the interaction with the solvent or another species such as creatine. The structures that are given for ADP and ATP are derived from PM3MM calculations and are very similar to those derived using the UFF force field. Sarcosine, creatine, and creatine phosphate were treated using the model chemistry B3LYP/6-31+G(d). Perhaps the most interesting structural feature is found in the small molecule cyanamide. Observant students might notice in the Web-based structure that the NCN grouping in cyanamide is non-linear, with an angle of about 177°. This is found for essentially all levels of theory we examined up through the G2 combined model. For students who do notice this deviation from linearity it is useful to ask them whether they are surprised, ask them to defend their answer, send them to the literature to see whether such behavior is seen for cyanamide in other phases (it is), and finally to speculate on possible explanations for the observed non-linearity.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Parallel Combinatorial Synthesis of Azo Dyes  William F. Coleman
The featured molecules for this month are from "Parallel Combinatorial Synthesis of Azo Dyes: A Combinatorial Experiment Suitable for Undergraduate Laboratories" by Benjamin W. Gung and Richard T. Taylor. The principle of combinatorial chemistry is illustrated by generating a relatively large number of colorful dyes using only one common reaction, the diazo coupling, and two common reactants with small variations. Fully manipulable (Chime) versions of these molecules appear below.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Bioorganic Synthesis; Monosodium Glutamate and Other Amino Acids  William F. Coleman
The March featured molecules are discussed in the article "The Monosodium Glutamate Story: The Commercial Production of MSG and Other Amino Acids". This paper provides a number of opportunities for introducing students to the importance of stereochemistry in bioorganic synthesis. The collection here includes all of the relevant molecules in the synthesis of α-amino-ε-aminocaprolactam (ACL). The introduction of two chiral centers in the reaction of cyclohexene with NOCl results in four diastereomers, and it is instructive to ask students to predict the relative abundance of those isomers and the dependence of that distribution on the extent to which the reaction is syn- or anti-addition, and to account for the fact that the resultant oxime, and the ACL, are obtained as racemates.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Molecular Models of Reactants and Products from an Asymmetric Synthesis of a Chiral Carboxylic Acid  William F. Coleman
Our JCE Featured Molecules for this month come from the paper by Thomas E. Smith, David P. Richardson, George A. Truran, Katherine Belecki, and Megumi Onishi (1). The authors describe the use of a chiral auxiliary, 4-benzyl-2-oxazolidinone, in the synthesis of a chiral carboxylic acid. The majority of the molecules used in the experiment, together with several of the pharmaceuticals mentioned in the paper, have been added to our molecule collection. In many instances multiple enantiomeric and diastereomeric forms of the molecules have been included. This experiment could easily be extended to incorporate various aspects of computation for use in an advanced organic or integrated laboratory. Here are some possible exercises using the R and S forms of the 4-benzyl-2-oxazolidinone as the authors point out that both forms are available commercially. Calculation of the optimized structures and energies of the enantiomers at the HF/631-G(d) level using Gaussian03 (2) produces the results shown in Table 1. Evaluation of the vibrational frequencies results in no imaginary frequencies and the 66 real frequencies are identical for the two forms. Examination of the computed IR spectra also shows them to be identical. Additionally, the Raman and NMR spectra can be calculated for the enantiomers and compared to experimental values and spectral patterns. A tool that is becoming increasingly important for assigning absolute configuration is vibrational circular dichroism (VCD). Although the vibrational spectra of an enantiomeric pair are identical, the VCD spectra show opposite signs, as shown in Figure 1. One can imagine a synthesis, using an unknown enantiomer of the chiral auxiliary, followed by calculations of the electronic and vibrational properties of all of the intermediates and the product, and determination of absolute configuration of reactants and products by comparison of experimental and computed VCD spectra. Using a viewer capable of displaying two molecules that can be moved independently, students could more easily visualize the origin of the enantiomeric preference in the reaction between the chelated enolate and allyl iodide.
Green Chemistry
Synthesis of Superconductors  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry |
Superconductivity
Synthesis of Biodiesel Fuel  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry |
Green Chemistry
Laboratory Synthesis of the Mineral Hedenbergite  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry |
Geochemistry
Enantiomers of Guaifenesin  William F. Coleman, Randall J. Wildman
The WebWare molecules of the month for March are the enantiomers of guaifenesin. The synthesis of the guaifenesin racemate and of the enantiomers is described in the paper by Stabile and Dicks, "Semi-Microscale Williamson Ether Synthesis and Simultaneous Isolation of an Expectorant from Cough Tablets". Guaifenesin [3-(2-methoxyphenoxy)-1,2-propanediol] is used as an expectorant in a number of commercially available cough medicines.
Molecular Properties / Structure
Dibenzyl Terephthalate  William F. Coleman, Randall J. Wildman
The WebWare molecule for January is from the article "Chemical Recycling of Pop Bottles: The Synthesis of Dibenzyl Terephthalate from the Plastic Polyethylene Terephthalate" by Craig J. Donahue, Jennifer A. Exline, and Cynthia Warner. Polyethylene terephthalate from 2-liter pop bottles can be recycled by converting it to dibenzyl terephthalate.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Sunscreens  William F. Coleman
Reinforcing the "Heath and Wellness" theme of National Chemistry Week 2004, the featured molecules for this month are all found in commercial sunscreens, or in the synthesis of sunscreen materials. The paper by Stabile and Dicks introduces students of organic chemistry to the synthesis of cinnamate esters used in sunscreen products. Several of the papers referenced by those authors, most notably a paper by Doris Kimbrough (J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 51?53), present the structures of additional sunscreen components. Although the details of the synthesis are beyond the scope of most introductory courses, these molecules present an excellent opportunity for introducing students to the absorption of radiation that is far more relevant to their lives than the line spectra of hydrogen and other atoms. Such a discussion could be extended to include more delocalized dyes such as those frequently studied in physical chemistry courses as a test of particle-in-a-box models, and students could be asked about those molecules as sunscreens, which raises an interesting intersection between aesthetics and spectroscopy.
Consumer Chemistry
Compounds That Promote Seed Germination  William F. Coleman
The two molecules for this month come from the section Compound in Smoke Provides the Spark for Germination in the article about "Research Advances" by Angela G. King. These molecules have been demonstrated to stimulate seed germination under various conditions. The butenolide moiety is frequently encountered in natural products. An interesting approach to the synthesis of such molecules can be found in this Organic Letters article (accessed January 2005).
Molecular Properties / Structure
Coumarin, Naphthalene, and Additional Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  William F. Coleman
The featured molecules this month are drawn from two papers. The first, "One-Pot Synthesis of 7-Hydroxy-3-carboxycoumarin in Water", is a Green Chemistry feature by Fringuelli, Piermatti, and Pizzo. The three-dimensional versions of the molecules in the synthesis of the coumarin derivative are directly tied to the reaction scheme included in the paper, opening the possibility of showing large numbers of complex synthetic pathways in this manner.The second paper is "Determining the Carbon-Carbon Distance in an Organic Molecule with a Ruler" by Simoni, Tubino, and Ricchi. This article describes an experiment to determine the size of a naphthalene molecule, using an extension of classic experiments for determining molecular size and Avogadro's number. While the structure of naphthalene will come as no surprise to most students, the molecule collection also includes additional polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that can be used to introduce students to the environmental and health issues related to these molecules.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Aromatic Compounds
Alkaloids; Strychnine, Codeine, Heroin, and Morphine  William F. Coleman
The featured molecules this month come from the article "The Conversion of Carboxylic Acids to Ketones: A Repeated Discovery" by John W. Nicholson and Alan D. Wilson. The authors describe the repeated discovery of this reaction and illustrate its central role in Woodward's total synthesis of strychnine. Strychnine is a member of a large class of nitrogen heterocycles known as alkaloids, a name derived from the fact that all produce basic solutions in water. Other well-known members of this class of compounds, all of which are pharmacologically active, are nicotine, atropine (deadly nightshade), quinine, lysergic acid, cocaine, and the three structurally similar compounds codeine, heroin, and morphine.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Molecular Models of Ruthenium(II) Organometallic Complexes  William F. Coleman
The featured molecules for this month come from the paper "Experiments in Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Phosphine Substitution in (p-Cymene)RuCl2(PR3)" by Ozerov, Moura, and Hoffman in which they study the reactions of a number of "piano stool" complexes of ruthenium(II). The synthesis of compound 2a offers students an alternative to the preparation of ferrocene if they are only preparing one metal-arene complex, and the use of the (p-cymene)RuCl2 dimer as a starting material introduces them to a compound that has become important for the synthesis of a number of ruthenium catalysts. Two structures are found for the dimer in the gas phase, one with the chlorides cis to one another and a more stable form with the chlorides trans. DFT calculations using the LanL2MB basis set and the B3LYP functional in Gaussian 03 (1) show the trans form to be about 90 kJ/mol more stable than the cis form. The structures of the trans form of the dimer and of compound 2a are presented in 2 formats with bonds from the ruthenium ion to all of the carbons in the aryl ring and with a single line to a ghost atom in the center of the ring. These are the two common ways of representing such structures but students should be made aware that the overall coordination about the ruthenium in both the dimer and in compound 2a is octahedral, and should look at the structures to convince themselves of that fact. It is also instructive to look at compound 2a, and the other piano stool complexes that are made in the paper, to see how deceptive representation of the triphenylphosphine moiety as PR3 is in terms of the stereochemical bulk of that group.
Organometallics
Molecular Models of Plant Hormones  William F. Coleman
The paper "Synthesis of Plant Auxin Derivatives and Their Effects on Ceratopteris richardii" by Corey E. Stilts and Roxanne Fisher describing an experiment begun in the organic labs and completed in a biochemistry cell biology lab provides the featured molecules for this month. The molecules in Figure 1 of that paper have been added to the collection. There is nothing particularly surprising about their structures, but students might be interested in seeing whether they can determine any structure/regulating effect relationships as the number of synthesized auxin derivatives grows. Additionally, students with little or no biochemistry background might wish to explore other systems that act as growth regulating hormones in plants, as an introduction to the variety of molecular structures that can display such bioactivity. Such molecules range from the very simple, ethene, to the adenine-derived cytokinins (an example of which, zealtin, is shown here) and the brassinosteroids. Brassinolide, a commonly occurring brassin, is also shown. These latter two structures have also been added to the molecule collection. All of the structures have been optimized at the HF/6-31G(d) level.
Synthesis |
Biological Cells |
Hormones |
Bioorganic Chemistry
Molecular Models of Dyes  William F. Coleman
The paper on the synthesis of several dyes by James V. McCullagh and Kelly A. Daggett (1) provides us with the JCE Featured Molecules for this month. The authors mention various applications of these dyes, ranging from commercial dyeing to techniques for determining the course of complex biochemical processes. One of the reaction products, rhodamine B, is a member of a family of molecules that are widely used as tunable laser dyes. In this application, the rhodamines are most commonly encountered in a cationic form, rather than in the neutral form shown in the paper. In the cations, the carboxyl group is no longer part of a ring system. Several different members of the rhodamine family are included in the molecule collection because substituents have a marked effect on the effective lasing range of a given dye. Additionally, the solvent and the excitation source also influence the lasing range (2). Students can learn more about the relationship between structure, absorption and emission properties, and lasing ranges of various dyes by consulting ref 2 and from PhotochemCAD, Jonathan Lindsey's free application (3).
Dyes / Pigments
Molecular Models of Products and Reactants from Suzuki and Heck Syntheses  William F. Coleman
Our Featured Molecules this month come from the paper by Evangelos Aktoudianakis, Elton Chan, Amanda R. Edward, Isabel Jarosz, Vicki Lee, Leo Mui, Sonya S. Thatipamala, and Andrew P. Dicks (1), in which they describe the synthesis of 4-phenylphenol using an aqueous-based Suzuki reaction. The authors describe the various ways in which this reaction addresses concerns of green chemistry, and point out that their product bears structural similarity to two non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), felbinac and diflunisal. A number of molecules from this paper and its online supplemental material have been added to the Featured Molecules collection. Students will first notice that the aromatic rings in the molecules based on a biphenyl backbone are non-planar, as is the case in biphenyl. If they look carefully at diflunisal, they will notice that the carbon atoms are in a different chemical environment. One way in which to see the effect of these differing environments is to examine the effect of atom charge on the energies of the carbon 1s orbitals. Figure 1 shows this effect using charges and energies from an HF/631-G(d) calculation. A reasonable question to ask students would be to assign each of the data points to the appropriate carbon atom. As an extension of this exercise students could produce similar plots using different computational schemes. Are the results the same; are they parallel. This would be a useful problem when dealing with the tricky question of exactly what is meant by atom charge in electronic structure calculations. Students with more expertise in organic chemistry could explore extending the synthesis of 4-phenylphenol to produce more complex bi- and polyphenyl-based drugs. This may well be the first time that they have seen coupling reactions such as the Suzuki and Heck reactions. Students in introductory and non-science-major courses might well find the NSAIDs to be an interesting group of molecules, and could be asked to find information on the variety of molecules that display the anti-inflammatory properties associated with NSAIDs. Do they find structural similarities? Are there various classes of NSAIDs? Are they familiar with any of these molecules? Have they taken any NSAIDs? If so, for what reason? Is there any controversy about any of the NSAIDs? As with all of the molecules in the Featured Molecules collections, those added this month provide us with a number of ways of showing students the practical relevance of what they sometime see only as lines on a page. Molecules do matter.
Synthesis
Molecular Models of Lycopene and Other Carotenoids  William F. Coleman
Over the past decade or so the phrase emerging research suggests has entered the argot of advertising, and that phrase has been applied to this month's Featured Molecule, lycopene, particularly with regard to potential health benefits of tomatoes. The paper by Jie Zhu, Mingjie Zhang, and Qingwei Liu (1) describes an extraction and purification of lycopene from tomato paste using an emulsion rather than the traditional solvent-based extraction. Lycopene is a member of the family of molecules called carotenoids, the most familiar of which is beta-carotene. This family of natural products includes more than 500 members that have been isolated and whose structures have been determined. Professor Hanspeter Pfander's research group at the University of Bern maintains a Web site with a significant amount of information on carotenoid structure, synthesis, and activity (2). Structurally one can think of carotenoids as consisting of three segments, a relatively rigid conjugated central portion with end groups. The end groups are, in general, flexible with respect to rotation about the bond connecting them to the central portion. For example, in beta-carotene, the dependence of total energy on the dihedral angle shown in Figure 1, displays a very broad range of essentially isoenergetic conformations (Figure 2). The energies shown in Figure 2 were calculated at the PM3 level using Hyperchem 7.5 (3). Calculations at the HF/631-G(d,p) level, with many fewer data points, show a similar trend. Many of the health benefits derived from various carotenoids are attributed to their antioxidant activities. Carotenoids react with singlet-oxygen in a physical, diffusion-controlled, quenching process that results in ground state triplet-oxygen and, following a non-radiative relaxation, ground state carotenoid. Of the various carotenoids that have been studied, lycopene and beta-carotene show the greatest quenching rate constants (4). The carotenoids provide us with countless explorations by students and teachers looking for connections between fundamental chemical concepts and real-world applications. Structure, reactivity, chemical synthesis, biosynthesis, and stereochemistry are just a few of the concepts involved in understanding the manifest important roles that these molecules play.
Plant Chemistry |
Natural Products
Molecular Models of Antioxidants and Radicals  William F. Coleman
This month's featured molecules come from the paper by John M. Berger, Roshniben J. Rana, Hira Javeed, Iqra Javeed, and Sandi L. Schulien (1) describing the use of DPPH to measure antioxidant activity. DPPH was one of the featured molecules in September 2007 (2) and the basics of antioxidant activity were introduced in last month's column (3). In addition, some of the other molecules in the paper are already in the featured molecules collection (4). The remaining structures in the Figure 1 and Table 1 of the paper have been added to the collection. All structures have been optimized at the 6-311G(D,P) level. These molecules suggest a number of possible student activities, some reminiscent of previous columns and some new. (R,R,R)-α-tocopherol is one of the molecules in the mixture that goes by the name vitamin E. These molecules differ in the substituents on the benzene ring and on whether or not there are alternating double bonds in the phytyl tail. In (R,R,R)-α-tocopherol the R's refer to the three chiral carbon atoms in tail while α refers to the substituents on the ring. (R,R,R)-α-Tocopherol is the form found in nature. An interesting literature problem would be to have students learn more about the vitamin E mixture and the differing antioxidant activity of the various constituents. Additionally they could be asked to explore the difference between the word natural as used by a chemist, and "natural" as used on vitamin E supplements. Can students find regulations governing the use of the term "natural"? Can they suggest alternative legislation, and defend their ideas? If students read about vitamin C they will discover that only L-ascorbic acid is useful in the body. It would be interesting to extend the experiment described in the Berger et al. paper (1) to include D-ascorbic acid. How do the antioxidant abilities of the enantiomers, as determined by reaction with DPPH compare? Is this consistent with the behavior in the body? Why or why not? Berger et al. mention two other stable neutral radicals, TEMPO (2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl) and Fremy's salt. In a reversal from the use of stable radicals to measure antioxidant properties, these two molecules have proven to be very versatile oxidation catalysts in organic synthesis, and would make a rich source of research papers for students in undergraduate organic courses.
Free Radicals |
Natural Products
Molecular Models of Natural Products  William F. Coleman
This month's issue of the Journal includes several papers discussing interesting molecules that fall into the broad category of natural products, and four of these papers serve as the source for our featured molecules this time around. Addison Ault weaves an interesting tale of the search for the true structure of eserethole and of the competition between two research groups that of Percy Julian, consisting of two people, and that of the British chemist Robert Robinson, a large group at Oxford (1). David Vosburg describes a case study approach to teaching organic synthesis and includes a number of molecules that have been the basis of student research papers (2). Jean-Michel Lavoie, Esteban Chornet, and André Pelletier have developed an experiment utilizing GCMS to separate terpenes from citrus (3), and Patty Feist, in a paper that may send readers running for their Kafka, has students synthesize a cockroach pheromone that may have wide applicability in cockroach control without the problems created by many insecticides (4).The molecules that have been added to our collection contain a wide variety of functional groups, and would serve as a good source for an exercise in having students recognize these functional groups in a number of different settings. Questions such as How many cyclic ether groups are present?, How many bridgehead carbons?, or How many chiral centers would be useful exercises in organic and introductory non-majors courses. Students could find other pheromone structures and see how they compare with that of blattellaquinone, or explore the various ways in which the steroid backbone shows up in the collection.This collection of molecules also provides a good starting point for students to use the capabilities of Jmol to further explore structural features. The focus here is on measuring bond distance and angles. Double clicking on any atom will change the cursor to a cross-hair (this may take a little practice). One end of a dashed line is now locked to that atom. Dragging the free end of the line to other atoms will show the distance between the two centers in nanometers. Double clicking on a second atom will lock a line segment between those two atoms and display the distance in black. There is now another free end of the segmented line, and dragging that to any other atom will show the angle defined by the three-atom combination. Double clicking on the third atom fixes the second line segment and gives a third segment that can be dragged and double clicked to display dihedral angles. Students could, for example, explore various ring structures in this collection to determine which rings are distorted and which are not.The files that are currently used for the collection are MDL mol files, and do not contain orbital, electrostatic potential, or vibrational data. Beginning next month we will change the file format, and that information will be available to users, either through the Jmol menu (right click on any structure) or through menu choices.Not all of the molecules from the Ault paper (1) have been included, leaving room for students to model and perform calculations on many of the non-eserethole species, and to consider how modern tools of analysis might have simplified the identification of eserethole. They might also wish to determine which pair of eserethole enantiomers are the more stable. (The eserethole structures included here have all been optimized at the 6311++G (d,p) level.)
Natural Products
Molecular Models of Peroxides and Albendazoles  William F. Coleman
This month our featured molecules come from two sources, the paper by Marina Canepa Kittredge, Kevin W. Kittredge, Melissa S. Sokol, Arlyne M. Sarquis, and Laura M. Sennet on the stability of benzoyl peroxide (1) and the paper by Graciela Mahler, Danilo Davyt, Sandra Gordon, Marcelo Incerti, Ivana Núñez, Horacio Pezaroglo, Laura Scarone, Gloria Serra, Mauricio Silvera, and Eduardo Manta on the synthesis of an albendazole metabolite (2).The benzoyl peroxide paper is targeted at non-majors courses, but the molecule and related peroxides contain a number of interesting structural features that could be explored in traditional introductory and in upper-level courses. The first feature is the OO bond itself. In the three examples included in the collection the bond length computed at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level ranges from 133.8 pm for dimethyl peroxide to 144.9 pm for hydrogen peroxide. The experimental value for the latter is 147.5 pm and the Computational Chemistry Comparison and Benchmark DataBase (CCCBD) gives a wide range of computed OO bond lengths in H2O2 for more than 20 model chemistries (3).The XOOXʹ dihedral angle in these peroxides also shows interesting properties that have been difficult to reproduce theoretically. In hydrogen peroxide the experimental value is 119.8°, while our calculation gives 121.5°. Again the CCCBD reports a wide variation in this angle, including methods that produce a value of 180°. On the other hand, our model of benzoyl peroxide has a dihedral angle of 86.6°, and dimethyl peroxide shows a dihedral angle of 180°. Weinhold and Landis discuss the angle in hydrogen peroxide in terms of a stabilization of the gauche form through an nσ* interaction between oxygen lone pairs and empty CO σ* orbitals (4). Many levels of theory produce 180° dihedral angles for dimethyl peroxide and, as Tonmunphean, Parasuk, and Karpfen have pointed out, minima in the 120° range are not observed until coupled-cluster models are applied (5). The accepted experimental structure with a 119 ± 10° dihedral angle comes from an electron diffraction study (6). These experimental and high-level theoretical calculations lead us to conclude that the model proposed by Weinhold and Landis applies to more complex peroxides as well as to H2O2.In the case of albendazole and the oxygenated albendazoles, it is interesting to monitor the computed charges on the sulfur atoms with oxygenation. The charges on the sulfur atoms, computed at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level, are 0.066, 0.768 and 1.123 for 0, 1 and 2 oxygens on the sulfur atom respectively. Students could be asked to predict and explain the order of the charges, and to comment on how the charges inform the description of bonding about the sulfur atom. To what extent is the hypervalent species ionic? Does this influence how we should think of d-orbital participation in such molecules?
Molecular Modeling
Chemistry in Context, 6th Ed.  Lucy Pryde Eubanks, Catherine H. Middlecamp, Carl E. Heltzel, Steven W. Keller
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry in Context, 6th Ed., by Lucy Pryde Eubanks, Catherine H. Middlecamp, Carl E. Heltzel, Steven W. Keller published by McGraw-Hill, 2009.
General Chemistry, 9th Edition  Darrell D. Ebbing, Steven D. Gammon
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, General Chemistry, 9th Edition, by Darrell D. Ebbing, Steven D. Gammon published by Houghton Mifflin Company, 2007.
Issues and Physical Science  SEPUP
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Physical Science textbook, Issues and Physical Science, by SEPUP published by LAB-AIDS, Inc., 2007.
Holt Physical Science  William L. Ramsey, Lucretia A. Gabriel, James F. McGuirk, Clifford R. Phillips, Frank M. Watenpaugh
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Physical Science textbook, Holt Physical Science, by William L. Ramsey, Lucretia A. Gabriel, James F. McGuirk, Clifford R. Phillips, Frank M. Watenpaugh published by Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1988.
Chemistry, 8th Edition  Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry, 8th Edition, by Steven S. Zumdahl, Susan A. Zumdahl published by Brooks/Cole, 2010.
Chemistry in Focus: A Molecular View of Our World  Nivaldo J. Tro
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry in Focus: A Molecular View of Our World, by Nivaldo J. Tro published by Brooks/Cole, 2009.
Survival Guide for General Chemistry with Math Review  Charles H. Atwood
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Survival Guide for General Chemistry with Math Review, by Charles H. Atwood published by Brooks/Cole, 2008.
Experimental Organic Chemistry: A Miniscale and Microscale Approach  John C. Gilbert
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Organic Chemistry textbook, Experimental Organic Chemistry: A Miniscale and Microscale Approach, by John C. Gilbert published by Brooks/Cole, 2011.
Chemical Principles, 6th Edition  Steven S. Zumdahl
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemical Principles, 6th Edition, by Steven S. Zumdahl published by Brooks/Cole, 2009.
Chemistry: Principles and Practice, 3rd Edition  Daniel L. Reger, Scott R. Goode, David W. Ball
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry: Principles and Practice, 3rd Edition, by Daniel L. Reger, Scott R. Goode, David W. Ball published by Brooks/Cole, 2010.
Chemistry: The Molecular Science, 2nd Edition  John W. Moore, Conrad L. Stanitski, Peter C. Jurs
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry: The Molecular Science, 2nd Edition, by John W. Moore, Conrad L. Stanitski, Peter C. Jurs published by Brooks/Cole, 2005.
Chemistry: The Molecular Science, 3rd Edition  John W. Moore, Conrad L. Stanitski, Peter C. Jurs
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry: The Molecular Science, 3rd Edition, by John W. Moore, Conrad L. Stanitski, Peter C. Jurs published by Brooks/Cole, 2008.
Chemistry: The Practical Science  Paul Kelter, Michael Mosher, Andrew Scott
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry: The Practical Science, by Paul Kelter, Michael Mosher, Andrew Scott published by Brooks/Cole, 2008.
Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity, 7th Edition  John C. Kotz, Paul M. Treichel, John Townsend
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity, 7th Edition, by John C. Kotz, Paul M. Treichel, John Townsend published by Brooks/Cole, 2008.
Principles of Chemistry: The Molecular Science  John W. Moore, Conrad L. Stanitski, Peter C. Jurs
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Principles of Chemistry: The Molecular Science, by John W. Moore, Conrad L. Stanitski, Peter C. Jurs published by Brooks/Cole, 2009.
The World of Chemistry: Essentials  Melvin Joesten, Mary E. Castellion, John L. Hogg
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, The World of Chemistry: Essentials, by Melvin Joesten, Mary E. Castellion, John L. Hogg published by Brooks/Cole, 2007.
Principles of Modern Chemistry, 6th Edition  David W. Oxtoby, H. P. Gillis, Alan Campion
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Principles of Modern Chemistry, 6th Edition, by David W. Oxtoby, H. P. Gillis, Alan Campion published by Brooks/Cole, 2008.
Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition  Mark S. Cracolice, Edward I. Peters
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Introductory Chemistry: An Active Learning Approach, 3rd Edition, by Mark S. Cracolice, Edward I. Peters published by Brooks/Cole, 2007.
Introductory Chemistry for Today  Spencer L. Seager, Michael R. Slabaugh
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Introductory Chemistry for Today, by Spencer L. Seager, Michael R. Slabaugh published by Brooks/Cole, 2008.
Organic Chemistry: A Guided Inquiry  Andrei Straumanis
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Organic Chemistry textbook, Organic Chemistry: A Guided Inquiry, by Andrei Straumanis published by Brooks/Cole, 2009.
Organic and Biological Chemistry, 5th Edition  H. Stephen Stoker
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry textbook, Organic and Biological Chemistry, 5th Edition, by H. Stephen Stoker published by Brooks/Cole, 2010.
Organic Chemistry, 2nd Edition  Joseph M. Hornback
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Organic Chemistry textbook, Organic Chemistry, 2nd Edition, by Joseph M. Hornback published by Brooks/Cole, 2006.
Introductory Chemistry, 7th Edition  Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Introductory Chemistry, 7th Edition, by Steven S. Zumdahl, Donald J. DeCoste published by Brooks/Cole, 2011.
Chemistry: Principles and Reactions, 6th Edition  William L. Masterton and Cecile N. Hurley
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry: Principles and Reactions, 6th Edition, by William L. Masterton and Cecile N. Hurley published by Brooks/Cole, 2009.
Organic Chemistry, 5th Edition  William H. Brown, Christopher S. Foote, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Organic Chemistry textbook, Organic Chemistry, 5th Edition, by William H. Brown, Christopher S. Foote, Brent L. Iverson, Eric Anslyn published by Brooks/Cole, 2009.
Chemistry  Kenneth W. Whitten, Raymond E. Davis, M. Larry Peck, George G. Stanley
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Chemistry, by Kenneth W. Whitten, Raymond E. Davis, M. Larry Peck, George G. Stanley published by Brooks/Cole, 2010.
Understanding the Principles of Organic Chemistry: A Laboratory Course, 1st Edition  Pedersen; Myers
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Organic Chemistry textbook, Understanding the Principles of Organic Chemistry: A Laboratory Course, 1st Edition, by Pedersen; Myers published by Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning, 2011.
Laboratory Inquiry in Chemistry, 3rd Edition  Richard Bauer, James Birk, Doug Sawyer
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook, Laboratory Inquiry in Chemistry, 3rd Edition, by Richard Bauer, James Birk, Doug Sawyer published by Brooks/Cole, 2009.
Textbook-Integrated Guide for Educational Resources (TIGER)  
The Textbook-Integrated Guide to Educational Resources (TIGER) is ChemEd DL's new way to find useful online resources. Find your textbook in the list and click on the title. This will take you to a table of contents where you can choose the chapter and section that you are currently studying. A list of resources from ChemEd DL will appear. Click on any resource that seems useful.
ChemPRIME  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the General Chemistry textbook ChemPRIME, a wiki textbook available free from the ChemEd DL, edited by Ed Vitz, John W. Moore and published by the Chem PRIME Project, 2010.
Organic Chemistry, 7th Edition  John E. McMurry
Finds ChemEd DL resources related to the sections of the Organic Chemistry textbook, Organic Chemistry, 7th Edition, by John E. McMurry published by Brooks/Cole, 2008.
What Chemists Do  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions
Handling Large and Small Numbers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Chemometrics
SI Prefixes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Measurements, Quantities, and Unity Factors  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Chemometrics
Errors in Measurement  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Chemometrics
Volume  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Density  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Physical Properties
Conversion Factors and Functions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Macroscopic Properties and Microscopic Models  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Properties / Structure
The Atomic Theory  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Macroscopic and Microscopic Views of a Chemical Reaction  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Testing the Atomic Theory  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Atomic Weights  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
The Amount of Substance: Moles  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
The Mole  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry
The Amount of Substance  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry
The Avogadro Constant  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stoichiometry
The Molar Mass  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
Formulas and Composition  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Quantitative Analysis
Balancing Chemical Equations  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry
Equations and Mass Relationships  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry
The Limiting Reagent  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry
Percent Yield  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Synthesis
Analysis of Compounds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Stoichiometry
Thermochemistry  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Thermochemical Equations  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Hess' Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Standard Enthalpies of Formation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Solution Concentrations  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solutions / Solvents
Diluting and Mixing Solutions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solutions / Solvents
Titrations  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Groups of Related Elements  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The Periodic Table  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Valence  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Exceptions to the Periodic Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Implications of Periodicity for Atomic Theory  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
The Nuclear Atom  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Radiation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
The Electron  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure
The Nucleus  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Atomic Structure and Isotopes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Isotopes |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Isotopes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Isotopes
Transmutation and Radioactivity  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Average Atomic Weights  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Measurement of Atomic Weights  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Mass Spectrometry
Electrons and Valence  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Lewis Diagrams  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lewis Structures
The Wave Nature of the Electron  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Wave Mechanics  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Quantum Chemistry
The Uncertainty Principle  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Quantum Chemistry
Electron Waves in the Hydrogen Atom  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Quantum Chemistry
Orbitals  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Quantum Numbers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Coulomb's Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry
Potential Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry
Electron Density and Potential Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry
Atoms Having More Than One Electron  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Beryllium, Boron, Carbon  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Electron Configurations  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Electron Configurations and the Periodic Table  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Ionic Bonding  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Ionic Bonding
Energy and the Formation of Ions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Thermodynamics
The Ionic Crystal Lattice  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography
Ions and Noble-Gas Electron Configurations  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Periodic Variation of IE and EA  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Ionization Energies  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Ionization of Transition and Inner Transition Elements  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Metals
Electron Affinities  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Binary Ionic Compounds and Their Properties  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Ionic Bonding
The Octet Rule  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Physical Properties  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Ionic Bonding
The Covalent Bond  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Covalent Bonding
Covalent Molecules and the Octet Rule  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lewis Structures |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Writing Lewis Structures for Molecules  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lewis Structures |
Resonance Theory
Examples of Lewis Structures  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lewis Structures
Polyatomic Ions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lewis Structures
Ionic Compounds Containing Polyatomic Ions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Ionic Bonding
Atomic Sizes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Ionic Sizes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Exceptions to the Octet Rule  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lewis Structures |
Free Radicals |
Molecular Properties / Structure
The Shapes of Molecules  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Properties / Structure
Molecules with Lone Pairs  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
VSEPR Theory
Multiple Bonds and Molecular Shapes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Properties / Structure
Hybrid Orbitals  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
MO Theory
Orbital Descriptions of Multiple Bonds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Diastereomers
Sigma and Pi Bonds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Covalent Bonding
Polarizability  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Polar Covalent Bonds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Covalent Bonding
Electronegativity  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Polarity in Polyatomic Molecules  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
VSEPR Theory |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Resonance  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Resonance Theory
Covalent Compounds and Intermolecular Forces  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Covalent Bonding
Dipole Forces  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Noncovalent Interactions
London Forces  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Noncovalent Interactions
Alkanes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Cycloalkanes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Properties of Alkanes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Chirality / Optical Activity
Aromatic Hydrocarbons  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Aromatic Compounds
Unsaturated Hydrocarbons  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Alkenes |
Alkynes
Hydrogen Bonding: Water  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Hydrogen Bonding
Ice and Water  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Water / Water Chemistry
Alcohols  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Alcohols |
Addition Reactions
Ethers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Ethers
Aldehydes and Ketones  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Aldehydes / Ketones
Carboxylic Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Carboxylic Acids
Esters  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Esters
Macromolecular Substances  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography
Diamond and Graphite  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography
Silicon Dioxide  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography
Synthetic Macromolecules: Some Applied Organic Chemistry  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Materials Science |
Polymerization
Addition Polymers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Polymerization
Condensation Polymers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Polymerization
Cross-Linking  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Materials Science |
Polymerization
Properties of Gases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
Measurement of Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Gas Laws  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
Avogadro's Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Boyle's Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
Charles's Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Gases
Gay-Lussac's Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
The Ideal Gas Equation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
The Law of Combining Volumes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
Kinetic Theory of Gases: Postulates of the Kinetic Theory  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Kinetic Theory of Gases: The Total Molecular Kinetic Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Kinetic Theory of Gases: Molecular Speeds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Kinetic Theory of Gases: Graham's Law of Diffusion  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Kinetic Theory of Gases: The Distribution of Molecular Speeds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Deviations from the Ideal Gas Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Solids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solids
Lattices and Unit Cells  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography
Crystal Systems  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography
Closest-Packed Structures  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Crystals / Crystallography
Liquids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Liquids
Viscosity  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Liquids |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Physical Properties
Amorphous Materials: Glasses  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Liquids
Phase Transitions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Enthalpy of Fusion and Enthalpy of Vaporization  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Boiling Point  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Physical Properties |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Critical Temperature and Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties
Phase Diagrams  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Solutions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solutions / Solvents
Saturated and Supersaturated Solutions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solutions / Solvents |
Precipitation / Solubility
Miscibility  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Liquids
Measuring the Composition of a Solution  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solutions / Solvents
Solubility and Molecular Structure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility
Ideal Solutions: Raoult's Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solutions / Solvents
The Separation of Mixtures  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Separation Science
Distillation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Physical Properties |
Separation Science
Chromatography  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Chromatography |
Gas Chromatography
Colligative Properties of Solutions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Solutions / Solvents |
Physical Properties
Boiling and Freezing Points  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Physical Properties
Osmotic Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Membranes
Colloids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Colloids
Precipitation Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility
Hydration of Ions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Hydrogen and Hydroxide Ions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Acid-Base Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases
Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases
Bases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases
Strong Acids and Bases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases
Weak Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Carboxylic Acids
Weak Bases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Amines / Ammonium Compounds
Amphiprotic Species  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases |
Amino Acids
Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases
Lewis Acids and Bases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lewis Acids / Bases
Redox Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Oxidation / Reduction
Oxidation Numbers and Redox Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Oxidation State
Balancing Redox Equations  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Oxidation / Reduction
Common Oxidizing Agents  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Oxidation / Reduction
Common Reducing Agents  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Metals |
Oxidation / Reduction
Substances Which Are Both Oxidizing and Reducing Agents  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Water / Water Chemistry
Redox Couples  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Oxidation / Reduction
Group IA: Alkali Metals  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Group IIA: Alkaline Earths  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Group IIIA  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Group IVA  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Group VA  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Group VIA: Chalcogens  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Group VIIA: Halogens  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Group VIIIA: Noble Gases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The Equilibrium State  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Equilibrium Constant  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Law of Chemical Equilibrium  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Equilibrium Constant in Terms of Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Physical Properties
Calculating the Extent of a Reaction  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Successive Approximation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Predicting the Direction of a Reaction  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Thermodynamics
Le Chatelier's Principle  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Equilibrium
The Effect of a Change in Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Equilibrium
The Effect of a Change in Temperature  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Effect of Adding a Reactant or Product  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Molecular View of Equilibrium  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Ionization of Water  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Water / Water Chemistry
pH and pOH  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
pH
The pH of Solutions of Weak Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Acids / Bases
The pH of Solutions of Weak Bases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Acids / Bases
Polyprotic Acids and Bases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases
Conjugate Acid-Base Pairs and pH  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Buffer Solutions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Indicators  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Titration Curves  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
The Solubility Product  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Equilibrium
The Common-Ion Effect  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility
The Solubilities of Salts of Weak Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility
Heat Capacities  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Heat Capacity
Heat Capacity and Microscopic Changes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Heat Capacity |
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Internal Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamic Terms and Conventions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Enthalpy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Measuring the Enthalpy Change  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
State Functions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Standard Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Bond Enthalpies  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Bond Enthalpies and Exothermic or Endothermic Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Reactions
Fossil Fuels and the Energy Crisis  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Photosynthesis  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Photosynthesis |
Plant Chemistry
Spontaneous Processes and Molecular Probability  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions
Atoms, Molecules, and Probability  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Statistical Mechanics
Rates of Spontaneous Processes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions
Thermodynamic Probability W and Entropy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Statistical Mechanics
Getting Acquainted with Entropy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Standard Molar Entropies  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Dependence of S on Molecular Structure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Mechanics / Dynamics
Some Trends In Entropy Values  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Mechanics / Dynamics
Entropy Changes in Gaseous Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Gases
Entropy, Randomness, and Disorder  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Statistical Mechanics |
Thermodynamics
Measuring the Entropy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Including the Surroundings  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
The Free Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Maximum Useful Work  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Equilibrium Constants Revisited  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Electrolysis  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Electrolysis of Brine  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry
Aluminum Production  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Industrial Chemistry |
Electrochemistry
Refining of Copper  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Industrial Chemistry |
Electrochemistry
Electroplating  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry
Quantitative Aspects of Electrolysis  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry
Galvanic Cells  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Cell Notation and Conventions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Electromotive Force of Galvanic Cells  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Storage Batteries  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Consumer Chemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Fuel Cells  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Applications of Chemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Galvanic Cells and Free Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Cells at Non-Standard Conditions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
The Rate of Reaction  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Catalysis |
Kinetics
The Rate Equation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Kinetics |
Rate Law
Microscopic View of Chemical Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Mechanics / Dynamics
Unimolecular Processes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Rate Law
Bimolecular Processes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Rate Law
Termolecular Processes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Molecular Mechanics / Dynamics
Reaction Mechanisms  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Mechanisms of Reactions
Increasing the Rate of a Reaction  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Catalysis |
Enzymes
The Effect of Temperature  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Catalysis  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Catalysis
Heterogeneous Catalysis  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Catalysis
Naturally Occurring Radioactivity  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Radioactive Series  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Artificially Induced Nuclear Reactions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Bombardment with Positive Ions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Neutron Bombardment  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Further Modes of Decay  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Isotopes
Nuclear Stability  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
The Rate of Radioactive Decay  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Instruments for Radiation Detection  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Instrumental Methods
Units of Radiation Dose  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Uses of Artificial Isotopes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Isotopes |
Applications of Chemistry
Mass-Energy Relationships  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear Fission  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear Power Plants  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Breeder Reactors  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Applications of Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear Fusion  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
The Elements of Life  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Bioorganic Chemistry
The Building Blocks of Biochemistry  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Biosynthesis
Fats and Lipids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Fatty Acids |
Lipids
Nonpolar Lipids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lipids |
Micelles
Polar Lipids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Lipids
Simple Sugars  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Carbohydrates
Disaccharides  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Carbohydrates
Polysaccharides  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Carbohydrates |
Polymerization
Proteins  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Proteins / Peptides |
Enzymes
Polypeptide Chains  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Proteins / Peptides
The Amino Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Amino Acids |
Chirality / Optical Activity
Primary Protein Structure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Proteins / Peptides
Secondary Protein Structure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Proteins / Peptides
Higher-Order Structure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Proteins / Peptides
Nucleic Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nucleic Acids / DNA / RNA
Nucleic Acid Structure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nucleic Acids / DNA / RNA
Information Storage  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nucleic Acids / DNA / RNA
The Double Helix  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nucleic Acids / DNA / RNA
DNA Replication  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nucleic Acids / DNA / RNA
Transcription and Translation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Biosynthesis |
Nucleic Acids / DNA / RNA
The Nature of Electromagnetic Radiation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Atomic Spectra and the Bohr Theory  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Spectroscopy
Bohr Theory of the Atom  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Atomic Properties / Structure
The Spectra of Molecules: Infrared  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
IR Spectroscopy
The Visible and Ultraviolet Spectra of Molecules: Molecular Orbitals  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
UV-Vis Spectroscopy
Molecular Orbitals  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
MO Theory |
Magnetic Properties
Delocalized Electrons  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Resonance Theory |
MO Theory
Conjugated Systems  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Aromatic Compounds
Metallic Bonding  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Metallic Bonding |
Semiconductors
Metallurgy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Metallurgy
Beneficiation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Metallurgy |
Metals
Reduction of Metals  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Industrial Chemistry |
Metallurgy
Refining of Metals  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Metallurgy
Corrosion  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Oxidation / Reduction
Coordination Compounds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Coordination Compounds
Geometry of Complexes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Coordination Compounds
Chelating Agents  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Coordination Compounds
Transitional Metal Ions in Aqueous Solutions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Transition Elements
Organic Compounds: Hydrocarbons  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Organic Nitrogen Compounds  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Amides |
Amino Acids
Organic Compounds-Some Additional Classes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Carbohydrates  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Carbohydrates
Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Physical Properties
The International System of Units (SI)  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Formal Charge and Oxidation Numbers  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Oxidation State
Ions in Solution (Electrolytes  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Electrochemistry
Things We Use  
Volume 03, issue 01 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy |
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Water and Its Elements  
Volume 03, issue 02 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Geochemistry
Families of Elements  
Volume 03, issue 03 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Descriptive Chemistry
The Chlorine Family  
Volume 03, issue 04 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
Chemicals Used in Industry  
Volume 03, issue 05 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry
The Sulfur Family  
Volume 03, issue 06 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Geochemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Nitrogen  
Volume 03, issue 07 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry
Importance of Air  
Volume 03, issue 08 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atmospheric Chemistry
The World's Food Supply  
Volume 03, issue 09 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Plant Chemistry |
Photosynthesis |
Proteins / Peptides |
Carbohydrates |
Lipids |
Nutrition
Aviation-Lighter-than-air Craft  
Volume 03, issue 10 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry |
Gases
The Phosphorous Family  
Volume 03, issue 11 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry |
Descriptive Chemistry
Carbon  
Volume 03, issue 12 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Geochemistry
Carbon Compounds  
Volume 03, issue 13 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Coal and Its By-Products  
Volume 03, issue 14 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Geochemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
The World's Clothing Supply  
Volume 03, issue 15 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Consumer Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry
Synthetic Products  
Volume 03, issue 16 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Materials Science |
Consumer Chemistry
The Silicon Family  
Volume 03, issue 17 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metalloids / Semimetals |
Materials Science
How the World Is Housed  
Volume 03, issue 18 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
The Boron Family  
Volume 03, issue 19 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
The Sodium Family  
Volume 03, issue 20 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
The Calcium Family  
Volume 03, issue 21 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
The Zinc Family  
Volume 03, issue 22 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry
Aviation-Heavier-than-air Craft  
Volume 03, issue 23 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Materials Science |
Industrial Chemistry
Precious Metals  
Volume 03, issue 24 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Geochemistry |
Metallurgy
Copper, Brass, Bronze  
Volume 03, issue 25 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Tin and Lead  
Volume 03, issue 26 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy |
Dyes / Pigments
Iron and Steel  
Volume 03, issue 27 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Nickel  
Volume 03, issue 28 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Chromium and Its Relatives  
Volume 03, issue 29 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Dyes / Pigments |
Metallurgy
Vanadium and Its Relatives  
Volume 03, issue 30 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Modern Atomic Theory  
Volume 03, issue 31 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Elements That Disintegrate  
Volume 03, issue 32 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry
Lights  
Volume 03, issue 33 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Unusual Elements  
Volume 03, issue 34 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Their Compounds  
Volume 04, issue 01 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Water / Water Chemistry
The Behavior of Materials  
Volume 04, issue 02 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Applications of Chemistry
Air  
Volume 04, issue 03 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
Nitrogen and Its Compounds  
Volume 04, issue 04 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry
The World's Food Supply  
Volume 04, issue 05 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Proteins / Peptides |
Carbohydrates |
Lipids |
Nutrition
Acids, Bases, Salts, and Ionization  
Volume 04, issue 06 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Acids / Bases
Sulfur and Its Compounds  
Volume 04, issue 07 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Geochemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
The Halogens  
Volume 04, issue 08 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Chemistry and Warfare  
Volume 04, issue 09 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Applications of Chemistry
Phosphorus and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 10 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Carbon  
Volume 04, issue 11 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Geochemistry
Inorganic Compounds of Carbon  
Volume 04, issue 12 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Gases
Organic Compounds of Carbon  
Volume 04, issue 13 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The World's Clothing Supply  
Volume 04, issue 14 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Consumer Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry
Creative Chemistry  
Volume 04, issue 15 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Applications of Chemistry |
Synthesis
Silicon, Boron, and Their Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 16 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Materials Science |
Geochemistry
How the World Is Housed  
Volume 04, issue 17 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
General Notes about the Metals  
Volume 04, issue 18 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metals
Sodium and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 19 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Calcium and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 20 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Ornaments  
Volume 04, issue 21 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Zinc and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 22 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Chemical Leaflets, volume 04, issue 23  
Volume 04, issue 23 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Copper and Its Alloys  
Volume 04, issue 24 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Tin and Lead  
Volume 04, issue 25 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Iron and Its Alloys  
Volume 04, issue 26 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Nickel and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 27 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Chromium and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 28 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Vanadium and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 29 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metallurgy
Radium and Its Relatives  
Volume 04, issue 30 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Atoms and Electrons  
Volume 04, issue 31 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Dark Horses among the Elements  
Volume 04, issue 32 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Colloids  
Volume 04, issue 33 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Colloids
Achievements of Young Chemists  
Volume 04, issue 34 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Applications of Chemistry
Water and Its Elements  
Volume 05, issue 01 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Water / Water Chemistry
Special Chemistry Club Number  
Volume 05, issue 02 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Applications of Chemistry
The Constitution of Matter  
Volume 05, issue 03 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atomic Properties / Structure
Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table  
Volume 05, issue 04 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The Halogens  
Volume 05, issue 05 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Acids, Bases and Salts  
Volume 05, issue 06 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Acids / Bases
Sulfur and Its Compounds  
Volume 05, issue 07 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Nitrogen and Its Compounds  
Volume 05, issue 08 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry
The Air  
Volume 05, issue 09 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Atmospheric Chemistry
The World's Food Supply  
Volume 05, issue 10 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Proteins / Peptides |
Carbohydrates |
Lipids |
Nutrition
Phosphorous and Its Relatives  
Volume 05, issue 11 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry |
Descriptive Chemistry
Carbon and Its Inorganic Compounds  
Volume 05, issue 12 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Industrial Chemistry |
Gases
Carbon and Its Organic Compounds  
Volume 05, issue 13 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Bioorganic Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Synthetic Chemistry  
Volume 05, issue 14 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Materials Science |
Consumer Chemistry
The World's Clothing Supply  
Volume 05, issue 15 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Consumer Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry
Silicon, Boron, and Their Compounds  
Volume 05, issue 16 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Metalloids / Semimetals |
Materials Science
How the World is Housed  
Volume 05, issue 17 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Some of the Unfamiliar Non-Metals  
Volume 05, issue 18 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Descriptive Chemistry
Colloid Chemistry  
Volume 05, issue 19 of a series of leaflets covering subjects of interest to students of elementary chemistry distributed in 1929 - 1932.
Colloids