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Videos: 22 results
Enthlapy-Thermodynamics  
Reactions and demonstrations the explore thermodynamic concepts.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Solutions / Solvents |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Physical Properties |
Reactions |
Thermodynamics |
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Liquids |
Solids |
pH |
Consumer Chemistry |
Kinetics |
Oxidation / Reduction
Vapor Pressure: Drinking Bird  
A novelty store "Drinking Bird" repeatedly dips is beak into a beaker of water and then bobs back to an upright position. Visible movement of a liquid in the bird's body accompanies the bobbing; the movement is caused by changing vapor pressure of the liquid due to different temperatures at the bird's head and the bird's body.
Liquids |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Boiling by Cooling  
A flask contains water and water vapor at 100C. Each time ice water is poured over the outside of the flask, the water inside the flask boils. Although the temperature of the water in the flask has decreased, in each instance boiling is observed.
Gases |
Liquids |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Vapor Pressure: Molecular Size  
The measurement of pressure exerted by a vapor is demonstrated using barometers. Vapor pressure varies with the strength of the intermolecular forces in the liquid.
Gases |
Liquids |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties
Vapor Pressure of a Mixture: Raoult's Law  
The measurement of pressure exerted by a vapor is demonstrated using barometers. Vapor pressure varies with the strength of the intermolecular forces in the liquid. In this section we will look at vapor pressure of mixtures. We can calculate the vapor pressure of a mixture using Raoult's law.
Gases |
Liquids |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties
Phase Changes  
By using a coolant at a temperature below the boiling point of the gases chlorine, bromine and iodine, the gases are condensed into liquid form.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Critical Point of Benzene  
A sealed tube containing benzene liquid and vapor is heated. As the critical temperature is approached, the meniscus flattens. At the critical temperature the meniscus disappears, and separate liquid and vapor phases can no longer be detected.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Steam and Superheated Steam  
When a gas burner heats the steam coil strongly, the steam becomes superheated and is at a high enough temperature to ignite a match and react quickly with steel wool
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Superconductivity  
A pellet of 1-2-3 yttrium barium copper oxide (YBa2Cu3O7-x) is cooled with liquid nitrogen. A magnet placed above the pellet is levitated. At a higher temperature the magnet rests on the pellet, but cooling once again causes the magnet to rise. The levitated magnet is spun with plastic tweezers
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Superconductivity
Atmospheric Pressure  
Atmospheric pressure is used to collapse large and small metal containers.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Gases |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Vapor Pressure  
Pressure exerted by vapor of several organic substances is demonstrated using barometers. Molecular models of the substances are shown.
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties
Liquefaction of Carbon Dioxide  
Dry ice is placed into an acrylic plastic cylinder. A valve is closed and pressure in the cylinder increases. When the pressure reaches 350 kPa (50 psi) it stops increasing and liquid CO2 appears.
Equilibrium |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties
Thermochromism: Mercury(II) Iodide  
When red-orange Mercury(II) Iodide (HgI2) is heated, it undergoes a phase transition at 126oC to a pale yellow form. As the heated sample cools, it gradually returns to the original red-orange color.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties |
Solid State Chemistry |
Solids |
Descriptive Chemistry
Electrical Conductivity-Solutions  
Solutions are measured for conductivity.
Conductivity |
Solutions / Solvents |
Physical Properties
Crystallization of Supersaturated Sodium Acetate  
A supersaturated solution of sodium acetate is poured onto one small sodium acetate crystal. Crystals form from the liquid immediately upon contact with the seed crystal. A thermometer shows that the crystallization process is exothermic. A chemical hot pack is shown as an example of a commercially available supersaturated solution.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Solutions / Solvents |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Solids-Liquids  
Reactions and demonstrations exploring the properties of solids and liquids.
Solids |
Liquids
Scattering and Absorption of Light  
The effects of passing light through a colloidal suspension of milk in water and through a solution of copper sulfate are shown.
Colloids |
Physical Properties |
Liquids
Viscosity of Liquids  
The viscosities of water, 2-propanol (rubbing alcohol), ethylene glycol (antifreeze) and vegetable oil are compared. The viscosities of water, hexane, octane, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane and 1-pentanol are measured.
Liquids |
Physical Properties
Electrical Conductivity-Liquids  
The conductivity of liquids are tested.
Conductivity |
Liquids |
Physical Properties
Measuring Relative Viscosity  
The rate of flow of six different liquids through a Mohr pipet is measured.
Liquids |
Physical Properties |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Paramagnetism: Nitrogen and Oxygen  
A magnet is shown to strongly attract a pair of metal tongs. The magnet has no visible effect on liquid nitrogen, but when pale blue liquid oxygen is poured near the poles of the magnet, it shows definite attraction.
Magnetic Properties |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Liquids
Ferrofluid  
A magnet placed just below a dish containing ferrofluid generates an array of spikes in the fluid.
Liquids |
Magnetic Properties |
Metals |
Atomic Properties / Structure