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13 Videos
7 Assessment Questions
27 Journal Articles
10 Other Resources
Videos: First 3 results
Phase Changes  
By using a coolant at a temperature below the boiling point of the gases chlorine, bromine and iodine, the gases are condensed into liquid form.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Critical Point of Benzene  
A sealed tube containing benzene liquid and vapor is heated. As the critical temperature is approached, the meniscus flattens. At the critical temperature the meniscus disappears, and separate liquid and vapor phases can no longer be detected.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Steam and Superheated Steam  
When a gas burner heats the steam coil strongly, the steam becomes superheated and is at a high enough temperature to ignite a match and react quickly with steel wool
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
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Assessment Questions: First 3 results
Thermochemistry : PhaseChangeEnthalpy (10 Variations)
A solid melts to a liquid. Which of the following statements are true? (Assume constant pressure and a flexible container.)
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Intermolecular_Forces__Liquids_and_Solids : PhaseEnergyChanges (6 Variations)
When a liquid is transformed into its vapor at constant temperature,
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : PhaseChanges (8 Variations)
Steam at 100oC is condensed by an ice-water mixture at 0oC. Assuming that there is still ice present when the process is over, how much ice will be melted if 10.0 g of steam is condensed? The following may be useful:
enthalpy of vaporization of water = 40.7 kJ/mol; enthalpy of fusion of water = 6.07 kJ/mol; specific heat capacity of water = 4.184 J/g•K.

Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
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Journal Articles: First 3 results.
Pedagogies:
Fog Machines, Vapors, and Phase Diagrams  Ed Vitz
This series of demonstrations elucidate the operation of commercial fog machines using common laboratory materials and can be adapted for elementary through tertiary levels. The formation of fogs is discussed in terms of the phase diagram for water and other chemical principles.
Vitz, Ed. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1385.
Liquids |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties |
Water / Water Chemistry
Using Graphs of Gibbs Energy versus Temperature in General Chemistry Discussions of Phase Changes and Colligative Properties  Robert M. Hanson, Patrick Riley, Jeff Schwinefus, and Paul J. Fischer
The use of qualitative graphs of Gibbs energy versus temperature is described in the context of chemical demonstrations involving phase changes and colligative properties at the general chemistry level.
Hanson, Robert M.; Riley, Patrick; Schwinefus, Jeff; Fischer, Paul J. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1142.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Physical Properties |
Thermodynamics
Understanding the Clausius–Clapeyron Equation by Employing an Easily Adaptable Pressure Cooker  Monica Galleano, Alberto Boveris, and Susana Puntarulo
Describes a laboratory exercise to understand the effect of pressure on phase equilibrium as described by the ClausiusClapeyron equation. The equipment required is a pressure cooker adapted with a pressure gauge and a thermometer in the lid, allowing the measurement of the pressure and the temperature of the chamber containing the water heated until vaporization.
Galleano, Monica; Boveris, Alberto; Puntarulo, Susana. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 276.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics |
Water / Water Chemistry
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Other Resources: First 3 results
States of Matter  American Chemical Society
ACS Science for Kids activities explore phase changes of matter and their properties.
Gases |
Physical Properties |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Phase Transitions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Phase Diagrams  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
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