TIGER

Journal Articles: 53 results
E = mc2 for the Chemist: When Is Mass Conserved?  Richard S. Treptow
Einstein's famous equation is frequently misunderstood in textbooks and popular science literature. Its correct interpretation is that mass and energy are different measures of a single quantity known as massenergy, which is conserved in all processes.
Treptow, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1636.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Theoretical Chemistry |
Thermodynamics
Radioactivity, Radiation, and the Chemistry of Nuclear Waste  Nick Zevos
A course that emphasizes an understanding of the nuclear waste generated from the production of plutonium at sites such as Hanford, WA, and Savannah River, GA.
Zevos, Nick. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 692.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Free Radicals |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Nuclear and Radiochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications, 2nd, Revised Edition (by Karl Heinrich Lieser)  Curtis R. Keedy
Fundamentals and applications of nuclear and radiochemistry.
Keedy, Curtis R. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 35.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Astrochemistry
News from Online: Chemistry and Art  Carolyn Sweeney Judd
Web sites devoted to neutron activation analysis, carbon dating, X-ray fluorescence, polarized light spectroscopy, pigments and paints, and the arts in general.
Judd, Carolyn Sweeney. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1322.
Dyes / Pigments |
Instrumental Methods |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Ernest Rutherford, Avogadro's Number, and Chemical Kinetics Revisited (about J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 998-1003)  James E. Sturm
Estimation of temperatures in heaven and hell based on biblical information.
Sturm, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1278.
Nonmajor Courses |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Kinetics |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements-One Atom at a Time  Darleane C. Hoffman and Diana M. Lee
A 75-year perspective of the chemistry of the heaviest elements, including a 50-year retrospective view of past developments, a summary of current research achievements and applications, and some predictions about exciting, new developments that might be envisioned within the next 25 years.
Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 331.
Chromatography |
Instrumental Methods |
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Separation Science |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal: An Exercise in Dealing with Pollution  Grant R. Krow and Jessica B. Krow
A problem-based learning exercise based upon the need for society to dispose of low-level radioactive waste is presented. The exercise is structured as a classroom-centered group problem-based learning module, whose exploration will occupy at least two-three weeks of class time. The goals are to increase student understanding of chemistry and its relationship to ethics and political decision-making.
Krow, Grant R.; Krow, Jessica B. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1583.
Learning Theories |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Ethics
Successes and Techniques Associated with Teaching the Chemistry of Radioactive Wastes  Donald H. Williams
Description of a chemistry course, "The Chemistry of Radwastes", that serves as a chemistry course for nonscience majors.
Williams, Donald H. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 971.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nonmajor Courses
Simple Rules for Determining Nuclear Stability and Type of Radioactive Decay  Mark L. Campbell
Simple rules for determining nuclear stability and type of radioactive decay.
Campbell, Mark L. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 892.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Practical Experiments in Statistics  Stone, Craig A.; Mumaw, Lorin D.
An simple and inexpensive experiment in radioactive decay that can be applied to any field that requires a knowledge of statistics; the primary goal is to familiarize students with probability distributions.
Stone, Craig A.; Mumaw, Lorin D. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 518.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Chemometrics
Ellis Horwood PTR Prentice-Hall Physical Chemistry Series. Nuclear Chemistry (Navratil, Oldrich; Hala, Jiri; Kopunec, Rudolf; Macasek, Fedor; Mikulaj, Vladimir; Leseticky, Ladislav)  Farris, Fred F.
Text for an introductory course in nuclear chemistry.
Farris, Fred F. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, A162.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
High-Sensitivity Gamma Radiation Monitor for Teaching and Environmental Applications  Lyons, R. G.; Crossley, P. C.; Fortune, D.
Design, construction, and calibration of a high-sensitivity gamma radiation monitor.
Lyons, R. G.; Crossley, P. C.; Fortune, D. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 524.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Advice from Allied Health faculty to chemistry faculty  Dever, David F.
Finding out what the different health professions would like to see from undergraduate chemistry programs.
Dever, David F. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 763.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nutrition |
Vitamins |
Gases
Radioactivity: A natural phenomenon  Ronneau, C.
Main points of information and a demonstration regarding radioactivity.
Ronneau, C. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 736.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Toxicology
Radioactive ingrowth in a natural decay series. A demonstration  Matthews, K. Murray; Larkin, Rachael M.
The demonstration described here involves the ingrowth of members of the radon-222 decay series.
Matthews, K. Murray; Larkin, Rachael M. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 374.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
A student experiment to demonstrate the energy loss and straggling of electrons in matter  de Bruin, M.; Huijgen, F. W. J.
The experiment described has been applied routinely for several years in introductory courses in the application of radiation and isotopes. The results obtained give direct insight into the characteristics of the phenomena associated with the absorption of energetic electrons in matter.
de Bruin, M.; Huijgen, F. W. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 86.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Beta decay diagram   Suder, Robert
Too often instructors believe that students can intuitively understand nuclear decay from balanced equations, but it has been the author's experience that a diagram greatly enhances student knowledge of this process.
Suder, Robert J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 231.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear waste glass, and the Fe2+/Fe3+ ratio  Fanning, James C.; Hunter, R. Todd
These authors present a chemical problem of current interest that can be used for pedagogical purposes.
Fanning, James C.; Hunter, R. Todd J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 888.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Oxidation State |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Chromatography |
Spectroscopy
Attenuation of gamma rays in binary compounds: A versatile illustration of Beer's law  Kleppinger, E. W.; Yates, S. W.
An experiment, based on depth-gauging principles, that uses gamma radiation to illustrate Beer's law.
Kleppinger, E. W.; Yates, S. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 172.
Spectroscopy |
Solutions / Solvents |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Potassium in apricots-A nuclear chemistry experiment  Norman, Jack C.
Determining the potassium content of dried apricots or bananas using a scintillation detector.
Norman, Jack C. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 439.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Quantitative Analysis |
Food Science
Natural sources of ionizing radiation  Bodner, George M.; Rhea, Tony A.
Units of radiation measurement, calculations of radiation dose equivalent, sources of ionizing radiation and its biological effects.
Bodner, George M.; Rhea, Tony A. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 687.
Natural Products |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Nuclear science in the undergraduate curriculum: The new nuclear science facility at San Jose State University  Ling, Campbell A.
Describes the new nuclear facility at San Jose State University and the undergraduate courses in nuclear science offered there.
Ling, Campbell A. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 595.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
188-192. Five biochemistry related questions and their answers.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 390.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Chromatography |
Gases |
Nutrition
A radiometric method for sulfate analysis  Klehr, Edwin H.
Modification of a classic gravimetric procedure by incorporating a radiotracer so that the final precipitate is counted rather than weighed.
Klehr, Edwin H. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 644.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Gravimetric Analysis |
Quantitative Analysis
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Five questions requiring an application of basic chemical principles.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 328.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Mass Spectrometry |
Isotopes
The principle of exponential change: Applications in chemistry, biochemistry, and radioactivity  Green, Frank O.
Examines the nature of exponential change and its applications to chemistry, biochemistry, and radioactivity, including radioactive decay, enzyme kinetics, colorimetry, spectrophotometry, and first order reaction kinetics.
Green, Frank O. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 451.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Kinetics |
Enzymes |
Spectroscopy
Nucleonics experiment: The half-life of K-40 by liquid scintillation  Grunewald, Ralph
A procedure for determining the half-life of potassium 40 in a radiochemistry laboratory using a liquid scintillation counting system.
Grunewald, Ralph J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 369.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
The disposal of chemical and radioactive waste - Part two  Pearsall, S. G.; Wilshusen, W.
Discusses procedures for the disposal of radioactive wastes.
Pearsall, S. G.; Wilshusen, W. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, A677.
Laboratory Management |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Inexpensive applications of Polaroid film  Scherer, George A.; Sakurai, Richard S.
Describes the use of Polaroid film to detect emission spectra from a grating spectrograph, X-rays diffracted by crystals, and radioactivity from 14C in plant materials.
Scherer, George A.; Sakurai, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 134.
Spectroscopy |
X-ray Crystallography |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Quantitative determination of potassium by natural radioactivity  Knudson, George E.
This determination is easily performed by students, using standard equipment, and illustrates several important principles involved in the quantitative measurement of isotopes.
Knudson, George E. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 694.
Quantitative Analysis |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Delinquent daughters: The black sheep in radioactive families  Chapman, T. S.
Examines the radioactive families and decay products of uranium and thorium.
Chapman, T. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 589.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
A radiochemical experiment in gas chromatography  Merrigan, J. A.; Nicholas, J. B.; Rack, E. P.
This article presents a method for building a radiogaschromatograph from materials generally available in a radiochemistry laboratory, and an experiment using this chromatograph that illustrates Szilard-Chalmers effects, energies associated with nuclear transformations, and characteristics of the chromatograph.
Merrigan, J. A.; Nicholas, J. B.; Rack, E. P. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 543.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Gas Chromatography |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Radiography of animal tissue  Swartz, Howard A.; Quinney, Paul R.
Iodine-125 is used as a substitute for X-rays in producing radiographs of small animals.
Swartz, Howard A.; Quinney, Paul R. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 441.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Laboratory design considerationsPart II  Steere, Norman V.
Considers ventilation, illumination, radioisotopes, egress, water supply, and miscellaneous laboratory design features.
Steere, Norman V. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, A665.
Laboratory Management |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Chemical Protection of the Body Against Ionizing Radiation (Balabukha, V. S., ed.)  Trumbore, C. N.

Trumbore, C. N. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, A894.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Management
Active transport of sodium ions across frog skin: A demonstration experiment  Quinney, Paul R.; Swartz, Howard A.
Radioactive sodium ions are used to investigate the active transport of sodium ions across frog skin.
Quinney, Paul R.; Swartz, Howard A. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 159.
Membranes |
Transport Properties |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Neutrons for small laboratories  Nass, H. W.; Maddock, R. S.; Meinke, W. W.
Describes the Kaman neutron generator and Nuclear-Chicago "Neutron Howitzer."
Nass, H. W.; Maddock, R. S.; Meinke, W. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 156.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Dating of uranium minerals by the specific radioactivity of lead  Fairhall, A. W.
This paper discusses a method for estimating the age of a uranium mineral without recourse to elaborate mass-spectrometric techniques and presents an experimental procedure for doing so.
Fairhall, A. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 626.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Geochemistry
Basic concepts of nuclear chemistry (Overman, Ralph T.)  Eblin, Lawrence P.

Eblin, Lawrence P. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 499.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear Radiation Detectors  Lewin, S. Z.
Examines electroscopes, ion chambers, Geiger-Mueller counters, scintillation detectors, and the voltage characteristics of detectors.
Lewin, S. Z. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, A135.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Instrumental Methods
Convenient radioactivity sources  Carwell, D. J.
It is the purpose of this paper to describe a method for the preparation of mechanistically robust and chemically inert beta- and gamma sources for teaching purposes.
Carwell, D. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 352.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Ion exchange-radiochemical experiment  Mucci, Joseph F.; Spiegel, Dorothy E.; Stearns, Robert L.
This ion exchange experiment serves the dual purpose of introducing the concept of the total exchange capacity of a column while affording the use of radioisotopes in a quantitative analysis.
Mucci, Joseph F.; Spiegel, Dorothy E.; Stearns, Robert L. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 348.
Ion Exchange |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Incorporating radioisotope techniques into the chemistry curriculum  Radin, Norman S.
Presents a list of radioisotope experiments suitable for a wide range of different domains and levels in chemistry.
Radin, Norman S. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 344.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Radiochemistry in the curriculum: Introduction  Phelan, Earl W.
This symposium was organized to share the experiences of some of the leaders in the field radiochemistry instruction.
Phelan, Earl W. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 382.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Letters  Broadbank, R. W. C.; Dhabanandana, S.
The authors present a method for extracting protactinium-234 from uranyl nitrate solution.
Broadbank, R. W. C.; Dhabanandana, S. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 161.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Separation Science
The reduction of carbon dioxide  Hollander, Jerome; Spialter, Leonard
Examines the reduction of carbon through a variety of processes, including catalytic hydrogenation, reduction by metals and complex metal hydrides, electrochemical reduction, and reduction under the influence of radiation.
Hollander, Jerome; Spialter, Leonard J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 446.
Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Catalysis |
Metals |
Electrochemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Nuclear batteries  Garrett, Alfred B.
Describes the structure, operation, and application of nuclear batteries.
Garrett, Alfred B. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 446.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Electrochemistry
Two experiments for the radiochemistry laboratory  McCool, Whittie J.; Hentz, Robert R.
Involves the preparation and subsequent analysis of radioactive sulfur.
McCool, Whittie J.; Hentz, Robert R. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 329.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Some errors in radiation counting  Tomlinson, John D.
Examines sources of errors in radiation counting, including background radiation, randomness of decay, and dead time of the counter.
Tomlinson, John D. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 203.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Experiments in paper partition chromatography with tagged material  Lima, Fausto W.
Suggests several experiments in inorganic chromatography using radioactive isotopes that can be performed in any laboratory with ordinary counting equipment and X-ray film.
Lima, Fausto W. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 153.
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes
Recent history of the notion of a chemical species  Bulloff, Jack J.
Quantum and nuclear chemistry have challenged the doctrine that chemical elements are homogeneous entities while studies of the structure and stoichiometry of solids invite a change in our ideas of definite proportions in chemical combinations.
Bulloff, Jack J. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 78.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Stoichiometry |
Solids
Tracer isotopes in biochemistry  Bergen, Catherine M.
Describes some of the history behind the isolation and detection of isotopes, as well as their use in metabolic and other biochemical studies.
Bergen, Catherine M. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 84.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Isotopes |
Metabolism
A stable radioactive standard  Butler, John P.; Mandas, John N.
Porcelain ware produced by Coors has been found to be exhibit residual activity that may be used as a suitable standard.
Butler, John P.; Mandas, John N. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 61.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Calibration