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You have 0.50 mol SbCl_{5} present initially in a 1.0L flask. The system is allowed to reach equilibrium at 450^{o}C. There is 0.10 mol Cl_{2} present at equilibrium. What is the equilibrium constant, K?

Equilibrium |

Chemometrics

Equilibrium : EqConstRelationships (12 Variations)
The equilibrium constant for the reaction of hydrogen gas and ethene to produce ethane under certain conditions is 9.8 x 10^{18}.
H_{2}(g) + C_{2}H_{4}(g)
C_{2}H_{6}(g) K = 9.8 x 10^{18}

What is the equilibrium constant for the following reaction under the same conditions?
C_{2}H_{6}(g)
H_{2}(g) + C_{2}H_{4}(g) K = ?

The Reaction Quotient Is Unnecessary To Solve Equilibrium ProblemsPaul S. Matsumoto The traditional method to determine the equilibrium concentration of chemicals in a reaction, given the equilibrium constant and the initial concentration of chemicals in the reaction, involves the determination of the reaction quotient. This article will demonstrate that this step may be eliminated; thereby simplifying the algorithm to solve such problems. Such a reduction in the complexity of the algorithm may result in more students successfully being able to solve such problems. Matsumoto, Paul S. J. Chem. Educ.2005, 82, 406.

Equilibrium |

Learning Theories |

Chemometrics

Unified Approximations: A New Approach for Monoprotic Weak Acid–Base EquilibriaHarry L. Pardue, Ihab N. Odeh, and Teweldemedhin M. Tesfai This article describes a new approach to approximate calculations for monoprotic acidbase equilibria in otherwise pure water. The new approach, identified herein as unified approximations, uses a simple decision criterion to select between situations that should be treated as deprotonation and protonation reactions. The remaining treatment takes account of changes in concentrations of conjugate acidbase pairs for all situations and ignores autoprotolysis only for situations for which the analytical concentration of either the conjugate acid or conjugate base will always be larger than zero. Pardue, Harry L.; Odeh, Ihab N.; Tesfai, Teweldemedhin M. J. Chem. Educ.2004, 81, 1367.

Acids / Bases |

Equilibrium |

Chemometrics

REACT: Exploring Practical Thermodynamic and Equilibrium CalculationsRamette, Richard W. Description of REACT software to balance complicated equations; determine thermodynamic data for all reactants and products; calculate changes in free energy, enthalpy, and entropy for a reaction; and find equilibrium conditions for the a reaction. Ramette, Richard W. J. Chem. Educ.1995, 72, 240.

EquilibriumMatthew Sandberg, Mike Bellamy Using a visual approach, this applet is designed to help students learn to solve equilibrium calculations and also to help them gain a deeper understanding of the topic. It can be used by the instructor in the classroom as equilibrium topics are introduced. Sample exercises for students are included. The text is available in both English and Spanish.

Chemometrics |

Equilibrium |

Enrichment / Review Materials

JavaScript Programs To Calculate Thermodynamic Properties Using Cubic Equations of StatePatrick J. Barrie Cubic equations of state are widely used by chemists and chemical engineers to predict the thermodynamic properties of both pure substances and mixtures. In particular, these equations enable predictions concerning the temperature and pressure at which vapor liquid equilibrium occurs. These two educational JavaScript programs perform calculations using cubic equations of state and, equally importantly, explain how the calculations are performed.