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Journal Articles: 28 results
Quantitative Measurement of Trans-Fats by Infrared Spectroscopy  Edward B. Walker, Don R. Davies, and Mike Campbell
FTIR-ATR spectroscopy provides an efficient analytical tool to measure the percentage of trans-fat in several commercially available lipids and the degree of alkene isomerization induced by bromination¬Ědebromination chemical reactions.
Walker, Edward B.; Davies, Don R.; Campbell, Mike. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1162.
Alkenes |
Calibration |
Food Science |
Instrumental Methods |
IR Spectroscopy |
Lipids |
Quantitative Analysis |
Fatty Acids
Regiospecific Epoxidation of Carvone: A Discovery-Oriented Experiment for Understanding the Selectivity and Mechanism of Epoxidation Reactions  Kendrew K. W. Mak, Y. M. Lai, and Yuk-Hong Siu
Peroxy acids and alkaline H2O2 are two commonly used reagents for alkene epoxidation. The former react preferentially with electron-rich alkenes while the latter works better with a,¬Ě-unsaturated carbonyl compounds. The selectivity of these two reagents on carvone, a naturally occurring compound that contains both types of C=C bonds, is investigated.
Mak, Kendrew K. W.; Lai, Y. M.; Siu, Yuk-Hong. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1058.
Alkenes |
Chromatography |
Epoxides |
IR Spectroscopy |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Synthesis |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Ozonolysis Problems That Promote Student Reasoning  Ray A. Gross Jr.
The structural features inherent in acyclic monoterpenes that follow the isoprene rule often lead to unique sets of ozonolysis products from which their structures, excluding stereochemistry, can be determined from molecular formulas only. This article shows how students may elucidate the structures of these compounds by analysis of the oxidative and reductive workup products.
Gross, Ray A., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 604.
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Carboxylic Acids |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Student-Centered Learning
Quantitative Microscale Hydrogenation of Vegetable Oils  Daniel E. Blanchard
An organic lab that makes a connection between catalytic hydrogenation and issues of nutrition and health.
Blanchard, Daniel E. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 544.
Food Science |
Lipids |
Microscale Lab |
Quantitative Analysis |
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Colorful Azulene and Its Equally Colorful Derivatives  Robert S. H. Liu
Analysis of azulene and related compounds for an explanation of their respective colors.
Liu, Robert S. H. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 183.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
MO Theory |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Aromatic Compounds |
Alkenes
S. M. Tanatar and His Contribution to the Field of Thermal Rearrangements  Ludmila Birladeanu
Thermal rearrangements constitute an important chapter in organic chemistry. Surprisingly, the name of its discoverer remains unknown. The present article is meant to remedy this situation by describing some of the work of the 19th century Russian chemist S. M. Tanatar (1849 - 1917) who, based on the thermochemical data provided by Berthelot, envisaged the possibility of transforming cyclopropane into propene under the influence of heat alone.
Birladeanu, Ludmila. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 603.
Gases |
Thermodynamics |
Synthesis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes
A History of the Double-Bond Rule  Bernard E. Hoogenboom
From his experience as an industrial chemist, Otto Schmidt recognized the bond weakening in hydrocarbons and in 1932 postulated the "Double-Bond Rule," stating that the presence of a double bond in a hydrocarbon has an alternating strengthening and weakening effect on single bonds throughout the molecule, diminishing with distance from the double bond.
Hoogenboom, Bernard E. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 596.
Learning Theories |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Alkenes
On the Disproportionations of Cyclohexene and Related Compounds  Alex Bunjes, Ingo Eilks, Manfred Pahlke, and Bernd Ralle*
The catalytic hydrogenation of liquid hydrocarbons is easy to realize in a simple laboratory experiment using a palladium catalyst. In the case of hydrogenation cyclohexen or cyclohexadiene in addition to the expected finding of cyclohexane among the hydrogenation products, the formation of benzene can be observed. In absence of hydrogen, the disproportionation of both starting materials to cyclohexane and benzene takes place.
Bunjes, Alex; Eilks, Ingo; Pahlke, Manfred; Ralle, Bernd. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1323.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Alkenes |
Synthesis
Old MacDonald Named a Compound: Branched Enynenynols  Dennis Ryan
An imaginary teacher of organic chemistry thinks up some whimsical compounds for his students to name using IUPAC nomenclature rules.
Ryan, Dennis. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 782.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Alcohols |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
A -78°C Sequential Michael Addition for the Organic Lab  Michael W. Tanis
This paper introduces a cold-temperature enolate alkylation reaction that can be performed safely and inexpensively by undergraduate students in approximately two 3-hour lab sessions.
Tanis, Michael W. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 112.
Addition Reactions |
Alkenes |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Synthesis
Phosphatidylcholine from "Healthful" Egg Yolk Varieties: An Organic Laboratory Experience  Linda C. Hodges
Using chromatography to isolate and analyze phosphatidylcholine from chickens raised on different diets.
Hodges, Linda C. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 1140.
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Lipids
An Advanced Inorganic Laboratory Experiment Using Synthesis and Reactivity of a Cycloheptatriene Molybdenum Complex  Timmers, Francis J.; Wacholtz, William F.
The reactions in the laboratory experiment described herein involve the synthesis, reactivity, and characterization of cycloheptatriene molybdenum.
Timmers, Francis J.; Wacholtz, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 987.
Synthesis |
Organometallics |
Alkenes
The chemistry of olive oil  Quigley, Michael N.
A collection of organic chemistry experiments based on olive oil are described here.
Quigley, Michael N. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 332.
Food Science |
Lipids |
Fatty Acids
Ethylene-An unusual plant hormone  Ainscough, Eric W.; Brodie, Andrew M.; Wallace, Anna L.
This article discusses some of the early historical observations about this ethylene, the production and concentration of ethylene in plants, the ethylene biosynthesis pathway, and the possible site of ethylene action.
Ainscough, Eric W.; Brodie, Andrew M.; Wallace, Anna L. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 315.
Alkenes |
Plant Chemistry |
Biosynthesis
Addition of IBr to fatty acids on the overhead projector   Solomon, Sally; Fulep-Poszmik, Annamaria; Kulp, Gary; Yu, Heung
The interhalogen compound IBr dissolved in CCl4 is added to petroleum ether solutions of fatty acids to test for unsaturation.
Solomon, Sally; Fulep-Poszmik, Annamaria; Kulp, Gary; Yu, Heung J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 66.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes
Biological Membranes: Function and Assembly  Kohlwein, Sepp D.
In this review we intend to summarize some of the methodology involved in biological membrane research and some of the recent developments in our understanding of how biological membranes are assembled and how they function.
Kohlwein, Sepp D. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 3.
Lipids
Consequences of the lipid bilayer to membrane-associated reactions  Eze, Michael O.
The bilyaer is a very important component of the cell, and consequently fluidity changes within the liquid crystalline state, as well as changes from gel to liquid crystalline, must have profound effects on these membrane functions, and on functions that occur within the membrane.
Eze, Michael O. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 17.
Lipids |
Biological Cells |
Membranes
Gas chromatographic determination of fatty acid compositions  Heinzen, Horacio; Moyna, Patrick; Grompone, Antonia
An experiment that includes a derivatization step and uses readily available reagents.
Heinzen, Horacio; Moyna, Patrick; Grompone, Antonia J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 449.
Gas Chromatography |
Lipids |
Instrumental Methods |
Fatty Acids
A short set of 13C-NMR correlation tables  Brown, D. W.
The object of these tables is to enable a student to calculate rapidly approximate d values for 13C nuclei in as wide a variety of compounds as possible.
Brown, D. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 209.
NMR Spectroscopy |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Amides |
Carboxylic Acids |
Esters
A permanganate test for unsaturated fats using phase transfer catalysis  Hill, John W.; Boyd, Thomas C.
Phase transfer catalysis eliminates problems associated with the Baeyer test.
Hill, John W.; Boyd, Thomas C. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 824.
Lipids |
Catalysis |
Fatty Acids
Ethylene: The organic chemical industry's most important building block  Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E.
The sources, chemistry, and industrial uses of ethylene.
Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 385.
Alkenes |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Polymerization
Chemical toxicology. Part I. Organic compounds  Carter, D. E.; Fernando, Quintus
General principles of toxicology, and particular consideration of aliphatics, aromatic, and halogenated hydrocarbons; alcohols, aldehydes, esters, ethers, and ketones; sulfides, mercaptans, and carbon disulfide; nitrogen-containing compounds; and carcinogens.
Carter, D. E.; Fernando, Quintus J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 284.
Toxicology |
Alcohols |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Esters |
Ethers |
Aromatic Compounds |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds |
Lipids
Stoichiometric study in the gas phase: Bromination of unsaturated hydrocarbons  Charlson, A. J.; Shapiro, J. S.; Ware, G. W.; Watton, E. C.
Many college and high school manuals describe an experiment involving bromine addition to carbon-carbon double bonds. This experiment leaves many questions unanswered and may lead to confusion with the photo-bromination of hydrocarbons where decoloration of bromine occurs. This experiment leads students to many misconceptions regarding this reaction.
Charlson, A. J.; Shapiro, J. S.; Ware, G. W.; Watton, E. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 338.
Stoichiometry |
Alkenes
An investigation of sebum and other facial lipids  Calsin, Dennis; Trinler, W. A.
An introductory thin layer chromatography experiment that illustrates the variety of surface facial lipids, produced chiefly by sebaceous glands.
Calsin, Dennis; Trinler, W. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 135.
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Lipids |
Natural Products
Indene reactions: An organic chemistry laboratory problem  Garrison, James A.
Students are given a problem in which they are to determine which of two published accounts of reaction products involving derivatives of idene is correct.
Garrison, James A. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 300.
Alkenes |
Alcohols
A modern look at Markovnikov's rule and the peroxide effect  Isenberg, Norbert; Grdinic, Marcel
Presents a "carbonium ion" definition of Markovnikov's Rule and examines the peroxide effect.
Isenberg, Norbert; Grdinic, Marcel J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 601.
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Stereochemistry |
Diastereomers |
Free Radicals |
Alkenes |
Addition Reactions
Hyperconjugation: An elementary approach  Ferreira, Ricardo Carvalho
Presents kinetic, thermochemical, and spectroscopic evidence for hyperconjugation in organic species.
Ferreira, Ricardo Carvalho J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 554.
Alkenes
The preparation of "2-bromo-naphthalene"  Wolfe, Winthrop C.; Doukas, Harry M.
Presents a procedure for the preparation of "2-bromo-naphthalene" in large or small amounts.
Wolfe, Winthrop C.; Doukas, Harry M. J. Chem. Educ. 1951, 28, 472.
Synthesis |
Alkenes