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Journal Articles: 768 results
[#99] Clip Clues: Discovering Chemical Formulas  Carmen Fies and Diana Mason
Students use deductive reasoning skills as they identify formulas of unknown elements and compounds modeled by paperclips. The activity supports formation of a basic understanding of elements and compounds, including allotropes, oxidation states, and diatomic elements.
Fies, Carmen; Mason, Diana. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1648A.
Covalent Bonding |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Ionic Bonding |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Oxidation State |
Student-Centered Learning
Ionic Blocks  Richard S. Sevcik, Rex Gamble, Elizabet Martinez, Linda D. Schultz, and Susan V. Alexander
"Ionic Blocks" is a teaching tool designed to help middle school students visualize the concepts of ions, ionic compounds, and stoichiometry. It can also assist high school students in reviewing their subject mastery.
Sevcik, Richard S.; Gamble, Rex; Martinez, Elizabet; Schultz, Linda D.; Alexander, Susan V. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1631.
Ionic Bonding |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nonmajor Courses |
Stoichiometry
Study of Molecular-Shape Selectivity of Zeolites by Gas Chromatography  Pei-Yu Chao, Yao-Yuan Chuang, Grace Hsiuying Ho, Shiow-Huey Chuang, Tseng-Chang Tsai, Chi-Young Lee, Shang-Tien Tsai, and Jun-Fu Huang
This analytical or physical chemistry sorption experiment uses hexane isomers as probe molecules to demonstrate the "molecular-shape selectivity" behavior of zeolites. Students can also modify the sorption protocol to build their own experiments.
Chao, Pei-Yu; Chuang, Yao-Yuan; Ho, Grace Hsiuying; Chuang, Shiow-Huey; Tsai, Tseng-Chang; Lee, Chi-Young; Tsai, Shang-Tien; Huang, Jun-Fu. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1558.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Constitutional Isomers |
Gas Chromatography |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Physical Properties |
Separation Science |
Solid State Chemistry |
Molecular Recognition
Communicating about Matter with Symbols: Evolving from Alchemy to Chemistry  Luigi Fabbrizzi
Alchemists used a secret language and arcane symbols to indicate substances and procedures. When alchemy became quantitative and evolved into the discipline of chemistry, those symbols were supplanted by abbreviations and formulas. However, chemical communication can remain mysterious to the uninitiated.
Fabbrizzi, Luigi. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1501.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
French Mnemonics for the Periodic Table  Gilles Olive and David Riffont
Memorizing chemical names and symbols can be relatively easy with the help of mnemonics. In this letter, we continue the international trend of a previous letter by providing French mnemonics (in the form of sentences) to help young chemists.
Olive, Gilles; Riffont, David. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1489.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Elemental Chem Lab  Antonio Joaquín Franco Mariscal
Three puzzles use the symbols of 45 elements to spell the names of 32 types of laboratory equipment usually found in chemical labs.
Franco Mariscal, Antonio Joaquín. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1370.
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The Science Teacher: Spring 2008  Steve Long
This article reviews chemistry-related articles published between Summer 2007 and February 2008 in The Science Teacher. Supplementary JCE articles and topics are also referenced.
Long, Steve. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 772.
Electrophoresis |
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Student / Career Counseling
Chemistry Taboo: An Active Learning Game for the General Chemistry Classroom  Ken Capps
This paper presents an effective and entertaining way to teach and reinforce central chemistry concepts by incorporating chemical terms into the board game Taboo.
Capps, Ken. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 518.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Biochemistry Wordsearches  Terry L. Helser
Presents two matrix puzzles containing names, terms, acronyms, and abbreviations describing amino acid and nucleotide synthesis, respectively. When completed, the letters remaining describe 1) a genetic disease that students are asked to explain, and 2) a sentence describing the pathways of nucleic acid anabolism.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 515.
Amino Acids |
Biosynthesis |
Metabolism |
Molecular Biology |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Synthesis
Elements—A Card Game of Chemical Names and Symbols  Richard S. Sevcik, O'Dell Hicks, Linda D. Schultz, and Susan V. Alexander
"Elements" is a card game designed to help middle school students recognize and correlate the names and symbols of the most significant chemical elements. Each student constructs his or her own playing cards and competes against classmates in a mini-tournament.
Sevcik, Richard S.; Hicks, O'Dell; Schultz, Linda D.; Alexander, Susan V. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 514.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Why Tungsten Instead of Wolfram?  William B. Jensen
Traces the reason that American and British chemical literature use the name tungsten for element 74, while northern European literature uses the name wolfram.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 488.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A Bright Spark: Open Teaching of Science Using Faraday's Lectures on Candles  Mark Walker, Martin Gröger, Kirsten Schlüter, and Bernd Mosler
Faraday's famous lecture series, "The Natural History of the Candle," has been adapted for use in a student-centered setting, where students decide the meaning of what they see and do.
Walker, Mark; Gröger, Martin; Schlüter, Kirsten; Mosler, Bernd. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 59.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Learning Theories |
Constructivism |
Student-Centered Learning
Gas Clathrate Hydrates Experiment for High School Projects and Undergraduate Laboratories  Melissa P. Prado, Annie Pham, Robert E. Ferazzi, Kimberly Edwards, and Kenneth C. Janda
Presents a procedure for preparing and studying propane clathrate hydrate. This experiment introduces students to this unusual solid while stimulating a discussion of the interplay of intermolecular forces, thermodynamics, and solid structure.
Prado, Melissa P.; Pham, Annie; Ferazzi, Robert E.; Edwards, Kimberly; Janda, Kenneth C. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1790.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Applications of Chemistry |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Hydrogen Bonding
The Aromaticity of Pericyclic Reaction Transition States  Henry S. Rzepa
Presents an approach that combines two fundamental concepts in organic chemistry, chirality and aromaticity, into a simple rule for stating selection rules for pericyclic reactions in terms of achiral Hckel-aromatic and chiral Mbius-aromatic transition states.
Rzepa, Henry S. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1535.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Stereochemistry
The Penny Experiment Revisited: An Illustration of Significant Figures, Accuracy, Precision, and Data Analysis  Joseph Bularzik
In this general chemistry laboratory the densities of pennies are measured by weighing them and using two different methods to measure their volumes. The average and standard deviation calculated for the resulting densities demonstrate that one measurement method is more accurate while the other is more precise.
Bularzik, Joseph. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1456.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nonmajor Courses |
Physical Properties
The Quartz-Crystal Microbalance in an Undergraduate Laboratory Experiment  Vladimir Tsionsky
Describes a typical student experiment on the determination of the viscosity of liquids using a quartz-crystal microbalance.
Tsionsky, Vladimir. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1337.
Alcohols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Liquids |
Physical Properties |
Solutions / Solvents
Communicating Chemical and Mathematical Equations in Email  Carl W. David
MathCast is a program that can be used to communicate technical materials, especially complex mathematical formulas and chemical equations, using email.
David, Carl W. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 932.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Professional Development
The Origin of the Names Malic, Maleic, and Malonic Acid  William B. Jensen
Explores the origins of the terms malic, maleic, and malonic acid.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 924.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Teaching Mathematics to Chemistry Students with Symbolic Computation  J. F. Ogilvie and M. B. Monagan
The authors explain how the use of mathematical software improves the teaching and understanding of mathematics to and by chemistry students while greatly expanding their abilities to solve realistic chemical problems.
Ogilvie, J. F.; Monagan, M. B. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 889.
Chemometrics |
Computational Chemistry |
Fourier Transform Techniques |
Mathematics / Symbolic Mathematics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Quantitative Comparison of Three Standardization Methods Using a One-Way ANOVA for Multiple Mean Comparisons  Russell D. Barrows
In this experiment, students determine the concentrations of three long-chain hydrocarbons through gas chromatography using a procedure of their own design and three standardization methodsan external calibration curve, standard addition, and an internal standard. They then test their success by performing a one-way ANOVA statistical analysis.
Barrows, Russell D. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 839.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Gas Chromatography |
Quantitative Analysis |
Statistical Mechanics |
Student-Centered Learning
A Short History of Three Chemical Shifts  Shin-ichi Nagaoka
Regrettably, the term "chemical shift" to designate the position of a spectral signal has a poor reputation as a technical term. Nevertheless, the "chemical" environment around an atom of interest influences the electronic environment and hence, leads to spectral shifts, making the prefix "chemical" appropriate.
Nagaoka, Shin-ichi. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 801.
NMR Spectroscopy |
Spectroscopy |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A Spoonful of C12H22O11 Makes the Chemistry Go Down: Candy Motivations in the High School Chemistry Classroom  Fanny K. Ennever
Describes sixteen motivations that combine food with measurement, nomenclature, stoichiometry, distillation, the periodic table, polarity, boiling point, rate of solution, catalysis, entropy, acids, redox, and organic compounds.
Ennever, Fanny K. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 615.
Acids / Bases |
Catalysis |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Physical Properties |
Separation Science |
Solutions / Solvents |
Stoichiometry
Sudoku Puzzles for First-Year Organic Chemistry Students  Alice L. Perez and G. Lamoureux
Sudoku puzzles are used to help the students learn the correspondence between the names of amino acids, their abbreviations, and codes; and the correspondence between the names of functional groups, their structures, and abbreviations.
Perez, Alice L.; Lamoureux, G. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 614.
Alcohols |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkylation |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds |
Amino Acids |
MO Theory |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Student-Centered Learning |
Alkynes |
Amides
Sudoku Puzzles as Chemistry Learning Tools  Thomas D. Crute and Stephanie A. Myers
Sudoku puzzles that use a mixture of chemical terms and symbols serve as a tool to encourage the necessary repetition and attention to detail desired for mastering chemistry. The classroom-ready examples provided use polyatomic ions, organic functional groups, and strong nucleophiles. Guidelines for developing additional puzzles are described.
Crute, Thomas D.; Myers, Stephanie A. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 612.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Student-Centered Learning
Introduction of Differential Scanning Calorimetry in a General Chemistry Laboratory Course: Determination of Thermal Properties of Organic Hydrocarbons  Ronald DAmelia, Thomas Franks, and William F. Nirode
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a rugged, easy-to-use instrumental method for thermal analysis determinations. The work described herein discusses the use of DSC in a general chemistry laboratory course to determine thermal properties such as melting points, ?fusionH, ?fusionS, and introduce the concept of polymorphism for organic hydrocarbons.
DAmelia, Ronald; Franks, Thomas; Nirode, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 453.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Instrumental Methods |
Physical Properties |
Thermal Analysis |
Thermodynamics |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
How and When Did Avogadro's Name become Associated with Avogadro's Number?  William B. Jensen
Traces the process by which Avogadro's name became associated with Avogadro's number in American college and high school chemistry texts.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 223.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Precision in Stereochemical Terminology  LeRoy G. Wade, Jr.
This article recommends that instructors use the precise terms asymmetric carbon atom and chirality center when they apply, and use the broader term stereocenter only when there is a need to include stereogenic atoms that are not chirality centers.
Wade, LeRoy G., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1793.
Chemical Technicians |
Diastereomers |
Enantiomers |
Stereochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chirality / Optical Activity
The Origin of the Term "Hypervalent"  William B. Jensen
Traces the origins of the term hypervalent, the various debates surrounding its usage, and the resulting implications for introductory textbooks.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1751.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Entropy and the Shelf Model: A Quantum Physical Approach to a Physical Property  Arnd H. Jungermann
A quantum physical approach relying on energy quantization leads to three simple rules which are the key to understanding the physical property described by molar entropy values.
Jungermann, Arnd H. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1686.
Alcohols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Carboxylic Acids |
Covalent Bonding |
Ionic Bonding |
Physical Properties |
Quantum Chemistry |
Thermodynamics
The IUPAC Rules for Naming Organic Molecules  Stanislaw Skonieczny
A systematic approach to naming polyfunctional organic compounds is presented. Latest IUPAC rules are incorporated and the table of order of precedence for the major functional groups is assembled.
Skonieczny, Stanislaw. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1633.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Use of Dots in Chemical Formulas  William B. Jensen
Traces the origins and uses of dots in chemical formulas.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1590.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Concentration Scales for Sugar Solutions  David W. Ball
Examines several special scales used to indicate the concentration of sugar solutions and their application to industry.
Ball, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1489.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Food Science |
Solutions / Solvents
The New Measurement Concept Explained by Using an Introductory Example  Bruno Wampfler, Matthias Rösslein, and Helene Felber
Presents the implementation of measurement uncertainty in lectures on analytical chemistry and compares the measurement concept published in the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement with the current state-of-practice.
Wampfler, Bruno; Rösslein, Matthias; Felber, Helene. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1382.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantitative Analysis |
Professional Development
Classifying Matter: A Physical Model Using Paper Clips  Bob Blake, Lynn Hogue, and Jerry L. Sarquis
By using colored paper clips, students can represent pure substances, mixtures, elements, and compounds and then discuss their similarities and differences. This model is advantageous for the beginning student who would not know enough about the detailed composition of simple materials like milk, brass, sand, and air to classify them properly.
Blake, Bob; Hogue, Lynn; Sarquis, Jerry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1317.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solids |
Student-Centered Learning
More on the Nature of Resonance  Robert C. Kerber
The author continues to find the use of delocalization preferable to resonance.
Kerber, Robert C. . J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1291.
Aromatic Compounds |
Covalent Bonding |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Resonance Theory |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
More on the Nature of Resonance  William B. Jensen
Supplements a recent article on the interpretation of resonance theory with three additional observationsone historical and two conceptual.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1290.
Aromatic Compounds |
Covalent Bonding |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Resonance Theory
Colorful Chemical Demonstrations on the Extraction of Anionic Species from Water into Ether Mediated by Tricaprylylmethylammonium Chloride (Aliquat 336), a Liquid–Liquid Phase-Transfer Agent  Anil Joseph Pezhathinal, Kerensa Rocke, Louis Susanto, Derek Handke, Roch Chan-Yu-King, and Patrick Gordon
Provides a list of safe and easy experiments to demonstrate the extraction of colorful, water-soluble reagents by Aliquat 336 into ether. The demonstrations simulate the preliminary extractive step of an ionic species in liquidliquid phase transfer-catalyzed reactions and introduce various undergraduate chemistry concepts and principles to students.
Pezhathinal, Anil Joseph; Rocke, Kerensa; Susanto, Louis; Handke, Derek; Chan-Yu-King, Roch; Gordon, Patrick. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1161.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds |
Catalysis |
Dyes / Pigments |
Reactions |
Mechanisms of Reactions
The Origin of the Term "Base"  William B. Jensen
Traces the origins of the term base as used in acid-base chemistry.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1130.
Acids / Bases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Semiempirical and DFT Investigations of the Dissociation of Alkyl Halides  Jack R. Waas
Enthalpy changes corresponding to the gas phase heats of dissociation of 12 organic halides were calculated using two semiempirical methods, the HartreeFock method, and two DFT methods. All five methods agreed generally with the expected empirically known trends in the dissociation of alkyl halides.
Waas, Jack R. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1017.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Computational Chemistry |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Molecular Modeling |
Reactions |
Reactive Intermediates |
Thermodynamics |
Elimination Reactions |
Nucleophilic Substitution
Acid–Base Chemistry According to Robert Boyle: Chemical Reactions in Words as well as Symbols  David E. Goodney
Examples of acidbase reactions from Robert Boyle's The Sceptical Chemist are used to illustrate the rich information content of chemical equations. Boyle required lengthy passages of florid language to describe what can be done quite simply with a chemical equation.
Goodney, David E. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1001.
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An Exploration of a Photochemical Pericyclic Reaction Using NMR Data  Sara M. Hein
This inexpensive, small-scale experiment for advanced organic students describes the unambiguous identification of a photochemical dimerization product from eleven possible candidates.
Hein, Sara M. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 940.
Addition Reactions |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Carboxylic Acids |
Conformational Analysis |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Photochemistry |
Synthesis
Octachem Model: Organic Chemistry Nomenclature Companion  Joaquin Palacios
The Octachem model is an educational physical model designed to guide students in the identification, classification, and naming of the chemical structures of organic compounds. In this article the basic concepts of Octachem model are presented, and the physical model and contents are described.
Palacios, Joaquin. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 890.
Alcohols |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds |
Esters |
Ethers |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Origin of the Term Allotrope  William B. Jensen
Traces the origins of the concept of allotropism and its changing meaning over time.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 838.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Valence, Oxidation Number, and Formal Charge: Three Related but Fundamentally Different Concepts  Gerard Parkin
The purpose of this article is to clarify the terms valence, oxidation number, coordination number, formal charge, and number of bonds and illustrate how the valence of an atom in a molecule provides a much more meaningful criterion for establishing the chemical reasonableness of a molecule than does the oxidation number.
Parkin, Gerard. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 791.
Coordination Compounds |
Covalent Bonding |
Lewis Structures |
Oxidation State |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Vocabulary and Concepts of Organic Chemistry, Second Edition (Milton Orchin, Roger S. Macomber, Allan R. Pinhas, R. Marshall Wilson)  R. David Crouch
As the title implies, this book serves as a reference for someone who needs to answer a question such as What is a carbene? or Whats the difference between a sulfenate and a sulfinate?
Crouch, R. David. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 706.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Rainbow Wheel and Rainbow Matrix: Two Effective Tools for Learning Ionic Nomenclature  Joseph S. Chimeno, Gary P Wulfsberg, Michael J. Sanger, and Tammy J. Melton
This study compared the learning of ionic nomenclature by three different methods, one traditional and the other two using game formats. The game formats were found to be more effective in helping students develop a working knowledge of chemical nomenclature.
Chimeno, Joseph S.; Wulfsberg, Gary P.; Sanger, Michael J.; Melton, Tammy J. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 651.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nonmajor Courses
Revisiting Molar Mass, Atomic Mass, and Mass Number: Organizing, Integrating, and Sequencing Fundamental Chemical Concepts  Stephen DeMeo
It is often confusing for introductory chemistry students to differentiate between molar mass, atomic mass, and mass number as well as to conceptually understand these ideas beyond a surface level. One way to improve understanding is to integrate the concepts, articulate their relationships, and present them in a meaningful sequence.
DeMeo, Stephen. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 617.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Physical Properties
Nomenclature Made Practical: Student Discovery of the Nomenclature Rules  Michael C. Wirtz, Joan Kaufmann, and Gary Hawley
Presents a method to teach chemical nomenclature to students in an introductory chemistry course that utilizes the discovery-learning model. Inorganic compounds are grouped into four categories and introduced through separate activities interspersed throughout the first semester to provide context and avoid confronting the student with all of the nomenclature rules at once.
Wirtz, Michael C.; Kaufmann, Joan; Hawley, Gary. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 595.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nonmetals |
Student-Centered Learning
Acrostic Puzzles in the Classroom  Dorothy Swain
Acrostic puzzles are an effective vehicle to expose students to the history and philosophy of science without lecturing.
Swain, Dorothy. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 589.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nonmajor Courses |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The Origins of the Ortho-, Meta-, and Para- Prefixes in Chemical Nomenclature  William B. Jensen
Traces the origins of the prefixes "ortho-", "meta-", and "para-" in both inorganic and organic chemical nomenclature.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 356.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
If It's Resonance, What Is Resonating?  Robert C. Kerber
This article reviews the origin of the terminology associated with the use of more than one Lewis-type structure to describe delocalized bonding in molecules and how the original usage has evolved to reduce confusion
Kerber, Robert C. . J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 223.
Aromatic Compounds |
Covalent Bonding |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Resonance Theory
Further Analysis of Boiling Points of Small Molecules, CHwFxClyBrz  Guy Beauchamp
Multiple linear regression analysis has proven useful in selecting predictor variables that could significantly clarify the boiling point variation of the CHwFxClyBrz molecules.
Beauchamp, Guy. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1842.
Chemometrics |
Physical Properties |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Are Some Elements More Equal Than Others?  Ronald L. Rich
Presents a new periodic chart with 18 columns but no interruptions of atomic numbers at Lanthanum or Actinum, and no de-emphasis of elements 57-71 or 89-103 by seeming to make footnotes of them. It shows some elements more than once in order to illuminate multiple relationships in chemical behavior.
Rich, Ronald L. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1761.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Inner Transition Elements |
Main-Group Elements |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Oxidation State |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Transition Elements
Determination of the Rotational Barrier in Ethane by Vibrational Spectroscopy and Statistical Thermodynamics  Gianfranco Ercolani
The finite-difference boundary-value method is used to determine, in combination with vibrational spectroscopy and statistical thermodynamics, the torsional potential in ethane.
Ercolani, Gianfranco. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1703.
IR Spectroscopy |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Quantum Chemistry |
Statistical Mechanics |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Conformational Analysis |
Heat Capacity |
Thermodynamics
A Template-Controlled Solid-State Reaction for the Organic Chemistry Laboratory  Tomislav Friscic, Tamara D. Hamilton, Giannis S. Papaefstathiou, and Leonard R. MacGillivray
Describes a laboratory experiment that employs linear hydrogen-bond templates to direct [2 + 2] photodimerization in the solid state. The experiment introduces undergraduates to supramolecular and solid-state chemistry, as well as aspects of green chemistry.
Friscic, Tomislav; Hamilton, Tamara D.; Papaefstathiou, Giannis S.; MacGillivray, Leonard R. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1679.
Green Chemistry |
Solid State Chemistry |
Crystals / Crystallography |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Materials Science |
NMR Spectroscopy
The Symbolism of Chemical Equations   Jensen, William B.
Traces the origins of the equal sign and double arrow symbolism in balanced chemical equations.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1461.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Improving Conceptions in Analytical Chemistry: ci Vi = cf Vf  Margarita Rodríguez-López and Arnaldo Carrasquillo Jr.
A common misconception related to analytical chemistry, which may be generalized as the failure to recognize and to account analytically for changes in substance density, is discussed. A cautionary example is made through the use of mass-based units of composition during volumetric dilution. The correct application of the volumetric dilution equation ci Vi = cf Vf is discussed. A quantitative description of the systematic error introduced by incorrect use of the volumetric dilution equation is also specified.
Rodríguez-López, Margarita; Carrasquillo, Arnaldo, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1327.
Industrial Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantitative Analysis |
Solutions / Solvents
Quantitative Determination of the Rotameric Energy Differences of 1,2-Dihaloethanes Using Raman Spectroscopy. An Experimental Project for the Physical Chemistry Laboratory  Mark D. Young, Natalia C. Borjemscaia, and Brian D. Wladkowski
The effects of structure and environment on the rotameric energy difference between gauche and trans conformations of 1,2-disubtitutedethanes are determined quantitatively through the use of Raman spectroscopy. Two 1,2-dihaloethanes (chloro- and bromo-) were analyzed in the condensed phase (pure liquid, carbon tetrachloride, and acetonitrile solutions). Since the gauche conformation of these molecules has a nonzero dipole, dissolving the compounds in solvents with increasing dielectric constant causes a stabilization of the gauche conformation, thus decreasing the absolute energy difference between the rotamers. The major factor governing the intrinsic stability is that of steric hindrance.
Young, Mark D.; Borjemscaia, Natalia C.; Wladkowski, Brian D. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 912.
Instrumental Methods |
IR Spectroscopy |
Quantitative Analysis |
Raman Spectroscopy |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Conformational Analysis |
Stereochemistry
"In Yeast" Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
This puzzle contains 31 names, terms and acronyms that describe enzyme catalysis in a 15-by-14 letter matrix. A descriptive narrative with underlined spaces to be filled gives clues to the terms students need to find. When all are found, the 15 letters remaining in the matrix complete a sentence describing what enzymes do. This wordsearch puzzle is suitable for any course that introduces enzyme nomenclature.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 552.
Enzymes |
Metabolism |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Water Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
This puzzle contains 36 names and terms from water chemistry in a 14-by-13 letter matrix. A descriptive narrative with underlined spaces to be filled gives clues to the terms students need to find. When all are found, the 16 letters remaining in the matrix complete a sentence describing a reason to learn these terms. It is suitable for any course that introduces the unique properties of water.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 551.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Physical Properties
Designing Element T-shirts: Spelling with the Periodic Table  Julie Palmer and Lisa Brosnick
As an enrichment activity for the periodic table unit, students used element symbols to spell their name or a common word. These element "words" were typed into a template using proper element notation, atomic mass, and atomic number. The resulting templates were then printed on iron-on t-shirt transfer papers using an inkjet printer. Students ironed the transfers onto t-shirts and wore the shirts to school in celebration of National Chemistry Week.
Palmer, Julie; Brosnick, Lisa. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 517.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Introducing JCE ChemInfo: Organic  Hans J. Reich
JCE ChemInfo: Organic is a collection of Web pages containing information useful to teachers, researchers, and students in organic chemistry, biochemistry, and medicinal chemistry. The pages have been selected for ease of use, broad applicability, and quality of coverage. Topics will include structural information, organic reactions, nomenclature, physical properties, and spectroscopic data. These Web pages will be updated when possible and additional Web pages will be added as they become available.
Reich, Hans J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 495.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
NMR Spectroscopy
A Methane Balloon Inflation Chamber  Curtis J. Czerwinski and Tanya J. Cordes
While several lecture demonstrations are possible using methane-filled balloons, it is often inconvenient to prepare these balloons since the pressure from standard laboratory and lecture hall gas nozzles is too low. As a solution to this problem, a methane balloon inflation chamber, prepared from a translucent 3.5-gallon pail and an aspirator or house-vacuum, provides an inexpensive and convenient method for inflating balloons in laboratories or lecture halls. Prepared in this way, methane-filled balloons can be used to demonstrate the effects of vacuum, the lifting power of low-density gases, and the explosive combustion of methane.
Czerwinski, Curtis J.; Cordes, Tanya J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 248.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Gases |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Finding Chemical Anchors in the Kitchen  Liliana Haim
We present a series of cooking activities to be carried out as a starting point of a chemistry course in the elementary school. This "kitchen course" is intended for students ages 911 who are new to chemistry. The main purpose is to allow students to practice transferrable skills by handling concrete kitchen materials; they learn classification, ordering, unit conversion, and conservation. The kitchen activities also introduce anchors for chemistry-specific skills such as periodic table conformation and manipulation, chemical equation and chemical formula use, relative mass, and element and compound differentiation.
Haim, Liliana. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 228.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The Kilogram and the Mole Redux  Paul J. Karol
Freemans reply to my letter on the kilogram and the mole misses the point, perhaps because I was not sufficiently clear. Of his substantive criticisms, Freeman first states (correctly) I define NAAvogadros numberand that I then define the kilogram (incorrect). Defining NA in conjunction with the existing undebatable definition of a mass scale based on 12C mandates, ipso facto, the kilogram metric.
Karol, Paul J. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 212.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
A Set of Hands-On Exercises on Conformational Analysis  Silvina C. Pellegrinet and Ernesto G. Mata
This article describes a set of comprehensive exercises on conformational analysis that employs a hands-on approach by the use of molecular modeling kits. In addition, the exercises provide illustrations of other topics such as nomenclature, functional groups, and isomerism, and introduce some notions of chirality.
Pellegrinet, Silvina C.; Mata, Ernesto G. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 73.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Conformational Analysis |
Constitutional Isomers |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry
Empirical Formulas and the Solid State: A Proposal  William B. Jensen
This brief article calls attention to the failure of most introductory textbooks to point out explicitly the fact that nonmolecular solids do not have molecular formulas and suggests some practical remedies for improving textbook coverage of this subject. The inadequacies of the terms "empirical formula" and "molecular formula" are also discussed, and the terms "relative compositional formula" and "absolute compositional formula" are proposed as more appropriate alternatives.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1772.
Solid State Chemistry |
Solids |
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Etymology as an Aid to Understanding Chemistry Concepts  Nittala S. Sarma
Recognition of word roots and the pattern of evolution of scientific terms can be helpful in understanding chemistry concepts (gaining knowledge of new concepts represented by related terms). The meaning and significance of various etymological roots, occurring as prefixes and suffixes in technical terms particularly of organic chemistry, are explained in a unified manner in order to show the connection of various concepts vis  vis the terms in currency. The meanings of some special words and many examples are provided.
Sarma, Nittala S. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1437.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Origin of the Mole Concept  William B. Jensen
In response to a reader query, the column traces the origins of the mole concept in chemistry.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1409.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Molecular Modeling of Non-Trivial Cyclohexane Derivatives: A Discovery Approach  Gail Horowitz
An experiment is described that utilizes molecular modeling to study the effects of sp2 hybridization, bond elongation, and heteroatom substitution upon the stabilities of the axial and equatorial conformers of cyclohexane.
Horowitz, Gail. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1006.
Molecular Modeling |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Computational Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Why Helium Ends in "-ium"  William B. Jensen
In response to a reader query, the reasons are traced for helium having the ending "-ium", usually reserved for metals.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 944.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
SI for Chemists: A Modification  Robert D. Freeman
To correct my original blunder, I recommend that the name "amount of substance" be replaced by "quant" (rather than posos). The word "quant" is in standard dictionaries and has a single meaning related to boating.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 802.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
SI for Chemists: Another Position  Tomislav Cvitas
I must say that I agree neither with what was said in the original commentary by R. D. Freeman, nor with the letter by P. Karol.
Cvitas, Tomislav. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 801.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
SI for Chemists: Persistent Problems, Solid Solutions; SI Basic Units: The Kilogram and the Mole  Robert D. Freeman
Karols letter is a prime example of the type of article about which he complains in his first paragraph. There are four major flaws in Karols suggestions.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 800.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
SI for Chemists: Persistent Problems, Solid Solutions. SI Basic Units: The Kilogram and the Mole  Paul J. Karol
The persistent perceived problem with the base units kilogram and mole addressed in those journal articles is resolvable once it is finally recognized that we have been using a double standard: the international platinumiridium kilogram prototype and 12C.
Karol, Paul J. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 800.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantitative Analysis |
Stoichiometry
SI for Chemists: Persistent Problems, Solid Solutions. SI Basic Units: The Kilogram and the Mole  Paul J. Karol
The persistent perceived problem with the base units kilogram and mole addressed in those journal articles is resolvable once it is finally recognized that we have been using a double standard: the international platinumiridium kilogram prototype and 12C.
Karol, Paul J. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 800.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantitative Analysis |
Stoichiometry
Functional Group Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
This puzzle contains 24 names and terms from organic chemistry in a 12 ? 12 letter matrix. A descriptive narrative with underlined spaces to be filled gives clues to the terms students need to find.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 517.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Organic Chemistry Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
This puzzle contains 27 names and terms from organic chemistry in a 13 ? 13 letter matrix. A descriptive narrative with underlined spaces to be filled gives clues to the terms students need to find.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 515.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Caveman Chemistry: 28 Projects, from the Creation of Fire to the Production of Plastics (Kevin M. Dunn)  Michael S. Matthews
In Caveman Chemistry, Kevin Dunn presents a historically oriented hands-on introduction to chemistry and chemical technology that is tremendously entertaining.
Matthews, Michael S. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 490.
Stoichiometry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Applications of Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Natural Products |
Nonmajor Courses
Using Hydrocarbon Acidities To Demonstrate Principles of Organic Structure and Bonding  Andrew P. Dicks
This article demonstrates the utility of hydrocarbon acidity as a teaching tool within the undergraduate classroom. Acidities of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon vary by at least 50 orders of magnitude. Differences in acidities are rationalized by invoking principles of hybridization, resonance, induction, and aromaticity.
Dicks, Andrew P. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1322.
Acids / Bases |
Aromatic Compounds |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Reactions (→) vs Equations (=)  S. R. Logan
A recent chemical kinetics text uses an equals sign for an overall reaction, whereas an arrow is used in each of the reaction steps that are proposed to constitute the mechanism, and for any elementary process.
Logan, S. R. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1258.
Kinetics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Reactions |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Organic Nomenclature  David B. Shaw and Laura R. Yindra
Organic Nomenclature is a drill-and-practice exercise in naming organic compounds (using both common and IUPAC names) and identifying structural formulas. It consists of multiple-choice questions where a name or formula is given and the correct formula or name is chosen from a list of five possible answers.
Shaw, David B.; Yindra, Laura R. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1223.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Inorganic Nomenclature   David Shaw
Drill-and-practice exercises in naming and writing formulas for ionic and covalent inorganic compounds.
Shaw, David. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 711.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Trivial, Common, and Systematic Chemical Names  Giovanni Lentini
Call for clear distinction to be made between trivial / common / generic names, international nonproprietary names (INN), and systematic (IUPAC) names for compounds (in reference to adrenaline / suprarenine / epinephrine).
Lentini, Giovanni. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 487.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Organic Functional Group Playing Card Deck  Michael J. Welsh
Organic functional group playing card deck used for review of the name and structure of organic functional groups that can be used to play any game that a normal deck of cards is used for.
Welsh, Michael J. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 426.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nonmajor Courses |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Alcohols |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Amides |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds |
Aromatic Compounds |
Carboxylic Acids |
Esters |
Ethers |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Synthesis
The Name Game: Learning the Connectivity between the Concepts  Marina C. Koether
Game in which students review words (names of elements and compounds, instrumentation, types of reactions) using an ice-breaker-type activity; each student given a word that they can't see but everyone else can; must learn their name by asking as few yes-no questions as possible.
Koether, Marina C. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 421.
Instrumental Methods |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Electron Transport Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Wordsearch puzzle containing 30 words that describe electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 419.
Metabolism |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Genetic Code Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Wordsearch puzzle containing 30 words that describe the nucleotide sequences used to produce proteins.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 417.
Biotechnology |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nucleic Acids / DNA / RNA
Terminology: Four Puzzles from One Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Tips for constructing multiple wordsearch puzzles; example of a lab safety wordsearch provided.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 414.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Learning Theories |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Find the Symbols of Elements Using a Letter Matrix Puzzle  V. D. Kelkar
Letter matrix puzzle using chemical symbols.
Kelkar, V. D. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 411.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Main-Group Elements |
Transition Elements |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Elemental ZOO  Terry L. Helser
Puzzle using the symbols of 39 elements to spell the name of 25 animals found in zoos.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 409.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Main-Group Elements |
Transition Elements |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Review of "The Ingredients: A Guided Tour of the Elements" (Philip Ball)  Linda H. Doerrer
Chronologic tour of our understanding of matter, from Hellenic civilization to the present.
Doerrer, Linda H. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 387.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Main-Group Elements |
Transition Elements |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Review of "The Ingredients: A Guided Tour of the Elements" (Philip Ball)  Linda H. Doerrer
Chronologic tour of our understanding of matter, from Hellenic civilization to the present.
Doerrer, Linda H. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 387.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Main-Group Elements |
Transition Elements |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
C–H and C–D Bonds: An Experimental Approach to the Identity of C–H Bonds by Their Conversion to C–D Bonds  Alex T. Rowland
Three experiments that allow students to determine the relative reactivity of C-H bonds that are aliphatic, alpha, benzylic, or aromatic by the ease of substitution of deuterium for oxygen.
Rowland, Alex T. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 311.
Acids / Bases |
IR Spectroscopy |
Isotopes |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Undergraduate Research |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Carboxylic Acids
Mole, Mole per Liter, and Molar: A Primer on SI and Related Units for Chemistry Students  George Gorin
A brief historical overview of the SI system, the concept of the mole and the definition of mole unit, the status of the liter in the metric and SI systems, and the meaning of molar and molarity.
Gorin, George. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 103.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents |
Enrichment / Review Materials
SI for Chemists: Persistent Problems, Solid Solutions  Robert D. Freeman
Problems with SI units for mass (the kilogram) and amount of material (the mole) and recommendations for changes.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 16.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
What's in a Name?   Robert M. Hanson
Quiz that asks questions that are helpful in determining what is happening in an aqueous solution.
Hanson, Robert M. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1380.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
The Chemical Name Game  Robert M. Hanson
Provides practice in learning about names and properties of chemical species.
Hanson, Robert M. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1380.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Physical Properties
An Interactive Graphical Approach to Temperature Conversions  Jonathan Mitschele
Activity to demonstrate the relationship between the Fahrenheit and Celsius temperature scales by graphing measurements of English- and metric-unit thermometers.
Mitschele, Jonathan. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1235.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Measurements for a Rainy Day  Erica K. Jacobsen and Nancy S. Gettys
Students collect data on a rainy day and use the information to calculate the rate of rainfall.
Jacobsen, Erica K.; Gettys, Nancy S. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 1104A.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chemistry Formatter Add-ins for Microsoft Word and Excel  Christopher King
MS Word and Excel add-ins that automatically convert chemistry symbols and notations.
King, Christopher. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 896.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Fractional Distillation and GC Analysis of Hydrocarbon Mixtures  Craig J. Donahue
Separating and identifying the components of a three-hydrocarbon mixture through fractional distillation and gas chromatography.
Donahue, Craig J. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 721.
Chromatography |
Gas Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Aromatic Compounds |
IR Spectroscopy |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Qualitative Analysis
On the Stereochemistry of 'Natural' a-Amino Acids (re J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 48-49)  Sam H. Leung

Leung, Sam H. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 559.
Amino Acids |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry
On the Stereochemistry of 'Natural' a-Amino Acids (re J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 48-49)  Giovanni Lentini

Lentini, Giovanni. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 558.
Amino Acids |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry
Correctly Expressing Atomic Weights (re J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1438)  Moreno Paolini, Giovanni Cercignani, and Carlo Bauer
Alternative units in which to express atomic weight.
Paolini, Moreno; Cercignani, Giovanni; Bauer, Carlo. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 163.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Learning Theories
Correctly Expressing Atomic Weights (re J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1438)  George Gorin
Alternative units in which to express atomic weight.
Gorin, George. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 163.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Learning Theories
Further Information on the Hazards of n-Hexane (re J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 587)  Jay A. Young
Consideration of a flammable liquid above its flash point.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1593.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Management
Further Information on the Hazards of n-Hexane (re J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 587)  J. C. Jones
Consideration of a flammable liquid above its flash point.
Jones, J. C. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1593.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Management
Further Information on the Hazards of n-Hexane (re J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 587)  J. C. Jones
Consideration of a flammable liquid above its flash point.
Jones, J. C. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1593.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Management
The Hydrogenation of Cyclododecene by Lithium Naphthalenide and Nickel Chloride Dihydrate  Francisco Alonso and Miguel Yus
Transformation of cyclododecene into cyclododecane in the absence of external hydrogen as an alternative to the normal method of catalytic hydrogenation.
Alonso, Francisco; Yus, Miguel. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1517.
Synthesis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Metals
Learning the Functional Groups: Keys to Success  Shannon Byrd and David P. Hildreth
Classification activity and scheme for learning functional groups.
Byrd, Shannon; Hildreth, David P. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1355.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A Second Note on the Term "Chalcogen"  Werner Fischer
Etymology of the term "chalcogen".
Fischer, Werner. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1333.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A Second Note on the Term "Chalcogen"  Werner Fischer
Etymology of the term "chalcogen".
Fischer, Werner. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1333.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Correction to Chemical Laboratory Information Profile: n-Hexane (J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 587)  Jay A. Young
Corrected formula for n-hexane.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1021.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Management |
Physical Properties
A Method for Drawing the Cyclohexane Ring and Its Substituents  Veljko Dragojlovic
A simple method for drawing cyclohexanes.
Dragojlovic, Veljko. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 923.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Chemical Laboratory Information Profile: n-Hexane  Jay A. Young
Properties, hazards, and storage requirements for n-hexane.
Young, Jay A. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 587.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Management |
Physical Properties
Krebs Cycle Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Puzzle with 46 names, terms, prefixes, and acronyms that describe the citric acid (Krebs) cycle.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 515.
Metabolism |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Glycolysis Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Puzzle with 30 names, terms, prefixes, and acronyms that describe glycolysis and fermentation.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 503.
Metabolism |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Carbohydrates
b-Oxidation Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Puzzle with 36 names, terms, prefixes, and acronyms that describe lipid metabolism.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 483.
Metabolism |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Lipids
Protein Structure Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Puzzle with 37 names, terms, prefixes, and acronyms that describe protein structure.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 474.
Proteins / Peptides |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Correctly Expressing Atomic Weights   Moreno Paolini, Giovanni Cercignani, and Carlo Bauer
Proposal on the basis of clear-cut formulas that, contrary to customary statements, atomic and molecular weights should be expressed as dimensional quantities (masses) in which the Dalton (= 1.663 x 10-24 g) is taken as the unit.
Paolini, Moreno; Cercignani, Giovanni; Bauer, Carlo. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1438.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Learning Theories
Periplanar or Coplanar?  Saul Kane and William H. Hersh
The prefix peri, derived from the Greek for "near", was chosen to make the meaning "approximately planar". However, the current common usage of syn and antiperiplanar is planar, which is incorrect. In the interests of proper language, we suggest that future authors instead use "syn-coplanar" and "anti-coplanar".
Kane, Saul; Hersh, William H. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1366.
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Are We Taking Symbolic Language for Granted?   Paul Marais and Faan Jordaan
This study formed part of a broader investigation into the role of language in teaching and learning chemical equilibrium. Students were tested for their understanding of 25 words and five symbols commonly used in connection with chemical equilibrium. This test showed that most of the students had an inadequate grasp of the meaning of all five symbols. It also showed that, on the average, their understanding of symbols was more problematic than their understanding of words.
Marais, Paul; Jordaan, Faan. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1355.
Equilibrium |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Organic Acids without a Carboxylic Acid Functional Group  G. V. Perez and Alice L. Perez
This paper presents several organic molecules that have been labeled as acids but do not contain a carboxylic acid functional group. Various chemical principles such as pKa, tautomerization, aromaticity, conformation, resonance, and induction are explored.
Perez, G. V.; Perez, Alice L. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 910.
Acids / Bases |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Phenols |
Carboxylic Acids |
Aromatic Compounds
The R/S System: A New and Simple Approach to Determining Ligand Priority and a Unified Method for the Assignment and Correlation of Stereogenic Center Configuration in Diverse Stereoformulas  Dipak K. Mandal
A new approach providing an "at-a-glance" priority order of ligands attached to a stereogenic center in organic molecules and a unified method for assigning and correlating stereogenic center absolute configuration in diverse stereochemical representations is presented.
Mandal, Dipak Kumar. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 866.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
News from Online: Learning Communities  Carolyn Sweeney Judd
Summary of a variety of online, chemistry resources.
Judd, Carolyn Sweeney. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 808.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Classroom Nomenclature Games--BINGO  Thomas D. Crute
The use of games in the chemistry classroom can provide instruction, feedback, practice, and fun. A modification of a BINGO game to chemical nomenclature and a specific application to alkanes are described. Tips on preparation of materials, and suggested variations including inorganic nomenclature are presented.
Crute, Thomas D. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 481.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nonmajor Courses
Sugar Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Wordsearch puzzle containing 29 names, terms, prefixes and acronyms that describe sugars and their polymers.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 480.
Carbohydrates |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Lipid Wordsearch  Terry L. Helser
Wordsearch puzzle containing 37 names, terms, prefixes and acronyms that describe lipids.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 479.
Lipids |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
From Past Issues: Contests Revisited  Metanomski, W.V.
Using the CAS registry to identify "corrosive sublimate" and "chlorazene".
Metanomski, W.V. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 310.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Let's Not Forget the Units!  Hillger, Don
History of movement toward metric in U.S.
Hillger, Don J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 310.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  
History of movement toward metric in U.S.
J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 310.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
How to Make Learning Chemical Nomenclature Fun, Exciting, and Palatable  Joseph Chimeno
One great challenge that introductory chemistry students have is learning the names of various chemical compounds. To make chemical nomenclature fun, exciting, and palatable, the "Rainbow Wheel" was developed at North Iowa Area Community College.
Chimeno, Joseph. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 144.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Use of Extent of Reaction in Introductory Courses  Sebastian G. Canagaratna
This article discusses the use of the extent of reaction as an alternative to the traditional approach to stoichiometry in first-year chemistry. The method focuses attention on the reaction as a whole rather than on pairs of reagents as in the traditional approach. The balanced equation is used as the unit of change.
Canagaratna, Sebastian G. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 52.
Stoichiometry |
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Amino Acids, Aromatic Compounds, and Carboxylic Acids: How Did They Get Their Common Names?  Sam H. Leung
This article provides a brief survey of the origins of the common names of some amino acids, aromatic compounds, and carboxylic acids.
Leung, Sam H. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 48.
Amino Acids |
Aromatic Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Carboxylic Acids
A New Look at Reaction Rates  Tomislav Cvitas
The rate of reaction, as an intensive quantity characteristic of the process, is obtained by dividing the amount of chemical transformations per time by the volume of the reaction system. The practical definition of the reaction rate found in the literature can then be derived by defining the stoichiometric numbers as changes in the number of specific molecules taking part in the reaction per chemical transformation.
Cvitas, Tomislav. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1574.
Kinetics |
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Rate Law
A Simple Demonstration for Introducing the Metric System to Introductory Chemistry Classes  Clarke W. Earley
A simple demonstration is described for introducing metric system prefixes and conversion between different units. The width of the classroom is defined as an arbitrarily standard of length ("room") and measured using a paper streamer. By cutting this into ten equal pieces, a deciroom measure is obtained. Centiroom and milliroom pieces are obtained in a similar manner.
Earley, Clarke W. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1215.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Evolution of the Celsius and Kelvin Temperature Scales and the State of the Art  Julio Pellicer, M. Amparo Gilabert, and Ernesto Lopez-Baeza
A physical analysis is given of the evolution undergone by the Celsius and Kelvin temperature scales, from their definition to the present day.
Pellicer, Julio; Gilabert, M. Amparo; Lopez-Baeza, Ernesto. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 911.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Thermodynamics |
Learning Theories
Letters  
Extending the rule for rounding significant figures of products and quotients.
Hawkes, Stephen J. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 897.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Best of Chem 13 News  Kathy Thorsen
Chemistry demonstrations, density, and significant figures.
Thorsen, Kathy. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 884.
Physical Properties |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Calculating Units with the HP 48G Calculator  Matthew E. Morgan
The HP 48G's units function can make simple calculations, such as converting grams to moles, or more complex unit analysis, such as gas law calculations. Examples and calculator keystrokes for both of these examples are included in this article.
Morgan, Matthew E. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 631.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Periodic Puns for the Classroom  Paul E. Vorndam
Some puns on the names of the elements are presented.
Vorndam, Paul E. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 492.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Learning Theories
Using Games To Teach Chemistry. 2. CHeMoVEr Board Game  Jeanne V. Russell
A board game similar to Sorry or Parcheesi was developed. Students must answer chemistry questions correctly to move their game piece around the board. Card decks contain questions on balancing equations, identifying the types of equations, and predicting products from given reactants.
Russell, Jeanne V. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 487.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Using Games to Teach Chemistry. 1. The Old Prof Card Game  Philip L. Granath and Jeanne V. Russell
A card game has been developed and used to teach nomenclature of the elements and their symbols in the first laboratory session of General Chemistry. The game both helps the students learn or review the symbols of the elements and is a good "icebreaker" where students learn the names of other students.
Granath, Philip L.; Russell, Jeanne V. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 485.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Don't Forget the Units!  Kathryn R. Williams
While looking through Volume 3, the author was attracted to correspondence by Harvey A. Neville, bearing the title "The Metric System and Mr. Dale" (1926, 3, 215). This led her to find several rewarding, and often amusing, writings on the metric system.
Williams, Kathryn R. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 313.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Calculation of Standard Enthalpies of Formation of Alkanes: Illustrating Molecular Mechanics and Spreadsheet Programs  Eric Leigh Hawk
How group increment methods may be used to predict standard enthalpies of formation of alkanes is outlined as an undergraduate computational chemistry experiment. The experiment requires input and output data sets. Although users may create their own data sets, both sets are provided.
Hawk, Eric Leigh. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 278.
Computational Chemistry |
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
How Thermodynamic Data and Equilibrium Constants Changed When the Standard-State Pressure Became 1 Bar  Richard S. Treptow
In 1982 the IUPAC recommended that the pressure used to define the standard state of a substance be changed from 1 atm to 1 bar. The principal effect of the change is a slight increase in the entropy and a slight decrease in the free energy of any gas.
Treptow, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 212.
Thermodynamics |
Equilibrium |
Gases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
CHEMiCALC (4000161) and CHEMiCALC Personal Tutor (4001108), Version 4.0 (by O. Bertrand Ramsay)  Scott White and George Bodner
CHEMiCALC is a thoughtfully designed software package developed for use by high school and general chemistry students, who will benefit from the personal tutor mode that helps to guide them through unit conversion, empirical formula, molecular weight, reaction stoichiometry, and solution stoichiometry calculations.
White, Scott; Bodner, George M. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 34.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
Temperature Scale Conversion as a Linear Equation: True Unit Conversion vs Zero-Offset Correction  Reuben Rudman
The equation used for the interconversion between the Fahrenheit and Celsius temperature scales is in reality the general case of the straight-line equation (y = ax + b). This equation is the paradigm for many of the calculations taught in introductory chemistry.
Rudman, Reuben. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1646.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Recycling Solvent Mixtures of Ethyl Acetate and Hexanes  Timothy J. Wilkinson
A method to recycle ethyl acetate-hexanes mixtures from thin-layer or column chromatography experiments is described. The procedure consists of co-distillation of the mixture followed by estimation of the composition by reference to an Rf vs percent composite graph. The mixture is then diluted with the appropriate solvent to achieve the desired composition.
Wilkinson, Timothy J. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1640.
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Solutions / Solvents |
Esters |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Appalachian Trail Problems  Brian N. Akers
Twelve problems involving unit conversions are presented. These problems are based on daily experiences encountered while hiking the Appalachian Trail.
Akers, Brian N. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1571.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Demonstrations of the Enormity of Avogadro's Number  Damon Diemente
Most high-school students learn of Avogadro's number for the first time when they begin study of the mole concept. It is important to impress students with the enormity of Avogadro's number and the concomitant minuscularity of the atom. The present article describes three such problems.
Diemente, Damon. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1565.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Resolution of trans-Cyclohexane-1,2-diamine and Determination of the Enantiopurity Using Chiral Solid-Phase HPLC Techniques and Polarimetry  Patrick J. Walsh, Diane K. Smith, and Chris Castello
The experiment is designed to reinforce and broaden the students' understanding of the relationship between enantiomers and diasteriomers and of diasteriomeric interactions. Additionally, it illustrates the differences in physical properties (solubility and melting range) between a racemic mixture and the same compound in highly resolved form.
Walsh, Patrick J.; Smith, Diane K.; Castello, Chris. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1459.
Chromatography |
Synthesis |
Separation Science |
Stereochemistry |
HPLC |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds |
Chirality / Optical Activity
A Very Simple Method Way to Convert Haworth Representation to Zigzag Representation  Janine Cossy and Véronique Bellosta
A very simple method to convert Haworth representation of hexoses and pentoses to zigzag representation is proposed
Cossy, Janine; Bellosta, Véronique. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1307.
Carbohydrates |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Oxygen vs Dioxygen: Diatomic/Monatomic Usage  Sharon, Jared B.
Using the name dioxygen for O2.
Sharon, Jared B. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1089.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents
A Strategy for Incorporating 13C NMR into the Organic Chemistry Lecture and Laboratory Courses  Perry C. Reeves and Chris P. Chaney
The use of spectroscopy in establishing the structures of molecules is an important component of the first course in Organic Chemistry. However, the point in the course at which these techniques are best introduced remains uncertain. We suggest that carbon nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy should be introduced at an early stage of the lecture course, specifically while studying the alkanes, and used extensively for structure determination throughout the course.
Reeves, Perry C.; Chaney, Chris P. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1006.
Instrumental Methods |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Fourier Transform Techniques |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
A Simple Molecular Orbital Treatment of the Barrier to Internal Rotation in the Ethane Molecule  Derek W. Smith
The origin of the barrier to internal rotation in the ethane molecule is explored in terms of elementary molecular orbital (MO) considerations. Emphasis is placed on the antibonding effect, i.e. the result that an antibonding MO is more destabilized than its bonding counterpart is stabilized, relative to the parent atomic orbitals (AOs). It is shown that, in the case of two equivalent AOs, this effect is approximately proportional to the square of the overlap integral.
Smith, Derek W. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 907.
Covalent Bonding |
MO Theory |
Stereochemistry |
Theoretical Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The Energy Profile for Rotation about the C-C Bond in Substituted Ethanes: A Multi-Part Experimental Computational Project for the Physical Chemistry Laboratory  Luther E. Erickson and Kevin F. Morris
This paper describes a multi-part project for the physical chemistry lab that includes both experimental and computational approaches to the investigation of the energy profile for internal rotation in substituted ethanes. Experimental approaches include dipole moment determinations, high-resolution nmr spectroscopy (including coupling constant determinations from the analysis of C-13 satellites), and infrared spectral analysis, all directed toward the goal of determining the relative populations - and thereby the relative energies - of low energy rotamers of a substituted ethane as a function of substituent, temperature and solvent composition.
Erickson, Luther E.; Morris, Kevin F. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 900.
Theoretical Chemistry |
Computational Chemistry |
Stereochemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Intermolecular Forces in Introductory Chemistry Studied by Gas Chromatography, Computer Models, and Viscometry  Jonathan C. Wedvik, Charity McManaman, Janet S. Anderson, and Mary K. Carroll
Students performing gas chromatographic (GC) analyses of mixtures of n-alkanes and samples that simulate crime scene evidence discover that liquid mixtures can be separated rapidly into their components based upon intermolecular forces. Each group of students is given a liquid sample that simulates one collected at an arson scene, and the group is required to determine the identity of the accelerant. Students also examine computer models to better visualize how molecular structure affects intermolecular forces: London forces, dipole-dipole interactions, and hydrogen bonding.
Wedvik, Jonathan C.; McManaman, Charity; Anderson, Janet S.; Carroll, Mary K. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 885.
Theoretical Chemistry |
Chromatography |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Gas Chromatography |
Molecular Modeling |
Forensic Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Hydrogen Bonding |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Quantity Calculus: Unambiguous Designation of Values and Units in Graphs and Tables  Mary Anne White
This paper gives some background to quantity calculus and shows examples, suitable for teaching to undergraduate students, of its use to provide unambiguous representations of physical quantities in tables and graphs.
White, Mary Anne. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 607.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Mathematics / Symbolic Mathematics
S. M. Tanatar and His Contribution to the Field of Thermal Rearrangements  Ludmila Birladeanu
Thermal rearrangements constitute an important chapter in organic chemistry. Surprisingly, the name of its discoverer remains unknown. The present article is meant to remedy this situation by describing some of the work of the 19th century Russian chemist S. M. Tanatar (1849 - 1917) who, based on the thermochemical data provided by Berthelot, envisaged the possibility of transforming cyclopropane into propene under the influence of heat alone.
Birladeanu, Ludmila. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 603.
Gases |
Thermodynamics |
Synthesis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes
Incorporating Organic Name Reactions and Minimizing Qualitative Analysis in an Unknown Identification Experiment  Claire Castro and William Karney
The authors have developed a new type of unknown identification experiment for the introductory organic chemistry laboratory. The unknown sample the student is provided with is the product of an organic name reaction. The student is only informed of the starting material and conditions used in the compound's synthesis, and must then: (1) deduce the compound's structure, (2) determine the name reaction and corresponding mechanism that yields the compound, and (3) present his/her results to the class.
Claire Castro and William Karney. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 472.
IR Spectroscopy |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Qualitative Analysis |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Reactions |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Some Linguistic Detail on Chelation  Daniel T. Haworth
The word chelate and its lingual background/history are examined.
Haworth, Daniel T. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 47.
Coordination Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
On the Disproportionations of Cyclohexene and Related Compounds  Alex Bunjes, Ingo Eilks, Manfred Pahlke, and Bernd Ralle*
The catalytic hydrogenation of liquid hydrocarbons is easy to realize in a simple laboratory experiment using a palladium catalyst. In the case of hydrogenation cyclohexen or cyclohexadiene in addition to the expected finding of cyclohexane among the hydrogenation products, the formation of benzene can be observed. In absence of hydrogen, the disproportionation of both starting materials to cyclohexane and benzene takes place.
Bunjes, Alex; Eilks, Ingo; Pahlke, Manfred; Ralle, Bernd. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1323.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Alkenes |
Synthesis
Celsius to Fahrenheit and Vice Versa - Quick, Exact, and Neat  S. C. Dutta Roy
A quick, exact, and neat method is given for conversion of Celsius to Fahrenheit temperatures and vice versa.
Roy, S. C. Dutta. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1199.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A Note on the Term "Chalcogen"  William B. Jensen
It is argued that the best translation of the term "chalcogen" is "ore former." It is further suggested that the term chalcogenide should be replaced with the term chalcide in order to maintain a parallelism with the terms halogen and halide.
Jensen, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1063.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Descriptive Chemistry
Alkanes in Motion (Program for Mac OS-Compatible Computers: J. Chem. Educ. Software Vol. 9C, No. 1)  Jae Hyun Kim
To improve students' understanding of molecular motion, Alkanes in Motion, a collection of clip animations generated from molecular dynamics calculations, was produced. It depicts the molecular motion of hydrocarbons in the gas phase.
Kim, Jae Hyun. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1015.
Molecular Modeling |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The Dimensions of Logarithmic Quantities (re J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 467)  Robert D. Freeman
Proposal to introduce logarithms of dimensioned quantities.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 900.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Ionization or Dissociation?  Emeric Schultz
The use of the terms Dissociation and Ionization in the teaching of chemistry is discussed. It is suggested that the term dissociation, and what it suggests in terms of ordinary language, is inappropriate when used in certain contexts. Since an alternate and more physically correct term, specifically ionization, is available for these contexts, it is argued that this term be used consistently in these contexts.
Schultz, Emeric. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 868.
Equilibrium |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A Three-Dimensional Energy Surface for the Conformational Inversion of Cyclohexane  Nicholas Leventis*, Samir B. Hanna, Chariklia Sotiriou-Leventis
While it is well known that chair forms of cyclohexane can interconvert without passing through the boat conformation, the same statement frequently comprises a source of confusion regarding the location of the boat conformation on the energy surface of the conformational inversion of cyclohexane. To alleviate this problem, a novel three-dimensional energy diagram has been introduced showing explicitly how the chair forms of cyclohexane interconvert.
Leventis, Nicholas; Hanna , Samir B. ; Sotiriou-Leventis, Chariklia . J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 813.
Learning Theories |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Stereochemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Conformational Analysis |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Old MacDonald Named a Compound: Branched Enynenynols  Dennis Ryan
An imaginary teacher of organic chemistry thinks up some whimsical compounds for his students to name using IUPAC nomenclature rules.
Ryan, Dennis. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 782.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Alcohols |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Three Programs for DOS: Abstract of Volume 10B, Number 1 2. Periodic Table Games  John S. Martin
The Periodic Table Games are intended to expose students to the vocabulary of chemistry: formulas, combination rules, and descriptive chemistry. They may be played by an individual against the computer, or by several competing players.
Martin, John S. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 346.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Exponential Notation  Gavin D Peckham
Suggestion for streamlined typing of exponential notation.
Peckham, Gavin D. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 64.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Interfacing "8088" Computers in the Chemistry Laboratory  James Goodrich and Bill Durham
The goal of using such puzzles is to provide a bit of variety to beginning chemistry students and reduce the tedium of memorizing chemical names.
Goodrich, James; Durham, Bill. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A130.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Displaying Chemical Formulas in Microsoft Excel  E. Joseph Billo
An Excel macro which automates the entry of subscripts in Excel spreadsheets is described. The macro is assigned to a custom button on Excel's standard toolbar, so that, after typing a text label containing a chemical formula, clicking the button automatically formats the text as a chemical formula.
Billo, E. Joseph. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, A40.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Amyl: A Misunderstood Word  Richard A. Kjonaas
There is much confusion associated with the word amyl. When younger chemists are taught to use the words propyl, butyl, and pentyl in place of n-propyl, n-butyl, and n-pentyl, they then incorrectly assume that this practice also applies to the word amyl.
Kjonaas, Richard A. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 1127.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Four Programs for Windows: Abstract of Volume 4D, Number 2: Alkanes in Motion  Jae Hyun Kim
Alkanes in Motion depicts the molecular motion of hydrocarbons in the gas phase. Four animations from the collection are presented here. These four animations consist of two animations each of hexane and octadecane, one animation calculated to show translational motion and one to show vibrational motion.
Kim, Jae Hyun. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 1079.
Molecular Modeling |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Gases
The Heats of Combustion of Gaseous Cyclotetradecane and trans-Stilbene - a Tale of Long-standing Confusion   Ernest L. Eliel and Jan J. Engelsman
This paper embodies the belated publication of a thesis submitted by JJE to the Free University of Amsterdam in 1955; heretofore the data were available only in a printed version of the thesis. In conjunction with a subsequent determination of the heat of combustion of solid cyclotetradecane, this led to the conclusion that the compound was strain-free.
J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 903.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Physical Properties |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Inorganic Nomenclature  ten Hoor, Marten J.
Inorganic naming schemes should be brought in line with IUPAC recommendations.
ten Hoor, Marten J. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 825.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Curiously Intertwined Histories of Benzene and Cyclohexane  E. W. Warnhoff
The first reduction of benzene, which was done by means of hydrogen iodide in the middle of the 19th century, led to a saturated hydrocarbon initially thought to be hexane and later to be hexahydrobenzene (cyclohexane).
Warnhoff, E. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 494.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds
An Excel 4.0 Add-in Function to Calculate Molecular Mass  Christian Hauck
185. In this paper, a Microsoft Excel 4.0 add-in function is presented, which consists of a parser to interpret molecular formulas and a database containing three values for the atomic masses for every element: the mass number of the most abundant isotope, the mass of the most abundant isotope, and the atomic weight.
Hauck, Christian. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 433.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure
A Rapid Way of Computing the Number of Rings Present in a Polycyclic Organic Compound  A. Srikrishna
This article discusses how by counting the number of quaternary and tertiary atoms present, the number of rings in a polycyclic organic compound can be deduced.
Srikrishna, A. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 428.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Disconnect by the Numbers: Protocol for the Synthesis of Alkanes  Michael B. Smith
This addendum gives a method to convert an alkane to a functionalized precursor and that new molecule can be analyzed in the normal manner. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Smith, Michael B. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 304.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Synthesis
A Ternary Phase Diagram for a Less Hazardous System  Barbara A. Udale and John D. Wells
Using a n-propanol-n-heptane-water system to generate data for construction of a ternary phase diagram.
Udale, Barbara A.; Wells, John D. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 1106.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Alcohols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Solutions / Solvents
Dimensional Analysis: An Analogy to Help Students Relate the Concept to Problem Solving  James R. McClure
Using dominoes to help students understand the conversion factor method of dimensional analysis.
McClure, James R. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 1093.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Celsius to Fahrenheit--Quick and Dirty  Colin Hester
Simple algorithm for converting Celsius temperature to Fahrenheit temperature.
Hester, Colin. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 1026.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Dimensions of Logarithmic Quantities (the author replies)  Molyneux, Philip
Reply to Mills' letter.
Molyneux, Philip J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 955.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  
Examples in physical chemistry where it seems that we take the logarithm of quantities that are not dimensionless.
J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 954.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Those Baffling Subscripts  Arthur W. Friedel and David P. Maloney
Study of the difficulties students have in interpreting subscripts correctly and distinguishing atoms from molecules when answering questions and solving problems.
Friedel, Arthur W.; Maloney, David P. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 899.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry |
Chemometrics
Your Share of the National Debt--A High-Interest Calculation Using Exponential Notation  William Hoyt
Example of using exponential notation.
Hoyt, William. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 807.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
W. R. Hamilton: His Genius, His Circuits, and the IUPAC Nomenclature for Fulleranes  Alexandru T. Balaban, Darko Babic, and Douglas J. Klein
Biography of W. R. Hamilton and the application of his circuits to IUPAC nomenclature.
Balaban, Alexandru T.; Babic, Darko; Klein, Douglas J. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 693.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Small Scale One-Pot Reactions of Copper, Iron, and Silver  Epp, Dianne N.
Investigation of a series of reactions involving copper, iron, and silver, all conducted with very small quantities in a single well.
Epp, Dianne N. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 545.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Reactions |
Acids / Bases |
Precipitation / Solubility
The Conformational Behavior of n-Pentane: A Molecular Mechanics and Molecular Dynamics Experiment  Mencarelli, Paolo
174. Use of HyperChem to investigate the conformational behavior of n-pentane.
Mencarelli, Paolo J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 511.
MO Theory |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Conformational Analysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Mechanics / Dynamics |
Molecular Modeling
Determination of the R or S Configuration of Tetrahedral Stereocenters: A Graphical Flowchart Approach  Starkey, Ronald
Using graphical flowcharts to determine R or S configurations through higher shell comparisons for long-chain, highly branched, and cyclic organic structures.
Starkey, Ronald J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 315.
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Measuring with a Purpose: Involving Students in the Learning Process  Metz, Patricia A.; Pribyl, Jeffrey R.
Constructivist learning activities for helping students to understand measurement, significant figures, uncertainty, scientific notation, and unit conversions.
Metz, Patricia A.; Pribyl, Jeffrey R. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 130.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics |
Constructivism
Which Organic Molecule Should I Pick?  Perkins, Robert
Examples of questions requiring students to demonstrate their understanding of organic structures, nomenclature, isomerism, and chemical reactivity.
Perkins, Robert J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 124.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enantiomers |
Diastereomers
What's in a Name - Transition State or Critical Transition Structure?  Bauer, S. H.; Wilcox, C. F., Jr.
Proposal for the transitional molecular structure at the potential energy saddle point to be called the critical transition structure.
Bauer, S. H.; Wilcox, C. F., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 13.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Physical Properties |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Distribution of Cyclohexanone between Cyclohexane and Water  Worley, John D.
A microscale experiment that may be used to demonstrate extraction, spectrophotometric analysis, and the determination of a distribution constant.
Worley, John D. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, A145.
Microscale Lab |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Separation Science |
Spectroscopy
Metric for Me! A Layperson's Guide to the Metric System for Everyday Use with Exercises, Problems, and Estimations (Schoemaker, Robert W.)  
Title of interest.
J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, A23.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Hydrochlorination of (R)-Carvone  Miles, William H.; Nutaitis, Charles F.; Berreth, Christina L.
This paper describes the hydrochlorination of (R)-carvone that illustrates the concepts of regioselectivity and chemoselectivity.
Miles, William H.; Nutaitis, Charles F.; Berreth, Christina L. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 1097.
Laboratory Management |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
A Simple and Safe Catalytic Hydrogenation of 4-Vinylbenzoic Acid  De, Shantanu; Gambhir, Geetu; Krishnamurty, H. G.
An alternative procedure to catalytic hydrogenation is catalytic transfer hydrogenation. In this technique, the reduction of an organic compound is achieved with the aid of a donor substance in the presence of a catalyst.
De, Shantanu; Gambhir, Geetu; Krishnamurty, H. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 992.
Catalysis |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkynes
Modern Technology and the Metric System  Pilar, Frank L.
Misuse of ML for mL on a can of soda.
Pilar, Frank L. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 810.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Expanded Dimensional Analysis: A Blending of English and Math  DeLorenzo, Ronald
Development, applications, and examples of expanded dimensional analysis.
DeLorenzo, Ronald J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 789.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Candy Sprinkles To Illustrate One Part Per Million  Meloan, Clifton E.; Meloan, Mindy L.; Meloan, John M.
1,000,000 colored candy sprinkles (5,246 g) with a single black one placed in a clear, spherical fish tank.
Meloan, Clifton E.; Meloan, Mindy L.; Meloan, John M. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 658.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A More Direct Feeling for Avogadro's Number  Goh, N. K.; Subramanian, R.; Chia, L. S.
An approach based on the intrinsic parameters of an atom to evaluate Avogadro's Number and assess its accuracy.
Goh, N. K.; Subramanian, R.; Chia, L. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 656.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Symbolic Algebra and Stoichiometry  DeToma, Robert P.
Applying symbolic algebra (instead of the factor-label method) to stoichiometry calculations.
DeToma, Robert P. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 568.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Quest for Mistakes  Wolf, A. A.
The English and Spanish billion are identical.
Wolf, A. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 536.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A Simple, Systmatic Method for Determining J levels for jj Coupling  Gauerke, Ensign Steven J., USN; Campbell, Mark L.
A simple, systematic method for determining J levels for jj coupling.
Gauerke, Ensign Steven J., USN; Campbell, Mark L. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 457.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Basic Principles of Scale Reading  Peckham, Gavin D.
Steps and basic principles of reading the scales of laboratory instruments.
Peckham, Gavin D. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 423.
Instrumental Methods |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Organic Nomenclature  Shaw, David B.
Drill-and-practice exercise in naming organic compounds and identifying structural formulas.
Shaw, David B. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 421.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Deprotonation of Nitroalkanes: Semiempirical Determination of Solvation Effects on a Simple Reaction Coordinate  Pietro, William J.
161. Using computational chemistry to arrive at mechanistic and kinetic information for nitromethane and its deprotonated anion.
Pietro, William J. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 416.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Computational Chemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Kinetics
Binary Notation for Cyclic Polyols  McGinn, Clifford J.; Wheatley, William B.
Applying a combination of a binary and decimal representation to acyclic polyols and isomers of inositol.
McGinn, Clifford J.; Wheatley, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 285.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Alcohols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Diastereomers
Mole and Chemical Amount: A Discussion of the Fundamental Measurements of Chemistry  Gorin, George
Demonstrates that the mole is little different from other units of measurement.
Gorin, George J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 114.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Grasping the Concepts of Stereochemistry  Barta, Nancy S.; Stille, John R.
An alternative procedure for the determination of R or S configuration for chiral molecules.
Barta, Nancy S.; Stille, John R. J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 20.
Stereochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chirality / Optical Activity
GC/MS experiments for the organic chemistry laboratory: I. E2 elimination of 2-bromo-2-methyloctane   Novak, Michael; Heinrich, Julie; Martin, Kristy A.; Green, John; Lytle, Scott
Two capillary GC/MS experiments that were designed for and tested in a sophomore organic laboratory course.
Novak, Michael; Heinrich, Julie; Martin, Kristy A.; Green, John; Lytle, Scott J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, A103.
Gas Chromatography |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alcohols |
Elimination Reactions |
Synthesis
Cyclooctane conformational analysis via mechanical and computational models  Fitzgerald, Jeffrey P.
Description of an exercise in which students use both mechanical and computational models to identify and quantify various types of strains in different conformations of a molecule.
Fitzgerald, Jeffrey P. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 988.
Molecular Modeling |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Diastereomers
The enumeration of isomers-With special reference to the stereoisomers of decane  Whyte, J. R. C.; Clugston, M. J.
Structural isomers predicted through algorithms.
Whyte, J. R. C.; Clugston, M. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 874.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Stereochemistry |
Diastereomers
Products of aldol addition and related reactions: Notation for their prediction  Nwaukwai, Stephen O.
A simple method that can be used to predict products of aldols and aldol-tye addition reactions.
Nwaukwai, Stephen O. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 626.
Addition Reactions |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The correct von Baeyer name for (Buckminster)fullerane  Eckroth, David
The goal of this paper is to show the usefulness of a Hamiltonian line in the derivation of the correct von Baeyer name of a bridged hydrocarbon.
Eckroth, David J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 609.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Alkimers  Hiatt, Richard R.
Tutorial and practice program for isomerism and nomenclature.
Hiatt, Richard R. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 125.
Diastereomers |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An Application of Linear Transformations to Thermodynamics  Hughes, Elvin, Jr.
Article describes a problem in thermodynamics that can be simplified using linear transformations, thus exposing physical chemistry students to this experience prior to their typical first encounters in group theory or quantum mechanics.
Hughes, Elvin, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 93.
Chemometrics |
Thermodynamics |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
A simple and colorful demonstration of light-catalyzed bromination of an alkane  Stevens, Malcolm P.
Light-catalyzed bromination of an alkane.
Stevens, Malcolm P. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 1028.
Catalysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Photochemistry |
Reactions
Metric matrix  Helser, Terry L.
Puzzle to help students learn and become familiar with the metric system.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 986.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Elemental anagrams  Thomas, Nicholas C.
Ten elemental anagrams.
Thomas, Nicholas C. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 984.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An easily constructed model: The boat form of a six-membered ring composed of six distorted tetrahedral penetrating each other  Yamana, Shukichi
Instructions for constructing a model of the boat form of a six-membered ring using six empty envelopes.
Yamana, Shukichi J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 964.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Stereochemistry
Trivial names for chemical substances: Will they be taught or forgotten in the twenty-first century?   Smith, Peter A. S.
A so-called trivial name is simply a term for identifying a substance without utilizing standardized symbols to designate its structural features.
Smith, Peter A. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 877.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The centennial of systematic organic nomenclature  Smith, Homer A., Jr.
This article outlines the development of the Geneva Rules, sketches the history of important modifications over the years, discusses the recent advances under auspices of IUPAC, and speculates about future developments.
Smith, Homer A., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 863.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The metric system  Mason, Lynn M.
Metric conversions commonly encountered in chemistry and biology, with tests over each lesson.
Mason, Lynn M. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 818.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Chemometrics
Misusing "molecular"  Goldberg, David E.
In discussing net ionic equations, the authors of many general chemistry textbooks call the overall equation a "molecular equation", which is misleading at best and incorrect at worst.
Goldberg, David E. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 776.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Imprecise numbers and incautious safety procedure mar experiment.  Nelson, Robert N.
Problems with significant figures and safety concerns regarding two published experiments.
Nelson, Robert N. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 688.
Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A revision of the paper "Grid of expressions related to the Einstein coefficients" (the author replies).  Sturm, James E.
Some inconsistencies in the grid of expressions presented in the original article.
Sturm, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 686.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A revision of the paper "Grid of expressions related to the Einstein coefficients."  Orti, E.; Planelles, J.
Some inconsistencies in the grid of expressions presented in the original article.
Orti, E.; Planelles, J. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 685.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The anode and the sunrise.  Mierzecki, Roman.
Etymology of the terms anode and cathode.
Mierzecki, Roman. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 657.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Teaching inorganic nomenclature: A systematic approach.  Lind, Gerhard.
Convenient flow charts for naming inorganic compounds.
Lind, Gerhard. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 613.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Replacing carbon tet: Other alternatives.  Ackermann, Martin N.
Using a mixture of hexanes in the traditional experiment to determine the equilibrium constant for the formation of I3-.
Ackermann, Martin N. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 602.
Equilibrium |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Toxicology
A note on the Schrdinger representation of the momentum and energy operators  Chow, Tai L.
Observables in quantum mechanics can not be regarded as ordinary algebraic variables as in classical mechanics; instead, every observable can be represented by an operator.
Chow, Tai L. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 537.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantum Chemistry
Significant figures: A classroom demonstration  Kirksey, H. Graden.
Demonstration to show students the function and importance of significant figures in a measurement.
Kirksey, H. Graden. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 497.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A mole of salt crystals-Or how big is the Avogadro number?  Hoyt, William.
Calculations designed to help students put the size of Avogadro's number into perspective.
Hoyt, William. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 496.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Views of nursing professionals on chemistry course content for nursing education  Walhout, Justine S.; Heinschel, Judie.
Analysis of survey conducted of deans of schools of nursing, chairs of nursing departments, and registered nurses regarding courses required of nursing students and the importance of different units of measure and 39 chemistry topics to the nursing profession.
Walhout, Justine S.; Heinschel, Judie. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 483.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A source of isomer-drawing assignments  Kjonaas, Richard A.
A comprehensive source from which instructors can choose a wide variety of good isomer drawing examples to use as homework assignments and exam questions.
Kjonaas, Richard A. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 452.
Stereochemistry |
Alcohols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Ethers |
Esters |
Alkynes
Toward the consistent use of regiochemical and stereochemical terms in introductory organic chemistry.  Adams, David L.
Proposes consistency and clarity in the use of definitions for regioselective, stereoselective, and stereospecific in introductory organic chemistry.
Adams, David L. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 451.
Stereochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An expanded Fieser model suitable for a large classroom  Levinson, Alfred S.; Zupan, Rudolph
In organic chemistry, one area in which models are indispensable is in introducing the conformational analysis of cyclopentane and cyclohexane rings.
Levinson, Alfred S.; Zupan, Rudolph J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 369.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Understanding the fate of petroleum hydrocarbons in the subsurface environment  Chen, Chien T.
This article reviews our current understanding and then specifies the requirements for research that will improve our ability to detect hydrocarbons and predict their fate in the subsurface environment.
Chen, Chien T. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 357.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Addition of IBr to fatty acids on the overhead projector   Solomon, Sally; Fulep-Poszmik, Annamaria; Kulp, Gary; Yu, Heung
The interhalogen compound IBr dissolved in CCl4 is added to petroleum ether solutions of fatty acids to test for unsaturation.
Solomon, Sally; Fulep-Poszmik, Annamaria; Kulp, Gary; Yu, Heung J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 66.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes
Discovering stereoselectivity: Synthesis of exo- and endobrevicomin using a tunable hydride reduction: A program of organic synthesis experiments for advanced undergraduate students  Richardson, David P.; Wilson, Whitney; Mattson, Rebecca J.; Powers, Dawn M.; Dolan, Brian T.
With their low molecular weights and modest structural complexity, insect pheromones have proven to be especially fruitful for advanced undergraduate organic synthesis laboratory exercises.
Richardson, David P.; Wilson, Whitney; Mattson, Rebecca J.; Powers, Dawn M.; Dolan, Brian T. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 951.
Natural Products |
Diastereomers |
Enantiomers |
Stereochemistry |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Alcohols |
Gas Chromatography |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
A visual presentation of the relationships between the enthalpies of a reaction and the nature of the transition states  Nyquist, H. LeRoy
An apparatus that illustrates the potential energy diagram for the chlorination of alkanes and another for the bromination of alkanes.
Nyquist, H. LeRoy J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 731.
Thermodynamics |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
A projection for bond location in chair cyclohexane and related structures  Woolf, A. A.
Benefits and drawbacks of 2D representations for chair cyclohexane and related structures.
Woolf, A. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 646.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Diastereomers |
Enantiomers |
Constitutional Isomers
An internal comparison of the intermolecular forces of common organic functional groups: A thin-layer chromatography experiment  Beauvais, Robert; Holman, R. W.
Due to the latest trends in organic chemistry textbook content sequences, it has become desirable to develop an experiment that is rapid, simple, and general, that would compare and contrast the various functional group classes of organic molecules in terms of their relative polarities, dipole moments, and intermolecular forces of attraction.
Beauvais, Robert; Holman, R. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 428.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alcohols |
Carboxylic Acids |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Esters |
Qualitative Analysis |
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Synthesis of a bicyclo[2.2.1]heptene Diels-Alder adduct: An organic chemistry experiment utilizing NMR spectroscopy to assign endo stereochemistry  Harrison, Ernest A., Jr.
An organic chemistry experiment utilizing NMR spectroscopy to assign endo stereochemistry via synthesis of a bicyclo[2.2.1]heptene Diels-Alder adduct.
Harrison, Ernest A., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 426.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Synthesis |
Alkenes |
Aromatic Compounds |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Thin Layer Chromatography
Polarity and selectivity of ionic stationary phases used in gas chromatography: Evaluation of commercial detergents containing anionic surfactants as column packings  Furton, Kenneth G.; Mantilla, Adriana
Evaluation of commercial detergents containing anionic surfactants as column packings.
Furton, Kenneth G.; Mantilla, Adriana J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 74.
Consumer Chemistry |
Gas Chromatography |
Physical Properties |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Quantitative Analysis |
Covalent Bonding |
Solutions / Solvents
Organic Nomenclature (Lampman, Gary)  Damey, Richard F.
An interactive tutorial / drill for naming organic compounds.
Damey, Richard F. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, A220.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Ethers |
Alcohols |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds |
Phenols
More elements: Another puzzle  Mandelin, Dorothy J.
An element search puzzle.
Mandelin, Dorothy J. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 1044.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Terminology: Helping students cope with name reactions in organic chemistry  Ganem, Bruce
Using limericks to help students understand and remember name reactions in organic chemistry.
Ganem, Bruce J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 1009.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Mechanisms of Reactions
The elements: A puzzle  Mandelin, Dorothy J.
An element word search.
Mandelin, Dorothy J. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 1005.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Electrochemical conventions: Responses to a provocative opinion (6)  Martin-Sanchez, M.; Martin-Sanchez, MaT
The solution may be to use the etymological meaning of anode and cathode.
Martin-Sanchez, M.; Martin-Sanchez, MaT J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 992.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Electrochemical conventions: Responses to a provocative opinion (5)  Sweeting, Linda M.
The chemical potential of the electrons, not their "richness" determines direction of flow.
Sweeting, Linda M. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 992.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Electrochemical conventions: Responses to a provocative opinion (4)  Fochi, Giovanni
It is sufficient to show what part of the circuit is the electric generator.
Fochi, Giovanni J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 992.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Electrochemical conventions: Responses to a provocative opinion (3)  Woolf, A. A.
There are no shortcuts in teaching the electrochemistry of galvanic cells; the process in each cell must be treated holistically.
Woolf, A. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 992.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Electrochemical conventions: Responses to a provocative opinion (2)  Castellan, Gilbert W.
The difficulty is not so much confusion over conventions as the actual wrong use of terminology.
Castellan, Gilbert W. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 991.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Electrochemical conventions: Responses to a provocative opinion (1)  Freeman, Robert D.
There is no convincing evidence of confusion regarding electrochemical conventions and the author's proposed solutions are unacceptable.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 990.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Reaction of bromine with hydrocarbons on the overhead, real or simulated  Solomon, Sally; Gregory, Michael; Padmanabhan, Sandeep; Smith, Kurt
A simulation that looks like the addition of bromine to hydrocarbons but is not (the bromine is simulated using a mixture of food colorings).
Solomon, Sally; Gregory, Michael; Padmanabhan, Sandeep; Smith, Kurt J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 961.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Addition Reactions
Understanding the language: Problem solving and the first law of thermodynamics  Hamby, Marcy
A flow chart that classifies thermodynamic, mathematical relationships into categories that students can consult for help in solving first law problems.
Hamby, Marcy J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 923.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Avogadro's number, moles, and molecules  McCullough, Thomas, CSC
A simple diagram that relates Avogadro's number, moles, and number of atoms / molecules.
McCullough, Thomas, CSC J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 783.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
Pop-up units converter  Filby, Gordon; Klusmann, Martin
Program that provides conversion factors and calculations among a variety of units.
Filby, Gordon; Klusmann, Martin J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 770.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Binary representation in carbohydrate nomenclature  McGinn, Clifford J.; Wheatley, William B.
A binary notation is used to indicate the structure of carbohydrates.
McGinn, Clifford J.; Wheatley, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 747.
Carbohydrates |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry
Name for the basic physical quantity n, symbol for relative mass  Nelson, P. G.
Recommendations for naming the basic physical quantity n, symbol for relative mass.
Nelson, P. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 628.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
A significant example: How many days in a century?  Lisensky, George
Calculating the number of days in a century can help clarify the subject of significant figures.
Lisensky, George J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 562.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
A vapor pressure demonstration   Sears, Jerry A.
The fact that all liquids exert a vapor pressure is an abstract concept that many students have difficulty understanding. The following demonstration offers dramatic, visual evidence of the pressure exerted by the vapor of a liquid.
Sears, Jerry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 427.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Liquids
Please, no angstrometer!  Gorin, George
Instead of urging the adoption of more prefixes, there is good reason to propose that some of them be eliminated.
Gorin, George J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 277.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A PROLOG program for the generation of molecular formulas  Mendez, B.; Moreno, J. A.
112. Bits and pieces, 43. The authors have developed a computer program that generates a list of all possible molecular formulas for compounds that may contain carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, phosphorus, and halogens that are consistent with certain restrictive conditions.
Mendez, B.; Moreno, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 234.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Grid of expressions related to the Einstein coefficients  Sturm, James E.
The following is a collection of all of the relations of Einstein coefficients.
Sturm, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 32.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Quantities, Units, and Symbols in Physical Chemistry (Mills, Ian; Cvitas, Tomislav; Homann, Klaus; Kallay, Nikola; Kuchitsu, Kozo)  Freeman, Robert D.
Everything you ever wanted to know about physical quantities, symbols, and units.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, A188.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Organic Reaction Chemistry, Review II (Flash, P.; Bendall, V.)  Chipman, Wilmon B.
Six different programs which allow the user to identify functional groups, supply the missing reagent necessary to complete a given reaction, deduce the product of a given reaction, ascertain whether a given reaction will go, search the reaction database for functional group conversions, and search for the utility of a certain reagent.
Chipman, Wilmon B. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, A171.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Reactions |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Organic Reaction Chemistry, Review I (Flash, P.; Bendall, V.)  Hargis, J. H.
Six different programs which allow the user to identify functional groups, supply the missing reagent necessary to complete a given reaction, deduce the product of a given reaction, ascertain whether a given reaction will go, search the reaction database for functional group conversions, and search for the utility of a certain reagent.
Hargis, J. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, A170.
Reactions |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chemical Nomenclature and Balancing Equations (Bergwall Educational Software)  Kling, Timothy A.
These computer programs deal exclusively with the subjects of inorganic nomenclature and balancing simple equations.
Kling, Timothy A. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, A41.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Exception to solving chem problems without the factor-label approach (the author replies)  Cardulla, Frank
There are other ways to teach problem solving, and they can produce competent, successful, and enthusiastic students.
Cardulla, Frank J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 1066.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Exception to solving chem problems without the factor-label approach  Gillette, Marcia L.
The classroom analogy Cardulla uses could be made much more meaningful if it were used to demonstrate the relation between what is obvious and what is not.
Gillette, Marcia L. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 1065.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Amending the IUPAC Green Book  Tykodi, R. J.
Suggested amendments to the IUPAC Green Book regarding standardized chemical terminology and units of measure.
Tykodi, R. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 1064.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Carbohydrate nomenclature half a century ago: A personal view of an eyewitness  Hurd, Charles D.
The history of the nomenclature of carbohydrates.
Hurd, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 984.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Carbohydrates
Elementary my dear Watson  Helser, Terry L.
A puzzle using the names and symbols of the elements.
Helser, Terry L. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 980.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Fundamental concepts in the teaching of chemistry: Part 1. The two worlds of the chemist make nomenclature manageable  Loeffler, Paul A.
A proposal to precisely define and consistently employ the terms chemical substance and chemical species; the article uses the classification of matter and nomenclature as examples of the scheme's application.
Loeffler, Paul A. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 928.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Learning Theories
The choice of names and symbols for quantities in chemistry  Mills, Ian M.
The importance of maintaining a clear distinction between the names and symbols for quantities and the names and symbols for units.
Mills, Ian M. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 887.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Atlantic-Pacific sig figs  Stone, Helen M.
Examples of applications of significant figures in calculations.
Stone, Helen M. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 829.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
How to visualize Avogadro's number  van Lubeck, Henk
Three examples to help students visualize the size of a mole.
van Lubeck, Henk J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 762.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Origin of the names of chemical elements  Ringnes, Vivi
Survey of the etymology and the reason scientists coined a specific name for a newly discovered element.
Ringnes, Vivi J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 731.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Descriptive Chemistry
Organic chemistry on postage stamps  Schreck, James O.
Various organic chemistry topics on stamps, including hydrocarbons, benzene, Fischer projection, structural formulas, polymers, fermentation, Leibig condenser, molecular curiosities, and the organic chemical industry.
Schreck, James O. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 624.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds
A query on the etymology of the symbols, R and S  Koga, Gen
Confusion regarding the etymology of the stereochemical symbols, R and S.
Koga, Gen J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 534.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry
Drawing different views of the chair form of substituted cyclohexanes  Richardson, W. S.
A set of rules to instruct students in a method for drawing chair structures of cyclohexane after rotation about the central axis.
Richardson, W. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 478.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry
C167H336 is the smallest alkane with more realizable isomers than the observed universe has "particles"  Davies, Robert E.; Freyd, Peter J.
The number of stereoisomers of C167H336 that can exist, though not all at the same time, is greater than the classical figure for the number of particles in the observed universe.
Davies, Robert E.; Freyd, Peter J. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 278.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Stereochemistry
Different Choices (author response)  Kemp, H.R.
Ronald Rich discusses the use of descriptive units in the problem of calculating the concentration of a 96% sulfuric acid solution of a known density.
Kemp, H.R. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 271.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Physical Properties
Different Choices  Rich, Ronald L.
Kemp wisely advocates that the values of physical quantities be treated as independent of the units used.
Rich, Ronald L. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 271.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Physical Properties
Concerning Units (author response)  Wadlinger, Robert
Strobel's additional comments are most welcome, especially his electron-volt argument.
Wadlinger, Robert J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 271.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Concerning Units  Strobel, Pierre
Wadlinger rightly pointed out a number of traps and misunderstandings resulting from an omission of such descriptive units as atom or wave. Here are some more examples, which any chemist dealing with some physics is likely to encounter.
Strobel, Pierre J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 270.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A classroom demonstration of aliphatic substitution   Perina, Ivo; Mihanovic, Branka
Substitution of an alkane by a halogen can be demonstrated effectively on the stage of an overhead projector using a compartmentalized Petri dish or a transparent Conway dish covered by a glass plate
Perina, Ivo; Mihanovic, Branka J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 257.
Reactions |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Bromination of a hydrocarbon   Deck, Eva; Deck, Charles
The authors have developed a simple one-hour student experiment that demonstrates photochemical halogen substitution in a quantitative way using heptane, bromine, and water.
Deck, Eva; Deck, Charles J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 75.
Reactions |
Photochemistry |
Quantitative Analysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Alkanes: Abundant, pervasive, important, and essential   Seymour, Raymond B.
Some of the most useful alkanes are high-molecular weight molecules obtained by the polymerization of ethylene.
Seymour, Raymond B. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 59.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Polymerization
Searching Chemical Abstracts Online in undergraduate chemistry: Part 2. Registry (structure) File: molecular formulas, names, and name fragments  Krumpolc, Miroslav; Trimakas, Diana; Miller, Connie
This data base, essentially a subject index, consists of substance names, their Registry Numbers and characteristics, and actual structural representations.
Krumpolc, Miroslav; Trimakas, Diana; Miller, Connie J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 26.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Stereochemistry of cyclic hydrocarbons   Perkins, Robert R.
The topic of stereochemistry always poses great difficulties for many students in introductory organic chemistry. The following problems can be used as a tutorial question after having introduced the various terms associated with stereochemistry. The question requires skills at the applications level in the Bloom taxonomy.
Perkins, Robert R. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 860.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Stereochemistry |
Diastereomers |
Constitutional Isomers
The preparation of 4-hydroxy-2,3,4,5-tetraphenyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one and its base catalyzed conversion into 2,3,4,5-tetraphenycyclopentadienone: An organic laboratory experiment   Harrison, Ernest A., Jr.
An organic laboratory experiment that permits direct observation of a pedagogically interesting transformation.
Harrison, Ernest A., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 828.
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Phenols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
IR Spectroscopy |
Synthesis
Chemical applications of graph theory. Part II. Isomer enumeration  Hansen, Peter J.; Jurs, Peter C.
An in-depth look at the study of isomer enumeration.
Hansen, Peter J.; Jurs, Peter C. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 661.
Chemometrics |
Constitutional Isomers |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Arylation of carbon carbon double bonds catalyzed by palladium salts  Lauron, Helene; Mallet, Jean-Maurice; Mestdagh, Helene; Ville, Guy
A more advanced synthetic project that incorporates reactions and materials with real-world significance.
Lauron, Helene; Mallet, Jean-Maurice; Mestdagh, Helene; Ville, Guy J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 632.
Applications of Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Catalysis
Drawing the chair conformers of cyclohexane  Shaw, David G.
This author argues that much of the difficulty of sketching chair conformers of cyclohexane stems from the sequence in which the lines forming the chair are drawn.
Shaw, David G. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 587.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Modeling
The thermochemistry of catenation in silanes versus alkanes  Smith, Derek W.
The purpose of this paper is to clarify (not resolve) the issues behind the questions, "Why are catenated silanes less numerous and apparently less stable than the analogous alkanes?"
Smith, Derek W. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 414.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Thermodynamics
The effect of a catalyst on the thermodynamic properties and partition functions of a group of isomers  Alberty, Robert A.
The authors' analysis of the effect of a catalyst on the thermodynamic properties and partition functions of a group of isomers.
Alberty, Robert A. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 409.
Thermodynamics |
Equilibrium |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Constitutional Isomers
The number of alkanes having n carbons and a longest chain of length d: An application of a theorem of Polya  Balaban, Alexandru T.; Kennedy, John W.; Quintas, Louis
This paper tackles the problem of determining the number of structural isomers of an alkane. The primitive algorithm that is usually taught to students is confusing and generates redundancies.
Balaban, Alexandru T.; Kennedy, John W.; Quintas, Louis J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 304.
Constitutional Isomers |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Chemometrics
Alkane activation with mercury vapor   Brown, Steven B.; Crabtree, Robert H.
This paper explores the progress made by chemists in activating small molecules (CO,CO2,CH4,C2H4, etc.) with metals or metal compounds.
Brown, Steven B.; Crabtree, Robert H. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 290.
Metals |
Organometallics |
Reactions |
Catalysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
On the boiling points of the alkyl halides  Correla, John
Most textbooks spend some time discussing the relationship between boiling point and molecular structure, however, their reasons behind this relationship differ. This variation among textbooks warrants further investigation and discussion in order to uncover which of the factors are the major contributors to the variation of boiling point.
Correla, John J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 62.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Physical Properties |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Mnemonic for Z and E nomenclature  Thomas, C. W.
A visual reminder that makes it unnecessary to memorize the German terms.
Thomas, C. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 44.
Diastereomers |
Alkenes |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Writing Chemical Formulas, Review I (Ross, Don)  Sweeney-Hammond, Kathleen
Program to give students practice in writing chemical formulas and to facilitate the understanding of balancing positive and negative charges in a chemical formula.
Sweeney-Hammond, Kathleen J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, A90.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Writing Chemical Formulas, Review I (Ross, Don)  Pavlovich, Joseph M.
Program to give students practice in writing chemical formulas and to facilitate the understanding of balancing positive and negative charges in a chemical formula.
Pavlovich, Joseph M. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, A88.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Le Chtelier - Right or wrong? (the author replies)  Helfforich, F. G.
Equilibrium constants are always dimensionless.
Helfforich, F. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 1069.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Le Chtelier - Right or wrong?  Quintero B., Gustavo
Equilibrium constants are always dimensionless.
Quintero B., Gustavo J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 1069.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Significance and precision (the author replies)  Peiser, H. S.
Using atomic weights with constant significant figures introduces less confusion for students.
Peiser, H. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 1068.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Significance and precision  Hartkopf, A. V.
Examples of misconceptions in the treatment of data.
Hartkopf, A. V. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 1068.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
A suggestion for a convenient new SI prefix  Schieher, Cherylann; Longo, Frederick R.
Proposes the angstro as an SI prefix to represent 10-10.
Schieher, Cherylann; Longo, Frederick R. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 1030.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
"Million" ideas  Godshall, Clark J.; Herrick, Jill; vander Water, Kevin; Bogner, Donna
Several ideas for demonstrating the size of a million.
Godshall, Clark J.; Herrick, Jill; vander Water, Kevin; Bogner, Donna J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 956.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A very brief, rapid, simple, and unified method for estimating carbon-13 NMR chemical shifts: The BS method  Shoulders, Hen; Welch, Steven C.
The "BS" method is so brief and simple that students can memorize and use it to interpret 13C NMR spectra with ease.
Shoulders, Hen; Welch, Steven C. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 915.
NMR Spectroscopy |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Instrumental Methods
"Correct" methods for naming inorganic compounds  Fernelius, W. Conard
Summary of nomenclature rules and their historical development.
Fernelius, W. Conard J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 901.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Naming inorganic compounds  Lancashire, Robert J.
Textbook survey regarding inconsistencies in systems for the order of naming ligands when using prefixes.
Lancashire, Robert J. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 900.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A convenient demonstration of combustion and explosion  Fenster, Ariel E.; Harpp, David N.; Schwarcz, Joseph A.
Demonstrating the correct molar ratio between propane and oxygen.
Fenster, Ariel E.; Harpp, David N.; Schwarcz, Joseph A. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 894.
Stoichiometry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Oxidation / Reduction
Outmoded terminology: The normal hydrogen electrode  Ramette, R. W.
As educators, we should not confuse the "normal hydrogen electrode" with the "standard hydrogen electrode".
Ramette, R. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 885.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Polymer properties and testing definitions  Carraher, Charles E., Jr.; Seymour, Raymond B.
Glossary of common terms regarding the properties and testing of polymers.
Carraher, Charles E., Jr.; Seymour, Raymond B. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 866.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
From shadows to three dimensions: Stereographic images using Dreiding models and the Macintosh  Strauss, Michael J.; Gribble, Gordon
Printing stereographic images using ChemDraw.
Strauss, Michael J.; Gribble, Gordon J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 850.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Stereochemistry |
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Questionable word usage in analytical chemistry  Mellon, M. G.
The use of imprecise, uninformative, inappropriate or even wrong terms; and the lack of clarity in imprecise or uninformative names for methods of chemical analysis.
Mellon, M. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 735.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
One more view on assigning absolute configurations  Todd, David
Etymology of the R, S convention.
Todd, David J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 732.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The many chemical names for H2O  Treptow, Richard S.
"Inventing" names for water to illustrate the limitations of any naming system.
Treptow, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 697.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A new road to reactions. Part 4. The substance and its molecules  de Vos, Wobbe; Verdonk, Adri H.
Teaching the chemical reaction concept to young students requires a more disciplined way of using substance names, as well as other strategies.
de Vos, Wobbe; Verdonk, Adri H. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 692.
Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Counting halomethanes  Namhi, Parthasarathy
Asking the question "How many halomethanes are there?" illustrates the range of molecular species that can be derived by substituting the hydrogens of an alkane by halogens.
Namhi, Parthasarathy J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 678.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The chemists' delta  Craig, Norman C.
Thermodynamic quantities such as ?G and ?S are intensive functions and derivatives that depend on instantaneous values of the partial molar forms of various thermodynamic properties of reactions and products; they are not simple finite differences.
Craig, Norman C. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 668.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Molecular structure: Property relationships  Seybold, Paul G.; May, Michael; Bagal, Ujjvala A.
How molecular structure can be represented mathematically and how this can lead to a better understanding of the connection between molecular structures and properties.
Seybold, Paul G.; May, Michael; Bagal, Ujjvala A. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 575.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alcohols
Use of polar maps in conformational analysis  Ounsworth, James P.; Weller, Larry
A relatively simple procedure to identify different or similar conformations of large ring structures (generating polar maps of torsional angles).
Ounsworth, James P.; Weller, Larry J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 568.
Conformational Analysis |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Elemental etymology: What's in a name?  Ball, David W.
Wrong Ytterby referred to in the original article.
Ball, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 472.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Rules for propagation of significant figures (the author replies)  Schwartz, Lowell M.
Example that focusses on the difference between random error and systematic error.
Schwartz, Lowell M. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 471.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Rules for propagation of significant figures  Stieg, Scott
The cited article fails to recognize that the last digit in a number implies precision or random error in the measurement result estimated by the number.
Stieg, Scott J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 471.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Making sense of the nomenclature of the oxyacids and their salts  Rodgers, Glen E.; State, Harold M.; Bivens, L.
An overall scheme or "roadmap" for naming oxyacids and their salts.
Rodgers, Glen E.; State, Harold M.; Bivens, L. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 409.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases
Allotropes and polymorphs  Sharma, B. D.
Definitions and examples of allotropes and polymorphs.
Sharma, B. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 404.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Crystals / Crystallography |
Molecular Properties / Structure
A simple formula for the number of rings in a cyclic molecule  Reddy, P. Anantha
A simple formula that determines the number of rings from the number of ring atoms and bonds present in a cyclic system.
Reddy, P. Anantha J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 400.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Origin of the term "quantum" (the author replies)  Bent, Henry A.
Origin of the term "quantum".
Bent, Henry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 383.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantum Chemistry
Origin of the term "quantum"  Kauffman, George B.
Quantum can be used to denote either very small or very large amounts.
Kauffman, George B. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 383.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantum Chemistry
The official rules for organic chemical nomenclature: Emergence, evolution, emphasis, and errors  Traynham, James G.
Historical development of the official rules for organic chemical nomenclature.
Traynham, James G. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 325.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Molar and equivalent amounts and concentrations  Kohman, Truman P.
What are the quantities of which molar and normal are units?
Kohman, Truman P. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 246.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The nomenclature of relative stereochemistry: Choosing between likes and preferences  Brook, Michael A.
The commonly used descriptors for relative stereochemistry are introduced and compared.
Brook, Michael A. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 218.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Chirality / Optical Activity
The transition state  Anonymous
Proper definition of a transition state.
Anonymous J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 208.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Reactive Intermediates
Fundamental and descriptive units  Kemp, H. R.
It is not necessary to impose on the unit the burden of describing the physical quantity being measured.
Kemp, H. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 191.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Specific-documented assertion of the term "carbonium" as correct and the term "carbocation" as incorrect  Schwartz, M. Gerald
Asserts that the term "carbocation" has been incorrectly and inconsistently replacing the term "carbonium ion" in some quarters.
Schwartz, M. Gerald J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 92.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Carbocations
Polymer nomenclature, or, what's in a name?  Carraher, Charles E., Jr.; Hess, George; Sperling, L. H.
Concentrates on the naming of linear organic polymers by considering common names, source-based names, characteristic group names, and structure-based names.
Carraher, Charles E., Jr.; Hess, George; Sperling, L. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 36.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure
A history of nomenclature of organic chemistry (Verkade, Pieter Eduard)  Kauffman, George B.
A review of a book that the reviewer promises is "far from dull".
Kauffman, George B. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, A180.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Some ambiguous chemical terms defined  Thomas, Nicholas C.
Some clever puns built on terms used in chemistry.
Thomas, Nicholas C. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 1049.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Naming after names: Good or bad?  Ball, David W.
Isn't all the "name calling" in chemistry confusing? The author thinks this is especially true for students, and proposes a move away from using personal names in chemistry.
Ball, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 1039.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Comparison of chemical oxidation of alkanes, alkenes, and alcohols on the overhead projector  Kolb, Kenneth E.
This overhead projector demonstration utilizes two classical oxidants, permanganates and dichromate, to distinguish between alkanes, alkenes, and primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols.
Kolb, Kenneth E. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 977.
Alcohols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Qualitative Analysis
A proposed new name for hydrogen bonding: H-FON bonding  Hill, John W.
The author's suggested name for hydrogen bonding, he argues, may be more descriptive than the present term.
Hill, John W. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 960.
Nonmajor Courses |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Carbonium ion: Waxing and waning of a name  Traynham, James G.
A review of the history of the name "carbonium ion" reveals how a chemical term may emerge, become popular in a different context, lose its precision, and fall from popularity. It illuminates the care required in the development and use of chemical nomenclature.
Traynham, James G. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 930.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Another look at reduction of cyclohexanone with sodium borohydride in aqueous alkaline solution  Zaezek, Norbert M.
The method presented here for the reduction of cyclohexane to cyclohexanol in aqueous alkaline solution is less time consuming and uses considerably less alkaline solution and ether.
Zaezek, Norbert M. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 909.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Displaying custom designed characters from BASIC on the IBM PC  Cassen, T.
76. Bits and pieces, 31. A technique for displaying subscripts and superscripts when working on a computer word processor.
Cassen, T. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 842.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
SI and non-SI units of concentration: A truce?  Rich, Ronald L.
These authors examine whether a truce could be promoted by filling a chemical gap in the System Internationale with special attention on concentration.
Rich, Ronald L. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 784.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
A time scale for fast events  Onwood, David
Scientific vocabulary has not grown so as to afford a single means that is uniform, succinct , and accurate to describe the characteristic time of rapid events.
Onwood, David J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 680.
Kinetics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Mythology and elemental etymology: The names of elements 92 through 94  Glidewell, Christopher
The purpose of this brief note is to amplify the origin of the names for uranium, neptunium, and plutonium.
Glidewell, Christopher J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 659.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Replaying the ball: Soccerane revisited  Castells, Josep; Serratosa, Felix
This article features two possible Schlegel diagrams and the two different Hamiltonian pathways.
Castells, Josep; Serratosa, Felix J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 630.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Find-the-pairs  Ryan, Jack
73. Bits and pieces, 29. A computer game that can help students avoid the drudgery of memorizing such essential items as elemental names and symbols or conversion factors.
Ryan, Jack J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 626.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
L-Cysteine: The (R)-amino acid from protein  Carter, Kenneth Nolan
Most texts do not treat the topic of this brief note accurately.
Carter, Kenneth Nolan J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 602.
Amino Acids |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Illustrating Newman projection formulas in large classes  Elakovich, Stella D.
An overhead projector demonstration can help students better understand Newman projections.
Elakovich, Stella D. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 570.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Modeling
A flowchart for dimensional analysis  Graham, D. M.
A flowchart to help students organize their thoughts when solving conversion problems.
Graham, D. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 527.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
Where did that number come from?   DeLorenzo, Ronald
With more careful labeling and handling of numbers, instructors can reduce the confusion students sometimes feel when watching problems being solved by the instructor on the board.
DeLorenzo, Ronald J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 514.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Stress the twofold axis of the threo isomer  Tavernier, D.
The author weighs in on the the controversy of the threo and erythro nomenclature.
Tavernier, D. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 511.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Enantiomers |
Diastereomers
Coulombic models in chemical bonding. III: Barrier to internal rotation in ethane  Sacks, Lawrence J.
In this paper, a problem of long standing will be considered: the barrier to internal rotation in ethane.
Sacks, Lawrence J. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 487.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Covalent Bonding |
Electrochemistry |
MO Theory |
Chemometrics |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Synthesis with ultrasonic waves  Boudjouk, Philip
A historical overview of the use of ultrasonic waves for chemical synthesis.
Boudjouk, Philip J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 427.
Synthesis |
Aromatic Compounds |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Reactions |
Catalysis
The arithmetic of aromaticity  Glidewell, Christopher; Lloyd, Douglas
In this article, the authors explore an aspect of conjugated systems that have received little attention, namely polycyclic hydrocarbons.
Glidewell, Christopher; Lloyd, Douglas J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 306.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Resonance Theory |
Aromatic Compounds
Reduction of cyclohexanone with sodium borohydride in aqueous alkaline solution: a beginning organic chemistry experiment  Hudak, Norman J.; Sholes, Anne H.
A beginning organic chemistry experiment that involves the reduction of cyclohexanone with sodium borohydride in aqueous alkaline solution.
Hudak, Norman J.; Sholes, Anne H. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 161.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Alcohols
The Curtin-Hammett principle and the Winstein-Holness equation: new definition and recent extensions to classical concepts  Seeman, Jeffery I.
The author briefly demonstrates that the C-H principle and the W-H equation have values far exceeding those originally intended.
Seeman, Jeffery I. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 42.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Kinetics |
Equilibrium
Modern instrumental techniques: The battle of acronyms  Cantrell, Thomas S.
34 common instrumental acronyms.
Cantrell, Thomas S. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 1101.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Instrumental Methods
The language gap: Common words with technical meanings  Ryan, Janet N.
Defines 30 common words with alternate scientific meanings.
Ryan, Janet N. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 1098.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Identification of the stable conformer of cyclohexane by vibrational spectroscopy  Garcia, M. V.; Redondo, M. I.
A laboratory experiment that uses group theory to help interpret infrared and Raman spectra of cyclohexane.
Garcia, M. V.; Redondo, M. I. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 887.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Spectroscopy |
Stereochemistry |
IR Spectroscopy |
Raman Spectroscopy |
Conformational Analysis |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Group Theory / Symmetry
Chemical properties of commonly available hydrocarbons  Perina, Ivo
Studying the properties of saturated hydrocarbons using natural gas.
Perina, Ivo J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 864.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Mathematics in the chemistry classroom. Part 1. The special nature of quantity equations  Dierks, Werner; Weninger, Johann; Herron, J. Dudley
Differences between operation on quantities and operation on numbers and how chemical quantities should be described mathematically.
Dierks, Werner; Weninger, Johann; Herron, J. Dudley J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 839.
Chemometrics |
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Elemental etymology: What's in a name?  Ball, David W.
Summarizes patterns to be found among the origins of the names of the elements.
Ball, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 787.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The definition and symbols for the quantity called "molarity" or "concentration" and for the SI units of this quantity  Gorin, George
An alternative formulation for concentration and the SI units for this quantity.
Gorin, George J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 741.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents
The pyrolysis of cyclopropane: A gas phase kinetic experiment for the undergraduate laboratory  O'Grady, B. V.
Presents a "pulsed-flow" reaction system that allows data for the pyrolysis of cyclopropane to propene to be gathered quickly to develop the theory of unimolecular reactions.
O'Grady, B. V. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 709.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Kinetics
Conversion of standard thermodynamic data to the new standard state pressure  Freeman, Robert D.
Analyzes the changes that will be required to convert standard thermodynamic data from units of atmospheres to the bar.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 681.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
On the origin of the name of the element indium  Gutman, Ivan
Indium is not named after India.
Gutman, Ivan J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 674.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Ewens-Bassett notation for inorganic compounds  Kauffman, George B.; Jrgensen, Christian Klixbll
Development and adoption of Ewens-Bassett notation for inorganic compounds.
Kauffman, George B.; Jrgensen, Christian Klixbll J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 474.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Measuring the atomic or molecular mass of a gas with a tire gauge and a butane lighter fluid can  Bodner, George M.; Magginnis, Lenard J.
Also demonstrating the mass of air and the dependence of the pressure of a gas on the mass of the sample.
Bodner, George M.; Magginnis, Lenard J. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 434.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Gases
Working backwards is a forward step in the solution of problems by dimensional analysis  Drake, Robert F.
Solving chemistry calculations by determining the units of the desired answer and then working backwards using dimensional analysis.
Drake, Robert F. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 414.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An introduction to conformational analysis of ethane and butane  Flash, Patrick J.
60. Bits and pieces, 23. Introduces students to some conventions for drawing molecules and provides a brief tutorial and extensive drill work on the conformations of ethane and butane.
Flash, Patrick J. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 412.
Conformational Analysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Nuclear synthesis and identification of new elements  Seaborg, Glenn T.
Review of descriptive terms, nuclear reactions, radioactive decay modes, and experimental methods in nuclear chemistry.
Seaborg, Glenn T. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 392.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Isotopes
The origin and adoption of the Stock system  Kauffman, George B.; Jrgensen, Christian Klixbll
The history and development of the Stock system of inorganic nomenclature.
Kauffman, George B.; Jrgensen, Christian Klixbll J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 243.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Toward a more rational terminology  Tykodi, R. J.
Recommended changes in the terms atomic weight, molecular weight, gram atomic / molecular / formula weights, gram equivalent weight, specific heat / volume / density, and chemical equation.
Tykodi, R. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 241.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A short set of 13C-NMR correlation tables  Brown, D. W.
The object of these tables is to enable a student to calculate rapidly approximate d values for 13C nuclei in as wide a variety of compounds as possible.
Brown, D. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 209.
NMR Spectroscopy |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Alkynes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Amides |
Carboxylic Acids |
Esters
Aqueous hydrogen peroxide: Its household uses and concentration units  Webb, Michael J.
Includes some simple weight / volume calculations and their answers.
Webb, Michael J. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 152.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents
Some improper terms in coordination chemistry  Syamal, A.
A listing of terms recommended to replace those employing "complex" in coordination chemistry.
Syamal, A. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 143.
Coordination Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Five Avogadro's number problems  Todd, David
Five problems involving Avogadro's number.
Todd, David J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 76.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry |
Chemometrics
The mole: Questioning format can make a difference  Lazonby, John N.; Morris, Jane E.; Waddington, David J.
Study of 2,695 high school students that found that it is the piecing together of the individual steps involved in mole calculations that presents the main difficulty for students.
Lazonby, John N.; Morris, Jane E.; Waddington, David J. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 60.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
A LAP on moles: Teaching an important concept  Ihde, John
The objective of the Learning Activity Packet on moles include understanding the basic concept of the mole as a chemical unit, knowing the relationships between the mole and the atomic weights in the periodic table, and being able to solve basic conversion problems involving grams, moles, atoms, and molecules. [Debut]
Ihde, John J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 58.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The naming of evolving theories: Retaining the spirit of invention  Freeman, Gordon, R.
To retain a reference to the major controversy that was resolved by a new theory, and therefore to a major step in the growth of knowledge, reference names in the lengthening list used to refer to a particular theory should be dropped from the middle, not the beginning.
Freeman, Gordon, R. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 57.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
What's in a name: NaNO3  Haberfield, Paul
Origin and relationships between the names of sodium (natrium), the nitrate ion, and nitrogen.
Haberfield, Paul J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 56.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Uncommon common names-a heuristic approach  Mancott, Anatol
A chemical puzzle consisting of 25 antiquated, common names for compounds and elements.
Mancott, Anatol J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 1097.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A new meaning of the terms acid and base hydrolysis  Milic, Nikola B.
Suggestions for distinguishing between solvation, hydration, and solvolysis, and hydrolysis reactions that produce hydroxo and protonated complexes.
Milic, Nikola B. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 1066.
Acids / Bases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents
The unit gram/mole and its use in the description of molar mass  Gorin, G.
How is molar mass related to the quantity called "molecular (or atomic) weight"?
Gorin, G. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 1045.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
A method for drawing cyclohexane chairs  Cheer, Clair J.
A method for drawing cyclohexane chairs.
Cheer, Clair J. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 947.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The emergence of stochastic theories: What are they and why are they special?  Freeman, Gordon R.
Examines the word stochastic and its opposite, deterministic, and points out why stochastic models are receiving new emphasis of late.
Freeman, Gordon R. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 944.
Kinetics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Preparation of 2-bromopentane  Howell, B. A.; Kohrman, R. E.
The conversion of 2-pentanol to 2-bromopentane offers a good illustration of the problems associated with substitution in secondary systems.
Howell, B. A.; Kohrman, R. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 932.
Synthesis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Metallo complexes: An experiment for the undergraduate laboratory  Kauffman, George B.; Karbassi, Mohammad; Bergerhoff, Gunter
Theory, nomenclature, structure, and preparative methods of metallic complexes; the experiment prepares several metallo complexes according to procedures modified from the literature and their properties are observed.
Kauffman, George B.; Karbassi, Mohammad; Bergerhoff, Gunter J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 729.
Coordination Compounds |
Metals |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Synthesis
Use of the world "eager" instead of "spontaneous" for the description of exergonic reactions  Hamori, Eugene; Muldrey, James E.
Difficulties with the word spontaneous and why eager is a better term.
Hamori, Eugene; Muldrey, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 710.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Thermodynamics
Natural sources of ionizing radiation  Bodner, George M.; Rhea, Tony A.
Units of radiation measurement, calculations of radiation dose equivalent, sources of ionizing radiation and its biological effects.
Bodner, George M.; Rhea, Tony A. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 687.
Natural Products |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
To space or not to space- that is the question  Hurd, Charles D.
The use of spaces in the words "chloro acids" and "keto esters".
Hurd, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 667.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases |
Esters
The estimation of activation parameters: Corrections and incorrections  Hamann, S. D.; le Noble, W. J.
Since liquids undergo thermal expansion and hydrostatice compression, expressing concentrations in terms of molarity can cause problems.
Hamann, S. D.; le Noble, W. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 658.
Thermodynamics |
Rate Law |
Solutions / Solvents |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Eugene Houdry, catalytic cracking and World War II aviation gasoline  Moseley, Charles G.
An important factor in the Allied victory in World War II was their ability to mass produce an aviation gasoline that was superior to that of the Axis nations.
Moseley, Charles G. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 655.
Catalysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Applications of Chemistry
Concertedness of 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions  Haque, M. Serajul
The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition is the union of a 1,3-dipole with a multiple bond system (a dipolarophile) to form a five-membered ring; the process is regarded as one of the most general methods for the synthesis of five-membered heterocycles.
Haque, M. Serajul J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 490.
Addition Reactions |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Heterocycles |
Synthesis |
MO Theory
The evaluation of strain and stabilization in molecules using isodesmic reactions  Fuchs, Richard
The stabilities of cyclic hydrocarbons are analyzed using isodesmic and metathetical isodesmic reactions.
Fuchs, Richard J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 133.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Aromatic Compounds
Safety in the laboratory: 1,1,1-trichloroethane   Rothchild, Robert
For safety reasons, it is necessary to find a substitute for 1,1,1-trichloroethane in the academic chemistry lab.
Rothchild, Robert J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, A228.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Management
Teaching factor-label method without sleight of hand  Garrett, James M.
As an aid in teaching the factor-label method, the author has developed a rather simple card game involving the matching of symbols and colors.
Garrett, James M. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 962.
Stoichiometry |
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Concerning units  Wadlinger, Robert L.
The author discusses several instances where a critical reexamination of the use, or lack of use, of units should be made. He advocates the introduction of the descriptive unit wave to make many relationships, such as the Planck-Einstein equation, less open to misinterpretation and proposes the adoption of the radian as a fundamental unit.
Wadlinger, Robert L. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 942.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Goal!: an exercise in IUPAC nomenclature  Castells, Josep; Serratosa, Felix
Footballane and soccerane.
Castells, Josep; Serratosa, Felix J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 941.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The NMR time scale  Bryant, Robert G.
The author states that it is common jargon to talk about slow or fast process in relation to the "NMR time scale" as if such a time scale had been carefully defined and agreed on by all. He examines each of the physical or chemical process associated with NMR spectra and correlates them to their time-scale ranges.
Bryant, Robert G. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 933.
NMR Spectroscopy |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Dilemma over extinction coefficient units   Castellan, Gilbert W.
The author comments on the six options descried in the recent note by Donald C. Wigefiled, "The extinction coefficient: SI and the dilemma of its Units-six options."
Castellan, Gilbert W. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 912.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor.  Gorin, George
Is the term "mole" a shortcoming or a virtue?
Gorin, George J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 782.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
What do we measure in moles?   Tykodi, R. J.
Should we use a unit name that has a "particle" as a root?
Tykodi, R. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 782.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics |
Stoichiometry
Oil shale - Heir to the petroleum kingdom   Schachter, Y.
A discussion of oil shale provides students with real-world problems that require chemical literacy.
Schachter, Y. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 750.
Applications of Chemistry |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Green Chemistry
Synthetic petroleum from coal hydrogenation: its history and present state of development in the United States  Stranges, Anthony N.
This author has reviewed the history of attempts to hydrogenate coal.
Stranges, Anthony N. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 617.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Synthesis |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Free radical chlorination of methane: A demonstration  Conklin, Alfred R.; Kramme, Alan
Free radical reactions are very important and often discussed in chemistry. One of the first such reactions encountered by students of organic chemistry is the free radical chlorination of methane. This reaction serves to introduce the student to free radical reactions and chain reaction. In spite of its common occurrence, demonstrations of this reaction are uncommon.
Conklin, Alfred R.; Kramme, Alan J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 597.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Free Radicals
Organic nomenclature: Making it a more exciting teaching and learning experience  Hambly, Gordon F.
The author shares a game that he has used with great success to help students understand organic nomenclature.
Hambly, Gordon F. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 553.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Resolvability and the tetrahedral configuration of carbon  Kauffman, George B.
A popular explanation about the tetrahedral configuration of carbon is not entirely accurate.
Kauffman, George B. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 402.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Enantiomers |
X-ray Crystallography |
Stereochemistry |
Chirality / Optical Activity
Modernization of the van Deemter equation for chromatographic zone dispersion  Hawkes, Stephen J.
The van Deemter equation for chromatographic zone dispersion has changed form since its inception in the mid 1950's. This has altered its usefulness and understanding by students.
Hawkes, Stephen J. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 393.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chromatography |
Transport Properties
Estimating energy outputs of fuels  Baird, N. Colin
Which is the best fuel in terms of heat energy output: coal, natural gas, fuel oil, hydrogen, or alcohol? It is possible to obtain a semi quantitative estimate of the heat generated by combustion of a fuel from the balanced chemical equation alone.
Baird, N. Colin J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 356.
Reactions |
Green Chemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Alcohols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Geochemistry |
Stoichiometry |
Quantitative Analysis
The spilled can of paint   Perkins, Robert
The writer describes a problem for students to work out in order to better understand units of conversion.
Perkins, Robert J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 343.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Chemistry Handbook (Summers, Donald B.)  Bock, James S., Jr.
A review of a handbook that provides many values, units, conversion tables, definitions, symbols, and equations.
Bock, James S., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 252.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A novel classification of concentration units  MacCarthy, Patrick
Concentration units can be a source of confusion for students. This article presents a treatment on this topic that may help students understand the differences between these units.
MacCarthy, Patrick J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 187.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Group names  Fernelius, W. Conard
Chemists are continually creating new words to obtain more precise meanings.
Fernelius, W. Conard J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 140.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Flow chart for naming inorganic compounds  Robson, David
The flow chart presented in this paper can aid students that are learning to name inorganic compounds.
Robson, David J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 131.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Correct representation of conformational equilibria  Fulop, F.; Bernath, G.; Szabo, J. A.; Dombi, Gy
This article draws attention to a recurring error in representations of conformations of carbocyclic compounds in the literature.
Fulop, F.; Bernath, G.; Szabo, J. A.; Dombi, Gy J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 95.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Degas' dancers: an illustration for rotational isomers  Hargittai, Istvan
Two drawings by Degas provide an opportunity to introduce the concepts of staggered and eclipsed conformations of A2B-BC2 molecules in a concrete, interesting, and aesthetic way.
Hargittai, Istvan J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 94.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Constitutional Isomers |
Diastereomers
Naming chemical compounds: Calculator drill   Holdsworth, David; Lacanienta, Evelyn
36. Bits and pieces, 13. A calculator can be programmed to drill students on chemical compound naming rules.
Holdsworth, David; Lacanienta, Evelyn J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 48.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Programming utilities for the APPLE II Plus   Nagel, Edgar H.
36. Bits and pieces, 13. Some new computer programs that can facilitate writing subscripts and superscripts are described in this note .
Nagel, Edgar H. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 45.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Lecture experiment in gas-liquid chromatography with a simple gas chromatograph at room temperature  Wollrah, Adalbert
Apparatus and method for separating mixtures of pentane / hexane and methyl chloride / carbon tetrachloride.
Wollrah, Adalbert J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 1042.
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The volume/volume problem  Robinson, Trevor
A short arrow is used to read as "made up to."
Robinson, Trevor J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 988.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Numbers in chemical names  Fernelius, W. Conard
Discusses the various ways that numbers are used in the formulas and names of chemical compounds.
Fernelius, W. Conard J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 964.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Oxidation State
Chemical symbols on auto license plates  Mellon, M. G.
Identifying chemical symbols and simple chemical formulas on license plates.
Mellon, M. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 669.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
An easily conducted free radical substitution for organic chemistry courses  Pavlis, Robert R.
The photobromination of 1,2-diphenylethane into its dibromo derivative, (2R) (3S) 1,2-dibromo-1,2-diphenylethane.
Pavlis, Robert R. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 658.
Free Radicals |
Reactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Diastereomers |
Photochemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds
The underprepared student, scientific literacy and Piaget: Reflections on the role of measurement in scientific discussion  Kurland, Daniel J.
The need for an explicit instructional component that stresses the notion of measurement as a means of physical description.
Kurland, Daniel J. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 574.
Learning Theories |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
By any other name: Trademarks and "generic" names  Fernelius, W. Conard
Rules and guidelines for using trademark and generic names, particularly with regard to drugs.
Fernelius, W. Conard J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 572.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals
Crystallographic and spectroscopic symmetry notations  Sharma, B. D.
Comparisons between the symmetry notations used by crystallographers (Hermann-Mauguin) and spectroscopists (Schoenflies).
Sharma, B. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 554.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Spectroscopy |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Group Theory / Symmetry
Proposed terminology for intermolecular hydrogen bonds  Isenberg, Norbert
Suggests the use of homomolecular and heteromolecular to describe hydrogen bonds found among the same molecules and between different molecules.
Isenberg, Norbert J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 547.
Hydrogen Bonding |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
"Chemical Amount" or "Chemiance": Proposed names for the quantity measured in mole units  Gorin, George
The quantity measured in mole units does not have a generally accepted proper name.
Gorin, George J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 508.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Introduction to infrared spectroscopy: A simple undergraduate experiment  Reeder, Deborah M.; Sridharan, Srinivasa
The objective is to obtain two IR spectra, one on an aliphatic compound and the other on an aromatic compound in a first-semester organic laboratory.
Reeder, Deborah M.; Sridharan, Srinivasa J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 503.
Spectroscopy |
IR Spectroscopy |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aromatic Compounds |
Molecular Properties / Structure
An arbitrary aspect of science  Lagowski, J. J.
An opportunity to have input to IUPAC regarding the designation of A and B elements.
Lagowski, J. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 439.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Administrative Issues
The separation and identification of straight chain hydrocarbons: An experiment using gas-liquid chromatography  Benson, G. A.
Gas liquid chromatography used to separate and identify a mixture of C5 to C10 straight chain hydrocarbons.
Benson, G. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 344.
Separation Science |
Qualitative Analysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Chromatography
Molecular mechanics: Illustrations of its application  Cox, Philip J.
Applying molecular mechanics to n-butane and cyclohexane.
Cox, Philip J. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 275.
Molecular Mechanics / Dynamics |
Conformational Analysis |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Powers of ten  Herman Miller, Inc.
New version of the 1968 original.
Herman Miller, Inc. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 166.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
How much cholesterol is in your body?  Chamizo G., Jose Antonio
Calculations involving the size and proportion of the body consisting of cholesterol.
Chamizo G., Jose Antonio J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 151.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Lipids
The IUPAC systematic names of the regular polyhedranes: An exercise in organic chemistry nomenclature  Moyano, Albert; Serratosa, Felix; Camps, Pelayo; Drudis, Josep M.
A simple procedure to assign IUPAC systematic names to all the polyhedranes, as well as other polycyclic hydrocarbons.
Moyano, Albert; Serratosa, Felix; Camps, Pelayo; Drudis, Josep M. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 126.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
On naming the elements with atomic number greater than 100  Orna, Mary Virginia, O.S.U.
IUPAC's guidelines for naming newly created, heavy elements.
Orna, Mary Virginia, O.S.U. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 123.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The meaning of the word periodic  Chang, James C.
Challenges the cited author's meaning of the word "periodic".
Chang, James C. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 80.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The extinction coefficient: S.I. and the dilemma of its units-six options  Wigfield, Donald C.
Six options for dealing with units in regards to the extinction coefficient.
Wigfield, Donald C. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 27.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Notation confusion in volume ratio dilution  Beaulieu, Patrick L.; Woodin, Terry S.
Volume used to indicate dilution is not universally the same throughout various disciplines.
Beaulieu, Patrick L.; Woodin, Terry S. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 740.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Colmolaity   DiPippo, Ascanio G.
It is suggested that a more generally descriptive unit, "the colomole" be adapted in place of the "osmole" in discussions and calculations involving the colligative properties of solutions.
DiPippo, Ascanio G. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 619.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Another view of significant figures  Ward, Chares R.
Ambiguity surrounding the treatment of the trailing zero can be overcome by requiring that trailing zeros be written only if they are meant to be significant.
Ward, Chares R. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 616.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
How big is Avogadro's number (or how small are atoms, molecules and ions)  Fulkrod, John E.
Calculating the volume occupied by Avogadro's number of drops of water helps students understand the magnitude of this quantity while giving them practice at using scientific notation and the metric system.
Fulkrod, John E. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 508.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics |
Stoichiometry
Notation for order of addition  Niewahner, J. H.
The notation described here will enable a student to include in the chemical equation an implied statement regarding the order of addition.
Niewahner, J. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 461.
Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Molecular term symbols   Leung, A. F.; So, S. P.; Li, Wai-Kee

Leung, A. F.; So, S. P.; Li, Wai-Kee J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 431.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Elemental concentration   Enyedy, Zoe
This chemistry version of a popular TV game is a student favorite.
Enyedy, Zoe J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 426.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Introduction to chemical nomenclature  Friedstein, Harriet

Friedstein, Harriet J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 414.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Student response to simultaneous instruction in SI and conventional units  Grosser, Arthur E.
What do students think about the United States' speculated switch to SI units?
Grosser, Arthur E. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 366.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Errors in retrospect  Eberhardt, W. H.
A broadening of the "Textbook Errors" feature (1955-1980). Common textbook problems are related to meanings, representations, implications of probability densities radial distribution functions, and contour diagrams of atomic and molecular orbitals. [Debut]
Eberhardt, W. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 359.
MO Theory |
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An early laboratory introduction to IR spectroscopy: Gaseous deuteroalkanes  Braun, Loren L.; Law, Raymond L.
The authors have found that the preparation of deuterated gaseous alkanes is a simple experiment that is a less hazardous experiment than the popular alternatives.
Braun, Loren L.; Law, Raymond L. J. Chem. Educ. 1981, 58, 79.
Isotopes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Grignard Reagents |
Gases
N and Na - The Egyptian connection  Feldman, Martin R.
Among the fascinating stories in the history of chemical nomenclature, few are as complex historically and geographically as the origins of the names and symbols for nitrogen and sodium.
Feldman, Martin R. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 877.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Groups and subgroups in the periodic table of the elements: A proposal of modification in the nomenclature  Araneo, Antonio
A proposal to eliminate the "A" and "B" designations of subgroups and replace them with letters referring directly to the electronic structures of atoms.
Araneo, Antonio J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 784.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Demonstrating self-acceleration or self-inhibition phenomena in chemical reactions: An experiment in alkane pyrolysis  Scacchi, G.; Foucaut, J. F.; Niclause, M.
Examines cases in which in which a reaction exhibits one or more orders and an experiment that can be interpreted from this analysis.
Scacchi, G.; Foucaut, J. F.; Niclause, M. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 748.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Kinetics |
Reactions
Balancing equations and nomenclature  Schmuckler, Joseph S.

Schmuckler, Joseph S. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 730.
Stoichiometry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Balancing equations and nomenclature  Schmuckler, Joseph S.

Schmuckler, Joseph S. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 730.
Stoichiometry |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An applied exam in coordination chemistry  Pantaleo, Daniel C.
Students draw from a pool of stock chemicals and answer questions based on its formula and observed properties.
Pantaleo, Daniel C. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 669.
Coordination Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A "road map" problem for freshman chemistry students  Burness, James H.
Question suitable for a take-home type of exam.
Burness, James H. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 647.
Gases |
Solutions / Solvents |
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Confusion over D and L Nomenclature  Yuan, Sun-Shine
The use of the (R,S) convention will eliminate (D,L) confusion.
Yuan, Sun-Shine J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 528.
Amino Acids |
Stereochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The effect of free radical stability on the rate of bromination of hydrocarbons  Doheny, Anthony J.; Loudon, G. Marc
The effect of alkyl free radical stability on the rate of free radical halogenation of hydrocarbons can be convincingly demonstrated by the comparative photobromination of the arenes toluene, ethylbenzene, and cumene.
Doheny, Anthony J.; Loudon, G. Marc J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 507.
Free Radicals |
Reactions |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Photochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Compact comments  Rhodes, Gale; Goodmanson, David
A clear derivation of a temperature scale interconversion equation can be carried out by plotting temperatures of one scale against corresponding temperatures of the other.
Rhodes, Gale; Goodmanson, David J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 506.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chem-deck: How to learn to write the formulas of chemical compounds (or lose your shirt)  Sherman, Alan; Sherman, Sharon J.
A game that helps students learn to name compounds and write chemical formulas.
Sherman, Alan; Sherman, Sharon J. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 503.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Sir William Crookes, Victorium, and the Library of Congress  Elder, Eleanor S.
Victorium, an "element" discovered by William Crookes, was actually a mixture.
Elder, Eleanor S. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 421.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Correlating Celsius and Fahrenheit temperatures by the "unit calculus"  Gorin, George
Deriving the mathematical relationship between Celsius and Fahrenheit temperatures.
Gorin, George J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 350.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Adopting SI units in introductory chemistry  Davies, William G.; Moore, John W.
Conventions associated with SI units, conversion relationships commonly used in chemistry, and a roadmap method for solving stoichiometry problems.
Davies, William G.; Moore, John W. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 303.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Response to Comments on "SI Units? A Camel is a Camel"  Adamson, Arthur W.
Comments on an earlier article regarding SI units.
Adamson, Arthur W. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 665.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters on SI Units  Dingledy, David
Comments on an earlier article regarding SI units.
Dingledy, David J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 665.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters on SI Units  Heslop, R. B.
Comments on an earlier article regarding SI units.
Heslop, R. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 665.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An apologia for accepting at least an approximation to SI  Wright, P. G.
Comments on earlier articles regarding SI units.
Wright, P. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 663.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
On finding a middle ground for SI  Nelson, Robert A.
Comments on an earlier article regarding SI units.
Nelson, Robert A. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 661.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Optical illusions in drawings of cyclohexane derivatives  Feldman, Martin R.
An optical illusion in the representation of chair cyclohexanes.
Feldman, Martin R. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 659.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Enantiomers |
Diastereomers |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Empirical formulas  Ryan, Dennis P.
This question forces one to duplicate the line of reasoning used by Dalton in his initial formulation of atomic weights; it tests for the ability to deduce atomic sizes and to calculate empirical formulas.
Ryan, Dennis P. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 528.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
The perturbational MO method for saturated systems  Herndon, William C.
Outlines a molecular orbital approach to the problem of predicting and correlating bond dissociation energies in saturated hydrocarbons.
Herndon, William C. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 448.
MO Theory |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Free Radicals |
Mechanisms of Reactions
The attractive and repulsive gauche effects  Juaristi, Eusebio
Focusses on 1,2-disubstituted ethanes and cyclohexanes and 5-substituted-1,3-heterocycles.
Juaristi, Eusebio J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 438.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Conformational Analysis |
Diastereomers |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Heterocycles
Conformations of substituted ethanes  Kingsbury, Charles A.
Provides a state-of-the-art view of conformational analysis, with an emphasis on sp3 hybridized acyclic molecules.
Kingsbury, Charles A. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 431.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Conformational Analysis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Diastereomers
Compact Compacts  Huebner, Jay S.; Shiflett, R. B.; Blanck, Harvey F.
A collection of three suggestions regarding demonstrating the oxidation of hydrocarbons and the primary, secondary, and tertiary structure of proteins and the first law of thermodynamics as applied to air conditioning.
Huebner, Jay S.; Shiflett, R. B.; Blanck, Harvey F. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 389.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Proteins / Peptides |
Thermodynamics
Hey, watch your language!  Herron, J. Dudley
If we do not use our words with care, we introduce and reinforce confusion.
Herron, J. Dudley J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 330.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The ambit of chemistry  Vitz, Edward W.
Proposal to revise the standard definition of chemistry to one that focusses on atoms and molecules rather than simply matter.
Vitz, Edward W. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 327.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Computer-assisted instruction in stereochemical configuration analysis  Bishop, Marvin; Nowak, Maria

Bishop, Marvin; Nowak, Maria J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 318.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Conformational Analysis |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
B or H? A chemist's guide to modern teachings on magnetism  Crooks, J. E.
A brief outline of the derivation of magnetic units and their application to various problems of interest to chemists.
Crooks, J. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 301.
Magnetic Properties |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
How many significant digits in 0.05C?  Power, James D.
Textbooks abound with erroneous examples, such as 33F = 0.56C.
Power, James D. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 239.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Periodic sub-groups   Mazieres, Ch.
Why are the elements of the periodic table still being labeled with A and B? This author suggests it is time to leave that convention behind.
Mazieres, Ch. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 750.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A m3 is bigger than a breadbox  Lambert, Jack L.
This chemist contributes his concerns and thoughts over the conversion to the metric system.
Lambert, Jack L. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 638.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
SI units? A camel is a camel  Adamson, Arthur W.
This paper is a summary of remarks made at a recent symposium on "New Directions in the Teaching of Physical Chemistry" in which the author took exception to both the claims made for the SI system and to the manner in which it has been promoted.
Adamson, Arthur W. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 634.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Use of hand models for assigning configurational nomenclature  Garrett, James M.
A subject which often produces consternation in a beginning student in organic chemistry is that of sequential nomenclature involving chiral centers. After having studied the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog rules of nomenclature a student may be asked to examine a structure as shown in this article.
Garrett, James M. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 493.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Stereochemistry |
Enantiomers
Basic organic nomenclature  Breneman, G. L.
A series of three computer programs have been developed in the Basic Language to give students practice in naming branched alkanes, compounds with various functional groups, and benzene derivatives.
Breneman, G. L. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 224.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The chemical equation. Part I: Simple reactions  Kolb, Doris
A chemical equation is often misunderstood by students as an "equation" that is used in chemistry. However, a more accurate description is that it is a concise statement describing a chemical reaction expressed in chemical symbolism.
Kolb, Doris J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 184.
Stoichiometry |
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Reactions
The chemical formula. Part II: Determination  Kolb, Doris
Kinds of chemical formulas, determination of a chemical formula, and problem formulas.
Kolb, Doris J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 109.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Notation for powers of ten   Freeman, Robert D.
The author proposes a simpler scheme for notations of power of ten.
Freeman, Robert D. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 103.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Lecture notes or facts that are hard to work into a conversation  Smith, Douglas D.
An overview of chemistry news from around the globe.
Smith, Douglas D. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 49.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Derivatives of oxo acids III. Functional derivatives  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy
The authors consider some general aspects of nomenclature for the so-called functional derivatives of the inorganic oxo acids.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 30.
Acids / Bases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
What is an element?  Kolb, Doris
Reviews the history of the discovery, naming, and representation of the elements; the development of the spectroscope and the periodic table; radioactive elements and isotopes; allotropes; and the synthesis of future elements.
Kolb, Doris J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 696.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Isotopes
Selectivity and specificity in organic reactions  Ault, Addison
Distinguishes between various forms of selectivity and specificity (e.g. the us of and differences between stereoselective and stereospecific).
Ault, Addison J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 614.
Reactions |
Stereochemistry |
Diastereomers |
Enantiomers |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Derivatives of oxo acids II. Insertion or infix nomenclature (the Drake Report)  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy
Considers the general pattern for naming acids containing phosphorus; also examines the systematic nomenclature for new elements.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 610.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases
Why did Adolf Baeyer propose a planar, strained cyclohexane ring?  Ramsay, O. Bertrand
Considers the question "Why did Adolf Baeyer propose a planar, strained cyclohexane ring?"
Ramsay, O. Bertrand J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 563.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Equations of electromagnetism from CGS to SI  Cvitas, T.; Kallay, N.
A general procedure for changing any CGS formula into SI.
Cvitas, T.; Kallay, N. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 530.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Organic derivatives of oxo acids II. Acids, salts, and esters of Groups IIIA-IVA elements  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy
Considers the nomenclature of acids, salts, and esters of groups IIIA-VA elements.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 509.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases |
Carboxylic Acids |
Esters
A convenient notation for powers of ten and logarithms  Oesterreicher, H.
A convenient notation for powers of ten and logarithms that does not require superscripts.
Oesterreicher, H. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 367.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Organic derivatives of oxo acids. Part I. Acids, salts, and esters of group VIA elements / Knowledge is ready cash  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy
Nomenclature of organic derivatives of oxo acids and their salts and esters that are derived from the polybasic acids of the nonmetallic elements of Group IIIA through Group VIA.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 299.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases |
Esters
A Dramatic and relevant demonstration of ring strain  Kelly, T. Ross
Addition of the cyclobutane alpha-pinene to crystalline iodine results in an exceptionally exothermic reaction.
Kelly, T. Ross J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 228.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Reactions
Lower valent oxo acids of phosphorus and sulfur  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy
Reviews current practice and some of the problems with partial solutions.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 30.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
"Chemantics" - A new chemical education card game  Sawyer, Albert K.
Learning the symbols and charges of ions and combining them to make formulas of compounds is often tedious for a beginner.
Sawyer, Albert K. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 780.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Noncovalent Interactions
Differences between "organic" and "inorganic" nomenclature  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
The authors caution chemists to make certain that the organic and inorganic systems of nomenclature completely compatible and that a word segment used in one pattern does not have a different meaning in the other.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 773.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Isomerism about a double bond: Use of cis and trans   Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Limitations of the cis and trans nomenclature.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 727.
Diastereomers |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Some U. S. nomenclature practices at variance with those recommended by IUPAC  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Chemists don't always seem to realize what a valuable asset they have in their schemes of systematic nomenclature. Mineralogist and biologists do not have this asset.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 726.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chemical nomenclature versus that of other sciences  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
IUPAC recommendations combine the two words whereas U.S. practice is to keep them separated.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 726.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Absolute scales for temperature and reduction potentials  Haight, G. P., Jr.
A situation regarding the units of measurement is developing with electrode potentials or reduction potentials that is analogous to the adoption of temperature scales.
Haight, G. P., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 693.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
SI stands for student improvement   Davies, William G.; Moore, John W.; Collins, Ronald W.
The united states is out of step with the rest of the scientific world when it comes to our units of measurement.
Davies, William G.; Moore, John W.; Collins, Ronald W. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 681.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
New edition of the green book  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
A new edition of "Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemimcal Quantities and Units" is available.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 496.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Levels of communication via nomenclature  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Certain aspects of names for chemicals are not unlike names for people.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 495.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Systematic versus index nomenclature  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Chemistry nomenclature has undergone profound extension and revision.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 495.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The motion of ions in solution under the influence of an electric field  Vincent, Colin A.
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the nature of the motion of ions in an electric field and to reappraise the units and nomenclature of the subject.
Vincent, Colin A. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 490.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry
2,2-Dichlorobicyclo[4.1.0]heptane from cyclohexene and dichlorocarbene by phase transfer catalysis  Ault, Addison; Wright, Bradley
The authors have developed a procedure for the addition of dichlorocarbene to cyclohexane to give dichloronorcarane.
Ault, Addison; Wright, Bradley J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 489.
Aromatic Compounds |
Alkenes |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Catalysis
Renaissance of concern with the nascent condition  Bauer, S. H.
The author argues that it is time to restore the term "nascent" to legitimacy.
Bauer, S. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 372.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Kinetics |
Reactions |
Acids / Bases
Equivalents - A winner or a dead horse  Brescia, Frank
The object of this article is to review the history of the stoichiometric term "equivalent" and examine its relevance over a century after the International Congress of 1860 was held at the Technische Hochschule in Karlsruhe.
Brescia, Frank J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 362.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Information sources for nomenclature practices  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Why don't chemists practice a more faithful adherence to good nomenclature? This note features a list of resources to obtain reliable nomenclature information.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 355.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Historical development of chemical nomenclature  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
A list of titles on the historical development of chemical nomenclature.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 354.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Addition compounds  Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
The need for general terms to include all compounds with "water of crystallization" and all compounds with "ammonia of crystallization" has led to the widespread use of "ammoniates" and "hydrates" for this purpose. However, the extension of this practice has certain pitfalls since the ending -ate is now the accepted ending for anions generally.
Fernelius, W. Conard; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 354.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Electrolyte theory and S.I. units  Holliday, R. I.
The purpose of this paper is to outline the essential differences between the basic equations of the two systems of units when the equations are used to develop Debye- Huckel and Onsager Theories of Electrolytic Conductance.
Holliday, R. I. J. Chem. Educ. 1976, 53, 21.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Chemometrics
Hydrocarbons in ambient air: A laboratory experiment  DiNardi, Salvatore R.; Briggs, Elaine S.
Students calibrate and the n use a gas chromatograph to analyze ambient air for hydrocarbons.
DiNardi, Salvatore R.; Briggs, Elaine S. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 811.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Quantitative Analysis |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gas Chromatography
Coordination nomenclature. III  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Discusses the nomenclature of polynuclear compounds with bridging groups.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 793.
Coordination Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Some reflections on the topological structure of covalent molecules  Rouvray, D. H.
Presents a method that involves a description of the possible topological structures a chemical species may adopt, subject to the constraints imposed by the valence.
Rouvray, D. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 768.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The mole: A number of a mass?  Herron, J. Dudley
Recommended definition of the mole.
Herron, J. Dudley J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 726.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
What happened to alabamine, virginium, and illinium?  Trimble, R. F.
History of the nomenclature of three elements at one time named after states of the Union.
Trimble, R. F. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 585.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Names for elements  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
System for naming new, heavy elements.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 583.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Trademarks and trade names / Publications on nomenclature  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Defines trademarks and trade names and distinguishes between the two, giving examples of each. / Additional publications on nomenclature.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 482.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A simple gas chromatograph for teaching purposes  Wollrab, Adalbert
A simple apparatus for demonstrating the separation of a mixture of pentane and hexane gas.
Wollrab, Adalbert J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 200.
Chromatography |
Gas Chromatography |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Separation Science |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Gases
Stereoisomerism about a double bond (1-3)  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Rules for specifying E and Z configurations.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 60.
Stereochemistry |
Diastereomers |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkenes |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Davy, Coleridge, and chemical nomenclature  Knight, David
The useful term "substrate" was first used in print in 1817 by the author of "The Ancient Mariner".
Knight, David J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 54.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The sequence rules  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
The authors explain the usefulness of the sequence rules in learning about chirality.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 735.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Stereochemistry |
Enantiomers |
Coordination Compounds
The Planck constant  Kipling, B.; Kirk, A. W.
A random survey of twelve well-known chemistry texts revealed that only one took the trouble to add a quantity unit to the value quoted for Planck's Constant, and other shocking findings.
Kipling, B.; Kirk, A. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 679.
Photochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Coordination nomenclature. II  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
This note deals with the designation of structure and the principles covering the nomenclature of various configurations.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 603.
Coordination Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
G and gammaG/ upsilon  Spencer, J. N.
A discussion on whether symbol changes in thermodynamics are needed.
Spencer, J. N. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 577.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Exact thermodynamics of propane combustion   Yean, D. H.; Riter, J. R., Jr.
The authors have used the heterogeneous equilibria computer program featured in this note.
Yean, D. H.; Riter, J. R., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 505.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing |
Equilibrium
Coordination Nomenclature. I  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
This note describes the general pattern, names for central atoms, and names for ligands.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 468.
Coordination Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A metric (SI) energy scale: Conversions and comparisons  Petrakis, L.
Textbooks have yet to catch up the contemporary chemical units of measurement.
Petrakis, L. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 459.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Naming organic polymers. II. Structure-based polymer nomenclature  Fox, Robert B.
This note is an attempt to devise a precise method for communicating in words the structure of polymers. It is hoped that most possible combinations of atoms have been covered in the rules. At the same time, it is also hoped that chemists have been given another research tool for which they will find use for many years to come.
Fox, Robert B. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 113.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Naming organic polymers. I. Problems with present-day nomenclature  Fox, Robert B.
Present-day nomenclature needs to evolve and respond to the changing landscape of chemistry brought on by polymers.
Fox, Robert B. J. Chem. Educ. 1974, 51, 41.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The octane cannon experiment updated for television  Richtol, H. H.; Nelson, D. L.; Reeves, R. R.
Video recording the detonation of octane in a clear tube for frame-by-frame analysis of a rapid reaction.
Richtol, H. H.; Nelson, D. L.; Reeves, R. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 856.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction
Demonstration of solubility of "immiscible" fluids  Koob, R. D.; Tallman, D. E.
Demonstrating that hexane is miscible in water.
Koob, R. D.; Tallman, D. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 724.
Solutions / Solvents |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Computer program for identifying alkane structures  Davidson, Scott
A Fortran IV computer program to identify and name alkane structure having C1-C16 main chains and C1-C4 side chains is available.
Davidson, Scott J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 707.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
What mean these words?  Mellon, M. Guy
Examines inconsistent and questionable usage of terms and names in analytical chemistry.
Mellon, M. Guy J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 690.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The boat form of cyclohexane as viewed by Midwestern sailors (the author replies)  Hart, Harold
Possible confusion regarding the boat analogy in describing the positions of hydrogens in cyclohexane.
Hart, Harold J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 656.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The boat form of cyclohexane as viewed by Midwestern sailors  Lyle, Gloria; Lyle, Robert E.
Possible confusion regarding the boat analogy in describing the positions of hydrogens in cyclohexane.
Lyle, Gloria; Lyle, Robert E. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 655.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Biological asymmetry of glycerol  Blackmore, P. R.; Williams, J. F.; Clark, M. G.
In order to be both correct and properly educate the student, authors of biochemistry textbooks should be consistent and accurate with their nomenclature in naming glycerol phosphate and all symmetrical intermediate compounds and products.
Blackmore, P. R.; Williams, J. F.; Clark, M. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 555.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Structures containing cationic carbon  Dermer, O. C.; Traynham, James C.
Reviews nomenclature conventions for structures containing cationic carbon.
Dermer, O. C.; Traynham, James C. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 545.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Carbocations
Temperature conversions and the new IPTS-68 temperature scale  Estok, George K.
Lists important temperature reference points for Kelvin, Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Rankin temperature scales.
Estok, George K. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 495.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Calibration
Electron affinity. The zeroth ionization potential  Brooks, David W.; Meyers, Edward A.; Sicilio, Fred; Nearing, James C.
It is the purpose of this article to present the merits of adopting the terminology zeroth ionization potential to describe the energy change that occurs when a gaseous anion loses an electron.
Brooks, David W.; Meyers, Edward A.; Sicilio, Fred; Nearing, James C. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 487.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Some early usages of chemical terms  Oldroyd, D. R.
Investigates the origin of some of the important terms that one commonly meets in the early year's of one's chemical education.
Oldroyd, D. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 450.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Derivatives of oxo acids. IUPAC Publications on Nomenclature. Other International Reports. SI Units  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Summarizes the nomenclature of oxo acid derivatives.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 341.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases
Report of the High School Subcommittee of the Curriculum Committee  
Presents some preliminary performance objectives for different tracks of high school chemistry.
J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 257.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Covalent Bonding |
Ionic Bonding |
Metallic Bonding
Demonstrating the nomenclature for absolute configurations in octahedral complexes  Alexander, M. Dale
Using cardboard octahedral and transparent cylinders to help students visualize the nomenclature for absolute configurations in octahedral complexes.
Alexander, M. Dale J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 125.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Coordination Compounds |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Modeling
Oxoacids and their salts  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Reviews the conventions for naming oxoacids and their salts.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 123.
Acids / Bases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A socially relevant problem in unit and dimension conversions  Bernstein, Stanley
An activity in which students determine the cheapest source of nutritional iron by considering a variety of food products.
Bernstein, Stanley J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 65.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Nutrition |
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry
SI chemical data (Aylward, G. H.; Findlay, T. J. V.)  Campbell, J. A.

Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, A656.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Positive ions and binary compounds  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Guidelines for the names of positive ions and binary compounds; also errata from past articles in this series.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 844.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Significant digits in logarithm-antilogarithm interconversions  Jones, Donald E.
Most textbooks are in error in the proper use of significant digits when interconverting logarithms and antilogarithms.
Jones, Donald E. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 753.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Decimalization of time  Smeaton, W. A.
The decimalization of time suggested by the cited author has been suggested before.
Smeaton, W. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 720.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Bases and types of names  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Examines the requirements of a good name and different types of names, including inorganic and organic names.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 699.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Gimmicks for mid-year motivation  Adams, Richard C.
Suggestions include directions for making peanut brittle, examining common, antiquated names for chemical compounds, and periodic puns.
Adams, Richard C. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 536.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Consumer Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Effective magnetic moment  Hoppe, J. I.
The dimensionless nature of the effective magnetic moment in both the CGS and SI approaches is demonstrated using relevant equations.
Hoppe, J. I. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 505.
Magnetic Properties |
Coordination Compounds |
Transition Elements |
Metals |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
How Should Abbreviations be Used? / The Second Edition of the "Red Book"  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Presents IUPAC rules regarding the use of abbreviations. New IUPAC publication.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 488.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Use Of Punctuation Marks and Spaces. Order of Constituents  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Summarizes how punctuation marks and spaces are used in nomenclature.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 333.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Decimal time units proposed  Purandare, Yeshwant K.
Proposes that the United States adopt a decimal system of time.
Purandare, Yeshwant K. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 300.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Use of enclosing marks and letters  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Summarizes how parentheses, brackets, braces, and letters are used in nomenclature.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 253.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Magnetochemistry in SI units  Quickenden, Terence I.; Marshall, Robert C.
Explains the conversion of magnetochemical formulas from the frequently used CGS-EMU system to the International System of Units (SI).
Quickenden, Terence I.; Marshall, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 114.
Magnetic Properties |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Pretenders to the throne  Morgenstern, Christian; Trimble, R. F. (trans.)
A short poem on the units of temperature.
Morgenstern, Christian; Trimble, R. F. (trans.) J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 109.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Numbers in nomenclature  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
Examines how multiplying affixes are used, particularly in inorganic nomenclature.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 49.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A note on the notation and terminology of thermodynamics  Bent, Henry A.
Presents notation that enables one to express the first and second laws of thermodynamics in symmetrical, analogous, and easily remembered forms.
Bent, Henry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 44.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Carbonium ion-carbanion nomenclature   Sinclair, Dean L.
The author writes in to add his voice to the many others who have pled that the chemical world adopt consistent nomenclature systems and stick to them.
Sinclair, Dean L. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, A105.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
SI units in physico-chemical calculations  Norris, A. C.
This article demonstrates how the adoption of SI units affects some of the more important physico-chemical calculations found at the undergraduate level.
Norris, A. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 797.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Names of groups and elements  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
A brief history on the naming of elements and element groups.
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 730.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Periodicity / Periodic Table
Computer calculation of alkane isomers  Davis, Charles C.; Ebel, Michael
A FORTRAN IV computer program has been written which calculates the number of possible isomers of the saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons.
Davis, Charles C.; Ebel, Michael J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 675.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Stereochemistry |
Diastereomers |
Constitutional Isomers
Inductive effects in the chlorination of 1-chlorobutane. An organic laboratory experiment  Reeves, Perry C.
The present paper describes the quantitative study of the directive effect of chlorine already present in the molecule on the orientation of incoming chlorine in the free radical halogenation of 1-chlorobutane.
Reeves, Perry C. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 636.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
The two faces of D and L nomenclature  Slocum, D. W.; Surgarman, D.; Tucker, S. P.
This paper reviews the conflicts and ambiguities in two older nomenclature methods.
Slocum, D. W.; Surgarman, D.; Tucker, S. P. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 597.
Stereochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The periodic tables  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
How should groups and subgroups be designed? What are the transition elements, inner transition elements, and rare earth elements?
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 594.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Transition Elements |
Inner Transition Elements
Policy for NBS of SI Units  National Bureau of Standards; US Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C.
The International System of Units was defined and given official status by the General Convergence on Weights and Measures in 1960. While the basic policy remains unchanged, experience has shown the need for slight revisions of interpretation, which are incorporated in this article.
National Bureau of Standards; US Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 569.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Conversions from cyclohexanol. An undergraduate laboratory project  Hanna, Samir B.; Wrobleski, James T.; Bohanon, Joseph T.; Peace, Bab W.
A procedure for a laboratory in conversions from cyclohexanol.
Hanna, Samir B.; Wrobleski, James T.; Bohanon, Joseph T.; Peace, Bab W. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 556.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alcohols
Chemical queries. Especially for introductory chemistry teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.
(1) What is the significance of negative absolute temperatures? (2) What role do nitrogen atoms play in dyes?
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 529.
Dyes / Pigments |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Aromatic Compounds
Carbonium nomenclature   Hurd, Charles D.
A brief history on carbonium nomenclature.
Hurd, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 490.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An abbreviation for the word mole   Benson, John E.
Is the abbreviation for "mole" too confusing?
Benson, John E. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 490.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Introduction: Why do a series of discussions on nomenclature?  Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M.
What is the role of nomenclature for professional chemists? [Debut]
Fernelius, W. C.; Loening, Kurt; Adams, Roy M. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 433.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The s-and p-inductive effects  Katritzky, A. R.; Topsom, R. D.
The authors consider, in the absence of the usual terminology or symbols, the possible modes of electric disturbance that can be thought of as contributing to the overall electron distribution.
Katritzky, A. R.; Topsom, R. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 427.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
MO Theory |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Equivalent weights. Unnecessary confusion   Wauchope, R. D.
This is a short plea to eliminate a source of confusion from the General Chemistry course and textbook-the concept of equivalent weights.
Wauchope, R. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 420.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
Quantitative studies of conformational energies in some cyclic compounds  Wyn-Jones, E.
The authors discuss methods that have proved to be versatile in determining conformational energies especially in heterocyclic molecules and in this article the principles involved in these methods and some complimentary results will be discussed.
Wyn-Jones, E. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 402.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Thermodynamics |
Constitutional Isomers |
NMR Spectroscopy |
Equilibrium
Interconversion of the cyclohexane conformers  Strauss, Herbrt L.
It is important to develop the understanding of conformations of cyclohexane and the role it has played in understanding the conformation of saturated carbon compounds.
Strauss, Herbrt L. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 221.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Chemometrics |
Conformational Analysis
The stereospecific synthesis of trans-1,4-disubstituted cyclohexanes. An organic chemistry laboratory experiment  Monson, Richard S.
The authors present a synthetic experiment suitable for the introductory organic chemistry laboratory which the introductory organic chemistry laboratory which allows for the unambiguous preparation of trans-1,4-disubstituted cyclohexane derivatives from readily available starting materials.
Monson, Richard S. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 197.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Stereochemistry |
Reactions
Measurement of magnetic susceptibilities and the adoption of SI units  Pass, G.; Sutcliffe, H.
The intention of this article is to demonstrate how the adoption of SU units affects the calculation required for the determination of magnetic susceptibility.
Pass, G.; Sutcliffe, H. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 180.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Magnetic Properties |
Chemometrics
Recent advances in stereochemical nomenclature  Eliel, Ernest L.
It is the purpose of this brief article to deal with the most significant of the recent nomenclature changes and additions.
Eliel, Ernest L. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 163.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry
Models for demonstrating overlap and intermolecular repulsions  Meek, John S.
By using magnets so that they repel rather than attract, a model demonstrating the rotational barriers in ethane has been built. By using alnico magnets and Styrofoam balls a space filling scale model has easily been prepared.
Meek, John S. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 112.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The two forms of cyclohexane  Dunitz, J. D.
The object of this paper is to provide a simple mathematical derivation of the flexibility of the boat form and the rigidity of the chair form of cyclohexane.
Dunitz, J. D. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 488.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Organic nomenclature, I  Liotta, Charles
It is the purpose of this article to call attention to errors and misconceptions in the application of IUPAC Rules of Organic Nomenclature.
Liotta, Charles J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 471.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alcohols |
Heterocycles
Measure for measure  Fried, Rainer
The author draws attention to the use of units in popular publications like the New York Times and National Geographic.
Fried, Rainer J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 450.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The mole again!  Haack, N. H.
Discusses the definition of the mole.
Haack, N. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 324.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Intensive and extensive properties  Redlich, Otto
Defines and discusses the differences between intensive and extensive properties.
Redlich, Otto J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 154.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Physical versus chemical change  Gensler, Walter J.
Defines and discusses the differences between physical and chemical changes.
Gensler, Walter J. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 154.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Intensive and extensive properties  Redlich, Otto
Defines and discusses the differences between intensive and extensive properties.
Redlich, Otto J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 154.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Computer animation of molecular vibrations: Ethane  Mortensen, Earl M.; Penick, Ronald J.
Examines the theory and calculations necessary to animate the molecular vibrations of an ethane molecule.
Mortensen, Earl M.; Penick, Ronald J. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 102.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Molecular Modeling
An Introduction to Chemical Nomenclature (Cahn, R. S.)  Hurd, Charles D.

Hurd, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, A830.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
SI Units  Socrates, G.
This article discusses the history of the International System of Units and presents tables of basic and derived SI units, prefixes, conversions, and physical constants in SI units.
Socrates, G. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 710.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chlorination of 2,3-dimethylbutane: A quantitative organic chemistry experiment  Markgraf, J. Hodge
This paper describes the quantitative study of a free radical chlorination in which the student determines the relative reactivity of selected hydrogens.
Markgraf, J. Hodge J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 610.
Quantitative Analysis |
Alkylation |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Free Radicals
Fuel conversion in transport phenomena  Gerlach, E. R.
Calculations comparing the fuel efficiency of a hummingbird with that of a Volkswagen.
Gerlach, E. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 455.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chemical queries. Especially for introductory chemistry teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Haight, Gilbert P., Jr.; Rechnitz, Garry A.
(1) Suggestions for presenting the relationship between the Fahrenheit and Celsius temperature scales. (2) Why are 4s rather than 3d electrons involved in the first and second ionizations of the first row transition elements? - answer by Haight. (3) The basis for the mnemonic ordering of atomic orbitals. (4) What is a liquid-liquid membrane electrode? Is it the same as an ion-selective electrode? - answer by Rechnitz.
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Haight, Gilbert P., Jr.; Rechnitz, Garry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 444.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Transition Elements |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Electrochemistry |
Ion Selective Electrodes |
Membranes
A system of notation and classification for typical close-packed structures  Ho, Shih-Ming; Douglas, Bodie E.
A system of notation is proposed to describe the essential features of a structure in terms of the broad close-packing concept.
Ho, Shih-Ming; Douglas, Bodie E. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 207.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solids |
Crystals / Crystallography
Description of Fahrenheit's thermometer  Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1798
A short description of Fahrenheit's thermometer and his development of a temperature scale.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1798 J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 192.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The languages of chemistry. Reading, writing, and understanding equations (Walker, Ruth A.; Johnston, Helen)  Fiekers, Bernard A.

Fiekers, Bernard A. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, A620.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chemical queries. Especially for introductory chemistry teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Bolte, John
(1) Is the mole a number or a weight? (2) Is there an easy way to locate a compound by volume and page in Beilstein? (3) What are the stages evident in a gas discharge tube as the pressure of the gas and the voltage are changed? - answer by Bolte
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.; Bolte, John J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 718.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Gases
Mole fraction versus molality  Creak, G. Alan
Mole fractions are not always unambiguous when used in the context of ionic solutions.
Creak, G. Alan J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 622.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents
Normality and molality: The expendables  Sacks, L. J.
Discusses objections against normality and molality.
Sacks, L. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 183.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chemical queries. Especially for high school teachers  Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G.
(1) Which is correct, Celsius or centigrade? (2) How is the paddle wheel effect in the Crookes tube explained? (3) How does pH influence the chemistry of the Cu-Cu+2 cell? (4) How does concentration influence the formation of a precipitate between tin(II) chloride and mercury(II) chloride? (5) Is it Avogadro's Law, Theory, or Hypothesis?
Young, J. A.; Malik, J. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 38.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Stoichiometry
Letter to the editor  Brescia, Frank
Calls on instructors not to confuse students with inappropriate definitions of work.
Brescia, Frank J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 771.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Significant figures and correlation of parameters  DeTar, DeLos F.
Examines the two quite different meanings for the term significant figures as applied to the parameters of an equation.
DeTar, DeLos F. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 759.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letter to the editor  Ewing, Galen W.; Fitgerald, J. M.
The cited paper contains a erroneous statement regarding the cm-1 being a unit of energy.
Ewing, Galen W.; Fitgerald, J. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 622.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The preparation of naphthalene-alpha-d: An experiment in organic chemistry  Ziegler, Gene R.
This procedure involves the preparation of a hydrocarbon via the Grignard reagent from the corresponding bromide.
Ziegler, Gene R. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 609.
Synthesis |
Grignard Reagents |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Photochemical reactivity  Turro, Nicholas J.
It is the purpose of this paper to clarify some confused and confusing concepts employed by photochemists concerning the reactivity of molecules in related photochemical reactions.
Turro, Nicholas J. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 536.
Photochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Halogenation and olefinic nature of cyclopropane  Gordon, Arnold J.
A brief discussion of evidence for the double-bond nature of the cyclopropane ring is presented, followed by a summary of representative studies of cyclopropane halogenations and related reactions.
Gordon, Arnold J. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 461.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Organic nomenclature: A programmed introduction (Traynham, James G.)  Hiatt, Richard

Hiatt, Richard J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 309.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The significance of significant figures  Pinkerton, Richard C.; Gleit, Chester E.
This paper is an attempt to clarify some of our ideas about numerical data, measurements, mathematical operations, and significant figures.
Pinkerton, Richard C.; Gleit, Chester E. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 232.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Chemometrics
Patentese: A dialect of English?  Singer, T. E. R.; Smith, Julian F.
Discusses the wording and usage of patent attorneys.
Singer, T. E. R.; Smith, Julian F. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 111.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Textbooks errors. Miscellanea no. 5  Mysels, Karol J.
Considers inconsistencies in the units involved in thermodynamic expressions, incorrect units given for equivalent conductivity, oscillations in polargraphic measurements, and inconsistencies in dealing with catalysis.
Mysels, Karol J. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 44.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Thermodynamics |
Catalysis
A unified theory of bonding for cyclopropanes  Bernett, William A.
Examines various models for bonding in cyclopropanes.
Bernett, William A. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, 17.
Covalent Bonding |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
MO Theory |
Molecular Modeling
Letter to the editor  Goldman, James A.
The author questions the significance of new terms presented in some textbooks.
Goldman, James A. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 680.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Hofmann Rule  Freedman, Leon D.
The statement that the decomposition of tert-butyldimethyltethylammonium hydroxide yields predominantly ethylene is mistaken.
Freedman, Leon D. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 662.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Calculation of molecular geometry by vector analysis: Application to six-membered alicyclic rings  Henshall, T.
Demonstrates the calculation of molecular geometry by vector analysis through an application to cyclohexane.
Henshall, T. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 600.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
The MKS temperature scale  Georgian, John C.
A temperature scale to fit into the MKS system of units is proposed.
Georgian, John C. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 414.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letter to the editor  Onwood, D. P.
Discusses variations in the usage of the terms "acid" and "base," including Lowry-Bronsted and Lewis systems.
Onwood, D. P. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 335.
Acids / Bases |
Lewis Acids / Bases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Bromination of alkanes: Experiment illustrating relative reactivities and synthetic utility  Warkentin, J.
The radical halogenation of alkanes lend themselves well to the teaching of basic material such as bond dissociation energies, potential energy profiles, enthalpy of reaction, activation energy, and reaction rate.
Warkentin, J. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 331.
Electrochemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Rate Law |
Kinetics |
Synthesis |
Alkenes |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Free Radicals
Molecules versus moles  Guggenheim, E. A.
Now that the mass of molecules is known with great accuracy, there is nothing to be gained in continuing to use moles.
Guggenheim, E. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 250.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The bromination of anthracene  Wright, Oscar L.; Mura, Lawrence E.
This reaction illustrates the property of anthracene of adding the halogen molecule and later losing the elements of HBr to form the monobrominated hydrocarbon.
Wright, Oscar L.; Mura, Lawrence E. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 150.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Editorially speaking  Kieffer, William F.
It is not poor teaching to admit that mystery remains and that much of our chemical language is an oversimplification.
Kieffer, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1966, 43, 111.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Teaching dimensionless groups in chemical engineering  Gall, C. E.; Hudgins, R. R.
A paradigm is presented to show visually the structure of chemical engineering dimensionless groups.
Gall, C. E.; Hudgins, R. R. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 611.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The synthesis of carbocyclic compound: A historical survey  Finley, K. Thomas
Reviews the development of ring closure reactions.
Finley, K. Thomas J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 536.
Synthesis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Units of measurement: An early application of Avogadro's number  Brasted, Robert C.
A comparison is made between the measured volume of a regular metallic solid and its theoretical volume as calculated using Avogadro's number.
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 472.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Metals |
Physical Properties
A temperature-independent concentration unit  Blumberg, A. A.; Siska, P. E.; San Filippo, Joseph, Jr.
Describes a new system of concentration, termed molicity by the authors.
Blumberg, A. A.; Siska, P. E.; San Filippo, Joseph, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 420.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents
Extensions in the use of plastic tetrahedral models  Fieser, Louis F.
Describes the modification of existing models to provide for the construction of specialized organic and inorganic structures and their use in teaching.
Fieser, Louis F. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 408.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Chemical vocabulary and principles. Survey of high school texts and popular literature  Morgan, Ashley C., Jr.; Koelsche, Charles L.
This study was conducted to answer two questions: Are the principles presented in the new high school chemistry textbooks different from those of 30 years ago? How do the principles and vocabularies of the new curricular materials compare with those found in popular literature?
Morgan, Ashley C., Jr.; Koelsche, Charles L. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 379.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Betachor: A new parameter for hydrocarbons  Seymour, Raymond B.; Rivera, Ezequiel R.; Smith, Faith I.
The Betachor is the product of the index of refraction, the boiling point, and the reciprocal of the density; the accompanying figure illustrates the relationship of the Betachor and carbon number for several types of hydrocarbons.
Seymour, Raymond B.; Rivera, Ezequiel R.; Smith, Faith I. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 332.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Physical Properties
Simplified temperature conversion  Midgley, Calvin P.
This simple method for temperature conversion can be done without pencil and paper.
Midgley, Calvin P. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 322.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Derivation of equations for the interconversion of concentration units  Mills, Alfred P.
Presents the derivation of equations for the interconversion of concentration units.
Mills, Alfred P. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 314.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Editorially speaking  
Does the scientist have consistent and different meanings for the terms "law" and "theory"?
J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 235.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An introduction to chemical nomenclature (Cahn, R. S.)  Hurd, Charles D.

Hurd, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 234.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Modified exponential number notation  Frigerio, Norman A.
Suggests the notation 1P3 and 1N3 to represent 1000 and 0.001, respectively.
Frigerio, Norman A. J. Chem. Educ. 1965, 42, 213.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An MKS system of units for chemists  Strong, Frederick C.
It would be worth investigating whether the MKS system would be useful in chemistry.
Strong, Frederick C. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 621.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Systematic names for the tartaric acids  Baxter, J. N.
Examines the use of the small capital letters D and L in naming tartaric acids.
Baxter, J. N. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 619.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases |
Carbohydrates |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Enantiomers
Cyclobutane chemistry: A student laboratory experiment  Williams, Francis T.; Baber, S. Charles
Suggests a sequence of experiments for studying cyclobutane chemistry involving the use of tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanedione.
Williams, Francis T.; Baber, S. Charles J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 563.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Aldehydes / Ketones
The structures and reactions of the phosphorus sulfides  Cowley, Alan H.
Examines the nomenclature, preparation and properties, structures and bonding, and reactions of the phosphorus sulfides.
Cowley, Alan H. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 530.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Reactions |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Lexicon of international and national units (Clason, W. E.)  Kieffer, William F.

Kieffer, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 519.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Signs of tensions in electrochemistry  Van Rysselberghe, Pierre
Discusses conventions and definitions for electrochemical terms and relationships.
Van Rysselberghe, Pierre J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 486.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Oxidation / Reduction
Phthalocyanine compounds  Moser, Frank H.; Thomas, Arthur L.
Examines the properties of phthalocyanine, the nomenclature of phthalocyanine compounds, and phthalocyanine polymers.
Moser, Frank H.; Thomas, Arthur L. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 245.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Erratum: Cyclobutane chemistry  Wilson, Armin
Corrects a mistake in a previously published article.
Wilson, Armin J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 220.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
An introduction to the sequence rule: A system for the specification of absolute configuration  Cahn, R. S.
This paper describes the relatively simple methods that suffice for specifying the absolute configuration of the majority of optically active organic compounds - those containing asymmetric carbon atoms.
Cahn, R. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1964, 41, 116.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Enantiomers |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Chromatographic glossary  Lewin, S. Z.
Presents thin layer and gas chromatography terms in English, German, French, and Spanish.
Lewin, S. Z. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, A167.
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Gas Chromatography
Scientific communication  Eyring, Henry
Discusses the vagaries of written English and the English system of measurement.
Eyring, Henry J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 617.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Cyclobutane chemistry. 2. Reactions and mechanisms  Wilson, Armin; Goldhamer, David
This discussion on synthetic approaches to cyclobutanes is intended to acquaint the reader with more recent works in this field.
Wilson, Armin; Goldhamer, David J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 599.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Reactions |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Free Radicals
Determining activity coefficients by gas chromatography: A physical chemistry experiment  Kenworthy, Susan; Miller, James; Martire, D. E.
A simple, gas-liquid chromatographic experiment is outlined for the determination of the activity coefficients of benzene, cyclohexane, and cyclohexene in dinonylphthalate.
Kenworthy, Susan; Miller, James; Martire, D. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 541.
Gas Chromatography |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes
Cyclobutane chemistry. 1. Structure and strain energy  Wilson, Armin; Goldhamer, David
Examines the various conformations that have been proposed for particular four-membered rings.
Wilson, Armin; Goldhamer, David J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 504.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Letters to the editor  Wu, Chisung
Commentary on Chinese symbols for elements.
Wu, Chisung J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 388.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Chang, J. C.
Commentary on Chinese symbols for elements.
Chang, J. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 388.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Tung, Cheng Ta
Commentary on Chinese symbols for elements.
Tung, Cheng Ta J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 388.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Conversion grids for ternary systems  Heric, E. L.
This article describes the basics of conversion grids and their construction and applies a conversion grid to a system of benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and n-hexane.
Heric, E. L. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 325.
Chemometrics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Linde, Charlotte
Suggests the term "ionocule" for the opposite of molecule.
Linde, Charlotte J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 270.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The decarboxylation of organic acid  March, Jerry
Simple aliphatic acids (except for acetic) do not give good yields of the corresponding alkanes through decarboxylation, although many organic chemistry textbooks cite this as a general method for the preparation of alkanes.
March, Jerry J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 212.
Acids / Bases |
Reactions |
Synthesis |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Carboxylic Acids
Models illustrating rotational isomerism in aliphatic chains  Hayman, H. J. G.
Describes a simple modification to Fisher-Hirschfelder-Taylor models which, without abolishing the possibility of rotation, gives additional stability to the staggered configurations of aliphatic chains.
Hayman, H. J. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 208.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Naming chemical elements in Chinese  Suter, Rufus
Examines the naming and use of characters to represent chemical elements in Chinese.
Suter, Rufus J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 44.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Conventions defining thermodynamic properties of aqueous ions and other chemical species  Noyes, Richard M.
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the conventions presently used to tabulate thermodynamic properties of chemical species, to show the reaction types for which these tabulations are and are not applicable, and to suggest alternative conventions that could extend the applicability of the conventions.
Noyes, Richard M. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 2.
Thermodynamics |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
An algorithm for translating chemical names to molecular formulas (Garfield, Eugene)  Landee, F. A.

Landee, F. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, A557.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Goldberg, David E.
The author suggests using the term "continuous chain" rather than "straight" chain so as to reduce confusion regarding the geometry of carbon chains.
Goldberg, David E. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 319.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A versatile molecular model of cyclobutane  Wilson, Armin
Describes a versatile molecular model of cyclobutane constructed from brass tubing and used to illustrate ring strain.
Wilson, Armin J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 649.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Lecture demonstration models of cycloalkanes  Schultz, Harry P.
Describes large, sturdy, lecture demonstration models of cycloalkanes.
Schultz, Harry P. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 648.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Ultramacro and ultramicro science terms  de Ment, Jack
Proposes a convenient and consistent set of metric prefixes for very large and very small multiples and sub-multiples.
de Ment, Jack J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 587.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Editorially Speaking  Kieffer, William F.
Discussion of the conventions, definitions, and symbols of thermodynamics.
Kieffer, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 489.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Thermodynamics
The rotational barrier in ethane  Eyring, Henry; Grant, D. M.; Hecht, H.
Reviews research regarding the rotational barrier in ethane.
Eyring, Henry; Grant, D. M.; Hecht, H. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 466.
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Molecular Properties / Structure
The carbon-12 scale of atomic masses  Labbauf, Abbas
Examines the concept of atomic weight and the rise and coexistence of the oxygen and carbon scales of atomic mass.
Labbauf, Abbas J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 282.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Physical Properties
Editorially speaking  Kieffer, William F.
Discusses differences between mass and weight.
Kieffer, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 275.
Physical Properties |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A new method of defining the activity functions of non-ideal gases and solutions  Ben-Naim, A.
The aim of this paper is to discuss the various definitions given to the different activity functions as they appear in a variety of textbooks, and to propose a new and exact definition of these quantities.
Ben-Naim, A. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, 242.
Gases |
Solutions / Solvents |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Crawford, Crayton M.
Comments on use of the term equivalent weights and the determination of equivalent mass.
Crawford, Crayton M. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 637.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
Molecular weights by cryoscopy: A general chemistry laboratory experiment  Mikulak, Robert; Runquist, Olaf
Presents an experiment determining the cryoscopic constant of cyclohexanol.
Mikulak, Robert; Runquist, Olaf J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 557.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Moles and equivalents: Quantities of matter  Cohen, Irwin
Examines the various means of describing and measuring quantities of matter, including the mole and the equivalent.
Cohen, Irwin J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 555.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Foy, John R.
Suggests a modification to an earlier proposed definition for the term mole.
Foy, John R. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 554.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Bieber, Theodore I.
Provides a concise definition for the mole.
Bieber, Theodore I. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 554.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Cohen, Irwin
Proposes use of the term cardinal weight.
Cohen, Irwin J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 554.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The mole in quantitative chemistry  Copley, George Novello
The purpose of this paper is to show how the mole concept can be applied more consistently and efficiently to all aspects of quantitative chemistry.
Copley, George Novello J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 551.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantitative Analysis
A redefinition of "mole"  Lee, Shiu
Proposes improvements to a set of terms related to gram formula weights.
Lee, Shiu J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 549.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Translating and re-jargonizing the little-languages of science  de Ment, Jack
Examines the need for and challenges posed by the translation of scientific jargon into language suitable or the masses.
de Ment, Jack J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 415.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Laughton, P. M.
A short discussion on the meaning of empirical formula.
Laughton, P. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 378.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Is there an alternative to pH?  Crane, Francis E., Jr.
Provides some alternatives to the traditional definition of pH that introductory students may find more intuitive and less confusing.
Crane, Francis E., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 365.
pH |
Acids / Bases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The basis for a new conception of an electrode potential: Escaping tendency of electrons in the electrode of electrode systems at equilibrium  Ramsey, J. B.
This article develops a definition of electrode potential that is essentially different from that of either of two definitions in current usage.
Ramsey, J. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 353.
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The mole and related quantities  Guggenheim, E. A.
Examines some of the terminology associated with the mole and expressing amounts of substances.
Guggenheim, E. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 86.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The general philosophy of organic nomenclature  Hurd, Charles D.
A discussion of the underlying principles of nomenclature that are basic to all systems of organic nomenclature.
Hurd, Charles D. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 43.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Abbreviations in Russian chemical literature  Smith, Julian F.
Describes some common abbreviations found in the Russian chemical literature and discusses related issues.
Smith, Julian F. J. Chem. Educ. 1961, 38, 41.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Hydrocarbons in petroleum  Rossini, Frederick D.
Examines research and industrial processes involving the separation of petroleum into its constituent components.
Rossini, Frederick D. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 554.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Separation Science |
Natural Products
MolonA new concentration unit  Gillespie, R. J.; Solomons, C.
Suggests the use of the molon, defined as moles of solute per kilogram of solution.
Gillespie, R. J.; Solomons, C. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 202.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents
Conformational analysis in mobile systems  Eliel, Ernest L.
A review of conformational analysis and its application to mobile systems.
Eliel, Ernest L. J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 126.
Conformational Analysis |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
New Prefixes for Units  
Outlines new recommendations for standardized metric prefixes.
J. Chem. Educ. 1960, 37, 85.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Hall, Arthur C.
The molality-molarity paradox presented in an earlier article is artificial rather than apparent.
Hall, Arthur C. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 584.
Stoichiometry |
Solutions / Solvents |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Japanese organic chemical nomenclature: Problems of translation and transliteration  Urushibara, Yoshiyuki; Nakamura, Masao
In Japan, Chinese characters and a set of Japanese phonetic letters are used in scientific papers, books, and other documents almost exclusively; this presents many challenges to representing organic compounds.
Urushibara, Yoshiyuki; Nakamura, Masao J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 482.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Fifty foreign languages at Chemical Abstracts  Heumann, K. F.; Bernays, P. M.
Examines the various languages used in Chemical Abstracts and issues related to their application.
Heumann, K. F.; Bernays, P. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 478.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
A molality-molarity paradox?  Toby, Sidney
The author points out that there seems no obvious reason why molality could not equal molarity in a solution whose density is less than unity.
Toby, Sidney J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 230.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Editorially speaking  Kieffer, William F.
Discusses efforts to establish a unified scale of atomic weight.
Kieffer, William F. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 103.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Isotopes
Letters to the editor  Kraus, Charles A.
The author defines science, mathematics, engineering, and education.
Kraus, Charles A. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 100.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Notations in physics and chemistry  Guggenheim, E. A.
A review and evaluation of five different forms of notation that have been used in chemistry and physics.
Guggenheim, E. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 606.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Grades of chemicals  Ramsey, James C., Jr.
Most students are generally unfamiliar with the various grade labels of chemicals and the significance of various grade classifications, such as reagent grade, chemically pure, and technical grade.
Ramsey, James C., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 558.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Copley, G. N.
The author proposes terms and symbolism to represent different phase changes.
Copley, G. N. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 528.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Fused ring systems: Designation of fusion points  Krupp, Robert G.; Kondas, Michael
Addresses the challenges of nomenclature with respect to fused ring systems.
Krupp, Robert G.; Kondas, Michael J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 397.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Rutledge, Charles H.
The author reminds us that the term "nylon" was never trademarked.
Rutledge, Charles H. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 367.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Representation of polycyclic aromatic compounds  Bieber, Theodore I.
Reviews the representation of polycyclic aromatic compounds and the matter of pi-electron sharing by adjacent sextets.
Bieber, Theodore I. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 235.
Aromatic Compounds |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Letters  Fisher, D. Jerome
A spirited discussion regarding terminology for crystal classes.
Fisher, D. Jerome J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 214.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Donohue, Jerry
A spirited discussion regarding terminology for crystal classes.
Donohue, Jerry J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 214.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Nomenclature of phase transition  McDonald, James E.
Discusses the curious situation in which the terminology of chemistry and physics has only five words to describe the six possible transitions between three states of matter.
McDonald, James E. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 205.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Pokras, Lewis
The author proposes the term "senacule" as analagous to molecule and to be used to refer to ionic species.
Pokras, Lewis J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 159.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Simplified stoichiometric formula index  Skolnik, Herman; Hopkins, Jane K.
Contrasts several systems for organizing chemical formulas.
Skolnik, Herman; Hopkins, Jane K. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 150.
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Revised inorganic (Stock) nomenclature for the general chemistry student  Brasted, Robert C.
Examines the Stock System as applied to teaching general chemistry and naming binary compounds of nonmetals and metals, complex entities, and oxy-anions.
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 136.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Ciphered formulas in carbohydrate chemistry  Difini, Alvaro; Neto, Jose Difini
Describes the use of schematic formulas as an aid to rapidly representing configurations for monosaccharides.
Difini, Alvaro; Neto, Jose Difini J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 38.
Carbohydrates |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Chirality / Optical Activity
A suggested convention for the representation of ionic substances  Sunderwirth, Stanely G.
The author suggests conventions for the representation of ionic substances that may prove less confusing for introductory students.
Sunderwirth, Stanely G. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 520.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Fisher, D. Jerome
The author responds to criticism of his suggestions for naming classes of crystals.
Fisher, D. Jerome J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 458.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Solids |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Our constantly changing language: Alice through the magnetooptical, electrooptical looking glass  Wilson, John H.
A technical editor writes on the challenges of being a technical editor.
Wilson, John H. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 447.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Recent developments concerning the signs of electrode potentials  Licht, Truman S.; deBethune, Andre J.
It is the purpose of this paper to review recent developments concerning the signs of electrode potentials, particularly with respect to single electrode potential, half-reaction potential, and half-cell electromotive force.
Licht, Truman S.; deBethune, Andre J. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 433.
Electrochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Letters to the editor  Freedman, Jules
Commentary on the D and L convention as applied to tartaric acid.
Freedman, Jules J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 362.
Acids / Bases |
Stereochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Chirality / Optical Activity
Letters to the editor  Pickering, Roger A.
Commentary on the D and L convention as applied to tartaric acid.
Pickering, Roger A. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 362.
Stereochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Enantiomers |
Chirality / Optical Activity
Assignment of D and L prefixes to the tartaric acids  Vickery, Hubert Bradford
Discusses conventions regarding the assignment of D and L prefixes to the tartaric acids.
Vickery, Hubert Bradford J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 339.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Enantiomers |
Stereochemistry |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Donohue, Jerry
Commentary of the terminology of crystal classes.
Donohue, Jerry J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 310.
Solids |
Crystals / Crystallography |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Motor fuel quality as related to refinery processing and antiknock compounds  Conrad, Franklin; Sabin, William W.
Examines the refinery process, estimating the cost of quality improvement, and the tetraethyllead manufacturing process.
Conrad, Franklin; Sabin, William W. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 262.
Industrial Chemistry |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Applications of Chemistry
Assignment of D and L prefixes to the tartaric acids: The Wohl conventions  Abernethy, John Leo
Examines the Wohl system for designating dextro- and levorotatory tartaric acids.
Abernethy, John Leo J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 150.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Enantiomers |
Stereochemistry |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Acids / Bases
Assignment of D and L prefixes to the tartaric acids: An unsettled stereochemical question  Nenitzescu, Costin D.
Examines the Wohl and Freudenberg systems of designating dextro- and levorotatory tartaric acids.
Nenitzescu, Costin D. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 147.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Acids / Bases |
Stereochemistry |
Enantiomers |
Chirality / Optical Activity
Letters to the editor  Gorin, George
Amplifies the discussion of proper configurational prefixes for the tartaric acids.
Gorin, George J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 478.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Enantiomers |
Chirality / Optical Activity
Letters to the editor  Foster, Laurence S.
Thanks a reader for pointing out a misstatement in an earlier article involving atomic mass units and avograms.
Foster, Laurence S. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 477.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Letters to the editor  Mayper, Stuart A.
Points out a misstatement in an earlier article involving atomic mass units and avograms.
Mayper, Stuart A. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 477.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Electronic configurations and atomic term symbols  Gregory, N. W.
It is valuable for senior or first-year graduate student to correlate assigned electronic configurations with spectroscopic evidence in the form of term symbols for ground states of various atoms or monatomic ions.
Gregory, N. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 144.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Some difficulties and common errors related to the designation of sugar configurations  Abernethy, John Leo
Examines some difficulties and common errors related to the designation of sugar configurations.
Abernethy, John Leo J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 88.
Carbohydrates |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Stereochemistry |
Chirality / Optical Activity |
Enantiomers
Movable symbols and formulas as a teaching aid  Lippincott, W. T.; Wheaton, Roger
Movable magnetic squares with symbols and formulas printed on them are used as a visual teaching aid involving a variety of fundamental chemistry concepts.
Lippincott, W. T.; Wheaton, Roger J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 15.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Letters to the editor  Weiner, Samuel
Discusses some of the semantic confusions that plague teaching in chemistry.
Weiner, Samuel J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 646.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Nomenclature for conductance  Fuoss, Raymond M.
The author offers several new terms to be used in association with work on conductance and demonstrates their usefulness.
Fuoss, Raymond M. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 527.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Conductivity
A mnemonic for dicarboxylic acids  Cox, Gerald J.
This short note provides a mnemonic for the names of the dicarboxylic acids.
Cox, Gerald J. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 363.
Acids / Bases |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Carboxylic Acids
A notation for the study of certain stereochemical problems  Newman, Melvin S.
Newman introduces the projections of compounds containing two adjacent asymmetric carbons that would later bear his name.
Newman, Melvin S. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 344.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stereochemistry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Conformational Analysis |
Chirality / Optical Activity
Trends in chemical education  Currier, Arnold J.
Topics examined include chemical nomenclature, the organization of subject matter in chemistry, carbon chemistry versus qualitative analysis, the laboratory versus the textbook, and supplies in chemistry teachers.
Currier, Arnold J. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 286.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Qualitative Analysis
A mnemonic acid for aldoses  Deloach, Will S.; Brandon, Ann
Presents a mnemonic aid for remembering the D-aldoses (through the hexoses).
Deloach, Will S.; Brandon, Ann J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 136.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Carbohydrates
Gram equivalent weights  Meldrum, William B.
The purpose of this paper is to review briefly the subject of equivalent weights and the more directly applicable gram equivalents and to offer a general method by which they may be deduced from chemical equations.
Meldrum, William B. J. Chem. Educ. 1955, 32, 48.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Stoichiometry
Crossword puzzle solution  Brown, Curtis L.
Solution to a crossword puzzle appearing earlier in this issue of the Journal.
Brown, Curtis L. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 330.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The Geneva Congress on Organic Nomenclature, 1892  Evieux, E. A.
Describes the work of the Geneva Congress on Organic Nomenclature, which constituted the basis of a new system of nomenclature that has since been designated the Geneva system.
Evieux, E. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 326.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Crossword puzzle of chemical symbols  Brown, Curtis L.
A crossword puzzle of chemical symbols and molecular formulas.
Brown, Curtis L. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 298.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Steinhardt, Ralph G., Jr.
The author replies to a commentary on his earlier article regarding the definition of "spectrum."
Steinhardt, Ralph G., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 217.
Spectroscopy |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Rosenbaum, E. J.
Commentary on an earlier article regarding the definition of "spectrum."
Rosenbaum, E. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 216.
Spectroscopy |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters to the editor  Lash, M. E.
The author clarifies the definition of critical temperature, which is often stated uncritically in textbooks.
Lash, M. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 102.
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The definition of "Spectrum"  Steinhardt, Ralph G., Jr.
The author examines the word "spectrum" and several related terms.
Steinhardt, Ralph G., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 496.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Spectroscopy
Letters  Wolfrom, Melville L.
The author encourages American chemists to familiarize themselves with the conventions of representing configurational formulas.
Wolfrom, Melville L. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 479.
Molecular Modeling |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Resonance Theory
The organization of subject matter in elementary organic chemistry  MacKenzie, Charles A.
Describes a curricular approach in which aliphatic and aromatic compounds are treated simultaneously rather than separately.
MacKenzie, Charles A. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 243.
Aromatic Compounds |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes
Aspects of isomerism and mesomerism. I. (a) Formulas and their meaning (b) Mesomerism  Bent, Richard L.
Examines molecular, empirical, structural, configurational, and projection formulas, as well as mesomerism (electronic isomers) and various types of resonance.
Bent, Richard L. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 220.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Resonance Theory
Editor's Outlook  Rakestraw, Norris W.
The editor suggests shortening the names of metric units.
Rakestraw, Norris W. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 219.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Azcuenaga-Chacon, J. V.
The author suggests that valence electrons be called "valentrons."
Azcuenaga-Chacon, J. V. J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 155.
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
History of the chemical sign language  Winderlich, Rudolf
Traces the historic development of chemical symbolism.
Winderlich, Rudolf J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 58.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The genesis of the metric system and the work of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures  Moreau, Henri
This paper provides the broad outlines of the origin of the metric system and the contributions of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures.
Moreau, Henri J. Chem. Educ. 1953, 30, 3.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Letters  Brescia, Frank
The author calls for someone to invent another term for the word resonance as applied to the field of molecular structure.
Brescia, Frank J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 261.
Resonance Theory |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Molecular Properties / Structure
The preservation and availability of chemical knowledge  Dyson, G. Malcolm
The author examines the nature, collection, organization, and dissemination of chemical knowledge through literature.
Dyson, G. Malcolm J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 239.
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
On accenting observations in chemistry  Campbell, J. A.
A chemical equations is, for many a student, such a complete abstraction that he would be hard put to describe the actual observations that would be made in a process for which he was supplied the complete equation.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1951, 28, 634.
Reactions |
Stoichiometry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
The mechanisms of the reactions of aliphatic hydrocarbons  Schmerling, Louis
Examines the formation of carbonium ions and free radicals, the polymerization of olefins, hydrogen-halogen exchange, the condensation of haloalkanes with alkenes, the alkylation of paraffins, the condensation of paraffins with chloroolefins, the cracking of paraffins and olefins, and the isomerization of paraffins.
Schmerling, Louis J. Chem. Educ. 1951, 28, 562.
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Free Radicals |
Polymerization
Letters  Swaine, D. J.
The author points out continuing errors regarding the names and symbols of the elements lutetium, samarium, and radon.
Swaine, D. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1951, 28, 53.
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols