TIGER

Other Resources: 91 results
The Free Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Gibbs Free Energy in Biology  John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Metabolism |
Bioenergetics
ChemPaths 104 W Mar 30  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Gibbs Free Energy * Reading: Kotz: Ch. 19, Sec. 5-7 Moore: Ch. 18, Sec. 5-8 * Homework #8 due by 11:55 PM F Apr 1 * Quiz in second discussion section this week. * Lab this week is #11, Electrochemical Cells
Thermodynamics
Contrail. A Module from the Physical Chemistry On-Line Project  Franklin M. C. Chen
The condensation trail, or contrail, that trails behind a jet plane is an everyday observable phenomenon. These manmade cirrus clouds can persist for hours, or even days and can spread over thousands of square kilometers. This is a concern because clouds are major variables that control Earth's atmospheric temperature and climate. Understanding the impact of contrails on Earth's climate is an active area of research. Further, contrail formation can be examined in terms of the operative thermodynamic phenomena. The process of contrail formation involves combustion, cooling, and ice formation, all common topics in the undergraduate physical chemistry curriculum. The project when it is subdivided into separate manageable subjects is a good, comprehensive exercise for physical chemistry students.
Thermodynamics |
Equilibrium
Predicting the Direction of a Reaction  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Thermodynamics
JavaScript Programs To Calculate Thermodynamic Properties Using Cubic Equations of State  Patrick J. Barrie
Cubic equations of state are widely used by chemists and chemical engineers to predict the thermodynamic properties of both pure substances and mixtures. In particular, these equations enable predictions concerning the temperature and pressure at which vapor liquid equilibrium occurs. These two educational JavaScript programs perform calculations using cubic equations of state and, equally importantly, explain how the calculations are performed.
Mathematics / Symbolic Mathematics |
Chemometrics |
Thermodynamics |
Equilibrium |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Computer Simulations of Salt Solubility  Victor M. S. Gil, João C. M. Paiva
Computer Simulations of Salt Solubility provides an animated, visual interpretation of the different solubilities of related salts based on simple entropy changes associated with dissolution: configurational disorder and thermal disorder. This animation can also help improve students conceptual understanding of chemical equilibrium before any quantitative interpretation of equilibrium constants is attempted.
Computational Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents |
Thermodynamics |
Equilibrium |
Precipitation / Solubility
General Chemistry Multimedia Problems  David M. Whisnant
General Chemistry Multimedia Problems ask students questions about experiments they see presented using videos and images. The questions asked apply concepts from different parts of an introductory course, encouraging students to decompartmentalize the material.
Acids / Bases |
Atomic Spectroscopy |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Isotopes |
Magnetic Properties |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Surface Science |
Thermodynamics |
Equilibrium |
Oxidation / Reduction
Nitrogen Oxides (GCMP)  David M. Whisnant
Nitrogen Oxides: this is a resource in the collection "General Chemistry Multimedia Problems". Two of the most important nitrogen oxides, N2O4 and NO2, are in equilibrium with each other. We are interested in how this equilibrium shifts with temperature. General Chemistry Multimedia Problems ask students questions about experiments they see presented using videos and images. The questions asked apply concepts from different parts of an introductory course, encouraging students to decompartmentalize the material.
Equilibrium
How Accurate Is the Steady State Approximation  Lars Ole Haustedt, Jonathan M. Goodman
The steady-state approximation is commonly used in enzyme catalysis kinetics calculations, but how much error does the approximation introduce? This Java applet allows you to visually determine the accuracy of the steady-state and pre-equilibrium approximations.
Equilibrium
ChemPaths 104 W Mar 2  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Chemical Equilibrium * Reading: Kotz: Ch. 16, Sec. 1-2 Moore: Ch. 14, Sec. 1-2 * Homework #6 due by 11:55 pm F Mar 4 * Quiz #4 given in second discussion section this week * Biomolecules Tutorial: Enzymes and Moodle Quiz due Today at 11:55 pm
Equilibrium
ChemPaths 104 F Mar 4  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Problem-Solving Session * No assigned reading for today. * Homework #6 due by 11:55 pm Today!
Equilibrium
ChemPaths 104 M Mar 7  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Chemical Equilibrium * Reading: Kotz: Ch. 16, Sec. 3-5 Moore: Ch. 14, Sec. 3-5 * Homework #7 due by 11:55 pm F Mar 11 * Quiz #5 given in second discussion section this week.
Equilibrium
ChemPaths 104 W Mar 9  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Chemical Equilibrium * Reading: Kotz: Ch. 16, Sec.6 Moore: Ch. 14, Sec. 6, 8 * Homework #7 due by 11:55 pm F Mar 11 * Quiz #5 given in second discussion section this week.
Equilibrium
ChemPaths 104 F Mar 11  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Problem-Solving Session * No assigned reading for today. * Homework #7 due by 11:55 pm Today!
Equilibrium
Equilibrium Constants Revisited  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Equilibrium State  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Equilibrium Constant  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Law of Chemical Equilibrium  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Calculating the Extent of a Reaction  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Successive Approximation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Effect of Adding a Reactant or Product  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
The Molecular View of Equilibrium  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium
Standard Enthalpies of Formation  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Disorder (GCMP)  David M. Whisnant
Disorder: this is a resource in the collection "General Chemistry Multimedia Problems". A spontaneous change is one that has a natural tendency to occur without needing to be driven by an external influence. This problem will explore the influence of entropy, a measure of disorder, on the spontaneity of a few processes. General Chemistry Multimedia Problems ask students questions about experiments they see presented using videos and images. The questions asked apply concepts from different parts of an introductory course, encouraging students to decompartmentalize the material.
Thermodynamics
Two Solids (GCMP)  David M. Whisnant
Two Solids: this is a resource in the collection "General Chemistry Multimedia Problems". When two solids barium hydroxide octahydrate, Ba(OH)2. 8H2O and ammonium thiocyanate, NH4SCN are mixed, they react. We will explore the thermodynamics of the reaction. General Chemistry Multimedia Problems ask students questions about experiments they see presented using videos and images. The questions asked apply concepts from different parts of an introductory course, encouraging students to decompartmentalize the material.
Thermodynamics
Gas Phase Acidity  
This site provides a very comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data selected by the scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Thermodynamics
A Lattice Energy Spreadsheet  Christopher King
A Lattice Energy Spreadsheet is a tool that easily calculates lattice energies. It also illustrates the relation between crystal structure, coordination number, and ionic radii. A Lattice Energy Spreadsheet contains five related worksheets: Lattice Energy, MX Structure Map, Kapustinsky Lattice Energy, Directions, and Discussion, each described below. In the Lattice Energy worksheet, the lattice energy of many binary compounds can be calculated in about a dozen mouse clicks. An element is selected, and the radius corresponding to the desired charge and coordination number is selected. The same is done for the counter ion, and the anticipated crystal structure of the compound is chosen (rock salt, wurtzite, etc.). The lattice energy is then calculated. This sheet uses enthalpies of formation of monatomic gaseous atoms from the elements, ΔH°form, to calculate lattice energies. The results are more accurate than the values obtained by simply summing enthalpies of fusion and vaporization. The results of the corresponding Born-Haber cycle are also graphed on this sheet.
Thermodynamics
A Pedagogical Simulation of Maxwell's Demon Paradox  D. López, C. Criado
Maxwell's demon was conceived by James Clerk Maxwell in 1871 to illustrate the statistical basis of thermodynamics (1), and the concept has since formed an arena for investigation and clarification of many concepts in thermodynamics (2). Chemistry students often have difficulty developing an intuitive knowledge of some concepts in thermodynamics. A Pedagogical Simulation of Maxwell's Demon aims to help make these concepts more understandable for students. Teaching thermodynamics from the microscopic point of view can help students develop an intuitive understanding of its concepts. This program simulates, at the microscopic level, two gas chambers with an opening between them. The program allows students or their instructors to set up simulations that illustrate the thermodynamics and statistical behavior of the system. The user determines the basis for whether the demon permits or denies passage of particles through the opening using information from the microscopic level, such as specific particle velocity. Students can track and analyze how this affects particle distribution, thermal equilibrium, relaxation time, diffusion, and distribution of particle velocities.
Thermodynamics
Carbide Cannon  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
The Amazing Ice Diet  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Thermoregulation and Hydration  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Heat Transfer in Nuclear Power Plants  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
The Amazing Water Diet  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
The Thermodynamics of Pizza  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Thermal Mass for Heat Storage  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Heat Capacities Lecture Demonstrations  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
ChemPaths 104 M Mar 28  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Entropy * Reading: Kotz: Ch. 19, Sec. 1-4 Moore: Ch. 18, Sec. 1-4 * Homework #8 due by 11:55 PM F Apr 1 * Quiz in second discussion section this week
Thermodynamics
ChemPaths 104 F Apr 1  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: Review Session * Homework #8 due by 11:55 PM F Apr 1
Thermodynamics
Enthalpy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
State Functions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Fossil Fuels and the Energy Crisis  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Getting Acquainted with Entropy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Standard Molar Entropies  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Measuring the Entropy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Including the Surroundings  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Maximum Useful Work  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Hess' Law  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
The Effect of a Change in Temperature  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics
Le Chatelier's Principle  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Equilibrium
The Effect of a Change in Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Equilibrium
Energy and the Formation of Ions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Reactions |
Thermodynamics
Standard Enthalpies of Formation in Geology-Calculating the Heat Released by Serpentinization in the Lost City  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Geochemistry
The Food Energy in a Marshmallow  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Metabolism
Muscle Energy from ATP  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Bioenergetics
Cooling of Plutons and Young Earth Creationism  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Geochemistry
Heat Capacities of Minerals  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Geochemistry |
Thermodynamics
Buffer solutions and the stability of food additives  Sofia Erazo
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases |
Equilibrium |
Nutrition
Buffer solutions and the production of food ingredients  Sofia Erazo
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases |
Equilibrium |
Nutrition
The effect of polyols on the pH of buffer solutions in foods  Sofia Erazo
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Acids / Bases |
Equilibrium |
Nutrition
Calcium tartrate and treatment of wine waste-waters  Sofia Erazo
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Equilibrium
ChemPaths 104 M Apr 11  John W. Moore
Today in Chem 104: * Lecture: pH; Acid-Base Equilibria; Ionization * Reading: Kotz: Ch. 17, Sec. 6-7 Moore: Ch. 16, Sec. 7-8 * Homework #10 due by 11:55 PM F Apr 15 * Quiz in second discussion section this week * Lab this week is #6, Acid and Base Solutions
pH |
Acids / Bases |
Equilibrium
The Equilibrium Constant in Terms of Pressure  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Physical Properties
The pH of Solutions of Weak Acids  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Acids / Bases
The pH of Solutions of Weak Bases  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Acids / Bases
The Solubility Product  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Equilibrium
The Relation of Temperature to Energy Spreadsheet  Christopher King
The relation between temperature, energy, and the properties of a material is well developed. While this relation is not clearly elaborated in most physical chemistry textbooks, these relationships can easily be included in the early part of a physical chemistry course on thermodynamics, and this interactive Excel spreadsheet can help.
Theoretical Chemistry |
Thermodynamics
The Higher Heating Value and Lower Heating Value of Various Fuels  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Industrial Chemistry
Water on Mars  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Astrochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Why are Air Conditioners Rated in Tons of Cooling Capacity  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Water / Water Chemistry
Ice Houses  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Applications of Chemistry
Original Writings of Joseph Black on the Melting of Ice (ca. 1760)  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Domestic Energy Storage in Phase Change Materials (PCMs)  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Consumer Chemistry
Enthalpy of Fusion and Enthalpy of Vaporization Lecture Demonstrations  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Cooking Efficiencies of Pots and Pans  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Consumer Chemistry
Measuring the Enthalpy Change Lecture Demonstrations  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Internal Energy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamic Terms and Conventions  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Thermodynamic Probability W and Entropy  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Statistical Mechanics
Entropy, Randomness, and Disorder  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Statistical Mechanics |
Thermodynamics
Energy from Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Fermentation  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Bioenergetics |
Metabolism
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Equilibrium  Matthew Sandberg, Mike Bellamy
Using a visual approach, this applet is designed to help students learn to solve equilibrium calculations and also to help them gain a deeper understanding of the topic. It can be used by the instructor in the classroom as equilibrium topics are introduced. Sample exercises for students are included. The text is available in both English and Spanish.
Chemometrics |
Equilibrium |
Enrichment / Review Materials
Ionic Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions in Foods  Sofia Erazo
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Equilibrium |
Nutrition |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Enthalpy of Fusion and Enthalpy of Vaporization  Ed Vitz, John W. Moore
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics
Protecting Citrus Trees from Freezing with Freezing Water  Ed Vitz
A section of ChemPrime, the Chemical Educations Digital Library's free General Chemistry textbook.
Thermodynamics |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry
3D Molecular Symmetry Shockwave; A Web Application for Interactive Visualization  Nickolas D. Charistos, Constantinos A. Tsipis, Michail P. Sigalas
3D Molecular Symmetry Shockwave is a Web-based application for interactive visualization and three-dimensional perception of molecular symmetry. The user interface is simple, and students learn how to use the program from the built-in help screens. The animation uses the Macromedia Shockwave browser plug-in, and requires a download of only 256 KB, allowing it to be used even with low bandwidth Internet connections. Its performance is comparable to a desktop application.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Group Theory / Symmetry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Thermodynamics
An Animated Interactive Overview of Molecular Symmetry  Marion E. Cass, Henry S. Rzepa, David R. Rzepa, Charlotte K. Williams
An Animated Interactive Overview of Molecular Symmetry is a series of Web pages designed to help instructors teach molecular symmetry. These pages combine interactive Jmol images and instructional text that allow students to examine and explore the operations and elements that give rise to molecular symmetry.
Crystals / Crystallography |
Group Theory / Symmetry |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Thermodynamics
Connected Chemistry  Mike Stieff
Connected Chemistry, a novel learning environment for teaching chemistry, is appropriate for use in both high school and undergraduate chemistry classrooms. Connected Chemistry comprises several molecular simulations designed to enable instructors to teach chemistry using the perspective of emergent phenomena. That is, it allows students to see observed macro-level chemical phenomena, like many other scientific phenomena, as resultant from the interactions of many individual agents on a micro-level. This perspective is especially appropriate to the study of chemistry where the interactions between multitudes of molecules on the atomic level give rise to the macro-level concepts that students study in the classroom. Connected Chemistry comprises molecular simulations embedded in the NetLogo modeling software (1). The collection contains several predesigned simulations of closed chemical systems to teach specific chemistry concepts. Currently, Connected Chemistry contains models for teaching Brønsted Lowry acid base theory, enzyme kinetics, radical polymerization, buffer chemistry, kinetics, chemical equilibrium, and crystallization. Instructors and students can individually tailor the predesigned simulations or generate new simulations as they are needed in the context of a particular lesson, classroom, or department.
Acids / Bases |
Gases |
Kinetics |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
pH |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Polymerization |
Equilibrium |
Catalysis
Introduction of Aquatic Chemistry in General Chemistry Curriculum;Spreadsheet Calculation Approaches  Chulsung Kim
Fundamental aquatic chemistry concepts may be introduced in general chemistry classes by computing ionization fractions and buffer intensity of aqueous phase carbonate systems. This Excel spreadsheet may used to build graphic presentations of a titration curve, distribution diagram, and buffer intensity as a function of pH. Accompanying activities are designed to enhance the concepts of acid-base equilibrium through exploring the relationship between pKa/pKb, pH of the solution, ionization fractions, and buffer intensity, and to exercise students graphing skills.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
pH |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Equilibrium