TIGER

Journal Articles: 175 results
A Simplified Model To Predict the Effect of Increasing Atmospheric CO2 on Carbonate Chemistry in the Ocean  Brian J. Bozlee, Maria Janebo, and Ginger Jahn
The chemistry of dissolved inorganic carbon in seawater is reviewed and used to predict the potential effect of rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. It is found that calcium carbonate may become unsaturated in cold surface seawater by the year 2100, resulting in the destruction of calcifying organisms such as coral.
Bozlee, Brian J.; Janebo, Maria; Jahn, Ginger. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 213.
Applications of Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Equilibrium |
Green Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Experimental Determination of Ultraviolet Radiation Protection of Common Materials  Susana C. A. Tavares, Joaquim C. G. Esteves de Silva, and João Paiva
The oxidation of iodide is used as an indicator for the degree of exposure to UV radiation and to investigate the protection given by a simulation of ozone using plexiglass plates, sunscreen lotions, cotton cloth with different colors, and aqueous solutions with different concentrations of natural organic matter.
Tavares, Susana C. A.; Esteves de Silva, Joaquim C. G.; Paiva, João. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1963.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy
Hydration of Acetylene: A 125th Anniversary  Dmitry A. Ponomarev and Sergey M. Shevchenko
The discovery the hydration of alkynes catalyzed by mercury ions by Mikhail Kucherov made possible industrial production of acetaldehyde from acetylene and had a profound effect on the development of industrial chemistry in the 1920th centuries.
Ponomarev, Dmitry A.; Shevchenko, Sergey M. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1725.
Addition Reactions |
Aldehydes / Ketones |
Alkynes |
Catalysis |
Industrial Chemistry |
Reactions
"Holes" in Student Understanding: Addressing Prevalent Misconceptions Regarding Atmospheric Environmental Chemistry  Sara C. Kerr and Kenneth A. Walz
This study evaluated the misconception that global warming is caused by holes in the ozone layer, other ideas surrounding atmospheric chemistry that are responsible for the entanglement of the greenhouse effect and ozone depletion in students' conceptual frameworks, and the effectiveness of computer-based online data-analysis exercises to address these shortcomings.
Kerr, Sara C.; Walz, Kenneth A. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1693.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Student-Centered Learning
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Mapping of Environmental Samples across College Campuses  Kathleen L. Purvis-Roberts, Harriet P. Moeur, and Andrew Zanella
In this laboratory experiment, students take environmental samples (concentrations of nitrogen dioxide) and geospatial coordinates with a global position systems unit at various locations around campus, map their data on a geo-referenced map with geographical information systems software, and compare their results to those observed by governmental agencies.
Purvis-Roberts, Kathleen L.; Moeur, Harriet P.; Zanella, Andrew. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1691.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy
A Simple Calorimetric Experiment That Highlights Aspects of Global Heat Retention and Global Warming  Joel D. Burley and Harold S. Johnston
In this laboratory experiment, general chemistry students verify that heat is consumed in the melting of ice, with no increase in temperature until all the ice has melted. The fundamental calorimetric principles demonstrated by the lab results are then developed to help students better assess and understand the experimental evidence associated with global warming.
Burley, Joel D.; Johnston, Harold S. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1686.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Lewis Structure Representation of Free Radicals Similar to ClO  Warren Hirsch and Mark Kobrak
An unconventional Lewis structure is proposed to explain the properties of the free radical ClO and a series of its isoelectronic analogues, particularly trends in the spin density of these species.
Hirsch, Warren; Kobrak, Mark. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1360.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Computational Chemistry |
Covalent Bonding |
Free Radicals |
Lewis Structures |
Molecular Modeling |
MO Theory |
Valence Bond Theory
Guitar Strings as Standing Waves: A Demonstration  Michael Davis
This demonstration uses an acoustic guitar to produce three unique harmonic vibrations, each of which is representative of a standing wave and illustrates the concept of quantization.
Davis, Michael. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1287.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Atomic Spectroscopy
Puzzling through General Chemistry: A Light-Hearted Approach to Engaging Students with Chemistry Content  Susan L. Boyd
Presents ten puzzles to make chemistry more interesting while reinforcing important concepts.
Boyd, Susan L. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 619.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Gases |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Periodicity / Periodic Table |
Stoichiometry |
VSEPR Theory |
Atomic Properties / Structure
Response to "Keeping Our Cool"  Roy W. Clark
General chemistry teachers should teach general chemistry. They should teach neither the appreciation of the wonders of modern science, nor should they teach the evil consequences of modern science.
Clark, Roy W. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 232.
Atmospheric Chemistry
Analysis of the Thickening Agents in Automotive Greases by GC–MS  David Mayotte, Craig J. Donahue, and Cheryl A. Snyder
Describes a laboratory procedure for the identification of the thickening agents in lubricating greases by GCMS.
Mayotte, David; Donahue, Craig J.; Snyder, Cheryl A. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 902.
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Gas Chromatography |
Industrial Chemistry |
Mass Spectrometry |
Separation Science |
Fatty Acids
Lubricating Grease: A Chemical Primer  Craig J. Donahue
This article provides an overview of the function, properties, composition, and preparation of lubricating grease
Donahue, Craig J. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 862.
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
Chemistry of Electronic Gases  James R. Clark
The chemistry of electronic gases can be used in the classroom to provide many interesting examples of molecular structures, chemical reactions, periodic trends, and environmental chemistry.
Clark, James R. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 857.
Applications of Chemistry |
Gases |
Industrial Chemistry |
Semiconductors |
Solid State Chemistry
What Is Your Mental Picture of Ordinary Air?  Richard W. Ramette and Dale K. Haworth
Students differ widely in their conceptions about the nature of air.
Ramette, Richard W.; Haworth, Dale K. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 834.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
Teaching Chemistry Laboratory Skills in Industrial Contexts  Julianne M. Braun and Carol White
A recently completed project has produced a compilation of 40 laboratory experiments presented within the contexts of five major industries. This article provides a summary of these experiments, along with a discussion of ancillary materials.
Braun, Julianne M.; White, Carol. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 353.
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Metals |
Polymerization |
Water / Water Chemistry
Moving Chemistry Education into 3D: A Tetrahedral Metaphor for Understanding Chemistry. Union Carbide Award for Chemical Education  Peter Mahaffy
Proposes a new conceptual metaphor to enrich our description of chemistry education and support the many existing efforts to help students make connections with the chemistry found in textbooks.
Mahaffy, Peter. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 49.
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Nonmajor Courses |
Student-Centered Learning
Based on a True Story: Using Movies as Source Material for General Chemistry Reports  Mark A. Griep and Marjorie L. Mikasen
Presents a list of one dozen, highly rated movies in which the focus is either a scientist's chemical research or the societal impact of some chemical compound. The method by which two of these movies were used as source material for a written report in a general chemistry course is described.
Griep, Mark A.; Mikasen, Marjorie L. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1501.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Women in Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Industrial Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
Improving Conceptions in Analytical Chemistry: ci Vi = cf Vf  Margarita Rodríguez-López and Arnaldo Carrasquillo Jr.
A common misconception related to analytical chemistry, which may be generalized as the failure to recognize and to account analytically for changes in substance density, is discussed. A cautionary example is made through the use of mass-based units of composition during volumetric dilution. The correct application of the volumetric dilution equation ci Vi = cf Vf is discussed. A quantitative description of the systematic error introduced by incorrect use of the volumetric dilution equation is also specified.
Rodríguez-López, Margarita; Carrasquillo, Arnaldo, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1327.
Industrial Chemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols |
Quantitative Analysis |
Solutions / Solvents
Steel Wool and Oxygen: A Look at Kinetics  James Gordon and Katherine Chancey
An experimental method is described to study the kinetics of the reaction of the iron in steel wool with molecular oxygen. A calculator-based data collection system is used with an oxygen gas sensor to determine the order of the reaction with respect to oxygen. Using the graphical method, students determine that the reaction follows first-order kinetics with respect to oxygen.
Gordon, James; Chancey, Katherine. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1065.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Kinetics |
Oxidation / Reduction
Greenhouse Gases and Non-gray Behavior  J. C. Jones
Greenhouse gases feature in many courses in applied chemistry as well as in courses on environmental science, atmospheric chemistry, and so on. We hear a great deal about such matters from the media. A more classical topic which first-year chemistry students will learn about in the physical chemistry component of their program is the black body concept and the StefanBoltzmann law. Recently in teaching about greenhouse gases to MSc students I have thought of a link between the topical and classical matters that is pedagogically interesting and might be of value to others teaching in this subject area.
Jones, J. C. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 837.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
The Determination of the Percent of Oxygen in Air Using a Gas Pressure Sensor  James Gordon and Katherine Chancey
A new detection method is applied to a classic experiment in which gaseous atmospheric oxygen in a test tube is reacted with the iron in steel wool to produce rust. A gas pressure sensor interfaced to a calculator-based data collection system was used to measure the percent of oxygen in the air as the reaction proceeded. The results from the calculator-based experiment were compared to the results from a more traditional water-measurement experiment. The average percent of oxygen obtained using the calculator system was 19.4  0.4%.
Gordon, James; Chancey, Katherine. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 286.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Fractional Distillation of Air and Other Demonstrations with Condensed Gases  Maria Oliver-Hoyo and William L. Switzer, III
This demonstration builds upon the commonly performed liquefaction of air not only to show the presence of nitrogen and oxygen, but also the presence of two other components, carbon dioxide and water. Several extensions are suggested: one to show boiling point elevation in solution and another to show the elevation of both boiling point and sublimation point with pressure. No special apparatus is required permitting presentations to audiences in a variety of settings. These demonstrations give the opportunity to discuss properties of gases, solution chemistry, and phase equilibria.
Oliver-Hoyo, Maria; Switzer, William L., III. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 251.
Gases |
Qualitative Analysis |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Separation Science
On the Buoyancy of a Helium-Filled Balloon  John E. Harriman
It is shown by expansion of the exponential in the barometric formula that the forces due to pressure acting on a balloon are of the form (PV/RT)Mg and that results agree with those suggested by Archimedes principle. Einstein's equivalence principal provides an answer to what balloons will do in an accelerated car.
Harriman, John E. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 246.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Kinetic-Molecular Theory |
Physical Properties
Nitrogen: It Always Needs a Fix  Kathryn R. Williams
The fixation of nitrogen was a popular topic in early issues of the Journal of Chemical Education. This column, From Past Issues, briefly summarizes articles on the nonbiological methods for nitrogen fixation.
Williams, Kathryn R. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 194.
Industrial Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry
Water in the Atmosphere  Joel M. Kauffman
None of eight college-level general chemistry texts gave a mean value for water in the atmosphere, despite its being the third most prevalent constituent at about 1.5% by mass as vapor and about 2% if clouds and ice crystals are included. The importance of water as a greenhouse gas was omitted or marginalized by five of the eight texts. An infrared spectrum of humid air was determined to demonstrate that water vapor, because of its higher concentration, was more absorptive than carbon dioxide. The cooling effect of clouds, or other influences on the Earth's albedo, were not mentioned in most of the texts. These pervasive errors should be corrected in new or future editions of textbooks.
Kauffman, Joel M. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1229.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Green Chemistry |
IR Spectroscopy
Mass Spectrometry for the Masses  Jared D. Persinger, Geoffrey C. Hoops, and Michael J. Samide
In this article, we describe an experiment for an introductory chemistry course that incorporates the use of mass spectrometry for sample analysis. Several different air samples are collected that represent various chemical processes, and the composition of the air sample is predicted on the basis of known chemical principles. A gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer is used to analyze these samples, and the relative quantities of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, water, and argon are calculated. On the basis of the data, the hypothesized sample composition is validated.
Persinger, Jared D.; Hoops, Geoffrey C.; Samide, Michael J. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1169.
Mass Spectrometry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Photosynthesis |
Gases
The Chemistry of Photographic Color Dye Formation  Bruce E. Kahn
A laboratory activity is described where black and white photographs are converted to color images in a variety of ways.
Kahn, Bruce E. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 694.
Photochemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Acids / Bases |
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
A Simple Flotation De-Inking Experiment for the Recycling of Paper  Richard A. Venditti
This short article describes a simple, inexpensive method to execute in the laboratory a batch type flotation de-inking process on wastepaper.
Venditti, Richard A. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 693.
Separation Science |
Surface Science |
Industrial Chemistry
The Preparation and Testing of a Common Emulsion and Personal Care Product: Lotion  Suzanne T. Mabrouk
First-year chemistry students can readily prepare lotion from the emulsification of deionized water, humectant, emulsifier, emollients, thickener, and preservative. Three different lotion formulations are prepared so that students can study the effects of different emulsifiers and emollients on the quality of the final product. The purpose of the ingredients is discussed.
Mabrouk, Suzanne T. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 83.
Colloids |
Conductivity |
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Why Does a Helium-Filled Balloon "Rise"?  Richard W. Ramette
The article is a lighthearted, conversational exploration of the microscopic basis for Archimedes principle. The principle is discussed in terms of molecular collisions and density gradients in a gravitational field.
Ramette, Richard W. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1149.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Kinetic-Molecular Theory |
Physical Properties
National Chemistry Week 2003: Earth's Atmosphere and Beyond. JCE Resources for Chemistry and the Atmosphere  Erica K. Jacobsen
This annotated bibliography collects the best that past issues of the Journal of Chemical Education have to offer for use with this year's National Chemistry Week theme: Earth's Atmosphere and Beyond. Each article has been characterized as a demonstration, experiment, activity, informational, or software/video item.
Jacobsen, Erica K. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 1106.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
ChemTechLinks: Alliances for Chemical Technician Education  Tamara Nameroff
ChemTechLinks (CTL) is a project of the American Chemical Society (ACS) Educational and International Activities Division and funded by the National Science Foundation to support and advance chemistry-based technician education. The project aims to help improve technician education programs, foster academic-industry alliances, provide professional development opportunities for faculty, and increase student recruitment into chemical technology.
Nameroff, Tamara. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 993.
Chemical Technicians |
Industrial Chemistry |
Professional Development |
Administrative Issues
The Chemistry of Fragrances: A Group Exercise for Chemistry Students  Roger Duprey, Charles S. Sell, and Nigel D. Lowe
Description of the Fragrance structured learning package (SLP), developed by the Department of Chemistry at the University of York to illustrate the roles of professional chemists in industrial organizations.
Duprey, Roger; Sell, Charles S.; Lowe, Nigel D. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 513.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Student / Career Counseling |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemical Recycling of Pop Bottles: The Synthesis of Dibenzyl Terephthalate from the Plastic Polyethylene Terephthalate  Craig J. Donahue, Jennifer A. Exline, and Cynthia Warner
Procedure in which students depolymerize a common plastic (PET from 2-L pop bottles) under mild conditions using nontoxic chemicals to produce monomer building blocks.
Donahue, Craig J.; Exline, Jennifer A.; Warner, Cynthia. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 79.
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Aromatic Compounds |
Polymerization
A Demonstration of Acid Rain and Lake Acidification: Wet Deposition of Sulfur Dioxide  Lisa M. Goss
Demonstration of the wet deposition of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere.
Goss, Lisa M. J. Chem. Educ. 2003, 80, 39.
Acids / Bases |
Atmospheric Chemistry
The Avtex Saga: National Security versus Environmental Protection  Susan Groves and Frank A. Settle Jr.
History of the controversy surrounding the production of rayon at Fron Royal, Virginia, the state's largest Superfund site and, at one time, the nation's second largest source of air pollution; includes discussion of the use of this case study with classes.
Groves, Susan; Settle, Frank A., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 685.
Industrial Chemistry
Effects of Changing Climate on Weather and Human Activities (by Kevin E. Trenberth, Kathleen Miller, Linda Mearns, and Steven Rhodes)  Evan T. Williams
A short supplement focussed on the effects of changing climate on weather and human activities.
Williams, Evan T. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 433.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (by Ann M. Middlebrook and Margaret A. Tolbert)  Evan T. Williams
A short supplement focussed on stratospheric ozone depletion.
Williams, Evan T. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 433.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Naturally Dangerous: Surprising Facts about Food, Health, and the Environment (by James P. Collman)   Harold H. Harris
Chemist's perspective on the topics of food, vitamins and minerals, herbal remedies, cancer and the environment, global warming, acid rain, ozone, and radiation.
Harris, Harold H. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 35.
Nonmajor Courses |
Consumer Chemistry |
Food Science |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Vitamins |
Applications of Chemistry
Identifying Deficiencies in the Environmental Chemistry Educational Literature  Thi Hoa Tran, Stephen W. Bigger, Tony Kruger, John D. Orbell, Saman Buddhadasa, and Sebastian Barone
Study of chemistry textbooks and literature for materials relating to environmental chemistry, including water, air , and soil; and degree of integration of four traditional areas of chemistry (analytical, physical, inorganic, and organic) into environmental chemistry laboratory experiments.
Tran, Thi Hoa; Bigger, Stephen W.; Kruger, Tony; Orbell, John D.; Buddhadasa, Saman; Barone, Sebastian. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1693.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Cigarette Smoke Analysis Using an Inexpensive Gas-Phase IR Cell  N. Garizi, A. Macias, T. Furch, R. Fan, P. Wagenknecht, and K. A. Singmaster
A PVC gas cell used to collect and analyze cigarette smoke and car exhaust through IR spectroscopy.
Garizi, N.; Macias, A.; Furch, T.; Fan, R.; Wagenknecht, P.; Singmaster, K. A. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1665.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
IR Spectroscopy |
Fourier Transform Techniques |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Qualitative Analysis
Workplace Skills Taught in a Simulated Analytical Department  Susan Sonchik Marine
2-year Chemical Technology Program that progressively builds lab and workplace skills, with a focus on a course that simulates an industrial analytical department.
Marine, Susan Sonchik. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1448.
Chemical Technicians |
Industrial Chemistry
An Introduction to the Scientific Process: Preparation of Poly(vinyl acetate) Glue  Robert G. Gilbert, Christopher M. Fellows, James McDonald, and Stuart W. Prescott
Exercise to give students experience in scientific processes while introducing them to synthetic polymer colloids.
Gilbert, Robert G.; Fellows, Christopher M.; McDonald, James; Prescott, Stuart W. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1370.
Industrial Chemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Surface Science |
Polymerization |
Applications of Chemistry |
Colloids
Demonstration of Surface Tension  Andrew J. Rosenthal
Even though surface tension is a tensor with a relatively small magnitude, when it acts on particles with a small radius, the overall force produced is substantial. Surface tension is responsible for the destabilization of many colloidal systems. This short paper describes a simple demonstration that illustrates the phenomenon.
Rosenthal, Andrew J. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 332.
Colloids |
Food Science |
Industrial Chemistry |
Surface Science
An Introductory Course in Industrial Chemistry for Freshmen  Peter Rudolf Seidl, Marcio do Nascimento Magalhães, and Cristiane Rodrigues Augusto
An introductory course in industrial chemistry whose main objective is to bring a student's outlook close to that of a chemist in industry; the class is divided into classwork, labwork, and working as a team on a project with a technical and economic component. Organization, content, and modifications are described.
Seidl, Peter Rudolf; Magalhães, Marcio do Nascimento; Augusto, Cristiane Rodrigues. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 218.
Industrial Chemistry |
Student / Career Counseling
Teaching about Flame Retardants. A Joint Israeli-Dutch Project  Miri Kesner and Wobbe de Vos
Flame retardants make interesting chemistry and moreover, the chemistry is highly relevant from an everyday life point of view. This article reports on a joint Israeli-Dutch project aimed at teaching the production, properties, and applications of some bromine-containing flame retardants, including their environmental aspects, in secondary education.
Kesner, Miri; de Vos, Wobbe. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 41.
Industrial Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry
A Novel Experiment for Fast and Simple Determination of the Oxygen Content in the Air  Metodija Najdoski and Vladimir M. Petrusevski
The reaction between nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen is used for determination of the oxygen content in the air. The nitrogen dioxide thus produced is dissolved in water. The volume decrease of the gas enables quick and accurate enough determination of the O2 content. The results of 20 measurements give %O2 = 21.04  0.63.
Najdoski, Metodija; Petrusevski, Vladimir M. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1447.
Gases |
Qualitative Analysis |
Quantitative Analysis |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Determination of the Oxygen Content of Air  Per Christian Braathen
Determining the oxygen content of air using vinegar and steel wool.
Braathen, Per Christian. J. Chem. Educ. 2000, 77, 1410.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Quantitative Analysis
Soapmaking  
This activity provides a simple experiment that introduces students to an important reaction of organic chemistry. It also helps students connect chemistry to something that they see and use every day and provides an opportunity for cross-curricular work.
J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 192A.
Acids / Bases |
Industrial Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Relative Humidity  R. Bruce Martin
Daily we hear reports of relative humidity, yet most students remain unfamiliar with its import. This short article defines and describes the concept at several levels. A new, general interest, isobaric plot directly indicates the dependence of relative humidity on temperature.
Martin, R. Bruce. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1081.
Consumer Chemistry |
Gases |
Nonmajor Courses |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
The Persistence of the Candle-and-Cylinder Misconception  James P. Birk and Anton E. Lawson
There is a persistent misconception that when a lighted candle is supported in a container of water and a closed cylinder is lowered over the candle, the candle is extinguished after a time by complete consumption of the oxygen in the cylinder, with a volume change corresponding to the amount of oxygen in the air. This misconception has appeared in the literature periodically for many years. Here, we present a number of experiments that refute this misconception.
Birk, James P.; Lawson, Anton E. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 914.
Gases |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis |
Reactions
Determination of Percent Oxygen in Air (author's reply)  Fang, Chin-Hsiang
Claim that a simple combustion reaction can be used to show the % oxygen in air.
Fang, Chin-Hsiang J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 898.
Atmospheric Chemistry
Determination of Percent Oxygen in Air  Parsons, Leonard
Claim that a simple combustion reaction cannot be used to show the % oxygen in air.
Parsons, Leonard J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 898.
Atmospheric Chemistry
Innovations for an Industry-Based Curriculum: The I.O.N.S. Concept  John Kenkel, Bradette Hemmerling, and Paul Kelter
This paper describes an innovative concept, I.O.N.S. (Innovative Options and New Solutions), the name of a fictitious consulting corporation for which an introductory student is a chemistry technician; the activities and content are designed to build an understanding of chemistry in industry and society.
Kenkel, John; Hemmerling, Bradette; Kelter, Paul B. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 889.
Industrial Chemistry |
Learning Theories |
Applications of Chemistry |
Chemical Technicians
Correction to The Bobbing Bird: Correction to J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 355  H. D. Gesser
Difficulties in improving safety of original demonstration.
Gesser, Hyman D. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 757.
Atmospheric Chemistry
Advertising in this Issue  
Caution when burning hydrogen / oxygen mixtures.
J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 757.
Atmospheric Chemistry
Fifty-Year Trends in the Chemical Industry: What Do They Mean for Chemical Education?  Chadwick A. Tolman and George W. Parshall
This article describes some of these changes from the perspectives of the authors, whose careers span most of the preceding half-century. We describe five illustrative technological developments in the industry and changes we have seen in the industrial research laboratory, and offer viewpoints on how these changes affect the educational needs of students going into industrial careers.
Tolman, Chadwick A.; Parshall, George W. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 177.
Industrial Chemistry |
Student / Career Counseling
Thermal Physics (and Some Chemistry) of the Atmosphere  Stephen K. Lower
An exploration of how the temperature of the atmosphere varies with altitude can serve as a useful means of illustrating some important principles relating to the behavior of gases and to the absorption and transformation of radiant energy.
Lower, Stephen K. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 837.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
Saving Your Students' Skin. Undergraduate Experiments that Probe UV Protection by Sunscreens and Sunglasses  James R. Abney and Bethe A. Scalettar
This article describes absorption spectroscopy experiments that illustrate the mechanism of action of sunscreens and sunglasses and that highlight the differences between different products. The experiments are well suited to incorporation into an undergraduate science laboratory and will expose students to absorption phenomena in a familiar context with substantial environmental and medical relevance.
Abney, James R.; Scalettar, Bethe A. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 757.
Photochemistry |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Spectroscopy
Photocatalytic Degradation of a Gaseous Organic Pollutant  Jimmy C. Yu and Linda Y. L. Chan
A simple and effective method to demonstrate the phenomenon of photocatalytic degradation of a gaseous organic pollutant was developed. Titanium dioxide (anatase) was used as the photocatalyst, and sunlight was found to be an effective light source for the activation of TiO2. The organic pollutant degrade in this demonstration was a common indoor air pollutant, dichloromethane.
Yu, Jimmy C.; Chan, Linda Y. L. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 750.
Catalysis |
Photochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
To Teach Chemists Engineering  Raphael Semiat and Baruch Grinbaum
Based on our experience in R&D programs in the industry, working with chemists, engineers of all disciplines and technicians, we have encountered a problem with the ability of fresh chemists and biologists to cooperate with other professional workers on mutual problems: the lack of common language, professional limitations and ways of cooperation with coworkers.
Semiat, Raphael; Grinbaum, Baruch. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 583.
Industrial Chemistry
The DuPont Conference: Implications for the Chemical Technology Curriculum  John Kenkel, Sue Rutledge, and Paul B. Kelter
Southeast Community College (SCC) hosted the first DuPont Conference for Chemical Technology Education at its Lincoln, Nebraska campus October 4-6, 1997. The conference brought together fourteen practicing chemists and chemistry technicians and five college and university faculty members for the express purpose of suggesting new laboratory activities that would help relate the real world of work to the education of chemical laboratory technicians in community colleges.
Kenkel, John; Rutledge, Sue; Kelter, Paul B. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 531.
Industrial Chemistry
A Chemical Technology Program Partnership  Gary Hicks
Highlights a small 2-year college and its relations with chemical companies.
Hicks, Gary. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 18.
Administrative Issues |
Professional Development |
Industrial Chemistry
Chemical Behavior  Paul G. Jasien
In order to increase student understanding of the seemingly confusing behavior of chemical substances involved in environmental chemistry, an analogy between chemical and human behavior is presented. The analogy focuses on how the same individual can behave differently due to his/her social surroundings.
Jasien, Paul G. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 943.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Nonmajor Courses |
Consumer Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Education for Industry  Lynn Melton
This column addresses a broader question about the function and performance of both undergraduate (and graduate) education in preparing students for industrial careers.
Melton, Lynn. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 754.
Industrial Chemistry
Partners in Chemical Education: Proceedings of the International Conference on Industry - Education Initiatives in Chemistry edited by J. N. Lazonby and D. J. Waddington  reviewed by Hal Harris
Considers the question "What is the place of industrial chemistry in the curriculum?"
Harris, Hal. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 626.
Industrial Chemistry
The Chemistry of Paper Preservation: Part 4. Alkaline Paper  Henry A. Carter
The use of alkaline paper can minimize the problem of acidity for new papers. This study focuses on the chemistry involved in the sizing of both acid and alkaline papers and the types of fillers used. The advantages and potential problems in alkaline paper making are also discussed.
Carter, Henry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 508.
Acids / Bases |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The PACT Ambassador Outreach Program: More Than Just a Bunch of "Old White-Haired Scientists"  Mark Sabo, Mickey Sarquis, Chris Ennis
The Ambassador Program described in this article provides a mechanism for industrial/academic interaction to take place. The Ambassador Program brings industrial scientists and technicians into high school and two-year college classrooms to expose both students and teachers to issues faced in the industrial workplace and laboratory.
Sabo, Mark; Sarquis, Mickey; Ennis, Chris. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 450.
Industrial Chemistry
A Simple and Low-Cost Air Sampler  Sashi Saxena Ratna and Pramrod Upadhyay
In this article, an air sampler kit is presented that can be assembled from locally available household materials. The reliability of the sampler kit is also established.
Ratna, Shashi Saxena; Upadhyay, Pramod. J. Chem. Educ. 1996, 73, 787.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Quantitative Analysis
Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Volume 2E: Toxicology, Fourth Edition (Clayton, George D.; Clayton, Florence E.)  
New title in a continuing series.
J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, A109.
Industrial Chemistry |
Toxicology
Patty's Industrial Hygience and Toxicology, Volume 2D: Toxicology, Fourth Edition (Clayton, George D.; Clayton, Florence E.)  
Continuing series.
J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, A93.
Toxicology |
Industrial Chemistry
The Environmental Chemistry of Trace Atmospheric Gases  William C. Trogler
Information regarding the composition of trace gases in the Earth's atmosphere, changes in these amounts, their sources, and potential future impact on the environment.
Trogler, William C. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 973.
Gases |
Atmospheric Chemistry
A World of Color: Investigating the Chemistry of Vat Dyes  Dianne N. Epp
Background and activities involving natural dyes known as vat dyes.
Epp, Dianne N. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 726.
Dyes / Pigments |
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials
The Chemistry of Fabric Reactive Dyes   Marcia C. Bonneau
Method for using tie dyeing as part of a high school unit on organic chemistry.
Bonneau, Marcia C. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 724.
Dyes / Pigments |
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Enrichment / Review Materials
An Environmental Chemistry Curriculum Using Case Studies  Cheng, Vincent K. W.
Using case studies to make environmental chemistry more interesting and relevant for students.
Cheng, Vincent K. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 525.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Inhibition of Enzymatic Browning Reaction by Sulfite  Kim, Hie-Joon
Laboratory procedure for demonstrating the function of sulfite as an effective food additive.
Kim, Hie-Joon J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 242.
Enzymes |
Food Science |
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
Introducing Atmospheric Reactions: A Systematic Approach for Students  Baird, N. Colin
Outline of the dominant reactions that occur in air, particularly with regard to atmospheric pollutants.
Baird, N. Colin J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 153.
Photochemistry |
Free Radicals |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Inventory Control: Sampling and Analyzing Air Pollution: An Apparatus Suitable for Use in Schools  Rockwell, Dean M.; Hansen, Tony
Two variations of an air sampler and analyzer that are inexpensive, easy to construct, and highly accurate.
Rockwell, Dean M.; Hansen, Tony J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 318.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Quantitative Analysis
A small-scale, easy-to-run wastewater-treatment plant: The treatment of an industrial water that contains suspended clays and soluble salts   Alvaro, Mercedes; Espla, Mercedes; Llinares, Jesus; Martinez-Manez, Ramon; Soto, Juan
Chemistry students are often interested in the chemical principles involved in industrial processes, the pollutants and waste products are generated, and their removal. This experiment introduces students to several theoretical concepts as they apply to real physical and chemical waste-treatment processes.
Alvaro, Mercedes; Espla, Mercedes; Llinares, Jesus; Martinez-Manez, Ramon; Soto, Juan J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, A129.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Colloids |
Separation Science
A new use for the candle and tumbler myth  Peckham, Gavin D.
In the time it takes to complete the popular but lengthy steel-wool experiment, this author proposes an activity that can be done to add an extra dimension to analyzing oxygen content. This combination of "good" and "bad" experiments proves to be a powerful pedagogical tool.
Peckham, Gavin D. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 1008.
Quantitative Analysis |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Chemistry tours for high school students: Connecting chemistry and business  Ball, Jenelle
Efforts to show high school students the relevance of chemistry in their lives are more powerful when students go on field trips to visit businesses that are related to chemistry. The author describes such a trip, where students visited the Dept. of Justice Criminalistics Lab at a local university.
Ball, Jenelle J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 656.
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Administrative Issues
An industrial chemistry course: Bringing teachers and industry together  Fanning, James C.; Fanning, Sybil S.
Local industry is able to supply direct examples of basic chemical principles that a teacher might use in classroom. The authors are eager to share their experiences, materials, lesson plans, etc., to prepare teachers to take their own classroom excursions to local industries.
Fanning, James C.; Fanning, Sybil S. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 563.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Proper glove box etiquette   Roper, Gerald C.
Author defends his activity to a critique raised in an earlier letter in this Journal.
Roper, Gerald C. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 520.
Gases |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Interactive chemistry teaching units developed with the help of the local chemical industry: Applying classroom principles to the real needs of local companies to help students develop skill in teamwork, communications, and problem solving  Pontin, J. A.; Arico, E.; Pitoscio Filho, J.; Tiedemann, P. W.; Isuyama, R.; Fettis, G. C.
As part of a process of effective curriculum innovation, the authors are developing a project to produce teaching materials for chemistry undergraduate courses with an emphasis on the concerns of the local chemical industry.
Pontin, J. A.; Arico, E.; Pitoscio Filho, J.; Tiedemann, P. W.; Isuyama, R.; Fettis, G. C. J. Chem. Educ. 1993, 70, 223.
Applications of Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Student-Centered Learning
Gas reactions in plastic bags: Relating laboratory observations to the atomic-molecular model  Robinson, Maurice; Barrow, Gordon M.
Carrying out chemical reactions in Ziplock bags to investigate a variety of chemical concepts.
Robinson, Maurice; Barrow, Gordon M. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 1026.
Kinetic-Molecular Theory |
Gases |
Reactions |
Acids / Bases |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Photochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Physical Properties
Chemistry and popular culture: The 007 bond.  Last, Arthur M.
The purpose of this paper is to show how chemistry references from Bond books and movies can be related to a variety of topics taught in a typical undergraduate chemistry course.
Last, Arthur M. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 206.
Natural Products |
Industrial Chemistry
A bulletin board demonstration on humidity   Smith, Kurt; Solomon, Sally
A demonstration of the color changes of cobalt chloride with relative humidity is described in this note.
Smith, Kurt; Solomon, Sally J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 1039.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Equilibrium
College chemistry for business students using the issues-directed approach  Adams, David L.
While chemistry and chemical technologies are important to business, business students who have taken chemistry courses geared toward science and engineering majors have learned very little and grown disenchanted with science. An introductory course for business students was created called, "Chemical technologies in the manufacturing system."
Adams, David L. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 483.
Nonmajor Courses |
Industrial Chemistry
Acid rain experiment and construction of a simple turbidity meter  Betterton, Eric A.
Construction of a simple turbidity meter in order to furnish more atmospheric chemistry experiments in the freshman and sophomore level chemistry lab.
Betterton, Eric A. J. Chem. Educ. 1991, 68, 254.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Green Chemistry
Lessons learned from Lord Rayleigh on the importance of data analysis  Larsen, Russell D.
Analysis of the data collected by Lord Rayleigh in association with his discovery of argon presented as a model for scientific inquiry.
Larsen, Russell D. J. Chem. Educ. 1990, 67, 925.
Chemometrics |
Atmospheric Chemistry
What chemistry do our students need to learn?  Hawkes, Stephen J.
Suggested topics of importance to chemistry nonmajors.
Hawkes, Stephen J. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 831.
Nonmajor Courses |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Geochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Brønsted-Lowry Acids / Bases
The absorption of UV light by ozone   Koubek, Edward
Using a low-pressure mercury vapor UV lamp and a recently laundered white cotton sheet as a background, one can produce a shadowgraph of ozone emerging from an ozonator.
Koubek, Edward J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 338.
Atmospheric Chemistry
Textbook error: Industrial production of alumina  Kennard, Colin H. L.
In the industrial world, the Al(OH)4- is reprecipitated by dropping the temperature and pressure, and the supersaturated solution seeded.
Kennard, Colin H. L. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 313.
Industrial Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
The Australian Academy of Science School Chemistry Project: A new-generation secondary school chemistry course  Bucat, R. B.; Cole, A. R. H.
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the philosophies behind the courses described in this paper and the consequent design decisions regarding the selection and sequence of the chemistry content.
Bucat, R. B.; Cole, A. R. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 777.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Metabolism |
Thermodynamics
A method for teaching science, technology, and societal issues in introductory high school and college chemistry classes  Streitberger, H. Eric
Most textbooks provide few, if any, systematic procedures for involving students with societal problems and issues in their lives related to chemistry. This is inconsistent with goals set in order to meet the growing need for students to be familiar with the science of (among other things) nutrition, environment, drugs, and more. This article gives a brief description of a project that acquaints students with these issues.
Streitberger, H. Eric J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 60.
Consumer Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
An introduction to HAZOP: A hazard and operability technique  Pitts, Martin J.
Purpose, method, and use of HAZOP, a technique developed to find and control unanticipated dangers in the chemical industry.
Pitts, Martin J. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, A44.
Industrial Chemistry
Demonstrating the chemistry of air pollution  Hollenberg, J. Leland; Stephens, Edgar R.; Pitts, James N., Jr.
Demonstrations regarding the three essential conditions or ingredients for the formation of photochemical smog and involving NO, NO2, unsaturated hydrocarbons, and O3.
Hollenberg, J. Leland; Stephens, Edgar R.; Pitts, James N., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 893.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Photochemistry
Percent oxygen in air  Martins, George F.
Determines the percentage oxygen in air by reacting steel wool with oxygen.
Martins, George F. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 809.
Atmospheric Chemistry
A convenient, low-cost method for determining sulfate in acid rain  Johns, Nicholas; Longstaff, Stephen J.
Adapting the thoron colorimetric method for determining low sulfate concentrations quickly, simply, and accurately.
Johns, Nicholas; Longstaff, Stephen J. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 449.
Acids / Bases |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Acid rain effects on stone monuments  Charola, A. Elena
What is acid rain? Which stones are used to make mountains? How are the stones affected by acid rain?
Charola, A. Elena J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 436.
Acids / Bases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Geochemistry
Laboratory safety guidelines: 40 steps for a safer laboratory  Kaufman, James A.
Revision of a DOW safety brochure including 26 steps requiring minimal expense and 14 steps requiring moderate expense.
Kaufman, James A. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 161.
Industrial Chemistry |
Laboratory Management
Haber-Tech: A simulation of the industrial synthesis of ammonia (Bauder, Donald)  Bailey, David N.; Sievers, Dennis
Two reviews of a slickly done program with good, colorful graphics which treats a subject rarely given much coverage.
Bailey, David N.; Sievers, Dennis J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, A178.
Industrial Chemistry |
Amines / Ammonium Compounds
A community college program for the training of technicians  Kenkel, John
This paper describes a technician training program in operation at Southeast Community College in Lincoln, Nebraska.
Kenkel, John J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 614.
Chemical Technicians |
Industrial Chemistry
A demonstration of the transformation of a hydrophobic liquid to a partially hydrophilic semisolid  Nugent, James, F.
This demonstration models a reaction commonly used as industrial means for converting animal and vegetable fats and oils to food-grade emulsifiers.
Nugent, James, F. J. Chem. Educ. 1986, 63, 82.
Food Science |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry |
Fatty Acids
Industrial chemistry at Michigan Tech  Bates, D. K.; Ponter, A. B.
List of required and optional courses in the industrial chemistry program at Michigan Tech.
Bates, D. K.; Ponter, A. B. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 745.
Industrial Chemistry
Industrial chemistry bibliography  Marmor, Solomon
A bibliography of industrial chemistry articles published in the Journal from 1968-1983, recent texts, and symposia.
Marmor, Solomon J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 331.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Acid rain analysis by standard addition titration  Ophardt, Charles E.
A simple standard addition titration method for determining the acidity of a rain or snow sample.
Ophardt, Charles E. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 257.
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Qualitative Analysis
Students' preferences for industrial case studies  Nae, Hemi; Hofstein, Avi
Integrating industrial chemistry into the high school curriculum; examples of topics considered and objectives for industrial chemistry.
Nae, Hemi; Hofstein, Avi J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 198.
Industrial Chemistry
Why isn't my rain as acidic as yours?  Zajicek, O. T.
Calculating of pH values of acid rain and comparisons to uncontaminated samples.
Zajicek, O. T. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 158.
Acids / Bases |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
pH |
Chemometrics
Safety and Accident Prevention in Chemical Operations, Second Edition (Fawcett, Howard H.; Wood, William S.)  Houk, Cliff
Information to make work environments safer.
Houk, Cliff J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, A139.
Laboratory Management |
Industrial Chemistry
The extraction of gold and its simulation with copper  Bradley, J. D.; Brand, M.; Louli, J. A. M.
The simulation of the extraction of gold by the use of its analog, copper, makes it possible to capitalize on the glamor of gold without sacrificing any chemical principles.
Bradley, J. D.; Brand, M.; Louli, J. A. M. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 634.
Separation Science |
Metallurgy |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Metals
A private corporation as part of a chemistry department  Bayer, Richard
Agreement between Carroll College and Bionomics Corporation, examples of problems and projects, and keys to a successful relationship.
Bayer, Richard J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 159.
Industrial Chemistry |
Administrative Issues
The density and apparent molecular weight of air  Harris, Arlo D.
Simple procedure for determining the density and apparent molecular weight of air.
Harris, Arlo D. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 74.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Physical Properties
Enduring distributions that deny Boltzmann  Nash, Leonard K.
Examines two practical steady- state distributions: the atmosphere and its lapse rate and the ocean and its vertical quasi-uniformity.
Nash, Leonard K. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 22.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
Polymer chemistry for introductory general chemistry courses  Polymer Core Course Committee in General Chemistry
There exists a breadth in what is taught today as General or Introductory Chemistry. This breadth is typically limited by topics covered in popular texts and by specifications described by the ACS Committee on Professional Training. A new committee makes an effort to recommend polymer-related topics that can be added within these limits.
Polymer Core Course Committee in General Chemistry J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 973.
Industrial Chemistry
Dyeing of anodized aluminum  Grotz, Leonard C.
Anodization of Al is widely practiced in industry to improve the corrosion resistance of articles made of aluminum.
Grotz, Leonard C. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 763.
Industrial Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Metals |
Dyes / Pigments |
Applications of Chemistry
The determination of anionic surfactants in natural and waste waters  Crisp, P. T.; Eckert, J. M.; Gibson, N. A.
The experiment described in this paper is suitable for the measurement of subpart per million concentrations of anionic surfactants in natural waters and industrial effluents.
Crisp, P. T.; Eckert, J. M.; Gibson, N. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 236.
Industrial Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Surface Science
The chemical oceanographer   Abel, Robert B.
Oceanography holds fascinating subject matter for students learning chemistry.
Abel, Robert B. J. Chem. Educ. 1983, 60, 221.
Water / Water Chemistry |
Food Science |
Geochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Applications of Chemistry
The titration of air with nitric oxide: An application of Gay-Lussac's law of combining volumes in a general chemistry experiment  Everett, Kenneth G.
Gay-Lussac's law of combining volumes is demonstrated through the reaction between NO and the oxygen in air.
Everett, Kenneth G. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 802.
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
Chemistry in action: How to plan a visit to the chemical industry  Nae, Hemi; Mandler, Vera; Hofstein, Avi; Samuel, David
Important considerations in planning a visit to the chemical industry.
Nae, Hemi; Mandler, Vera; Hofstein, Avi; Samuel, David J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 582.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Ignition of magnesium in porcelain  Feinstein, H. I.
Demonstrating the presence of nitrogen in air without ruining the porcelain glaze of a crucible.
Feinstein, H. I. J. Chem. Educ. 1982, 59, 159.
Laboratory Management |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Stormy weather  Taylor, Thomas E.
Question regarding the formation of rain clouds and the exothermic process of condensation.
Taylor, Thomas E. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 732.
Thermodynamics |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Apple dunking  O'Connor, Rod
Question regarding the ratio between ions of p-nitrophenylhydrazone in reducing the pH of basic effluent.
O'Connor, Rod J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 598.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents |
pH |
Industrial Chemistry
Electroforming: An improvised experiment on electroplating  Gorodetsky, Malka; Singerman, Ammon
The difference between electroplating and electroforming, and an experiment in the latter.
Gorodetsky, Malka; Singerman, Ammon J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 514.
Electrochemistry |
Industrial Chemistry
What industry should do for campus safety  Shreeve, Jean'ne M.; Renfrew, Malcolm M.
Industry can do much by critically examining the safety competencies of chemists and chemical engineers hired from universities.
Shreeve, Jean'ne M.; Renfrew, Malcolm M. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 435.
Industrial Chemistry |
Student / Career Counseling
Catalysis  Kolb, Doris
Definitions for and history of catalysts, speeding up chemical reactions, enzymes, and industrial catalysis.
Kolb, Doris J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 743.
Catalysis |
Rate Law |
Enzymes |
Industrial Chemistry
An acid can be basic  MCA staff
The uses and production of sulfuric acid.
MCA staff J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 529.
Acids / Bases |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Petroleum chemistry  Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E.
The history of petroleum chemistry.
Kolb, Doris; Kolb, Kenneth E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 465.
Natural Products |
Geochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Industrial Chemistry |
Catalysis |
Polymerization
Ethylene: The organic chemical industry's most important building block  Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E.
The sources, chemistry, and industrial uses of ethylene.
Fernelius, Condrad W.; Wittcoff, Harold; Varnerin, Robert E. J. Chem. Educ. 1979, 56, 385.
Alkenes |
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Polymerization
Development of intellectual skills in the laboratory  Ophardt, Charles E.
This first semester laboratory was designed to give instruction and practice in the intellectual skills of application, analysis, synthesis, and in Piaget's formal operations.
Ophardt, Charles E. J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 485.
Learning Theories |
Qualitative Analysis |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Electroplating of polyethylene  Gorodetsky, Malka
In the process of reorganizing a first-year chemistry laboratory for engineering students the authors have developed experiments that reproduce the approach in solving industrial chemical problems.
Gorodetsky, Malka J. Chem. Educ. 1978, 55, 66.
Industrial Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Metals
Gasoline vapor: An invisible pollutant  Stephens, Edgar R.
An apparatus and procedure to demonstrate the substantial contribution vaporized gasoline makes to hydrocarbon pollution.
Stephens, Edgar R. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 682.
Physical Properties |
Gases |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
330-333. Four questions and their answers; includes comments made by readers on earlier questions 130, 153, 154, 171, 172, 181.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 678.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Metals |
pH
Ultraviolet absorption of ozone  Driscoll, Jerry A.
A demonstration of the absorption of ultraviolet radiation by ozone.
Driscoll, Jerry A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 675.
Gases |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Chemistry for nonscience students  Miller, Theodore L.
Briefly describes two chemistry-related science courses for liberal arts students: Chemistry and Industry and Forensic Chemistry.
Miller, Theodore L. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 502.
Nonmajor Courses |
Industrial Chemistry |
Forensic Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
315-322. Eight questions on subjects related to environmental chemistry and their answers.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 498.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Great spray can debate  Bassow, Herb
A curriculum scenario that takes the problems raised by the technological, economic, and political contexts of the fluorocarbon controversy as its point of focus.
Bassow, Herb J. Chem. Educ. 1977, 54, 371.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry
Odor generation in the kraft process  Karnofski, Michael A.
Considers the kraft process, sources of odors in the process, and the chemistry of the formation of those odors.
Karnofski, Michael A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 490.
Industrial Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Applications of Chemistry
Maximizing profits in equilibrium processes  Rish, Ronald J.
Provides the student with an example in which both chemical principles and calculus are applied to a realistic industrial situation where profits are a must.
Rish, Ronald J. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 441.
Equilibrium |
Industrial Chemistry |
Chemometrics
Nitric acid in rain water  Gleason, Geoffrey I.
This trace analysis experiment is based on the conversion of nitrate to nitrite using a cadmium amalgam reductor column.
Gleason, Geoffrey I. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 718.
Acids / Bases |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
An experiment sequence involving potassium trioxalatoferrate(III) trihydrate  Brooks, David W.
This procedure explores the synthesis, analysis, and photochemical reactions of potassium trioxalatoferrate(III) trihydrate.
Brooks, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 218.
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Photochemistry
The chemistry of pollution - An experimental course  Frank, David L.
Briefly outlines the goals and topics of a course entitled "Chemistry of Air Pollution."
Frank, David L. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 209.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry
Soda ash-manufacture - An example of what?  Glanville, Jim; Rau, Eric
The use of the Solvay process to exemplify certain principles in freshman courses can be extended into areas of chemical economics and environmental pollution.
Glanville, Jim; Rau, Eric J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 64.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Eight questions regarding the application of chemistry and their solutions.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 62.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Beyond the Conventional Classroom. Session II-A: Continuing education  Heikkinen, Henry; Zuehlke, Rick; Alexander, John
Combating technical obsolescence; rent o prof; water, man and chemistry; and an undergraduate-graduate research collaboration program.
Heikkinen, Henry; Zuehlke, Rick; Alexander, John J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 18.
Conferences |
Professional Development |
Industrial Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Undergraduate Research
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Five questions requiring an application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 707.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Astrochemistry
Student flowmeters and an air pollution experiment  Kohn, Harold W.
Using glass wool as an absorbent for atmospheric contaminants and three simple devices for measuring flow rates of gases.
Kohn, Harold W. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 643.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Eight questions requiring the application of basic principles of chemistry.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 624.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Applications of Chemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases
Air pollution measurements in the freshman laboratory  Suplinkas, Raymond J.
Summarizes the equipment and procedures used to measure air pollution (NO, NO2, and O3) in a freshman chemistry laboratory.
Suplinkas, Raymond J. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 24.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Quantitative Analysis
Gas Laws, Equilibrium, and the Commercial Synthesis of Nitric acid. A Simple Demonstration  Alexander, M. Dale
This demonstration of the commercial production of nitric acid uses a simple apparatus to illustrate a number of basic chemical concepts, including Le Chatelier's principle.
Alexander, M. Dale J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 838.
Synthesis |
Industrial Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Gases |
Equilibrium |
Reactions |
Stoichiometry
Ten-year experiment with chemistry students  Meszaros, L.
The author shares an account of a program in which students are engaged in practical operations as a part of their training to become professional employees in the chemical industry.
Meszaros, L. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 767.
Industrial Chemistry |
Student / Career Counseling
Understanding a culprit before eliminating it. An application of Lewis acid-base principles to atmospheric SO2 as a pollutant  Brasted, Robert C.
The SO2 molecule offers ample opportunities for teaching practical chemistry. [Debut of first run. This feature reappeared in 1986.]
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 447.
Acids / Bases |
Lewis Acids / Bases |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry |
Lewis Structures |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Cloud Caps on High Mountains  Stevenson, Philip E.
The formation of cloud caps on high mountains illustrates cooling in an adiabatic expansion and the change in vapor pressure of a liquid with temperature.
Stevenson, Philip E. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 272.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Gases |
Applications of Chemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Thermodynamics
Environmental chemistry in the classroom  Day, Jean W.
The environmental sciences is an especially good vehicle for relating chemistry to other disciplines in courses for nonscientists.
Day, Jean W. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 260.
Nonmajor Courses |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Industrial chemistry for teachers: Applied research in the development of anticaries dentifrices  Cooley, William E.
Describes applied chemical research related to the development of anticaries dentifrices.
Cooley, William E. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 177.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Consumer Chemistry
Safety manuals and handbooks  Monsanto Chemical Co. Research Center
Excerpts from Monsanto's laboratory safety guide.
Monsanto Chemical Co. Research Center J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, A881.
Laboratory Management |
Industrial Chemistry
Stable isotopes of the atmosphere  Eck, C. F.
This article briefly presents the composition of air, the discovery of isotopes, their concentration in air, and reviews their current enrichment status.
Eck, C. F. J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 706.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Isotopes |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry
A sober dialogue toward balance  Sparks, William J.
Encourages greater cooperation between academia and industry, including in the area of polymer chemistry.
Sparks, William J. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 505.
Industrial Chemistry
Over one-half of industry's concern  Cairns, Robert W.
The separation between science and technology is an anachronistic dichotomy; includes an outline for a survey course in polymer science.
Cairns, Robert W. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 503.
Industrial Chemistry
Both students and industry have a stake  Bailey, William J.
In order to attract more polymer chemists to academic staffs, industry will have to play more than just a passive role.
Bailey, William J. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 500.
Industrial Chemistry |
Student / Career Counseling
Academic preparation for industry  Lippincott, W. T.
An area of chemical education that might be in need of attention is that related to the preparation of students for careers as industrial chemists.
Lippincott, W. T. J. Chem. Educ. 1968, 45, 149.
Student / Career Counseling |
Industrial Chemistry
Group zero. The atmosphere. B. Substances in the air  Slabaugh, W. H.; Klug, Evangeline B.; Alyea, Hubert N.; Cooper, Edwin H.
Demonstrations include the analysis of air for oxygen content, paper burned in air, air + limewater, air + barium hydroxide, breathing into limewater, and the pH change from breath.
Slabaugh, W. H.; Klug, Evangeline B.; Alyea, Hubert N.; Cooper, Edwin H. J. Chem. Educ. 1967, 44, A599.
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
pH
Demonstration notes: Oxygen in air  Glanz, Joseph
Explains that the popular method of demonstrating the percentage volume of oxygen in air is fraut with errors.
Glanz, Joseph J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, A477.
Gases |
Atmospheric Chemistry
Letters to the editor  Swayze, Donald R.
Examines balancing chemical equations.
Swayze, Donald R. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 269.
Stoichiometry |
Industrial Chemistry
Laboratory experiments dealing with the manufacture of paints  Young, Jay A.; Taylor, John K.
Suggests some research activities based on an article published previously in the Journal.
Young, Jay A.; Taylor, John K. J. Chem. Educ. 1962, 39, A962.
Industrial Chemistry |
Synthesis |
Dyes / Pigments |
Undergraduate Research
The Role of Chemistry in Modern Metallurgical Engineering  Burr, Arthur A.
A review and summary of chemistry in curricula for metallurgical engineering.
Burr, Arthur A. J. Chem. Educ. 1958, 35, 100.
Metals |
Metallurgy |
Industrial Chemistry
Radioisotopes on your rooftop  Lockhart, Luther, B., Jr.
The collection, recovery, and measurement of radioactive materials from atomic testing can be done through the use of relatively simple procedures and is a good exercise in tracer chemistry.
Lockhart, Luther, B., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 602.
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Isotopes
Chemistry in the manufacture of modern gasoline  Kimberlin, C. N., Jr.
This paper presents a brief review of the chemistry involved in the manufacture of gasoline, particularly catalytic cracking reactions.
Kimberlin, C. N., Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 569.
Industrial Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Catalysis |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Letters to the editor  Wolf, Milton G.
The author offers a means of determining the percentage composition of oxygen in air through burning phosphorus.
Wolf, Milton G. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 148.
Atmospheric Chemistry
Teaching report writing to professional chemists and chemical engineers  Waldo, W. H.
Reports on research into industry's teaching report writing to professional chemists and chemical engineers.
Waldo, W. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 59.
Industrial Chemistry
The educational role of the technical editor  Davis, D. S.
In chemical engineering industries the technical editor. who is primarily a teacher, trains chemists and chemical engineers to write clearly and simply.
Davis, D. S. J. Chem. Educ. 1956, 33, 57.
Industrial Chemistry
Raw materials for American industry  Keirstead, Ralph E.
The author argues for broadening the treatment of raw materials in the introductory chemistry course.
Keirstead, Ralph E. J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 606.
Industrial Chemistry |
Metals
Letters to the editor  Miller, Julius Sumner
Commentary on the importance of chemistry teachers getting out of the classroom, particularly to observe relevant applications in industry.
Miller, Julius Sumner J. Chem. Educ. 1954, 31, 496.
Industrial Chemistry |
Professional Development
Consulting chemistry as an example of industrial research  Snell, Cornelia T.
The author describes his work as a consulting chemist.
Snell, Cornelia T. J. Chem. Educ. 1952, 29, 100.
Industrial Chemistry
Industrial advertising as a source of information  Kessel, W. G.
Lists a variety of pamphlets and brochures dealing with various chemical problems.
Kessel, W. G. J. Chem. Educ. 1951, 28, 383.
Industrial Chemistry