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Journal Articles: 47 results
Appreciating Oxygen  Hilton M. Weiss
Photosynthetic flora and microfauna utilize light from the sun to convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates and oxygen. While these carbohydrates and their derivative hydrocarbons are generally considered to be fuels, it is the thermodynamically energetic oxygen molecule that traps, stores, and provides almost all of the energy that powers life on earth.
Weiss, Hilton M. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 1218.
Bioenergetics |
Metabolism |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Photosynthesis |
Thermodynamics
Analysis of Peppermint Leaf and Spearmint Leaf Extracts by Thin-Layer Chromatography  Libbie S. W. Pelter, Andrea Amico, Natalie Gordon, Chylah Martin, Dessalyn Sandifer, and Michael W. Pelter
In this inquiry-based activity, the usefulness of thin-layer chromatography to visualize the difference between spearmint and peppermint is explored.
Pelter, Libbie S. W.; Amico, Andrea; Gordon, Natalie; Martin, Chylah; Sandifer, Dessalyn; Pelter, Michael W. J. Chem. Educ. 2008, 85, 133.
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Thin Layer Chromatography
The Chemical Composition of Maple Syrup  David W. Ball
Explores the complex chemical composition of maple syrup.
Ball, David W. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 1647.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Food Science |
Plant Chemistry |
Natural Products |
Solutions / Solvents
More Thoughts on the Narra Tree Fluorescence  A. Ulises Acuña
The source of L. nephriticum and the substance responsible for the intense blue fluorescence in an earlier published demonstration may require further consideration.
Acuña, A. Ulises. J. Chem. Educ. 2007, 84, 231.
Fluorescence Spectroscopy |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Acids / Bases
An Alternative Procedure for Carbohydrate Analysis of Bananas: Cheaper and Easier  C. Michele Davis-McGibony, Randall R. Bennett, Arthur D. Bossart II, and S. Todd Deal
The use of commercially available glucose test strips for home diabetic care is described as a new approach for determining the glucose concentrations in a ripening banana.
Davis-McGibony, C. Michele; Bennett, Randall R.; Bossart, Arthur D., II; Deal, S. Todd. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 1543.
Applications of Chemistry |
Carbohydrates |
Food Science |
Nutrition |
Plant Chemistry
Gifts from Mother Earth—The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly  Sabine Heinhorst and Gordon C. Cannon
Recent articles from the journal Nature that deal with good, bad, and ugly gifts from Mother Earth are described.
Heinhorst, Sabine; Cannon, Gordon C. J. Chem. Educ. 2006, 83, 196.
Biosynthesis |
Biotechnology |
Natural Products |
Nutrition |
Plant Chemistry |
Polymerization |
Proteins / Peptides
Cholesterol and Plants  E. J. Behrman and Venkat Gopalan
Current textbooks give an inaccurate picture of the occurrence of cholesterol in plants and the role of plant sterols in the mammalian uptake of cholesterol.
Behrman, E. J.; Gopalan, Venkat. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1791.
Metabolism |
Plant Chemistry |
Steroids
Exploration of the Chemistry of Plants: A General Education Course  Margareta Séquin
Plant-related topics, from carbon dating and soil chemistry to plant colors, odors, and poisons, are used to introduce and illustrate increasingly complex chemistry topics. Additional sections on plant-derived foods, dyes, and medicines stress human dependence on plant compounds.
Séquin, Margareta. J. Chem. Educ. 2005, 82, 1787.
Drugs / Pharmaceuticals |
Dyes / Pigments |
Natural Products |
Nonmajor Courses |
Plant Chemistry
Mass Spectrometry for the Masses  Jared D. Persinger, Geoffrey C. Hoops, and Michael J. Samide
In this article, we describe an experiment for an introductory chemistry course that incorporates the use of mass spectrometry for sample analysis. Several different air samples are collected that represent various chemical processes, and the composition of the air sample is predicted on the basis of known chemical principles. A gas chromatograph-mass spectrometer is used to analyze these samples, and the relative quantities of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, water, and argon are calculated. On the basis of the data, the hypothesized sample composition is validated.
Persinger, Jared D.; Hoops, Geoffrey C.; Samide, Michael J. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 1169.
Mass Spectrometry |
Atmospheric Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Photosynthesis |
Gases
An Improved Method for the Extraction and Thin-Layer Chromatography of Chlorophyll a and b from Spinach  Hao T. Quach, Robert L. Steeper, and G. William Griffin
A direct method of extracting plant pigments from spinach leaves into a dry organic solvent is presented. This method avoids liquidliquid extractions and subsequent drying as is found in previously reported methods.
Quach, Hao T.; Steeper, Robert L.; Griffin, G. William. J. Chem. Educ. 2004, 81, 385.
Chromatography |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Separation Science |
Thin Layer Chromatography
A Structure–Activity Investigation of Photosynthetic Electron Transport. An Interdisciplinary Experiment for the First-Year Laboratory  Kerry K. Karukstis, Gerald R. Van Hecke, Katherine A. Roth, and Matthew A. Burden
Investigation in which students measure the effect of several inhibitors (herbicides) on the electron transfer rate in chloroplasts and formulate a hypothesis between the inhibitor's activity and its structure as a means of using a physical technique to measure a chemical process in a biological system.
Karukstis, Kerry K.; Van Hecke, Gerald R.; Roth, Katherine A.; Burden, Matthew A. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 985.
Biophysical Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Noncovalent Interactions |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
UV-Vis Spectroscopy |
Aromatic Compounds |
Plant Chemistry
Application of Datalogger in Observing Photosynthesis  Martin M. F. Choi, Pui Shan Wong, and Tak Pong Yiu
Using a datalogger and dissolved-oxygen sensor to monitor the liberation of dissolved oxygen in the photosynthesis of seaweed.
Choi, Martin M. F.; Wong, Pui Shan; Yiu, Tak Pong. J. Chem. Educ. 2002, 79, 980.
Plant Chemistry |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus |
Laboratory Computing / Interfacing
Humic Acids: Marvelous Products of Soil Chemistry  Geoffrey Davies, Elham A. Ghabbour, and Cornelius Steelink
Classification, physical and chemical characteristics, formation, structure and sources of humic substances.
Davies, Geoffrey; Ghabbour, Elham A.; Steelink, Cornelius. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1609.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Metals |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Chemistry, Color, and Art  Mary Virginia Orna
The history and chemistry of common pigments.
Orna, Mary Virginia. J. Chem. Educ. 2001, 78, 1305.
Chromatography |
Dyes / Pigments |
Instrumental Methods |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
A Simplified Method for the Microscale Extraction of Pigments from Spinach  Kimberley R. Cousins and Kathleen M. Pierson
A method is presented for microscale sample preparation for the thin-layer chromatographic analysis of the pigments in spinach. A commercial vegetable juicer is used for the initial extraction from spinach. This is followed by filtration, liquid/liquid extraction, centrifugation, and evaporation.
Cousins, Kimberley R.; Pierson, Kathleen M. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1268.
Chromatography |
Microscale Lab |
Plant Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Separation Science
Anthocyanins  Smestad, Greg
Beets do not contain anthocyanin.
Smestad, Greg J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1203.
Dyes / Pigments |
Photosynthesis
Demonstrating Electron Transfer and Nanotechnology: A Natural Dye-Sensitized Nanocrystalline Energy Converter  Greg P. Smestad and Michael Gratzel
A unique solar cell fabrication procedure has been developed using natural anthocyanin dyes extracted from berries. It can be reproduced with a minimum amount of resources in order to provide an interdisciplinary approach for lower-division undergraduate students learning the basic principles of biological extraction, physical chemistry, and spectroscopy as well as environmental science and electron transfer.
Smestad, Greg P.; Grtzel, Michael. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 752.
Photochemistry |
Plant Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Atomic Properties / Structure |
Dyes / Pigments |
Nanotechnology |
Separation Science |
Spectroscopy
Chem-Is-Tree  Dana M. Barry
Trees are woody plants that contain chemicals and undergo chemical reactions. They consist of cellulose, volatile oils, fatty acids, and more.
Barry, Dana M. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 1175.
Plant Chemistry |
Natural Products
Hot and Spicy versus Cool and Minty as an Example of Organic Structure-Activity Relationships  Doris R. Kimbrough
Structures of substances found in spices and food that we normally associate with "hot" (or spicy) and "cool" (or minty) flavors are presented and discussed. Functional group similarities within the two groups provide an interesting example of the relationship between molecular structure and molecular function.
Kimbrough, Doris R. J. Chem. Educ. 1997, 74, 861.
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Natural Products |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Preparing "Chameleon Balls" from Natural Plants: Simple Handmade pH Indicator and Teaching Material for Chemical Equilibrium  Naoki Kanda, Takayuki Asano, Toshiyuki Itoh, and Makoto Onoda
Description of preparation and use of polysaccharide beads containing anthocyanins to teach students about chemical equilibrium under different pH conditions.
Kanda, Naoki; Asano, Takayuki; Itoh, Toshiyuki; Onoda, Makota. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 1131.
Acids / Bases |
Plant Chemistry |
Equilibrium |
Dyes / Pigments |
pH
Photosynthesis: Why Does It Occur?  J. J. MacDonald
Explanation of why photosynthesis occurs; stating that it is merely the reverse of respiration is misleading.
MacDonald, J. J. J. Chem. Educ. 1995, 72, 1113.
Plant Chemistry |
Reactions |
Thermodynamics |
Photochemistry |
Electrochemistry
Chromatographic Separation of Plant Pigments Using Sand as the Adsorbant: An Inexpensive Chromatographic Technique  Lalitha, Nagubandi
Separating grass pigments using sand as the adsorbant.
Lalitha, Nagubandi J. Chem. Educ. 1994, 71, 432.
Plant Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Chromatography |
Separation Science
Supermarket column chromatography of leaf pigments  Kimbrough, Doris R.
Simple and effective method of column chromatography of leaf pigments using chemicals and equipment that can be purchased at most grocery, hardware, and/or drugstores.
Kimbrough, Doris R. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 987.
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Plant Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments
The conversion of chemical energy: Part 1. Technological examples  Wink, Donald J.
When a chemical reaction occurs, the energy of the chemical species may change and energy can be released or absorbed from the surroundings. This can involve the exchange of chemical energy with another kind of energy or with another chemical system.
Wink, Donald J. J. Chem. Educ. 1992, 69, 108.
Reactions |
Thermodynamics |
Electrochemistry |
Photosynthesis
Biochemistry laboratory for the freshman chemistry curriculum  Falk, Peter M.
Intended to introduce students to two important biochemical principles: the study of biomolecules and metabolism.
Falk, Peter M. J. Chem. Educ. 1989, 66, 944.
Metabolism |
Carbohydrates |
Lipids |
Proteins / Peptides |
Plant Chemistry
Oxalate blockage of calcium and iron: A student learning activity  Walker, Noojin
The topics of iron deficiency anemia and osteoporosis entice student attention and can be used to construct meaningful learning activities about percent composition, mole concept, selective precipitation, and limiting factors.
Walker, Noojin J. Chem. Educ. 1988, 65, 533.
Medicinal Chemistry |
Stoichiometry |
Plant Chemistry |
Bioanalytical Chemistry |
Bioinorganic Chemistry
An indigo plant as a teaching material  Torimoto, Norboru
Procedures for dyeing using both green and dried leaves.
Torimoto, Norboru J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 332.
Dyes / Pigments |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
The energy relationships of corn production and alcohol fermentation  Van Koevering, Thomas E.; Morgan, Michael D.; Younk, Thomas J.
The production of alcohol from corn lends itself well to illustrating the practical applications of scientific principles that deal with energy transformations and inefficiencies.
Van Koevering, Thomas E.; Morgan, Michael D.; Younk, Thomas J. J. Chem. Educ. 1987, 64, 11.
Natural Products |
Applications of Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry |
Green Chemistry |
Alcohols |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Photosynthesis
Agricultural chemicals for consumer use  Maslowsky, Edward, Jr.
Survey of important fertilizers, herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides. From "Chemistry for Citizens: A Symposium".
Maslowsky, Edward, Jr. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 774.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Nonmajor Courses |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Energy interconversions in photosynthesis  Bering, Charles L.
Reviews the energetics of the light reactions of photosynthesis.
Bering, Charles L. J. Chem. Educ. 1985, 62, 659.
Photosynthesis |
Photochemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Bioenergetics
Chlorophyll separation and spectral identification  Diehl-Jones, Susan M.
Extracting chlorophyl a and b from spinach and separating them using thin-layer and column chromatography.
Diehl-Jones, Susan M. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 454.
Separation Science |
Spectroscopy |
Plant Chemistry |
Photosynthesis |
Dyes / Pigments |
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Chromatography
Use of photocopying for non-destructive leaf area measurements.  Lyman, Marian L.; Campbell, Donald E.; Corse, J.
Using Diazo paper for non-destructive leaf area measurements.
Lyman, Marian L.; Campbell, Donald E.; Corse, J. J. Chem. Educ. 1984, 61, 42.
Plant Chemistry |
Metabolism
Soil analysis for high school chemistry students  Eisenmann, Mary A.
Students examine the solubility of nitrate ions, the insolubility of iron hydroxide and iron carbonate, and the reaction between acid and carbonates.
Eisenmann, Mary A. J. Chem. Educ. 1980, 57, 897.
Agricultural Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Geochemistry |
Acids / Bases |
pH |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Minicourses in chemistry  Lygre, D. G.; Hasbrouck, R. W.; Gaines, R. D.; Duncan, L. C.; Habib, H. S.; Meany, J. E.; Newschwander, W. W.
Briefly describes a variety of minicourses designed to acquaint students with practical applications of chemistry in everyday experiences.
Lygre, D. G.; Hasbrouck, R. W.; Gaines, R. D.; Duncan, L. C.; Habib, H. S.; Meany, J. E.; Newschwander, W. W. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 735.
Consumer Chemistry |
Medicinal Chemistry |
Nuclear / Radiochemistry |
Plant Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Food Science
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
180-183. Four biochemistry questions and their answers.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1975, 52, 241.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Photochemistry |
Photosynthesis |
Acids / Bases |
pH
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Six questions that can be answered with the application of basic chemical principles.
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 847.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Metals |
Plant Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Applications of Chemistry
Questions [and] Answers  Campbell, J. A.
Three questions involving an application of chemical principles to interesting topics
Campbell, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1973, 50, 356.
Enrichment / Review Materials |
Photosynthesis |
Photochemistry
Nitrogen Fixation. An interdisciplinary frontier  Schneller, Stewart W.
Examines biological nitrogen fixation, inorganic complexes related to N2ase, and non-enzymatic nitrogen fixation.
Schneller, Stewart W. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 786.
Plant Chemistry
The chlorophyll cat  Hardcastle, J. E.
A short poem and cartoon representation of the chlorophyll structure.
Hardcastle, J. E. J. Chem. Educ. 1972, 49, 364.
Plant Chemistry |
Photosynthesis |
Molecular Properties / Structure |
Proteins / Peptides
Entropy Makes Water Run Uphill - in Trees  Stevenson, Philip E.
Explains how Sequoias over 300 feet tall can draw water up to their topmost leaves.
Stevenson, Philip E. J. Chem. Educ. 1971, 48, 837.
Applications of Chemistry |
Thermodynamics |
Plant Chemistry |
Membranes |
Transport Properties |
Solutions / Solvents
Some "real life" applications of solubility: Iron, iron everywhere but not a drop to drink  Brasted, Robert C.
Although Hawaiian pineapples grow in red soils whose iron composition may exceed 20%, they starve for iron because it is in an insoluble form; also considers applications of the insolubility of other transition metals.
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 634.
Applications of Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Plant Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Metals |
Transition Elements |
Oxidation State
Some "real life" applications of solubility: Iron, iron everywhere but not a drop to drink  Brasted, Robert C.
Although Hawaiian pineapples grow in red soils whose iron composition may exceed 20%, they starve for iron because it is in an insoluble form; also considers applications of the insolubility of other transition metals.
Brasted, Robert C. J. Chem. Educ. 1970, 47, 634.
Applications of Chemistry |
Solutions / Solvents |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Plant Chemistry |
Agricultural Chemistry |
Metals |
Transition Elements |
Oxidation State
Modifications of solution chromatography illustrated with chloroplast pigments  Strain, Harold H.; Sherma, Joseph
Using plant pigments to demonstrate various chromatographic techniques, including column adsorption, paper adsorption, paper partition, column partition, and thin layer chromatography.
Strain, Harold H.; Sherma, Joseph J. Chem. Educ. 1969, 46, 476.
Chromatography |
Separation Science |
Plant Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Natural Products |
Thin Layer Chromatography
Thin layer chromatographic separation of leaf pigments: A rapid demonstration  Rollins, Charles
Eleven pigment spots can be detected from an extract of grass leaves by a rapid TLC separation on silicic acid.
Rollins, Charles J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 32.
Plant Chemistry |
Dyes / Pigments |
Separation Science |
Chromatography |
Thin Layer Chromatography
Separation of plant pigments by thin layer chromatography  Anwar, M. H.
Describes a lab activity to separate chloroplast pigments over a thin layer of silicic acid.
Anwar, M. H. J. Chem. Educ. 1963, 40, 29.
Separation Science |
Plant Chemistry |
Thin Layer Chromatography |
Chromatography
Photosynthesis  Bassham, J. A.
Provides a detailed review of what is known about photosynthesis and recent developments in methods of investigation.
Bassham, J. A. J. Chem. Educ. 1959, 36, 548.
Photosynthesis |
Plant Chemistry |
Photochemistry
Chemistry of citrus fruits  Joseph, Glenn H.
This discussion endeavors to show the structures and characteristic reactions of typical compounds of citrus fruits, illustrating the diverse fields of chemistry that are involved with commercial products.
Joseph, Glenn H. J. Chem. Educ. 1957, 34, 513.
Consumer Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Plant Chemistry