TIGER

Assessment Questions: 36 results
Thermodynamics : CompareEntropyQual (16 Variations)
Indicate which substance in each of the following pairs of substances you expect to have higher entropy. Assume that you have a mole of each substance and all substances are at the same temperature.
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : PredictEntropyChange (10 Variations)
For each of the following processes, indicate whether you expect the entropy change of the system to be positive or negative.
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : ConservGibbsEnergy (6 Variations)
Which of the following best illustrates conservation of Gibbs free energy?
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : GeneralThermo (6 Variations)
Which of the following statements is an inaccurate statement about thermodynamics?
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : ProbabilityEnergyDist (23 Variations)
Consider a system that has two indistinguishable molecules that can occupy three different energy levels (having energies of 1kJ, 2kJ and 3kJ, respectively). What is the probability that the molecules will have a total energy of 2 kJ?
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : InterpretKandDeltaG (16 Variations)
The thermodynamic equilibrium constant for the following reaction is 0.15 at 1227°C.
2 SO2(g) + O2(g) 2 SO3(g)
Check the box for each true statement.

Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : ThermoKinStability (4 Variations)
Compare white and grey tin, both of which exist as solid phases of tin near room temperature.

Phase Hof (kJ/mol) So (J/(K*mol))
white tin 0 51.5
grey tin -2.1 44.8

Which type of stability does each exhibit at 40 oC?

white tin {1:MULTICHOICE:kinetically stable#No, that's incorrect.~=thermodynamically stable#Correct!}

grey tin {1:MULTICHOICE:=kinetically stable#Correct!~thermodynamically stable#No, that's incorrect.}


Thermodynamics
Kinetics : ConcVsTimeGraph (8 Variations)
The following graph shows the change in concentration as a function of time for the reaction:
2NO2(g) + F2(g) 2NO2F(g)
What do each of the curves A, B, and C represent?

Kinetics
Kinetics : CompareEnergyProfile (11 Variations)
Consider the following reactions that take place at the same temperature, begin with the same molar concentrations, and whose energy profiles are presented below:
Kinetics
Kinetics : FactorsAffectingRate (7 Variations)
Which of the following changes would NOT affect the rate of the reaction of cisplatin with water?
Pt(NH3)2Cl2(aq) + H2O(l) [Pt(NH3)2(H2O)Cl]+ + Cl-

Kinetics
Kinetics : RxnProfileEaDeltaE (11 Variations)
Based on the reaction profile, what is the energy change for the reaction?

Kinetics
Thermodynamics : CalcDeltaG (14 Variations)
Using , calculate the Gibbs free energy change for the following reaction which produces the metal zinc from its ore zinc(II) oxide.
2 ZnO(s) 2 Zn(s) + O2(g)


Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : CalcDeltaS (9 Variations)
Using , calculate the entropy change for the reaction.

Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : CalcMinSpontTemp (9 Variations)
Calculate the minimum temperature above which the following reaction will be product-favored (spontaneous).



Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : DetermineRxnFavored (8 Variations)
When industrial plants burn coal, sulfur dioxide is produced. Sulfur dioxide is a primary pollutant that contributes to both industrial smog and acid rain. Is this process of producing sulfur dioxide product-favored?

Using


Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : GibbsFromHSandT (5 Variations)
On the space shuttle, the carbon dioxide produced by the astronauts is handled by an environmental control system that utilizes the following reaction.

H° = -138.4 kJ and S° = -139 J/K Calculate G° at 25°C for this reaction.

Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Kinetics : Enzyme (7 Variations)
Trypsin assists in digestion by breaking proteins down into smaller peptides. However, this process is not as efficient in the presence of fluorophosphates. Identify the role of each of these components.
Enzymes |
Kinetics
Kinetics : ArrheniusActEnergy (4 Variations)
The rate constant for the first-order dehydration of tert-butyl alcohol at 500oC is 1.20 x 10 -4 s -1. The rate constant for this process at 600oC is 6.80 x 10 -3 s -1. Calculate the activation energy for this reaction in kJ/mol. (R = 8.314 J/mol K)
Kinetics |
Chemometrics
Kinetics : ArrheniusRateConst (4 Variations)
CH3CH2NO2 C2H2 + HNO2

Using the graph below, calculate the rate constant for this reaction at 40.0oC.

Kinetics |
Chemometrics
Kinetics : ArrheniusTemp (3 Variations)
The activation energy for the isomerization of cyclopropane to propene is 274 kJ/mol. By what factor does the rate of reaction increase as the temperature rises from 500oC to 550oC assuming all else remains constant? (R = 8.314 J/mol k)

Hint: This is asking for the ratio of rates which is proportional to the ratio of the rate constants, all else being equal.


Kinetics |
Chemometrics
Kinetics : CatalystTrueFalse (7 Variations)
Check the box for each statement about catalysts that is true.
Kinetics |
Catalysis
Kinetics : CatalyticConverters (4 Variations)
The following table illustrates the changes in emissions requirements for automobiles:
Pollutant1970 Emissions1990 EmissionsCA ultra-low emissions
CxHy1.5 g/mile0.25 g/mile0.04 g/mile
CO15 g/mile3.4 g/mile1.7 g/mile
NOx3.1 g/mile0.4 g/mile0.2 g/mile
Catalytic converters are used in automobiles to convert pollutants in engine emissions to benign products. Catalytic converters in today's automobiles are made of a porous ceramic brick that has been coated with catalysts, additives, stabilizers, and support materials. Corning has developed bricks that have very thin-walled channels with 600 channels per square inch. Which of the following research goals did they target?

Kinetics |
Catalysis
Equilibrium : EquilAndRxnRates (8 Variations)

For the reaction of A B, which of the following statements about the rates of forward and reverse reactions is true at time x?

Equilibrium |
Kinetics
Kinetics : ExpDataRateConst (16 Variations)
Use the experimental data below to determine the rate constant for the following reaction.



Kinetics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : ATPFromGlucose (8 Variations)
When glucose is oxidized in the human body it releases a lot of Gibbs free energy. Rather than waste this free energy, the body stores much of it in the form of ATP. The following reaction shows this process of storing some of the energy from glucose in ATP. This is an example of coupled reactions in a biological system.

The label on a can of Coke says that it contains 39 g of sugar. Assume that all of the sugar is glucose (even though it isn't), and calculate how many moles of ATP can be produced theoretically by the oxidation of 39.0 g of glucose.

Thermodynamics |
Reactions |
Chemometrics
Kinetics : InterpretEnergyProfile (16 Variations)
Use the energy profile below to decide if the following statements are true or false.

Kinetics |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Kinetics : RateConstantUnits (8 Variations)
The isomerization of CH3NC to CH3CN has a rate constant of 0.46 s-1 at 600 K.

(1) Based on the units of the rate constant, what is the order of the reaction? {1:MULTICHOICE:zero-order#No, that is not correct.~=first-order#Correct!~second-order#No, that is not correct.~third-order#No, that is not correct.}

(2) What is the concentration of CH3CN after 0.20 minutes of reaction if the initial concentration is 0.10 M? {1:NUMERICAL:=4e-4:1e-5#Correct!~%50%4e-4:5e-5#Close, but not quite.}(Do not include units!)


Kinetics |
Rate Law
Kinetics : ElementaryRxnOrNot (9 Variations)
Which of the following reactions could be elementary and unimolecular reactions?
Kinetics |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Kinetics : IntermediateInMech (15 Variations)
Suppose that for the reaction of nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide
NO2 + CO NO + CO2

the following mechanism has been proposed at high temperatures:
(1) NO2 + CO O-N-O-C-O (slow)
(2) O-N-O-C-O NO + CO2 (fast)
Check the box for each species that is an intermediate in this mechanism.


Kinetics |
Mechanisms of Reactions
Kinetics : RateLawChangeConc (10 Variations)
The rate law for a reaction is rate=k[A][B]. If the concentration of A doubles, the rate of the reaction will do which of the following?
Kinetics |
Rate Law
Kinetics : IntegratedRateLaw (6 Variations)
The following kinetics information may be useful in answering this problem.

Use the plots below to determine the order of the reaction with respect to A.




Kinetics |
Rate Law
Kinetics : InitialRateMethod (16 Variations)
Use the experimental data below to determine the rate equation for the following reaction.



Kinetics |
Chemometrics |
Rate Law
Kinetics : RxnOrder (10 Variations)
For the reaction below, determine the order with respect to each reactant and the overall order.
2NO2(g) + F2(g) 2NO2F(g)
rate = k[NO2][F2]

Kinetics |
Rate Law
Kinetics : RxnMechanisms (14 Variations)
Experiments show that the reaction of nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide
NO2 + CO NO + CO2

has the following rate expression at high temperatures:

Rate=k[NO2][CO]

Is the following mechanism compatible with the experimental information?
(1) NO2 + CO O-N-O-C-O (slow)
(2) O-N-O-C-O NO + CO2 (fast)
Choose the best answer.


Kinetics |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Rate Law
Kinetics : ElementRxnRateLaws (13 Variations)
Assume that the equation below represents an elementary reaction. Predict the rate expression (rate law) for this reaction.

CO(g) + Cl2(g) COCl2(g)


Kinetics |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Rate Law
Thermodynamics : EntropyPhaseChange (13 Variations)
Aluminum can be evaporated in a vacuum to form highly reflective coatings. Aluminum boils at 2792K and has a heat of vaporization of 70.0 kcal/mol. Calculate the entropy change for the vaporization of one mole of aluminum.
Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams