TIGER

Assessment Questions: 38 results
Thermochemistry : CalcHStateChange (4 Variations)
Calculate the enthalpy change when 100. g of ice at 0.0 oC is heated to liquid water at 50.0oC. (The heat of fusion for water is 333 J/g.)
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : FuelAmpWattHeat (4 Variations)
Gasoline has an enthalpy of combustion of approximately 24000 kJ/gallon. When gasoline burns in an automobile engine, approximately 30% of the energy released is used to produce mechanical work. The remainder is lost as heat transfer to the engine's cooling system and eventually the atmosphere. As a start on estimating how much heat transfer is required, calculate what mass of water could be heated from 25 to 100oC by the combustion of 1.0 gallon of gasoline in an automobile.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : CalcMolarEnthalpy (5 Variations)
White phosphorus, P4, ignites in air to produce heat, light, and P4O10 according to the following reaction.

P4(s) + 5O2(g) P4O10(s)

If 67.2 g of P4 is burned,1620 kJ of energy is evolved. What is the molar enthalpy of combustion of P4 if the process was carried out under constant pressure?


Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : CalcHBondEnergy (14 Variations)
Use the bond energies given in to estimate the Ho for the reaction given below:

hint: both carbon dioxide and molecular oxygen have double bonds


Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : CalcHCombustion (6 Variations)
Using the thermodynamic data given in , determine the enthalpy change for the combustion of ethane to produce carbon dioxide and water vapor.

2C2H6(g) + 7O2(g) 4CO2(g) + 6 H2O(g)


Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : EnthalpyEnergy (10 Variations)
2SO2(g) + O2(g)2SO3(g)
Horxn = -197.78 kJ
How much energy is transferred when 96.6 g of SO2 reacts to form SO3?

Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : CalcHHessLaw (8 Variations)
The industrial process for making sulfuric acid has three steps. Using the data given, calculate the enthalpy change for the overall reaction for the process (the equation is given below).

2S(s) + 3O2(g) + 2H2O(l)2H2SO4(l)

Data:

S(s) + O2(g) SO2(g) Hrxn = -296.83 kJ
2SO3(g)O2(g) + 2SO2(g) Hrxn = -198.2 kJ
SO3(g) + H2O(l)H2SO4(l) Hrxn = -227.72 kJ


Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : PhaseChanges (8 Variations)
Steam at 100oC is condensed by an ice-water mixture at 0oC. Assuming that there is still ice present when the process is over, how much ice will be melted if 10.0 g of steam is condensed? The following may be useful:
enthalpy of vaporization of water = 40.7 kJ/mol; enthalpy of fusion of water = 6.07 kJ/mol; specific heat capacity of water = 4.184 J/g•K.

Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Thermochemistry : PhaseChangeEnthalpy (10 Variations)
A solid melts to a liquid. Which of the following statements are true? (Assume constant pressure and a flexible container.)
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams
Thermodynamics : DetermineRxnFavored (8 Variations)
When industrial plants burn coal, sulfur dioxide is produced. Sulfur dioxide is a primary pollutant that contributes to both industrial smog and acid rain. Is this process of producing sulfur dioxide product-favored?

Using


Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : GibbsFromHSandT (5 Variations)
On the space shuttle, the carbon dioxide produced by the astronauts is handled by an environmental control system that utilizes the following reaction.

H° = -138.4 kJ and S° = -139 J/K Calculate G° at 25°C for this reaction.

Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : SystemSurrExoEndo (4 Variations)
Sulfuric acid is added to water in a beaker and the resulting solution is much warmer than either the water or acid was initially.
Identify the following items as being part of the system or the surroundings, and indicate whether the process is exothermic or endothermic.

Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : BondEnergies (10 Variations)
Use to determine which of the following requires the most energy.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : FlaskTemp (6 Variations)
If 200. J of thermal energy was added to both flasks, which of the following would happen?

Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : GeneralEnergy (10 Variations)
Which of the following statements about energy is NOT true?
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : ThermalEnergy (2 Variations)
The sketch below shows two identical flasks with different volumes of water at the same temperature. Which of the following is true?

Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : HeatTransfers (10 Variations)
A red-hot piece of lead is dropped into water. Which of the following statements are true? (Assume that there are no energy transfers between anything except the lead and the water.)
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : BombCalorimeter (4 Variations)
Stearic acid (CH3(CH2)16CO2H) is a fatty acid, the part of fat that stores most of the energy. 1.00 g of stearic acid was burned in a bomb calorimeter. The bomb had a heat capacity of 652 J/oC and a 500. g water reservoir. If the temperature rose from 25.0 to 39.3 oC, how much heat was released when the stearic acid was burned?
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : CoffeeCupCalorimeter (2 Variations)
A block of copper is heated to {x} °C and then is dropped into a coffee cup calorimeter containing {y} g of water at 25.0 °C. The final temperature of the system is 45.1 °C. What is the mass of the copper block to the nearest gram? (Assume all heat is transferred to the water). Write your answer in the box, and do NOT include units.

Specific heat capacity of copper = 0.383 J/(g*°C)

Specific heat capacity of water = 4.18 J/(g*°C)

Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : HeatCapacityGraph (6 Variations)

Consider the graph above. Which of these substances has the highest specific heat capacity?


Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Heat Capacity
Thermochemistry : HeatCapacityLiq (4 Variations)
100 g of water (c=4.184 J/g.oC), 100 g of ethanol (c=2.46 J/g.oC), 100 g of carbon tetrachloride (c=0.861 J/g.oC), and 100 g of ethylene glycol (c=2.42 J/g.oC) at 50oC were each placed into a separate coffee cup calorimeter and the temperature recorded. The temperature of the surroundings was 20oC. After one hour the temperature of which substance would have changed by the largest amount? Assume that the rate of heat transfer from the coffee cup to the surroundings was the same in each case.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Heat Capacity
Bonding : EnergyBreakAllBonds (10 Variations)
Use the bond energies given in to determine the total energy needed to break all of the bonds in C3H6. (Do not use ring structures.)
Covalent Bonding |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermochemistry : HeatCapacitySolLiq (4 Variations)
The Table below lists the specific heat capacities of several metals and liquids.

Substance Specific Heat Capacity
J/(g.oC)
Substance Specific Heat Capacity
J/(g.oC)
Al 0.902 H2O 4.18
Fe 0.451 C2H5OH 2.46
Cu 0.383 CCl4 0.861
Au 0.128 CCl2F2 0.598

In an experiment, 50 g of a metal was heated to 100oC and placed in 200 g of a liquid at 25oC. Which of the following combinations of metal and liquid will produce the largest temperature increase in the liquid? (Assume that there is no transfer of energy to the surroundings.)


Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Heat Capacity
Thermochemistry : MassFromCalorimetry (2 Variations)
The table below lists the specific heat capacities of several metals and liquids.

SubstanceSpecific Heat Capacity
J/(g.oC)
SubstanceSpecific Heat Capacity
J/(g.oC)
Al0.902H2O4.18
Fe0.451C2H5 OH2.46
Cu0.383CCl40.861
Au0.128CCl2F2 0.598

In an experiment a block of aluminum was heated to 100oC and placed in 200 g of water at 25oC. If the final temperature of the system is 43oC, and no heat transfer to the surroundings occurred, what is the mass of the aluminum block?


Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Chemometrics
Thermochemistry : ConvertEnergyUnits (4 Variations)
The label on a granola bar says it provides 120 Calories. How many kilojoules of energy will this bar provide if it is completely metabolized?
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Nomenclature / Units / Symbols
Intermolecular_Forces__Liquids_and_Solids : PhaseEnergyChanges (6 Variations)
When a liquid is transformed into its vapor at constant temperature,
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Thermodynamics : CompareEntropyQual (16 Variations)
Indicate which substance in each of the following pairs of substances you expect to have higher entropy. Assume that you have a mole of each substance and all substances are at the same temperature.
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : PredictEntropyChange (10 Variations)
For each of the following processes, indicate whether you expect the entropy change of the system to be positive or negative.
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : ConservGibbsEnergy (6 Variations)
Which of the following best illustrates conservation of Gibbs free energy?
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : GeneralThermo (6 Variations)
Which of the following statements is an inaccurate statement about thermodynamics?
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : ProbabilityEnergyDist (23 Variations)
Consider a system that has two indistinguishable molecules that can occupy three different energy levels (having energies of 1kJ, 2kJ and 3kJ, respectively). What is the probability that the molecules will have a total energy of 2 kJ?
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : InterpretKandDeltaG (16 Variations)
The thermodynamic equilibrium constant for the following reaction is 0.15 at 1227°C.
2 SO2(g) + O2(g) 2 SO3(g)
Check the box for each true statement.

Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : ThermoKinStability (4 Variations)
Compare white and grey tin, both of which exist as solid phases of tin near room temperature.

Phase Hof (kJ/mol) So (J/(K*mol))
white tin 0 51.5
grey tin -2.1 44.8

Which type of stability does each exhibit at 40 oC?

white tin {1:MULTICHOICE:kinetically stable#No, that's incorrect.~=thermodynamically stable#Correct!}

grey tin {1:MULTICHOICE:=kinetically stable#Correct!~thermodynamically stable#No, that's incorrect.}


Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics : CalcDeltaG (14 Variations)
Using , calculate the Gibbs free energy change for the following reaction which produces the metal zinc from its ore zinc(II) oxide.
2 ZnO(s) 2 Zn(s) + O2(g)


Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : CalcDeltaS (9 Variations)
Using , calculate the entropy change for the reaction.

Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : CalcMinSpontTemp (9 Variations)
Calculate the minimum temperature above which the following reaction will be product-favored (spontaneous).



Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : ATPFromGlucose (8 Variations)
When glucose is oxidized in the human body it releases a lot of Gibbs free energy. Rather than waste this free energy, the body stores much of it in the form of ATP. The following reaction shows this process of storing some of the energy from glucose in ATP. This is an example of coupled reactions in a biological system.

The label on a can of Coke says that it contains 39 g of sugar. Assume that all of the sugar is glucose (even though it isn't), and calculate how many moles of ATP can be produced theoretically by the oxidation of 39.0 g of glucose.

Thermodynamics |
Reactions |
Chemometrics
Thermodynamics : EntropyPhaseChange (13 Variations)
Aluminum can be evaporated in a vacuum to form highly reflective coatings. Aluminum boils at 2792K and has a heat of vaporization of 70.0 kcal/mol. Calculate the entropy change for the vaporization of one mole of aluminum.
Thermodynamics |
Chemometrics |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams