TIGER

Videos: 107 results
Reactions: Magnesium and Magnesium Compounds  
Videos in this group show chemical reactions of magnesium and of magnesium ions in solution.
Applications of Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Acid Base Reactions of Sulfur Dioxide  
Acid base reactions involving sulfur dioxide are shown.
Acids / Bases |
Gases |
Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Applications of Chemistry
Reactions of Sulfuric Acid  
Reactions of materials reacting with sulfuric acid are shown.
Acids / Bases |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Extraction of Acid with Base  
Water and diethyl ether are shaken in a separatory funnel with a small amount of red indophenol. The non-ionic indophenol remains in the ether layer, coloring it red. Addition of sodium hydroxide converts the indophenol to its blue ionic acid anion which is extracted into the water layer turning it blue.
Acids / Bases |
Precipitation / Solubility
Reactions of Sulfurous Acid  
These demonstrations illustrate the production and effects of sulfur dioxide, a pollutant generated by the burning of sulfur impurities in coal. The sulfurous acid produced by dissolving sulfur dioxide in water is allowed to react with various forms of calcium carbonate found in nature, namely marble, limestone, chalk, and eggshell.
Acids / Bases |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Reactions
Reactions of Nitric Acid  
These demonstrations illustrate the production of nitric acid and its reaction with various forms of calcium carbonate found in nature, namely marble, limestone, chalk, and eggshell.
Acids / Bases |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Reactions
Reactions Under a Microscope  
Microscale redox and precipitation reactions.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Precipitation / Solubility
Enthlapy-Thermodynamics  
Reactions and demonstrations the explore thermodynamic concepts.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Solutions / Solvents |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Physical Properties |
Reactions |
Thermodynamics |
Gases |
Phases / Phase Transitions / Diagrams |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Liquids |
Solids |
pH |
Consumer Chemistry |
Kinetics |
Oxidation / Reduction
Reaction: Sodium with Acids  
Reaction of sodium with acid.
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions: Nonmetals with Base   
Nonmetallic elements are shown reacting with bases.
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions: Nonmetals with Acids  
Nonmetallic elements are shown reacting with acids.
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions: Alkali Metals with Acids  
Alkali metals are shown reacting with acids.
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions: Alkali Metals with Base  
Alkali Metals are shown reacting with base.
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions: Alkaline Earth Metals with Acids  
Alkali earth metals are shown reacting with acids.
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions with Sodium  
Reactions involving sodium are demonstrated.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Acids / Bases |
Descriptive Chemistry
Formation of Carbon from Carbohydrate  
Sulfuric acid has a very high affinity for water. It is shown to dehydrate a carbohydrate (sucrose) forming carbon. Sulfuric acid is reduced to sulfur dioxide, which bleaches a rose petal. In a second experiment, the sulfur dioxide reduces purple permanganate to nearly colorless manganese(II).
Acids / Bases |
Carbohydrates |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Ammonia Fountains  
An ammonia fountain is demonstrated.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
pH |
Precipitation / Solubility
Ammonia Fountains - Multiple  
System of multiple ammonia fountains are set up and run. A separatory funnel, four round-bottomed flasks, and some tubing form a closed system. One end of the tubing is immersed in an acetic acid solution that contains universal indicator. The glassware has been filled with ammonia gas. The stopcock of the funnel is closed.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
pH |
Precipitation / Solubility
Reactions: Alkali Metals with Water  
Alkali Metals are shown reacting in water.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Acids / Bases
Electrolysis  
Various examples of electrolysis are presented.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
pH |
Conductivity
Solutions  
Reactions and demonstrations exploring the concepts of solutions.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Physical Properties |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Solutions / Solvents |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Applications of Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
pH |
Conductivity |
Reactions |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Liquids |
Solids |
Equilibrium |
Transport Properties
Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Reactions  
Demonstrations exploring oxidation/reduction chemistry.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Acids / Bases |
pH |
Conductivity |
Reactions |
Applications of Chemistry |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Laboratory Equipment / Apparatus
Reactions, Microscale: Precipitation  
Here we show two precipitation reactions under a microscope. They are potassium dichromate crystal with silver nitrate and potassium iodide with lead nitrate.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Reactions
Reaction, Microscale: Potassium Dichromate with Silver Nitrate  
A crystal of potassium dichromate is carefully combined with a solution of silver nitrate under a microscope. The reaction takes some time, so it is shown in a series of seven sequential videos. To see the entire reaction you need to play all seven.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Reactions
Orange Tornado: Precipitation of Mercury(II) Iodide - Version 1  
When mercury(II) nitrate and potassium iodide are combined with rapid stirring, an orange tornado of mercury(II) iodide is formed.
Equilibrium |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Reactions
Orange Tornado: Precipitation of Mercury(II) Iodide - Version 2  
When mercury(II) nitrate and potassium iodide are combined with rapid stirring, an orange tornado of mercury(II) iodide is formed.
Equilibrium |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Reactions
Aqueous Reactions: Silver Nitrate  
Reactions with the addition of ions in solution to aqueous silver nitrate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Cadmium Nitrate  
Reactions between various solutions and aqueous Cadmium Nitrate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Cobalt(II) Chloride  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Cobalt(II) Chloride.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Chromium(III) Chloride  
Reactions of solutions in aqueous Chromium (III) Chloride.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Copper(II) Nitrate  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Copper (II) Nitrate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Copper(II) Sulfate  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Copper (II) Sulfate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Iron(II) Ion  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Iron(II) Ion.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Iron(III) Ion  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Iron (III) Ions.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Sulfuric Acid  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Sulfuric Acid.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Hydrochloric Acid  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Hydrochloric Acid.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Mercury(II) Ion  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Mercury (II) Ions.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Mercury(I) Nitrate  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Mercury (I) Nitrate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Manganese (II) Chloride  
Reactions of solutions with Manganese (II) Chloride.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Sodium Chloride  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Sodium Chloride.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Sodium Carbonate  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Sodium Carbonate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Sodium Hydroxide  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Sodium Hydroxide.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Nickel(II) Nitrate f  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Nickel (II) Nitrate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Lead(II) Nitrate  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Lead (II) Nitrate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Strontium Chloride  
Reactions of solutions with aqueous Strontium Chloride.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Aqueous Reactions: Zinc Nitrate  
Reactions of solutions with Zinc Nitrate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility
Denaturation of Protein by Strong Acid  John W. Moore, Jerrold J. Jacobsen, Gary Trammell, Kristin Johnson
"Strong acid denatures egg white proteins.This video contains voiceover:""The tertiary structure of egg white proteins is held together by hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions. Adding strong acid to the protein disrupts the intermolecular forces, and the tertiary structure is lost. The loss in protein structure is called denaturation. The proteins precipitate, forming a white solid."""
Acids / Bases |
Proteins / Peptides
Relative Reactivity: Strong Acid, Weak Acid, Buffer Solution  
A strong acid, a weak acid, and a buffer solution are each added to sodium bicarbonate and the reaction rates are compared.
Acids / Bases |
Kinetics |
pH
Cadmium Nitrate with Sodium Sulfide  
Here, sodium sulfide (Na2S) is added to cadmium nitrate (Cd(NO3)2). The result is a deep yellow-orange precipitate.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Precipitation / Solubility |
Reactions
Reactions in Aqueous Solutions  
Various reactions in aqueous solutions are shown.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Reactions |
Precipitation / Solubility
Crystallization of Supersaturated Sodium Acetate  
A supersaturated solution of sodium acetate is poured onto one small sodium acetate crystal. Crystals form from the liquid immediately upon contact with the seed crystal. A thermometer shows that the crystallization process is exothermic. A chemical hot pack is shown as an example of a commercially available supersaturated solution.
Precipitation / Solubility |
Solutions / Solvents |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry
Like Dissolves Like - Demonstration  
Some substances dissolve readily in others. Some substances do not. Some substances are more dense than others.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Physical Properties |
Precipitation / Solubility
Like Dissolves Like - Multimedia Experiments  
There are a total of six experiments you can view. You can view them in any order, as many times as you wish. Each experiment has three steps.
Noncovalent Interactions |
Physical Properties |
Precipitation / Solubility
Exploding Soap Bubbles: Hydrogen + Oxygen  
A series of three videos shows that as the ratio of oxygen to hydrogen in soap bubbles increases, the explosions that occur when the bubbles are ignited get louder. (The fact that with an excess of oxygen the explosions would become softer again is not shown.) Each video is repeated with no voice-over so that only the sounds of the explosions are heard. Five still images are provided to show the stoichiometry on the molecular scale. The videos are intended to be shown in order beginning with Hydrogen Alone and ending with hydrogen plus more oxygen.
Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction
Reaction, Microscale: Tin with Gold(III) Chloride  
A piece of metallic tin is carefully combined with a solution of gold(III) chloride under a microscope.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reaction, Microscale: Mercury With Silver Nitrate  
A droplet of mercury is carefully combined with a solution of silver nitrate under a microscope.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions, Microscale: Oxidation-Reduction  
Three oxidation-reduction reactions are shown under a microscope. They are silver with mercury chloride, aluminum with gold chloride, and tin with gold chloride.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions: Alkali Metals with Air  
Alkali Metals are shown reacting in air.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Sucrose Dehydration gives Sulfur Dioxide  
Sulfuric acid dehydrates sucrose forming carbon.
Carbohydrates |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Rapid Combustion of Peroxyacetone (Version 1)  
In this demonstration, the peroxyacetone is piled loosely onto an iron surface and ignited with an electric arc, resulting in a ball of flame and a muffled report.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Explosive Combustion of Peroxyacetone (Version 2)  
In this demonstration, the peroxyacetone is tightly wrapped with an inserted thumbtack and ignited with an electric arc, resulting in an explosive detonation.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Combustion of Peroxyacetone  
The combustion of peroxyacetone is demonstrated in two ways.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reaction: Potassium with Bromine  
A small piece of potassium is carefully added to liquid bromine, producing a violent reaction.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Alkali Metals Reactions  
Reactions of alkali metals in air, water, acids, and bases.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Chemical Properties of Sulfur Dioxide  
Reactions involving sulfur dioxide.
Gases |
Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction
Iodine Clock Reaction  
A solution of hydrogen peroxide and sulfuric acid is added to a solution containing iodide ion, thiosulfate ion, and starch. After some time the dark blue color of a triiodide-starch complex is observed. The influences of initial reactant concentrations on the reaction time are examined, as are the influence of volume and temperature.
Kinetics |
Oxidation / Reduction
Reactions: Nonmetals with Air  
Various nonmetallic elements reacting with air are shown.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions  
Electrolysis reactions and the action of nitric acid on iron and copper illustrate the concepts of oxidation and reduction. Also three oxidation-reduction reactions are shown under a microscope.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Descriptive Chemistry |
Reactions
Reactions: Alkali Metals with Other Elements  
Alkali Metals are shown reacting with various elements.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Descriptive Chemistry
Reactions: Alkaline Earth Metals with Air  
Alkali earth metals are shown reacting in air.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Benedict's Test for Reducing Sugars  
Tests for glucose, sucrose, and fructose.
Carbohydrates |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Qualitative Analysis
Metals  
Samples of metals are ignited or heated over a flame, resulting in oxide formation.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Combustion of White Phosphorus  
Phosphorus combines with oxygen in a highly exothermic reaction.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Reactions with Potassium  
Reactions involving potassium are demonstrated.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Descriptive Chemistry
Bromine  
Reactions and explosions involving bromine are demonstrated.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Nitrogen Triiodide Detonation  
Simply touching dry nitrogen triiodide with a feather causes it to explode.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Energy from Oxidation of Food (main)  
Food is added to liquid potassium chlorate, resulting in oxidation of the food.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Nutrition
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions  
Reactions or demonstrations exploring oxidation/reduction chemistry.
Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Descriptive Chemistry
Blue Bottle, Red and Blue Bottle  
Color changes are caused by reactions of oxygen in the air with chemicals in a solution. The colors fade over time, but can be regenerated by shaking the flask containing the solution.
Kinetics |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction
Oxidation-Reduction Aqueous Solutions  
Oxidation-reduction reactions carried out in aqueous solution.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Halogen-Halide Redox Reactions  
An aqueous solution of a halogen (Cl2, Br2 or I2) is poured into an aqueous halide solution (Cl-, Br- or I-) covered with a layer of hexane.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Acid Base Reactions  
Simple experiments show the titration of acids with sodium hydroxide and the generation of acid from carbon dioxide in water.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Reactions |
pH
A Complete Acid-Base Titration  
A solid acid is dissolved in deionized water and titrated with sodium hydroxide solution using the color change of an indictor to determine the endpoint.
Quantitative Analysis |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Acids / Bases
Conductimetric Titration  
Aqueous sulfuric acid and barium hydroxide both conduct electricity; distilled water does not. As barium hydroxide solution is added to sulfuric acid, conductivity decreases until it reaches zero at the equivalence point. As excess barium hydroxide is added, the conductivity gradually increases.
Acids / Bases |
Conductivity |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Quantitative Acid-Base Titration  
An acid-base titration is demonstrated along with variations in technique for handling stopcocks.
Quantitative Analysis |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis |
Acids / Bases
Oscillating Reaction: Briggs-Rauscher  
When a solution of malonic acid, starch, and manganese(II) ion is added to a solution of hydrogen peroxide, iodate ion, and sulfuric acid, gas bubbles form and the color of the resulting mixture oscillates periodically from colorless to amber to blue.
Kinetics |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials
Gas Producing  
Electrolysis of solutions with only gas(es) produced is shown.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Tin Compounds  
Electrolysis of tin(II) and tin(IV) solutions of different concentrations is shown.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Solid Producing  
Electrolysis of solutions in which a solid is produced is shown.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Electrolysis of Aqueous Solutions -- New  
This is a revised version of the previously published Electrolysis of Aqueous Solutions, providing corrections and additional images. In order to understand most of these videos it is important to either see the Complete Experiment: Electrolysis of an Aqueous Solution video or to be able to read a description of that video (such as the one in the Discussion section for that video).
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Oxidation of cyclohexane, cyclohexene, and cyclohexanol by permanganate and chromic acid are demonstrated.  
Oxidation of cyclohexane, cyclohexene, and cyclohexanol by permanganate and chromic acid are demonstrated.
Alcohols |
Alkanes / Cycloalkanes |
Alkenes |
Oxidation / Reduction
Reactions: Acetylene  
Preparation of acetylene and the reaction of chlorine with acetylene are demonstrated. An antique carbide lamp is also demonstrated.
Alkynes |
Reactions |
Water / Water Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction
Energy from Oxidation of Food  
Food undergoes rapid oxidation when placed in molten potassium chlorate.
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Kinetics |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Nutrition
TNT Detonation  
TNT is stable in the presence of shock, but can be detonated by adding a chemical priming agent.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Thermodynamics |
Aromatic Compounds |
Reactions
Decomposition Reactions  
Various examples of decomposition reactions are presented.
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry
Oxidation of Glycerin by Potassium Permanganate  
Oxidation of glycerin (1,2,3-propanetriol) by potassium permanganate is demonstrated.
Alcohols |
Calorimetry / Thermochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions
Orange Juice Clock  
In this demonstration a galvanic cell is made from the combination of a magnesium strip, a copper strip, and juice in a beaker. The current from this cell is used to drive a clock normally powered by a DC battery.
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Oxidation / Reduction
Induction by Iron(II) of the Oxidation of Iodide by Dichromate  
Acidic aqueous solutions containing dichromate and iodide ions are mixed with no reaction. The addition of a solution of iron(II) ion induces the rapid formation of brown triiodide ion.
Catalysis |
Kinetics |
Mechanisms of Reactions |
Oxidation / Reduction
Acid-Base Titrations and Animation  
Videos in this group show titrations of various acids with sodium hydroxide as well as molecular reactions during titration.
Acids / Bases |
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
Conductivity of Aqueous Acids, Bases, and Salts  
The conductivity of carboxylic acid solutions is tested with a conductivity apparatus.
Acids / Bases |
Carboxylic Acids |
Physical Properties |
Water / Water Chemistry
pH of Acetic Acid Derivatives  
The pH of acetic acid, monochloro-, dichloro-, trichloro-, and trifluoroacetic acids are compared.
Acids / Bases |
Carboxylic Acids |
pH |
Physical Properties |
Molecular Properties / Structure
Reactions: Nonmetals with Water  
Nonmetallic elements are shown reacting with water.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Water / Water Chemistry
Reactions: Alkaline Earth Metals with Water  
Alkali earth metals are shown reacting in water.
Descriptive Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Water / Water Chemistry
Redox Titration and Animation  
Videos in this group show a redox titration and the molecular changes during the titration.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Titration / Volumetric Analysis
HCl, NaOH, NaCl and Water  
Electrolysis of HCl, NaOH and NaCl solutions and of water is shown.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Electrochemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Water / Water Chemistry
Electrochemical Series: Metal Trees  
A piece of metal (Cu, Zn, Ag, Cd, or Pb) is placed in an aqueous solution of a metal ion (Cu2+, Zn2+, Ag+, Cd2+, or Pb2+). In some cases the growth of metal crystals indicates that a chemical reaction has occurred.
Aqueous Solution Chemistry |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Electrochemistry
Pulsating Electrochemical Reaction: Mercury Beating Heart  
A drop of mercury in a watch glass is covered with a solution of potassium chromate in concentrated sulfuric acid. An iron nail is positioned so that it nearly touches the mercury. Eventually, the mercury drop starts to beat rhythmically, like a beating heart.
Electrolytic / Galvanic Cells / Potentials |
Oxidation / Reduction |
Reactions |
Surface Science